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Subject[PATCH] kmsgdump for 2.5.47
Date
This is kmsgdump for 2.5.47, most of it was just putting rejects back in that 
had been too far offset for patch.

The Kconfig stuff should be good too, I wasn't sure about what to put for the
defaults, but I think its ok.

The only thing I had to change was that proccess.c didn't know about kb_wait
and no_idt from reboot.c, and I couldn't figure out what to add to reboot.h
for them so I just did:

+static long no_idt[2];
+static inline void kb_wait(void)
+{
+ int i;
+
+ for (i=0; i<0x10000; i++)
+ if ((inb_p(0x64) & 0x02) == 0)
+ break;
+}
in proccess.c. I'm sure someone else knows the correct way to fix that :)

I don't know if it should have worked by just sticking it in 2.5, It doesn't
appear to hook into anything other than panic.c. I guess if it worked for
you in 2.4, it should also work in 2.5...All I know is that it worked for
me(tm) and should be useful to someone else :)
--
-Justin

diff -urN -X dontdiff linux-2.5.47/arch/i386/Kconfig
linux-2.5.47-kmd/arch/i386/Kconfig
--- linux-2.5.47/arch/i386/Kconfig 2002-11-10 22:28:05.000000000 -0500
+++ linux-2.5.47-kmd/arch/i386/Kconfig 2002-11-16 17:29:19.000000000 -0500
@@ -1627,6 +1627,94 @@
depends on X86_LOCAL_APIC
default y

+config KMSGDUMP
+ bool "Kernel messages dumper"
+ depends on EXPERIMENTAL
+ default n
+ help
+ If you say Y here, you will get maximal chances to save your kernel
+ messages under weird conditions : you'll be able to display them on
+ the screen, print them on a parallel printer, and dump them onto a
+ floppy diskette. You will have to press SysRQ + D to access this
+ feature, or wait for a kernel panic. In the last case, it is also
+ possible to ask the kernel not to wait for any human operation, and
+ automatically dump its messages onto a diskette (see the option
+ CONFIG_KMSGDUMP_AUTO below).
+
+ Warning: when using this feature, the CPU is rebooted in real mode
+ and the kernel won't recover. If messages are dumped onto a floppy,
+ this floppy will be erased, unless you enable the option
+ CONFIG_KMSGDUMP_SAFE below. More info can be found in the file
+ Documentation/kmsgdump.txt.
+
+ All options below are used for default behaviour, but can be set
+ by writing to /proc/sys/kernel/kmsgdump if CONFIG_SYSCTL is enabled.
+
+ Don't say Y unless you really want to hack your kernel and/or help
+ developpers to debug it. This isn't a toy, you have been warned !
+
+config KMSGDUMP_FAT
+ bool "floppy as FAT by default"
+ depends on KMSGDUMP
+ help
+ By default, when CONFIG_KMSGDUMP is enabled, all messages dumped on
+ a floppy are in raw format, beginning at the first sector of the
+ diskette. By enabling this option, you'll change the default format
+ to FAT12. Although this is selectable under interactive mode, this is
+ not the case after a kernel panic, where this option applies most.
+
+ When FAT is selected, the messages are saved into a file named
+ MESSAGES.TXT. This practice is discouraged if you share your computer
+ with anyone else, since other people may believe that if FAT is
+ supported, the contents of the diskette would not be lost, which is
+ false. It's better if people remember that the diskette is unusable
+ after a dump. On the other hand, accessing the file after a crash is
+ easier when the diskette is formated as FAT. One other advantage of
+ FAT is that the boot sector of the diskette is filled with a boot
+ redirector which makes the system boot from the first hard disk even
+ if the bios tried to boot from the floppy. If unsure, say Y.
+
+
+
+
+config KMSGDUMP_AUTO
+ bool "Automatic dump then reboot on kernel panic"
+ depends on KMSGDUMP
+ help
+ When the kernel panics, it normally hangs or reboots. With
+ CONFIG_KMSGDUMP enabled, it will either enter the interactive mode
+ you can see by pressing SysRQ + D (default), or, if you say Y here,
+ automatically dump its messages buffer onto a diskette and then
+ reboot.
+
+ Enabling this is dangerous because if a diskette is left in the
+ floppy drive, it may be destroyed (unless you enable the option
+ CONFIG_KMSGDUMP_SAFE below), but in case of a server, this might
+ be interesting since this one will automatically reboot after a
+ panic. Don't say Y here if this kernel is to be installed on a
+ floppy ! You would say Y in case of a server, N in case of a
+ workstation.
+
+config KMSGDUMP_SAFE
+ bool "Limit dump to pre-initialized floppies only"
+ depends on KMSGDUMP
+ help
+ When CONFIG_KMSGDUMP_AUTO is enabled, the kernel can automatically
+ dump its messages onto the floppy present in the drive during a
+ crash. This can be dangerous because if a floppy has been forgotten
+ in the drive it may be overwritten. By enabling this option, the
+ kernel will accept to write to the floppy only if it finds the word
+ "KMSGDUMP" at offset 3 on the floppy.
+
+ So to prepare a disk to accept dumps, you just have to do this :
+
+ echo "012KMSGDUMP" > /dev/fd0
+
+ Please note that in case of interactive mode dump, this check is
+ never made because we consider that the user knows what stands on
+ his diskettes. If unsure, just say "Y".
+
+
endmenu

source "security/Kconfig"
@@ -1649,3 +1737,4 @@
bool
default y

+
diff -urN -X dontdiff linux-2.5.47/arch/i386/kernel/kmsgdump.S
linux-2.5.47-kmd/arch/i386/kernel/kmsgdump.S
--- linux-2.5.47/arch/i386/kernel/kmsgdump.S 1969-12-31 19:00:00.000000000
-0500
+++ linux-2.5.47-kmd/arch/i386/kernel/kmsgdump.S 2002-11-16 15:38:32.000000000
-0500
@@ -0,0 +1,897 @@
+/*
+ * file : kmsgdump.S
+ * version : 0.4.3/2000122301
+ * author : Willy Tarreau <willy AT meta-x.org>
+ *
+ * This code is called from the Bios when the processor has been
+ * externally reset and the NVRAM has been set to tell the bios
+ * to quickly branch to the pointer at [0x40:0x67].
+ * It executes in real mode, and starts from 0:0x700.
+ *
+ * Its purpose is to dump the last kernel messages onto a floppy disk
+ * or to print them on a parallel printer.
+ *
+ * Useful information are stored at the following hexadecimal adresses :
+ * 0:0700 - 0FAF = this code followed by the stack
+ * 0:0FB0 - 0FEF = bios stack frame at reboot time
+ * 0:0FF0 ( 8 bits ) = destination drive number (bios number)
+ * 0:0FF1 ( 8 bits ) = track number (<256 !)
+ * 0:0FF2, bit 7 = caller mode (0=panic, 1=SysRq)
+ * bit 6 = output format (0=RAW, 1=FAT)
+ * bits 5->3 = behaviour when called from panic() :
+ * 000 = no dump, just halt
+ * 001 = no dump, just reboot
+ * 010 = dump, then halt
+ * 011 = dump, then reboot
+ * 100 = go to manual operation, just like SysRq.
+ * others undefined, so don't use please. Thanks.
+ * 0:0FF3 (13 bytes) = not used yet
+ *
+ * 0:1000 - 4FFF = kernel messages buffer contents (16 kB).
+ *
+ * Warning: This code is 16-bits, while the rest of the kernel is 32-bits.
+ * I couldn't find a way to link this file together with 32-bits
+ * files, just because of relative references which caused
+ * relocation issues. As a last resort, every variable is referenced
+ * "variable-base+CODEORIGIN" which is absolute and links well :-/
+ * If someone finds a better way to do this, I'd like to learn from
+ * him.
+ */
+#include <linux/version.h>
+#include <asm/kmsgdump.h>
+
+#define _pause jmp .+2
+.text
+.code16
+
+.global kmsgdump
+.global kmsgdump_end
+
+/*
+ * I use this only for development, it's a bios bootstrap.
