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SubjectRe: [RFC][PATCH] Make cryptoapi non-optional?
On Sat, Aug 09, 2003 at 01:17:15PM -0700, David S. Miller wrote:
> On Sat, 9 Aug 2003 14:46:27 -0500
> Matt Mackall <mpm@selenic.com> wrote:
>
> > On Sat, Aug 09, 2003 at 10:39:10AM -0700, David S. Miller wrote:
> > > All of this analysis nearly requires a working implementation so
> > > someone can do a code-size and performance comparison between
> > > the two cases. I know this is what you're trying to avoid, having
> > > to code up what might be just thrown away :(
> >
> > Ok, can I export some more cryptoapi primitives?

[snip]

> How about allocating the tfm(s) (one per cpu on SMP) at module
> init time? That's how I would implement this.

Ok, done.

- percpu tfms
- move random to initcall so that it gets initialized after cryptoapi
- fix resched check in crypto_yield
- appears to work

..though I don't like that this approach ends up having to do the
hashing between get_cpu/put_cpu with preemption disabled while the
original code was fully reentrant.

diff -urN -X dontdiff orig/crypto/internal.h work/crypto/internal.h
--- orig/crypto/internal.h 2003-07-13 22:29:11.000000000 -0500
+++ work/crypto/internal.h 2003-08-10 02:43:41.000000000 -0500
@@ -37,7 +37,7 @@

static inline void crypto_yield(struct crypto_tfm *tfm)
{
- if (!in_softirq())
+ if (!in_atomic())
cond_resched();
}

diff -urN -X dontdiff orig/drivers/char/mem.c work/drivers/char/mem.c
--- orig/drivers/char/mem.c 2003-07-13 22:34:32.000000000 -0500
+++ work/drivers/char/mem.c 2003-08-10 02:11:30.000000000 -0500
@@ -680,7 +680,6 @@
S_IFCHR | devlist[i].mode, devlist[i].name);
}

- rand_initialize();
#if defined (CONFIG_FB)
fbmem_init();
#endif
diff -urN -X dontdiff orig/drivers/char/random.c work/drivers/char/random.c
--- orig/drivers/char/random.c 2003-08-09 22:28:50.000000000 -0500
+++ work/drivers/char/random.c 2003-08-10 02:13:51.000000000 -0500
@@ -249,11 +249,16 @@
#include <linux/genhd.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
+#include <linux/crypto.h>
+#include <linux/cpu.h>
+#include <linux/percpu.h>
+#include <linux/notifier.h>

#include <asm/processor.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/irq.h>
#include <asm/io.h>
+#include <asm/scatterlist.h>

/*
* Configuration information
@@ -360,7 +365,7 @@
* modulo the generator polymnomial. Now, for random primitive polynomials,
* this is a universal class of hash functions, meaning that the chance
* of a collision is limited by the attacker's knowledge of the generator
- * polynomail, so if it is chosen at random, an attacker can never force
+ * polynomial, so if it is chosen at random, an attacker can never force
* a collision. Here, we use a fixed polynomial, but we *can* assume that
* ###--> it is unknown to the processes generating the input entropy. <-###
* Because of this important property, this is a good, collision-resistant
@@ -374,6 +379,8 @@
static DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD(random_read_wait);
static DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD(random_write_wait);

+static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct crypto_tfm *, sha_tfm);
+
/*
* Forward procedure declarations
*/
@@ -773,122 +780,6 @@
add_timer_randomness(disk->random, 0x100+MKDEV(disk->major, disk->first_minor));
}

