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Subject[PATCH] Fix two bugs with process limits (RLIMIT_NPROC)

This patch fixes to problems with RLIMIT_NPROC.
I posted the first to linux-kernel some weeks ago and got zero
response, which presumably means it is perfect :-)

The second bit is new and corresponds to the comment that has been
moved from set_user to user.c:switch_uid and says:
/* What if a process setreuid()'s and this brings the
* new uid over his NPROC rlimit? We can check this now
* cheaply with the new uid cache, so if it matters
* we should be checking for it. -DaveM


### Comments for ChangeSet
1/ If a setuid process swaps it's real and effective uids and then forks,
the fork fails if the new realuid has more processes
than the original process was limited to.
This is particularly a problem if a user with a process limit
(e.g. 256) runs a setuid-root program which does setuid() + fork()
(e.g. lprng) while root already has more than 256 process (which
is quite possible).

The root problem here is that a limit which should be a per-user
limit is being implemented as a per-process limit with
per-process (e.g. CAP_SYS_RESOURCE) controls.
Being a per-user limit, it should be that the root-user can over-ride
it, not just some process with CAP_SYS_RESOURCE.

This patch adds a test to ignore process limits if the real user is root.

2/ When a root-owned process (e.g. cgiwrap) sets up process limits and then
calls setuid, the setuid should fail if the user would then be running
more than rlim_cur[RLIMIT_NPROC] processes, but it doesn't. This patch
adds an appropriate test. With this patch, and per-user process limit
imposed in cgiwrap really works.

----------- Diffstat output ------------
./kernel/fork.c | 3 ++-
./kernel/sys.c | 8 ++++++++
2 files changed, 10 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff ./kernel/fork.c~current~ ./kernel/fork.c
--- ./kernel/fork.c~current~ 2003-07-14 09:06:11.000000000 +1000
+++ ./kernel/fork.c 2003-07-14 09:06:11.000000000 +1000
@@ -792,7 +792,8 @@ struct task_struct *copy_process(unsigne

retval = -EAGAIN;
if (atomic_read(&p->user->processes) >= p->rlim[RLIMIT_NPROC].rlim_cur) {
- if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN) && !capable(CAP_SYS_RESOURCE))
+ if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN) && !capable(CAP_SYS_RESOURCE)
+ && p->user != &root_user)
goto bad_fork_free;

diff ./kernel/sys.c~current~ ./kernel/sys.c
--- ./kernel/sys.c~current~ 2003-07-14 09:06:11.000000000 +1000
+++ ./kernel/sys.c 2003-07-14 09:06:11.000000000 +1000
@@ -601,6 +601,14 @@ static int set_user(uid_t new_ruid, int
new_user = alloc_uid(new_ruid);
if (!new_user)
return -EAGAIN;
+ if (atomic_read(&new_user->processes) >= current->rlim[RLIMIT_NPROC].rlim_cur
+ && new_user != &root_user
+ ) {
+ free_uid(new_user);
+ return -EAGAIN;
+ }

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