+ * You only have to define UNDER_DEVEL and the binary object
+ * can be copied to a raw diskette and will boot from it.
+ * Moreover, the code contains the KMSGDUMP identifier so that
+ * the diskette is useable as-is.
+ */
+#ifdef UNDER_DEVEL
+bootstrap:
+ jmp 0f
+ .byte 0x90
+ .ascii "KMSGDUMP"
+0:
+ cli
+ xorw %ax, %ax
+ movw %ax, %ss
+ movw $0x7C00 , %sp
+ pushw %ss
+ popw %es
+ movw %cs, %ax
+ movw %ax, %ds
+ movw $1000,%cx
+ movw $(kmsgdump-bootstrap+0x7c00), %si
+ movw $CODEORIGIN, %di
+ cld
+ rep
+ movsb
+/* movw $MASK_SYSRQMODE, MODEFLAGS*/
+ movw $(MASK_PANICDUMP|MASK_PANICBOOT|MASK_OUTPUTFAT|MASK_SAFEDUMP),
MODEFLAGS
+
+# read remaining sectors
+
+ movw $0x0203, %ax
+ movw $(bootstrap-kmsgdump+CODEORIGIN+0x200), %bx
+ movw $0x0002, %cx
+ movw $0x0000, %dx
+ int $0x13
+
+# pre-read messages
+ mov $0x220, %ax /* ah=2 (read), al=32 (32 sectors) */
+ mov $(BEGINOFMESSAGES), %bx
+ mov $0x0005, %cx
+ mov $0, %dx /* head always begins with 0 */
+ int $0x13
+
+ ljmp $0, $CODEORIGIN
+#endif /* UNDER_DEVEL */
+
+kmsgdump:
+ cli
+ xorw %ax, %ax
+ movw %ax, %ds
+ movw %ax, %es
+ movw %ax, %ss
+ movw $(TOPOFSTACK), %sp
+ call hardware_reset
+ sti
+ testb $(MASK_SYSRQMODE | MASK_PANICMAN), MODEFLAGS
+ jz automatic
+
+/* Here is the manual mode loop (either SysRq or Panic with MANUAL flag set).
+ * Each second, a short beep is sent so that the user knows the computer
+ * is waiting for him/her to press a key.
+ * When 'B' is hit, the system immediately reboots. When 'H' is hit, the
+ * system halts, and when another key is hit, the system attempts a dump
+ * and beeps two more times in case of success. It then goes on waiting
+ * for a key in case the user wants another dump.
+ */
+manual_dump:
+/* reinitialize display to color_80x25 */
+ movw $0xe, %ax /* force a switch to graph mode to help in reinitialization
*/
+ int $0x10
+ movw $VIDEOMODE, %ax
+ int $0x10
+/* hide the cursor */
+ movb $1, %ah
+ movw $0xFFFF,%cx
+ int $0x10
+/* redraw the screen */
+ xorw %cx, %cx
+ call clearwindow
+/* display title */
+ movw $MKWORD(0,22), %dx
+ movw $(title-kmsgdump+CODEORIGIN), %si
+ call displayline
+/* display separation and help line */
+ movw $MKWORD(HELPLINE, 0), %dx
+ call movecursor
+ movw $MKWORD(0x0A, 177), %ax /* write a line of hashes */
+ movb $0, %bh
+ movw $(RIGHTCOL+1), %cx /* a full line */
+ int $0x10
+ movw $MKWORD(HELPLINE, 12), %dx /* display help at column 12 */
+ movw $(helpline-kmsgdump+CODEORIGIN), %si
+ call displayline
+
+# now we'll have to print the messages buffer in the lower window.
+redrawmessages:
+ movw $MKWORD(HELPLINE+2,0), %cx /* first line of the messages window */
+ pushw %cx /* save this, it will serve us later */
+ call clearwindow
+ popw %dx /* restore top of window */
+ mov $(BEGINOFMESSAGES), %si /* SI points to the beginning of the messages */
+ xorw %di,%di /* first line */
+ jmp findline
+1: lodsb
+ or %al,%al /* end of data ? */
+ jnz 3f
+ movw %di, currentline-kmsgdump+CODEORIGIN /* we fix the end at this point.
*/
+ jmp waitevent /* and don't show anything */
+3: cmp $10, %al
+ jnz 1b /* while not LF, look for an end of line */
+ inc %di /* count one more line */
+findline:
+ cmpw currentline-kmsgdump+CODEORIGIN, %di
+ jb 1b
+showmessages:
+ cmpw $(LOG_BUF_LEN+BEGINOFMESSAGES), %si /* end of buffer reached */
+ jnb waitevent
+ call displayline
+ cmp $BOTTOMLINE, %dh /* stop displaying when screen is full */
+ ja waitevent
+ or %al,%al /* or when end of messages is reached */
+ jnz showmessages
+# redisplay current parameters after each pressed key
+waitevent:
+ cmpb $0, mustredraw-kmsgdump+CODEORIGIN /* if we must redraw the messages
window, let's do it */
+ movb $0, mustredraw-kmsgdump+CODEORIGIN
+ jnz redrawmessages
+
+/* now, we'll display current settings (drive, format, status ...) */
+ movw $MKWORD(2, 8), %dx /* row 2, col 8 */
+ movw $(msgprinter-kmsgdump+CODEORIGIN), %si
+ call displayline
+
+ movb DRIVENUM,%al
+ addb $'A', %al /* A and B if < 0x80 */
+ test $0x80, %al
+ jz 1f
+ subb $(0x80-'C'+'A'), %al /* C and D if >= 0x80 */
+1: movb %al, unitname-kmsgdump+CODEORIGIN /* write the drive letter into the
string */
+ movw $MKWORD(2, 40), %dx /* row 2, col 40*/
+ movw $(msgunit-kmsgdump+CODEORIGIN), %si
+ call displayline
+/* SI is already positionned at msgFAT, so we avoid "movw $msgFAT,%si" */
+ testb $(MASK_OUTPUTFAT), MODEFLAGS
+ jnz 2f
+ movw $(msgRAW-kmsgdump+CODEORIGIN), %si
+2: call displayline
+ movw $MKWORD(3, 8), %dx /* row 3, col 8 */
+ movw $(kversion-kmsgdump+CODEORIGIN), %si
+ call displayline
+
+1: movb $STATUS_WAITING, %al
+ call showstatus
+8: call waitkey
+ jnz 1f /* a key has been hit */
+ call beep /* no key hit: let's beep once a second */
+ jmp waitevent /* loop while no key is pressed */
+1: cmpb $0x50, %ah /* down arrow */
+ jnz 5f
+7: incw currentline-kmsgdump+CODEORIGIN /* go one line below */
+1: movb $1, mustredraw-kmsgdump+CODEORIGIN
+ mov $1, %ah /* we check if another key has been hit to speed up scrolling
*/
+ int $0x16
+ jnz 8b /* handle this new key */
+ jmp waitevent
+5: cmpb $0x48, %ah /* up arrow */
+ jnz 6f
+ subw $1,currentline-kmsgdump+CODEORIGIN /* one line back */
+ jc 7b /* aie, negative line. Let's correct this */
+ jmp 1b
+6: cmpb $'b', %al /* 'B' stands for 'boot' */
+ jz do_reboot
+ cmpb $'h', %al /* 'H' stands for 'halt' */
+ jz do_halt
+ cmpb $'f', %al /* 'F' stands for 'change Format' */
+ jnz 3f
+ xorw $(MASK_OUTPUTFAT), MODEFLAGS
+ jmp waitevent
+3: cmpb $'u', %al /* 'U' stands for 'change Unit' */
+ jnz 4f
+ xorb $1, DRIVENUM /* altern first/second drive */
+ jmp waitevent
+4: cmpb $'t', %al /* 'T' stands for 'prinTer' */
+ jnz 5f
+ call probeprinter
+ jmp waitevent
+5: cmpb $'i', %al /* 'T' stands for 'prinTer' */
+ jnz 6f
+ movw $MKWORD(HELPLINE+2,0), %cx /* first line of the messages window */
+ pushw %cx /* save this, it will serve us later */
+ call clearwindow
+ popw %dx /* restore top of window */
+ movw $(aboutmsg-kmsgdump+CODEORIGIN), %si
+5: call displayline
+ or %al, %al
+ jnz 5b
+ jmp waitevent
+6: cmpb $'p', %al /* 'P' stands for 'Print' */
+ jnz 7f
+ call printbuffer
+ jmp 8f /* display same return codes as for diskette */
+7: cmpb $'d', %al /* 'D' stands for 'dump' */
+ jnz waitevent
+ call do_dump
+8: movb $STATUS_WERR, %al /* assume a dump error for now */
+ jc 9f /* on error, we return immediately after ony one beep */
+ movb $STATUS_DUMPOK, %al /* else we say that's good */
+ call beep /* make 3 audible beeps once successfully dumped */
+ call beep
+9: call showstatus
+ call beep
+ movw $16,%cx /* wait 1 second after the message is displayed */
+0: call sleep54
+ loop 0b
+ jmp waitevent
+
+/* clears the screen from the upper left corner defined by CX to the bottom
right of the screen */
+clearwindow:
+ movw $MKWORD(BOTTOMLINE,RIGHTCOL), %dx /* bottom of screen */
+ movw $0x0600, %ax /* clear the messages window */
+ movb $ATTRIB, %bh
+ int $0x10
+ ret
+
+/* probes the next printer, and if not found, the next one, ... until
+ we find one which is OK, or we fall back to the current one.