-/******************************************************************
- *
- * Hash function definition
- *
- *******************************************************************/
-
-/*
- * This chunk of code defines a function
- * void SHATransform(__u32 digest[HASH_BUFFER_SIZE + HASH_EXTRA_SIZE],
- * __u32 const data[16])
- *
- * The function hashes the input data to produce a digest in the first
- * HASH_BUFFER_SIZE words of the digest[] array, and uses HASH_EXTRA_SIZE
- * more words for internal purposes. (This buffer is exported so the
- * caller can wipe it once rather than this code doing it each call,
- * and tacking it onto the end of the digest[] array is the quick and
- * dirty way of doing it.)
- *
- * For /dev/random purposes, the length of the data being hashed is
- * fixed in length, so appending a bit count in the usual way is not
- * cryptographically necessary.
- */
-
-#define HASH_BUFFER_SIZE 5
-#define HASH_EXTRA_SIZE 80
-
-/*
- * SHA transform algorithm, taken from code written by Peter Gutmann,
- * and placed in the public domain.
- */
-
-/* The SHA f()-functions. */
-
-#define f1(x,y,z) ( z ^ (x & (y^z)) ) /* Rounds 0-19: x ? y : z */
-#define f2(x,y,z) (x ^ y ^ z) /* Rounds 20-39: XOR */
-#define f3(x,y,z) ( (x & y) + (z & (x ^ y)) ) /* Rounds 40-59: majority */
-#define f4(x,y,z) (x ^ y ^ z) /* Rounds 60-79: XOR */
-
-/* The SHA Mysterious Constants */
-
-#define K1 0x5A827999L /* Rounds 0-19: sqrt(2) * 2^30 */
-#define K2 0x6ED9EBA1L /* Rounds 20-39: sqrt(3) * 2^30 */
-#define K3 0x8F1BBCDCL /* Rounds 40-59: sqrt(5) * 2^30 */
-#define K4 0xCA62C1D6L /* Rounds 60-79: sqrt(10) * 2^30 */
-
-#define ROTL(n,X) ( ( ( X ) << n ) | ( ( X ) >> ( 32 - n ) ) )
-
-#define subRound(a, b, c, d, e, f, k, data) \
- ( e += ROTL( 5, a ) + f( b, c, d ) + k + data, b = ROTL( 30, b ) )
-
-
-static void SHATransform(__u32 digest[85], __u32 const data[16])
-{
- __u32 A, B, C, D, E; /* Local vars */
- __u32 TEMP;
- int i;
-#define W (digest + HASH_BUFFER_SIZE) /* Expanded data array */
-
- /*
- * Do the preliminary expansion of 16 to 80 words. Doing it
- * out-of-line line like this is faster than doing it in-line on
- * register-starved machines like the x86, and not really any
- * slower on real processors.
- */
- memcpy(W, data, 16*sizeof(__u32));
- for (i = 0; i < 64; i++) {
- TEMP = W[i] ^ W[i+2] ^ W[i+8] ^ W[i+13];
- W[i+16] = ROTL(1, TEMP);
- }
-
- /* Set up first buffer and local data buffer */
- A = digest[ 0 ];
- B = digest[ 1 ];
- C = digest[ 2 ];
- D = digest[ 3 ];
- E = digest[ 4 ];
-
- /* Heavy mangling, in 4 sub-rounds of 20 iterations each. */
- for (i = 0; i < 80; i++) {
- if (i < 40) {
- if (i < 20)
- TEMP = f1(B, C, D) + K1;
- else
- TEMP = f2(B, C, D) + K2;
- } else {
- if (i < 60)
- TEMP = f3(B, C, D) + K3;
- else
- TEMP = f4(B, C, D) + K4;
- }
- TEMP += ROTL(5, A) + E + W[i];
- E = D; D = C; C = ROTL(30, B); B = A; A = TEMP;
- }
-
- /* Build message digest */
- digest[ 0 ] += A;
- digest[ 1 ] += B;
- digest[ 2 ] += C;
- digest[ 3 ] += D;
- digest[ 4 ] += E;
-
- /* W is wiped by the caller */
-#undef W
-}
-
-#undef ROTL
-#undef f1
-#undef f2
-#undef f3
-#undef f4
-#undef K1
-#undef K2
-#undef K3
-#undef K4
-#undef subRound
-
/*********************************************************************
*
* Entropy extraction routines
@@ -897,8 +788,6 @@

#define EXTRACT_ENTROPY_USER 1
#define EXTRACT_ENTROPY_LIMIT 2
-#define TMP_BUF_SIZE (HASH_BUFFER_SIZE + HASH_EXTRA_SIZE)
-#define SEC_XFER_SIZE (TMP_BUF_SIZE*4)

static ssize_t extract_entropy(struct entropy_store *r, void * buf,
size_t nbytes, int flags);
@@ -910,7 +799,7 @@
*/
static void reseed_pool(struct entropy_store *r, int margin, int wanted)
{
- __u32 tmp[TMP_BUF_SIZE];
+ __u32 tmp[32]; /* 256 bits */
int bytes;

DEBUG_ENT("reseed %s wants %d bits (margin %d)\n",
@@ -945,14 +834,11 @@
static ssize_t extract_entropy(struct entropy_store *r, void * buf,
size_t nbytes, int flags)
{
- ssize_t ret, i;
- __u32 tmp[TMP_BUF_SIZE];
- __u32 x;
+ ssize_t ret, i, x;
unsigned long cpuflags;
-
- /* Redundant, but just in case... */
- if (r->entropy_count > r->poolinfo->POOLBITS)
- r->entropy_count = r->poolinfo->POOLBITS;
+ struct crypto_tfm *tfm;
+ struct scatterlist sg[1];
+ __u32 hash[5]; /* 160 bits */

/* Hold lock while accounting */
spin_lock_irqsave(&r->lock, cpuflags);
@@ -976,6 +862,7 @@
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&r->lock, cpuflags);

ret = 0;
+
while (nbytes) {
/*
* Check if we need to break out or reschedule....
@@ -988,19 +875,10 @@
}