+*/
+probeprinter:
+ movb $STATUS_PROBING, %al
+ call showstatus
+ movw $3, %cx /* we allow to automatically probe 3 printers */
+0: movb currentlpt-kmsgdump+CODEORIGIN, %al
+ incw %ax
+ cmpb $'3', %al
+ jbe 1f
+ mov $'1', %al
+1: movb %al, currentlpt-kmsgdump+CODEORIGIN
+ subb $'1', %al
+ movzbw %al, %dx /* printer number */
+ movb $1, %ah /* initialize printer */
+ int $0x17
+ testb $0x2F, %ah /* status = OK ? */
+ loopnz 0b /* no, probe next printer */
+2: ret
+
+/* prints all the buffer on the current printer. On error, CF is set. */
+printbuffer:
+ mov $(BEGINOFMESSAGES), %si /* SI points to the beginning of the messages */
+ movb $STATUS_PRINTING, %al
+ call showstatus
+ movb currentlpt-kmsgdump+CODEORIGIN, %al
+ subb $'1', %al
+ movzbw %al, %dx /* printer number */
+0: cmpw $(BEGINOFMESSAGES+LOG_BUF_LEN), %si
+ jae 9f /* end of buffer */
+ lodsb
+ or %al, %al /* end of data */
+ jz 9f
+ cmp $10, %al /* line feed : we'll insert a carriage return */
+ jnz 1f
+ mov $MKWORD(0, 13), %ax /* print carriage return */
+ int $0x17
+ mov $10, %al /* line feed */
+1: movb $0, %ah /* print character */
+ int $0x17
+ testb $0x2F, %ah /* status = OK ? */
+ jz 0b /* fetch next char */
+ stc
+ ret
+9: movw $MKWORD(0, 12), %ax /* form feed*/
+ int $0x17
+ clc
+ ret
+
+/* Automatic dump mode, without user operation. The function was called
+ * from panic(). Mode flags also allow an immediate reboot without a dump,
+ * which is the same than playing with "panic_timeout" in case of a kernel
+ * panic.
+ */
+automatic:
+ testb $(MASK_PANICDUMP), MODEFLAGS
+ jz 1f
+ testb $(MASK_SAFEDUMP), MODEFLAGS
+ jz 0f
+ /* a safe dump is requested. we must ensure the diskette contains a
"KMSGDUMP"
+ label before scratching it. */
+ xorw %ax,%ax /* reinitialize drive */
+ movzbw DRIVENUM, %dx
+ int $0x13
+
+ movw $0x201, %ax /* read 1 sector */
+ movw $(FREEMEMORY), %bx /* pointer to the buffer */
+ movw $0x1, %cx /* from sector 1 */
+ call int13retry
+ jc 1f /* read error, don't dump */
+ cmpl $0x47534d4b, FREEMEMORY+3 /* "KMSG" */
+ jnz 1f
+ cmpl $0x504d5544, FREEMEMORY+7 /* "DUMP" */
+ jnz 1f
+0: call do_dump
+1: testb $(MASK_PANICBOOT), MODEFLAGS
+ jnz do_reboot
+ jmp do_halt
+
+/* beep():
+ * Make a 54 ms beep, and silently pause during 54 ms
+ */
+beep: call sound_on
+ call sleep54
+ call sound_off
+ call sleep54
+ ret
+
+sleep54:
+ pushw %ax
+ movw CLOCKTICKS, %ax
+ incw %ax
+0: cmpw CLOCKTICKS, %ax
+ jnb 0b
+ popw %ax
+ ret
+
+/* waitkey():
+ * Wait at most 3 second for a key press.
+ * If no key is pressed during that time, 0 is returned in AX and ZF is set.
+ * If a key is pressed, its lower case ascii code is returned in AL, its scan
+ * code in AH and the ZF is cleared.
+ */
+waitkey:
+ pushw %cx
+ movw CLOCKTICKS, %cx
+ addw $55, %cx /* 55/18.2 = 3 seconds */
+0: movb $1, %ah /* function="tell if a key was pressed" */
+ int $0x16
+ jnz 1f
+ cmpw CLOCKTICKS, %cx
+ jnb 0b
+ xorw %ax,%ax /* timeout, no key */
+ jmp 2f
+1: movb $0, %ah
+ int $0x16
+ cmpb $'A',%al
+ jb 2f
+ cmpb $'Z',%al
+ ja 2f
+ orb $0x20,%al
+2: popw %cx
+ orw %ax,%ax /* ZF=(AX==0) */
+ ret
+
+
+/* hardware_reset():
+ Reconfigure what can be wrong now in hardware :
+ - interrupt controller
+ - timers
+ - keyboard
+ - disk units
+*/
+hardware_reset:
+/* PIC reconfiguration consists in mapping PIC#1 IRQ 0 to software INT 8.
+ * Although not needed, PIC#2 is initialized in case we meet buggy chipsets.
+ */
+
+ movb $0x11, %al /* reconfiguration */
+ out %al, $0x20
+# out %al, $0xA0
+ _pause
+ movb $8, %al /* map irq 0 to int 0x08 */
+ out %al, $0x21
+# movb $0x70, %al /* map irq 8 to int 0x70 */
+# out %al, $0xA1
+ _pause
+ movb $4, %al /* master mode for PIC#1 */
+ out %al, $0x21
+# movb $2, %al /* slave mode for PIC#2 */
+# out %al, $0xa1
+ _pause
+ movb $1, %al /* 8086 mode */
+ out %al, $0x21
+# out %al, $0xA1
+ _pause
+ movb $0xFF, %al /* all IRQs are masked at the moment */
+ out %al, $0x21
+# out %al, $0xA1
+ _pause
+
+/* Disable internal speaker output if it was enabled */
+
+ call sound_off
+
+/* PIT reconfiguration : set Timer0 clock to 18.2 Hz */
+
+ movb $0x34, %al /* timer 0 in interrupt mode */
+ out %al, $0x43
+ _pause
+ movb $0, %al /* divide by 65536 (1193182 Hz -> 18.2 Hz) */
+ out %al, $0x40 /* LSB first */
+ _pause
+ out %al, $0x40 /* MSB next */
+ _pause
+
+/* PIT reconfiguration (cont'd) : set Timer2 clock to 880 Hz for the buzzer
*/
+
+ movb $0xb6, %al /* timer 2 in square wave mode */
+ out %al, $0x43
+ _pause
+ movw $1355, %ax /* divider set to 1193182/1355 = 880 Hz */
+ out %al, $0x42 /* LSB first */
+ _pause
+ movb %ah, %al
+ out %al, $0x42 /* MSB next */
+ _pause
+
+ movb $0xBC, %al /* only irq 0,1,6 unmasked */
+ out %al, $0x21
+ _pause
+
+/* Keyboard reset: The keyboard may be misconfigured. We will send it a
+ reconfiguration (max speed) so that the Bios will at least reconfigure it
+ and its controller (i8042).
+*/
+
+ mov $0x305, %ax /* set speed */
+ xorw %bx, %bx /* full speed */
+ int $0x16
+
+/* Reset the minimum so that int 13 works */
+ movw $0x3F2, %dx
+ movb $0x0, %al
+ outb %al, %dx
+ _pause
+ _pause
+ movb $0xC, %al
+ outb %al, %dx
+ _pause
+ _pause
+
+ xorw %ax, %ax
+ xorw %dx, %dx
+ int $0x13
+ ret
+
+/* sound_off(): disable internal speaker output. */
+sound_off:
+ push %ax
+ in $0x61, %al
+ andb $0xFC, %al
+ jmp 1f /* same code below */
+
+/* sound_on(): enable internal speaker output. */
+sound_on:
+ push %ax
+ in $0x61, %al
+ orb $3, %al
+1: _pause
+ out %al, $0x61
+ pop %ax
+ ret
+
+/* HALT the CPU */
+do_halt:
+ movb $STATUS_HALTING, %al
+ call showstatus
+0: cli
+ hlt
+ jmp 0b /* just in case of NMIs */
+
+
+/* REBOOT the CPU */
+do_reboot:
+ movb $STATUS_BOOTING, %al
+ call showstatus
+ cli
+/* Make sure [40:72] doesn't contain 0x1234, which the Bios will interprete
as
+ Ctrl-Alt-Del. */
+ movw $0, 0x472
+ ljmp $0xFFFF,$0 /* branch to bios boot strap */
+
+/*
+ * do_dump():
+ * This function dumps the message buffer onto a disk. CF is set if an error
+ * occured.
+ *
+ */
+do_dump:
+ movb DRIVENUM, %dl
+ xorw %ax, %ax
+ int $0x13 /* reinitialize drive */
+ xorw %si, %si /* assume first data sector = 0 */
+ testb $(MASK_OUTPUTFAT), MODEFLAGS
+ jz 1f
+ movw $(FATSIZE*2+2), %si /* when FAT is used, data go further */
+1: call makefat
+ jc 2f
+ call dumpdata
+2: ret
+
+/*
+ * Shows, in the status line, the message matching the status code in AL.
+ * AX, BX, DX and FLAGS contents are lost. CX and SI are kept.
+ */
+showstatus:
+ cbw
+ pushw %si
+ pushw %cx
+ testb $(MASK_SYSRQMODE | MASK_PANICMAN), MODEFLAGS
+ jz 2f /* is not in interactive mode, don't show anything */
+ pushw %ax
+ movw $MKWORD(3, 40), %dx
+ movw $(msgstatus-kmsgdump+CODEORIGIN), %si
+ call displayline
+ popw %si
+ cmpw $STATUS_MAXMSG, %si
+ ja 2f
+ shlw $4, %si
+ addw $(statwait-kmsgdump+CODEORIGIN), %si
+1: call displayline
+2: popw %cx
+ popw %si
+ ret
+/*
+ * sets the cursor to the begin of the line in DH, col in DL, and displays
the message from SI
+ * which ends with \n, \r or \0. On return, AL contains the byte that ended
the line, and SI
+ * points to the next byte.
+ * if LF is encountered, the cursor is positionned at the beginning of the
next line and
+ * LF is returned in AL, the cursor position in DX.
+ * If DH is set to -1, then the cursor isn't moved. The new cursor position
is returned into
+ * DX so it's possible to recall displayline immediately.
+ */
+displayline:
+ cmpb $-1,%dh
+ jz 0f
+ call movecursor
+0: cld
+1: movb $ATTRIB, %bl /* use standard text attribute by default */
+ lodsb
+ cmp $0377, %al /* a 0377 char means next one will be highlit */
+ jnz 3f
+ movb $HIGHLIGHT, %bl
+ lodsb
+3: cmp $13, %al /* CR is ignored */
+ jz 1b
+ or %al, %al /* end of messages */
+ jz 2f
+ cmp $10, %al /* LF: position onto next line and return from function */
+ jnz 5f
+ pushw %ax
+ call findcursor /* DX gets the current cursor position */
+ movb $255, %dl /* if we pass the end of the line, we'll begin on a new row
*/
+ call movecursor
+ popw %ax /* restore LF in AX */
+ jmp 2f /* and we return */
+5: movb $0, %bh /* current page = 0 */
+ movw $1, %cx /* 1 char */
+ movb $9, %ah /* write char with attribute */
+ int $0x10
+ call findcursor /* DX gets the current cursor position */
+ inc %dx /* next position */
+ call movecursor
+ jmp 1b
+movecursor:
+ cmp $RIGHTCOL, %dl /* did we override the end of the line ? */
+ jbe 1f /* no */
+ inc %dh /* yes, so position onto the next line */
+ movb $0, %dl
+1: movb $2, %ah
+4: movb $0, %bh
+ int $0x10
+2: ret
+findcursor:
+ mov $3, %ah
+ jmp 4b
+
+#if defined(UNDER_DEVEL) & defined(DEBUG)
+showhex:
+ pushfw
+ pushaw
+ movw %ax, %si
+ movw $4, %cx
+0: pushw %cx
+ rolw $4, %si
+ movw %si, %ax
+ andb $0xF, %al
+ addb $'0', %al
+ cmpb $'9', %al
+ jbe 1f
+ addb $7, %al
+1: movb $0xE, %ah
+ int $0x10
+ popw %cx
+ loop 0b
+#ifdef STEP_BY_STEP
+ movb $0, %ah
+ int $0x16
+#endif
+ popaw
+ popfw
+ ret
+#endif
+
+
+/*
+ * makefat():
+ * writes a 18-sectors/track FAT on the diskette, at logical sector 0.
+ * CF is set if an error occurs.
+ * SI is preserved.
+ *
+ */
+makefat:
+ cld
+ pushw %si
+ movb $STATUS_FORMATING, %al
+ call showstatus
+/* make DI point to the first free memory */
+ movw $(FREEMEMORY), %di
+ pushw %di /* will be used later */
+/* initialize the data area : 1 boot, 1 fat, 1 root */
+ movw $((FATSIZE+2)<<8), %cx
+ cld
+ xorw %ax, %ax
+ rep
+ stosw
+ popw %di
+ pushw %di
+/* make boot sector */
+ movw $(bootsect-kmsgdump+CODEORIGIN), %si
+ movw $(rootsect-bootsect), %cx
+ rep
+ movsb
+
+/* make fat1 (which is also fat2) */
+ movw $(FREEMEMORY+0x200), %di
+ movw $2, %bx /* first usable cluster is always 2 */
+ movw $(LOG_BUF_LEN >> 9), %cx /* #of sectors per FAT */
+
+ addw %bx, %cx /* decide now of the "end of chain" */
+ incw %bx
+ movb $0xF0, %al /* FAT ID */
+ stosb
+ movw $-1, %ax /* beginning of FAT */
+ stosw
+0: movw %bx, %ax
+ stosb
+ incw %bx /* next cluster */
+ cmpw %cx, %bx /* did we reach the last cluster ? */
+ jb 1f
+ movw $0xFFF, %bx /* yes: mark "end of chain" */
+1: shlb $4, %ah
+ movb $0, %al
+ orw %bx, %ax
+ rolw $4, %ax
+ stosw /* write 2 bytes at once */
+ incw %bx /* next cluster */
+ testb $0x10, %bh /* are we above the "end of chain" magic number ? */
+ jz 0b /* not yet, let's go on for 2 more clusters */
+
+/* make root sector */
+ movw $(FREEMEMORY+0x200+FATSIZE<<9), %di
+ movw $(datasect-rootsect), %cx
+ rep
+ movsb
+ movw $(FIRSTCLUSTER), 14(%di) /* file begins at cluster 2 */
+ movw $(LOG_BUF_LEN), 16(%di) /* file length in bytes */
+
+/* in memory, we now have :
+ * BOOT | FAT | ROOT.