DEBUG_ENT("extract sleep (%d bytes left)\n", nbytes);
-
schedule();
-
DEBUG_ENT("extract wake\n");
}

- /* Hash the pool to get the output */
- tmp[0] = 0x67452301;
- tmp[1] = 0xefcdab89;
- tmp[2] = 0x98badcfe;
- tmp[3] = 0x10325476;
- tmp[4] = 0xc3d2e1f0;
-
/*
* As we hash the pool, we mix intermediate values of
* the hash back into the pool. This eliminates
@@ -1009,29 +887,34 @@
* attempts to find previous ouputs), unless the hash
* function can be inverted.
*/
+
for (i = 0, x = 0; i < r->poolinfo->poolwords; i += 16, x+=2) {
- SHATransform(tmp, r->pool+i);
- add_entropy_words(r, &tmp[x%HASH_BUFFER_SIZE], 1);
+ sg[0].page = virt_to_page(r->pool+i);
+ sg[0].offset = ((long)(r->pool+i) & ~PAGE_MASK);
+ sg[0].length = 64;
+ tfm=get_cpu_var(sha_tfm);
+ crypto_digest_digest(tfm, sg, 1, (char *)hash);
+ put_cpu_var(sha_tfm);
+ add_entropy_words(r, &hash[x%20], 1);
}

/* Copy data to destination buffer */
- i = min(nbytes, HASH_BUFFER_SIZE*sizeof(__u32));
+ i = min(nbytes, sizeof(hash));
if (flags & EXTRACT_ENTROPY_USER) {
- i -= copy_to_user(buf, (__u8 const *)tmp, i);
+ i -= copy_to_user(buf, (__u8 const *)hash, i);
if (!i) {
ret = -EFAULT;
break;
}
} else
- memcpy(buf, (__u8 const *)tmp, i);
+ memcpy(buf, (__u8 const *)hash, i);
nbytes -= i;
buf += i;
ret += i;
}

/* Wipe data just returned from memory */
- memset(tmp, 0, sizeof(tmp));
-
+ memset(hash, 0, sizeof(hash));
return ret;
}

@@ -1089,7 +972,25 @@
}
}

-void __init rand_initialize(void)
+static int random_cpu_notify(struct notifier_block *self,
+ unsigned long action, void *hcpu)
+{
+ if (action == CPU_UP_PREPARE)
+ {
+ per_cpu(sha_tfm, (long)hcpu) = crypto_alloc_tfm("sha1", 0);
+
+ printk(KERN_NOTICE "random cpu %ld sha_tfm = %p\n",
+ (long)hcpu, per_cpu(sha_tfm, (long)hcpu));
+ }
+
+ return NOTIFY_OK;
+}
+
+static struct notifier_block random_nb = {
+ .notifier_call = random_cpu_notify,
+};
+
+static int __init init_random(void)
{
int i;

@@ -1099,10 +1000,14 @@
"nonblocking");

if(!(input_pool && blocking_pool && nonblocking_pool))
- return;
+ return -ENOMEM;

- if(batch_entropy_init(BATCH_ENTROPY_SIZE))
- return;
+ if((i=batch_entropy_init(BATCH_ENTROPY_SIZE)) != 0)
+ return i;
+
+ random_cpu_notify(&random_nb, (unsigned long)CPU_UP_PREPARE,
+ (void *)(long)smp_processor_id());
+ register_cpu_notifier(&random_nb);

init_std_data(input_pool);
sysctl_init_random(input_pool);
@@ -1111,8 +1016,12 @@
irq_timer_state[i] = NULL;
memset(&keyboard_timer_state, 0, sizeof(struct timer_rand_state));
memset(&mouse_timer_state, 0, sizeof(struct timer_rand_state));
+
+ return 0;
}

+__initcall(init_random);
+
void rand_initialize_irq(int irq)
{
struct timer_rand_state *state;
@@ -1149,15 +1058,10 @@
static ssize_t
random_read(struct file * file, char * buf, size_t nbytes, loff_t *ppos)
{
- ssize_t n, retval = 0, count = 0;
+ ssize_t n, retval = 0, count = 0;

- if (nbytes == 0)
- return 0;
-
while (nbytes > 0) {
- n = nbytes;
- if (n > SEC_XFER_SIZE)
- n = SEC_XFER_SIZE;
+ n = min_t(size_t, nbytes, BLOCKING_POOL_SIZE/8);

/* We can take all the entropy in the input pool */
reseed_pool(blocking_pool, 0, n);
@@ -1835,13 +1739,16 @@
#define COOKIEMASK (((__u32)1 << COOKIEBITS) - 1)

static int syncookie_init;
-static __u32 syncookie_secret[2][16-3+HASH_BUFFER_SIZE];
+static __u32 syncookie_secret[2][16-3];