+ * We'll use a trick to write the two FATs :
+ * we first write (BOOT+FAT), and then append (FAT+ROOT)
+ */
+ popw %di /* beginning of the area to write */
+ movw $(1+FATSIZE), %cx /* one boot sector + N FAT sectors */
+ xorw %si, %si /* write onto the first sector */
+ pushw %cx /* fortunately, it will be the same size after... */
+ call wrsect /* let's write the boot sector onto the disk */
+ popw %cx /* 1+FATSIZE, let's save one byte of code */
+ jc 0f
+/* now write fat2 + root */
+ movw $(FREEMEMORY+0x200), %di
+ call wrsect /* let's write the boot sector onto the disk */
+0: popw %si
+ ret
+
+/*
+ * dumpdata():
+ * writes <LOG_BUF_LEN> bytes of data on drive DRIVENUM, from logical sector
%si.
+ * CF is set if an error occured.
+ *
+ */
+dumpdata:
+ clc
+ pushw %si
+ movb $STATUS_DUMPING, %al
+ call showstatus
+ movw $(LOG_BUF_LEN >> 9), %cx /* #of sectors that will be written */
+ movw $(BEGINOFMESSAGES), %di
+ call wrsect
+ popw %si
+ ret
+
+/* this function calls int 13 and if any error occurs, it will retry twice.
+ * all registers are kept except flags.
+ */
+int13retry:
+ pushaw
+ clc
+ int $0x13
+ jnc 0f
+ popaw
+ pushaw
+ clc
+ int $0x13
+0: popaw
+ ret
+
+/*
+ * wrsect():
+ * starts writing CX sectors of data from ES:DI to the diskette at logical
sector SI.
+ * first logical sector is numbered 0. This function can write more than one
track at
+ * a time, and is limited to the buffer's address in ES segment.
+ * all registers are modified, particularly :
+ * - SI which contains the first sector that should be written next time
+ * - DI which points to next data to be written
+ * - CX which tells how many sectors should be still written in case of CF=1
+ */
+wrsect:
+0: jcxz 9f /* when there are no more sectors to write, we return */
+ pushw %cx /* save this number of remaining sectors to write */
+ movw %si, %ax
+
+ movw $(NBHEADS*NBSECT), %cx /* we'll compute the starting track number */
+ divb %cl
+ xchgb %al, %ch /* al = 0, ch = track number */
+ xchgb %ah, %al /* ah = 0, al = head*nbsect + sect */
+ movb $(NBSECT), %cl
+ divb %cl
+ movb %al, %dh /* dh = head number */
+ xchgb %cl, %ah /* ah = NBSECT, cl = sector number (0-based) */
+ subb %cl, %ah /* ah = number of sectors before end of track */
+ popw %bx /* number of sectors to write */
+ movzbw %ah, %ax /* max #of sectors left on this track */
+ cmpw %ax, %bx /* does it fit ? */
+ ja 1f /* no, let's use AX */
+ movw %bx, %ax /* take all the remainder */
+1:
+ subw %ax, %bx /* subtract these sectors from the rest */
+ addw %ax, %si /* increment the start sector for the next round */
+ pushw %bx /* save the actual number of sectors to be written */
+ movb $3, %ah /* 3=write, AL is already set to #sectors */
+ incb %cl /* CL was 0-based and needs to be 1-based */
+ movw %di, %bx /* pointer to beginning of data */
+ movb DRIVENUM, %dl
+ /* at this point, AL=#sectors, AH=3(write), BX=buffer addr, */
+ /* CL=starting sector, CH=track, DL=drivenum, DH=head num */
+ /* let's compute the next DI now */
+ pushw %ax
+ shlw $9, %ax /* AL*512 = data size */
+ addw %ax, %di
+ popw %ax
+ call int13retry
+ popw %cx /* restore the number of remaining sectors */
+ jnc 0b /* if no error, let's continue */
+9: ret
+
+/* data needed to make a tiny FAT file system. */
+bootsect:
+ /* Warning : DOS expects first byte to be either EB or E9 (jump) ! */
+ .byte 0xEB,(bootcode-bootsect-2),0x90
+ .ascii "KMSGDUMP"
+ .hword 512 /* 512 bytes/sector */
+ .byte 1 /* 1 sector/cluster */
+ .hword 1 /* 1 reserved sector */
+ .byte 2 /* 2 FATs */
+ .hword 16 /* 16 root directory entries (1 root sector) */
+
+ .hword NBCLUSTERS /* total clusters */
+ .byte 0xF0 /* media descriptor */
+ .hword FATSIZE /* # of sectors per FAT */
+ .hword NBSECT /* # of sectors/track */
+ .hword NBHEADS /* # of heads */
+ /* now some code to redirect the boot to the first hard disk. This way,
+ after an automatic dump, even if the diskette is left in the drive and
+ the bios doesn't automatically go to the hard disk, the diskette will
+ try to do it itself.
+ */
+bootcode:
+ /* first we'll copy the boot code elsewhere. */
+ cli
+ cld
+ xorw %ax,%ax
+ movw %ax,%es
+ movw %ax,%ds
+ movw $0x7c00,%si /* current source */
+ movw $0x8000,%di /* new destination */
+ movw $256,%cx /* 256 words = this entire sector */
+ pushw %si
+ repz
+ movsw
+ popw %bx /* current code will be erased */
+ jmp .+3+0x8000-0x7c00 /* jump to fresh copy of this code */
+ incw %cx /* cx=1 : read from sector 1 (cx was 0, so now it's 1).*/
+ movw $0x80, %dx /* 0x80 = first hard drive */
+ movw $0x201,%ax /* 2=read, 1=1 sector */
+ int $0x13
+ jnc bootsect-(0x8000-0x7c00) /* jump to new code if no error */
+ int $0x19 /* or try to reboot */
+ jmp . /* hang if int 19 returns. */
+
+rootsect: .ascii "MESSAGESTXT"
+ .byte 0x20 /* archived file attribute */
+datasect: /* end of FAT-specific data */
+
+mustredraw: .byte 0
+currentline: .hword 0
+title: .asciz "Linux Kernel Messages Dumper - v0.4.3"
+helpline: .asciz "> \377Boot \377Dump \377Format \377Halt \377Info \377Print
prin\377Ter \377Unit \377U\377p \377D\377o\377w\377n <"
+/* it's important to respect the same order for the following parts. */
+msgprinter: .ascii "Printer : \377L\377P\377T\377"
+currentlpt: .asciz "1"
+msgunit: .ascii "Drive Unit and Format : \377" /* no zero string -> will
display drive letter */
+unitname: .asciz "A/"
+msgFAT: .asciz "\377F\377A\377T\3771\3772"
+msgRAW: .asciz "\377R\377A\377W "
+kversion: .ascii "Kernel version : "
+ .asciz UTS_RELEASE
+msgstatus: .asciz "Status : "
+
+/* these messages must be *exactly* 15 chars long, and terminated by a 0 (ie:
16 bytes tot) */
+statwait: .asciz "Press a key "
+statform: .asciz "Formating FAT12"
+statdump: .asciz "Dumping msgs "
+statdmpd: .asciz "Messages dumped"
+statboot: .asciz "Rebooting... "
+stathalt: .asciz "System halted. "
+statprob: .asciz "Probing printer"
+statprnt: .asciz "Printing msgs "
+statwerr: .asciz "Dump failed ! "
+aboutmsg: .ascii "KMSGDUMP 0.4.3 - (C) 2000/12/23 - Willy Tarreau <willy AT
meta-x.org>\n"
+ .ascii "<\377B> reboots, <\377D> dumps messages onto the floppy, <\377F>
changes floppy\n"
+ .ascii "format, <\377H> halts the system, <\377P> prints the messages on
the selected\n"
+ .ascii "printer, <\377T> selects a printer, <\377U> changes the floppy
unit, \377U\377p/\377D\377o\377w\377n arrows\n"
+ .ascii "scroll messages up/down, and <\377I> shows this help. When an
action completes\n"
+ .ascii "successfully (print, dump), you should hear 3 short beeps.\n"
+ .ascii "When dumping data onto a floppy, be warned that FLOPPY CONTENTS
WILL BE \377L\377O\377S\377T.\n"
+ .asciz "Hit <\377U\377p> key to list kernel messages again."
+/* just a public label at the end of the code so we know its lenght. */
+kmsgdump_end:
diff -urN -X dontdiff linux-2.5.47/arch/i386/kernel/Makefile
linux-2.5.47-kmd/arch/i386/kernel/Makefile
--- linux-2.5.47/arch/i386/kernel/Makefile 2002-11-10 22:28:05.000000000 -0500
+++ linux-2.5.47-kmd/arch/i386/kernel/Makefile 2002-11-16 15:51:48.000000000
-0500
@@ -28,6 +28,8 @@
obj-$(CONFIG_X86_NUMAQ) += numaq.o
obj-$(CONFIG_PROFILING) += profile.o
obj-$(CONFIG_EDD) += edd.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_KMSGDUMP) += kmsgdump.o
+

EXTRA_AFLAGS := -traditional

diff -urN -X dontdiff linux-2.5.47/arch/i386/kernel/process.c
linux-2.5.47-kmd/arch/i386/kernel/process.c
--- linux-2.5.47/arch/i386/kernel/process.c 2002-11-10 22:28:01.000000000
-0500
+++ linux-2.5.47-kmd/arch/i386/kernel/process.c 2002-11-16 16:33:47.000000000
-0500
@@ -48,6 +48,25 @@
#include <asm/math_emu.h>
#endif

+#if defined(CONFIG_KMSGDUMP)
+static long no_idt[2];
+static inline void kb_wait(void)
+{
+ int i;
+
+ for (i=0; i<0x10000; i++)
+ if ((inb_p(0x64) & 0x02) == 0)
+ break;
+}
+
+
+#include <asm/kmsgdump.h>
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_LOCAL_APIC
+void disconnect_bsp_APIC(void);
+void disable_local_APIC(void);
+#endif
+#endif
+
#include <linux/irq.h>
#include <linux/err.h>

@@ -375,6 +394,277 @@
dump->u_fpvalid = dump_fpu (regs, &dump->i387);
}

+
+#ifdef CONFIG_KMSGDUMP
+extern void dump_syslog(char * buf);
+
+/* checkpoint counter used to try to recover from recursive system crashes */
+static int chkpnt = 0;
+
+/* boot-time default flags. These are single character indicators except for
T (track number)
+ and U (unit number) which must be followed by a number. To avoid confusion
with default
+ values, each flag has its complement and you are strongly encouraged to
use one of each.
+
+ flags available are :
+ Name Description Default Complement
+ F FAT mode Yes R
+ R Raw mode F
+ A Automatic mode Yes I
+ I Interactive mode A
+ B Boot after dump Yes H only used in automatic mode
+ H Halt after dump B only used in automatic mode
+ S Safe mode Yes O only used in automatic mode
+ O Overwrite disk S only used in automatic mode
+ E Enable dumping Yes D only used in automatic mode
+ D Disable dumping E only used in automatic mode
+ Txxx Track xxx 0 (N/A) first track is 0 per default
+ Uxxx Unit xxx 0 (N/A) bios drive is 0 (A:) per default
+*/
+char kmsgdump_flags[16]=
+#ifdef CONFIG_KMSGDUMP_FAT
+ "F" /* Fat */
+#else
+ "R" /* Raw */
+#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_KMSGDUMP_AUTO
+ "AEB" /* Auto, Dump, Boot */
+#else
+ "IE" /* Interactive, Dump */
+#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_KMSGDUMP_SAFE
+ "S"
+#else
+ "O"
+#endif
+ "T0U0"; /* Safe,Track0,Unit0 */
+
+/*
+ * machine_dump() : Added on 19990628 by Willy Tarreau <willy AT meta-x.org>
+ *
+ * This is used to dump the kernel messages buffer onto a floppy diskette.
+ * The system is rebooted to real mode so it will be unuseable after a call
+ * to this function which never returns.
+ * The argument to this function is the caller type (DUMP_FROM_PANIC=0 or
+ * DUMP_FROM_SYSRQ=1).
+ *
+ * Note 1 : Part of this code has been shamelessly stolen from
machine_restart().
+ * Perhaps it should be better to implement a generic rebooting
function.
+ * Note 2 : I couldn't manage to get the <reboot_thru_bios> method to work
+ * here. The bios never calls my code. After hundreds of reboots,
+ * I finally accepted the fact that the PC is stronger than the
human
+ * and only kept the reset method. But be careful, Linus' comment
+ * about it not working properly on some hardware still applies
here.
+ * Note 3 : I don't know what means we have on other architectures to dump
+ * messages, but it will be interesting to add this feature to all
archs.
+ */
+
+void machine_dump(int callertype)
+{
+ int modeflags=MASK_OUTPUTFAT | MASK_PANICDUMP | MASK_PANICBOOT |
MASK_SAFEDUMP;
+ int track=0; /* by default, track 0 */
+ int unit=0; /* and drive A */
+
+ if (chkpnt<100) {
+ unsigned long l, r;
+ chkpnt=100;
+ cli();
+ chkpnt++;
+#if __SMP__
+ /*
+ * Stop all CPUs and turn off local APICs and the IO-APIC, so
+ * other OSs see a clean IRQ state.
+ */
+ smp_send_stop();
+ disable_IO_APIC();
+ chkpnt++;
+#endif
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_LOCAL_APIC
+ /* if this CPU is using local APIC, we must disable it */
+ if (test_bit(X86_FEATURE_APIC, boot_cpu_data.x86_capability)) {
+ disable_local_APIC();
+ disconnect_bsp_APIC();
+ rdmsr(MSR_IA32_APICBASE, l, r);
+ l &= ~MSR_IA32_APICBASE_ENABLE;
+ wrmsr(MSR_IA32_APICBASE, l, r);
+ }
+#endif
+ }
+ /* Write 0x09 to CMOS register number 0x0f, which the BIOS POST
+ routine will recognize as telling it to :
+ - re-initialize a few parts of hardware ;
+ - load registers from a structure pointed to at [40:67] ;
+ - branch to the program at offset 0x14 in this structure.
+
+ [Note: funciton 0x0A is easier to use, but doesn't re-initialize
+ anything and might not work on specific harware. ]
+ */
+
+ if (chkpnt<200) {
+ unsigned long flags;
+ chkpnt=200;
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&rtc_lock, flags);
+ outb_p (0x8f, 0x70);
+ chkpnt++;
+ outb_p (0x09, 0x71);
+ chkpnt++;
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rtc_lock, flags);
+ }
+
+ /* Remap the kernel at virtual address zero, as well as offset zero
+ from the kernel segment. This assumes the kernel segment starts at
+ virtual address PAGE_OFFSET. */
+
+ if (chkpnt<300) {
+ chkpnt=300;
+ memcpy (swapper_pg_dir, swapper_pg_dir + USER_PGD_PTRS,
+ sizeof (swapper_pg_dir [0]) * KERNEL_PGD_PTRS);
+ chkpnt++;
+ }
+
+ /* Make sure the first page is mapped to the start of physical memory.
+ It is normally not mapped, to trap kernel NULL pointer dereferences.
+ */
+
+ if (chkpnt<400) {
+ int page;
+
+ chkpnt=400;
+ for (page=0; page < ((FREEMEMORY+PAGE_SIZE-1) >> PAGE_SHIFT); page++)
+ pg0[page] = _PAGE_RW | _PAGE_PRESENT;
+ chkpnt++;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Use `swapper_pg_dir' as our page directory.