__u32 secure_tcp_syn_cookie(__u32 saddr, __u32 daddr, __u16 sport,
__u16 dport, __u32 sseq, __u32 count, __u32 data)
{
- __u32 tmp[16 + HASH_BUFFER_SIZE + HASH_EXTRA_SIZE];
- __u32 seq;
+ __u32 tmp[16]; /* 512 bits */
+ __u32 hash[5]; /* 160 bits */
+ __u32 seq;
+ struct crypto_tfm *tfm;
+ struct scatterlist sg[1];

/*
* Pick two random secrets the first time we need a cookie.
@@ -1862,22 +1769,27 @@
* MSS into the second hash value.
*/

- memcpy(tmp+3, syncookie_secret[0], sizeof(syncookie_secret[0]));
+ sg[0].page = virt_to_page(tmp);
+ sg[0].offset = ((long) tmp & ~PAGE_MASK);
+ sg[0].length = sizeof(tmp);
+
tmp[0]=saddr;
tmp[1]=daddr;
tmp[2]=(sport << 16) + dport;
- SHATransform(tmp+16, tmp);
- seq = tmp[17] + sseq + (count << COOKIEBITS);
+
+ memcpy(tmp+3, syncookie_secret[0], sizeof(syncookie_secret[0]));
+ tfm = get_cpu_var(sha_tfm);
+ crypto_digest_digest(tfm, sg, 1, (char *)hash);
+
+ seq = hash[1] + sseq + (count << COOKIEBITS);

memcpy(tmp+3, syncookie_secret[1], sizeof(syncookie_secret[1]));
- tmp[0]=saddr;
- tmp[1]=daddr;
- tmp[2]=(sport << 16) + dport;
tmp[3] = count; /* minute counter */
- SHATransform(tmp+16, tmp);
+ crypto_digest_digest(tfm, sg, 1, (char *)hash);
+ put_cpu_var(sha_tfm);

/* Add in the second hash and the data */
- return seq + ((tmp[17] + data) & COOKIEMASK);
+ return seq + ((hash[1] + data) & COOKIEMASK);
}

/*
@@ -1892,19 +1804,30 @@
__u32 check_tcp_syn_cookie(__u32 cookie, __u32 saddr, __u32 daddr, __u16 sport,
__u16 dport, __u32 sseq, __u32 count, __u32 maxdiff)
{
- __u32 tmp[16 + HASH_BUFFER_SIZE + HASH_EXTRA_SIZE];
- __u32 diff;
+ __u32 tmp[16]; /* 512 bits */
+ __u32 hash[5]; /* 160 bits */
+ __u32 diff;
+ struct crypto_tfm *tfm;
+ struct scatterlist sg[1];

if (syncookie_init == 0)
return (__u32)-1; /* Well, duh! */

- /* Strip away the layers from the cookie */
- memcpy(tmp+3, syncookie_secret[0], sizeof(syncookie_secret[0]));
+ sg[0].page = virt_to_page(tmp);
+ sg[0].offset = ((long) tmp & ~PAGE_MASK);
+ sg[0].length = sizeof(tmp);
+
tmp[0]=saddr;
tmp[1]=daddr;
tmp[2]=(sport << 16) + dport;
- SHATransform(tmp+16, tmp);
- cookie -= tmp[17] + sseq;
+
+ /* Strip away the layers from the cookie */
+ memcpy(tmp+3, syncookie_secret[0], sizeof(syncookie_secret[0]));
+ tfm = get_cpu_var(sha_tfm);
+ crypto_digest_digest(tfm, sg, 1, (char *)hash);
+ put_cpu_var(sha_tfm);
+
+ cookie -= hash[1] + sseq;
/* Cookie is now reduced to (count * 2^24) ^ (hash % 2^24) */

diff = (count - (cookie >> COOKIEBITS)) & ((__u32)-1 >> COOKIEBITS);
@@ -1912,13 +1835,12 @@
return (__u32)-1;

memcpy(tmp+3, syncookie_secret[1], sizeof(syncookie_secret[1]));
- tmp[0] = saddr;
- tmp[1] = daddr;
- tmp[2] = (sport << 16) + dport;
tmp[3] = count - diff; /* minute counter */
- SHATransform(tmp+16, tmp);
+ tfm = get_cpu_var(sha_tfm);
+ crypto_digest_digest(tfm, sg, 1, (char *)hash);
+ put_cpu_var(sha_tfm);

- return (cookie - tmp[17]) & COOKIEMASK; /* Leaving the data behind */
+ return (cookie - hash[1]) & COOKIEMASK; /* Leaving the data behind */
}
#endif

--
Matt Mackall : http://www.selenic.com : of or relating to the moon
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