+ */
+
+ if (chkpnt<500) {
+ chkpnt=500;
+ asm volatile("movl %0,%%cr3": :"r" (__pa(swapper_pg_dir)));
+ chkpnt++;
+ }
+
+ /* to avoid that the bios thinks we pressed Ctrl-Alt-Del : */
+ if (chkpnt<600) {
+ chkpnt=600;
+#ifdef REALLY_USE_REBOOT_SETUP
+ reboot_setup("c", NULL);
+ chkpnt++;
+ *((unsigned short *)0x472) = reboot_mode;
+#else
+ *((unsigned short *)0x472) = 0x0;
+#endif
+ chkpnt++;
+ }
+ /* For the switch to real mode, copy some code to low memory, out of
+ the way of BIOS variables. */
+
+ if (chkpnt<700) {
+ chkpnt=700;
+ memset ((char *)CODEORIGIN, 0, 0x1000-CODEORIGIN); /* get a clean first
page */
+ chkpnt++;
+
+ /* the main real mode code */
+ memcpy ((char *)CODEORIGIN, kmsgdump, kmsgdump_end-kmsgdump);
+ chkpnt++;
+ }
+
+ /* configure parameters from kmsgdump_flags */
+ if (chkpnt<800) {
+ char *c;
+ int *var = NULL;
+ int val = 0;
+ chkpnt = 800;
+
+ c = kmsgdump_flags;
+ while (*c) {
+ switch(*c) {
+ case 'F' : modeflags |= MASK_OUTPUTFAT; break;
+ case 'R' : modeflags &= ~MASK_OUTPUTFAT; break;
+ case 'I' : modeflags |= MASK_PANICMAN; break;
+ case 'A' : modeflags &= ~MASK_PANICMAN; break;
+ case 'B' : modeflags |= MASK_PANICBOOT; break;
+ case 'H' : modeflags &= ~MASK_PANICBOOT; break;
+ case 'S' : modeflags |= MASK_SAFEDUMP; break;
+ case 'O' : modeflags &= ~MASK_SAFEDUMP; break;
+ case 'E' : modeflags |= MASK_PANICDUMP; break;
+ case 'D' : modeflags &= ~MASK_PANICDUMP; break;
+ case 'T' : var = &track; val = 0; break;
+ case 'U' : var = &unit; val = 0; break;
+ }
+ if (*c>='0' && *c<='9')
+ val=(val*10)+(*c-'0');
+ c++;
+ /* when the number ends, assign it to the variable */
+ if ((*c<'0' || *c>'9') && (var != NULL)) {
+ *var = val;
+ }
+ }
+ chkpnt++;
+
+ *(char *)DRIVENUM = unit;
+ chkpnt++;
+ *(char *)TRACKNUM = track;
+ chkpnt++;
+
+ /* this will be configurable one day too :-) */
+ *(char *)MODEFLAGS = modeflags;
+ chkpnt++;
+ }
+
+
+ if (chkpnt<900) {
+ chkpnt=900;
+ if (callertype == DUMP_FROM_SYSRQ)
+ *(char *)MODEFLAGS |= MASK_SYSRQMODE;
+ chkpnt++;
+ }
+
+
+ if (chkpnt<1000) {
+ chkpnt=1000;
+ memset (phys_to_virt(BEGINOFMESSAGES), 0, LOG_BUF_LEN); /*
pre-initialize the messages buffer */
+ chkpnt++;
+ dump_syslog(phys_to_virt(BEGINOFMESSAGES)); /* get last messages */
+ chkpnt++;
+ }
+
+ /* We only have to inform the Bios to where we need to jump,
+ and initialize an image of the register bank in memory. */
+ if (chkpnt<1100) {
+ chkpnt=1100;
+ *((unsigned short *)(BOOTSTACKFRAME+0x16)) = 0; /* CS */
+ chkpnt++;
+ *((unsigned short *)(BOOTSTACKFRAME+0x14)) = CODEORIGIN; /* IP */
+ chkpnt++;
+
+ *((unsigned short *)0x467) = ((int)BOOTSTACKFRAME) & 0xFFFF;
+ chkpnt++;
+ *((unsigned short *)0x469) = ((int)BOOTSTACKFRAME)>>4 & 0xF000;
+ chkpnt++;
+ }
+
+ /* now we have to hardly reset the CPU. */
+ if (chkpnt<1200) {
+ chkpnt=1200;
+ for (;;) {
+ int i;
+ for (i=0; i<100; i++) {
+ kb_wait();
+ udelay(50);
+ outb(0xfe,0x64); /* pulse reset low */
+ udelay(50);
+ }
+ /* That didn't work - force a triple fault.. */
+ __asm__ __volatile__("lidt %0": :"m" (no_idt));
+ __asm__ __volatile__("int3");
+ }
+ chkpnt++;
+ }
+}
+#endif /* CONFIG_KMSGDUMP */
+
/*
* Capture the user space registers if the task is not running (in user
space)
*/
diff -urN -X dontdiff linux-2.5.47/Documentation/kmsgdump.txt
linux-2.5.47-kmd/Documentation/kmsgdump.txt
--- linux-2.5.47/Documentation/kmsgdump.txt 1969-12-31 19:00:00.000000000
-0500
+++ linux-2.5.47-kmd/Documentation/kmsgdump.txt 2002-11-16 15:38:32.000000000
-0500
@@ -0,0 +1,363 @@
+ - Documentation for KMSGDUMP v0.4 -
+ [Sun Sep 19 19:30:32 CEST 1999] - Willy Tarreau
+
+
+1. What is KMSGDUMP ?
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+KMSGDUMP is an extension to the Linux kernel which allows the user on the
+console to dump the last kernel messages onto a floppy diskette, thus
+avoiding to take a pen and a paper to copy them when the system is stuck.
+Only 3"1/2, 1.44 MB diskettes are supported by default. Other capacities
+might work, provided you change the geometry in the file "kmsgdump.h".
+
+
+2. How does it work ?
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+There are two ways of getting a dump :
+
+ - by pressing SysRQ+D (RightAlt - PrintScrn - D together) ;
+ - after a kernel panic has occured, a dump may be automatically
+ generated.
+
+Before anything else, you MUST KNOW that in order to get maximal
+chances to complete the dump succesfully, the CPU is rebooted in
+real mode and disk accesses are made via the Bios. This ensures
+that even if kernel memory is really corrupted, the dump still
+has chances to work, but this also implies that after a dump has
+occured, it is IMPOSSIBLE TO CONTINUE TO WORK WITH THE CURRENT
+KERNEL. You will have to REBOOT. So when your kernel still responds,
+you'd better get a similar dump by entering one of the following
+commands :
+
+# dmesg > /dev/fd0 ( for RAW mode )
+
+or
+
+# dmesg | mwrite a:messages.txt ( for FAT mode )
+
+
+Second, be sure that FLOPPY CONTENTS WILL BE LOST AFTER A DUMP.
+Even if there are cases in which you can dump at the end of a diskette
without
+losing the beginning, consider that by default the beginning of the diskette
+will be ERASED and you won't be able to recover what's on it. You have been
+warned.
+
+
+3. Modes of operation
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+There are two modes of operation : manual and automated.
+
+Manual mode (or interactive mode) is always entered if you hit SysRQ+D.
+But it is also entered during a kernel panic if the current mode is set
+to "manual". This mode is recommended for a developper's workstation,
+or a kernel running under an emulator such as vmware. It's recommended
+to disable interactive mode on servers which may crash when nobody is
+near to reboot them.
+
+Automatic mode can only be entered during a kernel panic and if automatic
+mode was previously configured. Sometimes, the system is really weird and
+even kmsgdump can cause recursive crashes (this has been reported to me
once).
+For this reason I've added a checkpoint mechanism to the code : every little
+part of code is checkpointed, and if a crash occurs again, the same part is
+not executed again, to prevent loopings. So there are more chances to get
+to the reset routine which will, in the worst case, reboot the system, but
+not let it loop undefinetely.
+
+3.1. Manual mode
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+Under manual mode, the screen initialized to color 80x25 mode (bios mode 3)
+with a blue background.
+
+ [Note: some people asked me to set other colors to avoid confusion
+ with another OS' BSOD, but I couldn't find good associations.
+ Even though I've received an interesting comment about the way
+ to choose colors readable on any color or monochrome display,
+ I'm waiting for suggestions, and for the moment we'll say that
+ these are the colors of Midnight Commander and call this "BSOL"
+ (blue screen of life) because this one is interactive.]
+
+The screen is divided in two portions. The upper one displays the current
+status (kernel version, drive unit, printer, format...), and the lower one
+the messages captured before switching to real mode. The internal speaker
+beeps if a key has not been hit within 3 seconds. This is simply to get
+someone's attention, mainly in cases where no monitor is connected to the
+PC.
+
+The interface is not case-sensitive about keys pressed. Keys used are :
+ Upper arrow : scroll messages to the beginning
+ Lower arrow : scroll messages to the end
+ B : immediately reBoot the system
+ D : Dump messages onto the selected floppy with selected format. Warning:
+ no check is done before, and the floppy will simply be overwritten by
+ the messages.
+ F : select Format, by switching between RAW and FAT12
+ H : immediately Halt the system.
+ I : display Information, little help about the keys.
+ P : Print messages on the currently selected printer. If you press this key
+ by accident, wait about one minute for the bios routine to timeout, and
+ you'll here the beeps again, stating that you can play again.
+ T : select next available prinTer. The system tests if a printer is
+ connected at the other end of the cable, and skips the empty ports.
+ U : change drive Unit. Although dump is possible on hard disks, they are
+ never proposed in the interface to avoid dramatical mistakes.
+
+Other keys are simply ignored.
+
+After a succesful dump or print, 3 quick beeps are played. In case of an
error,
+only one beep is played. This is important if you act blindly with a keyboard
+and no monitor.
+
+3.2. Automatic mode
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+Automated operation is performed by the system only when a kernel panic
+occurs. In this case, the system waits for the "panic_timeout" delay
+to let you a few seconds if you want to try to play with SysRQ (sync,
+unmount filesystems, ...). This delay is configurable by entering a
+number of seconds in "/proc/sys/kernel/panic".
+
+After that, the system is rebooted to real mode, and depending on the
+mode of operation chosen, either the interactive mode is entered (see above)
+or it is the automatic mode, which we'll describe here.
+
+3.2.1. Start of operation
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+Some checks are performed. First, the system sees if the dump feature is
+enabled or not. If not, operation ends (see below). If dump is enabled,
+and if the "safe" flag is enabled, the diskette is verified to be a real
+"KMSGDUMP" diskette and not another one (read section 4 to know how to
+prepare a secure diskette for KMSGDUMP). If the diskette isn't a right one,
+operation ends. If the diskette is a right one, or if the check has been
+disabled, the dump is performed with the current parameters (unit,
format...).
+
+3.2.2. End of operation
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+After completion of an automatic dump, or when a dump is aborted, the system
+can either halt or reboot. In case of redundant servers, you may prefer halt
+a buggy system, because another one ensures the service continues to work.
+But in other cases, you may prefer rebooting to quickly restart services.
+This is also configurable (read section 4).
+
+
+4. How a crash can be prepared
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+4.1. Kernel options
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+First, choose the kernel compilation options which matches better your
+situation. This may seem obvious, but you can reduce the risks of crash
+by not enabling drivers designated for hardware you don't have. Specially
+on servers, use only a reduced feature set, because you know exactly what
+you need (eg: don't enable NTFS and QNX filesystems if you don't need them).
+
+Configure KMSGDUMP options to match your needs. Don't ask to auto-dump if
+you don't have a floppy drive. In this case, you might prefer to enable
+interactive mode to display messages on the screen and eventually print
+them.
+
+When you use SCSI hard disks, you can sometimes reduce the reset time to
+help the system recover faster. Eg: on my system, I have an AHA2940UW which
+waits 15 seconds by default. All peripherals still work well with 1 second,
+so 14 seconds are won.
+
+If you have changed your messages buffer size (which is 16 kB by default),
+you should accord the size in "include/asm/kmsgdump.h", parameter
LOG_BUG_LEN.
+Some people required 32 kB. But you shouldn't exceed 60 kB since the dump is
+done in real mode (16 bits).
+
+4.2. Configure KMSGDUMP
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+If your kernel supports SYSCTL, you can adjust KMSGDUMP parameters by
+writing a string to /proc/sys/kernel/kmsgdump. This string consists in
+a concatenation of flags. Most of them are only booleans. For each boolean,
+a complementary flag exists to avoid any ambiguous interpretation.
+For the moment, the flags are :
+
+ Name Description Default Complement
+ F FAT mode Yes R
+ R Raw mode F
+ A Automatic mode Yes I
+ I Interactive mode A
+ B Boot after dump Yes H only used in automatic mode
+ H Halt after dump B only used in automatic mode
+ S Safe mode Yes O only used in automatic mode
+ O Overwrite disk S only used in automatic mode
+ E Enable dumping Yes D only used in automatic mode
+ D Disable dumping E only used in automatic mode
+ Txxx Track xxx 0 (N/A) first track is 0 per default
+ Uxxx Unit xxx 0 (N/A) bios drive is 0 (A:) per default
+
+Note: default means "default if none specified".
+
+Example: if you enter the following command, a kernel panic will generate
+ a dump in FAT mode after verifying that the disk has been prepared
+ for a dump, and then it will reboot :
+
+ # echo "FABSE" > /proc/sys/kernel/kmsgdump
+
+This one will ask to dump raw messages at the end of the diskette in drive B
+and halt :
+
+ # echo "RABOET79U1" > /proc/sys/kernel/kmsgdump
+
+And this one will ask for a quick reboot :
+
+ # echo "DB" > /proc/sys/kernel/kmsgdump
+
+
+4.3. Prepare a disk for kmsgdump
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+If safe mode is required, before an automatic dump, the system will read
+the beginning of the floppy in the drive and will look for the word
"KMSGDUMP"
+at offset 3 of the first sector. This is the label of the diskette. The dump
+will only be performed if this word is found as-is. So if you enable safe
mode
+don't forget to prepare your diskettes with the following command, provided
+your diskette is in drive A :
+
+ # echo "012KMSGDUMP" > /dev/fd0
+
+Please note that when the dump is performed in FAT mode, this word is written
+to the same place. This has two side effects :
+ - a diskette on which a dump has been done in FAT mode is re-usable
without
+ intervention.
+ - you can prepare a diskette by entering kmsgdump (SysRQ+D) and doing a
+ FAT mode dump.
+
+On the other hand, when a RAW dump is done at the beginning of the disk, it
+cannot be used again as a "safe kmsgdump disk". Moreover, letting it in the
+drive when rebooting will cause the system to hang if the bios tries to boot
+from the floppy first.
+
+4.4. Prepare the PC for a crash
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+Because you'll have to leave a diskette in a drive, you may have to setup
+your bios to boot from hard disk or anything but the floppy first because
+the bios will find anything but a bootable system on this floppy. The problem
+is with older systems on which the boot sequence cannot be changed. For this
+reason, when a diskette is formated in FAT mode, a small code is inserted on
+the boot sector which tries to redirect the boot to the first hard disk seen
+by the bios. This is *generally* the bootable disk, but this may not be the
+right on specific systems, so you may have to do some tests before
considering
+this option to be the right one for you.
+
+If your system is a server, you may reduce the time the bios tests the PC to
+ensure quick reboot. On some systems, you can turn on the option "Quick
+power-on self test", and disable testings of memory above 1MB.
+
+
+5. Reading the messages back
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+5.1. FAT-formated disks
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+If the disk has been formated as FAT12, you'll find on it a file
+named "MESSAGES.TXT" which contains all messages buffer. If the
+buffer is not full, the end of the file is filled with zeroes, so
+it's better to delete them using "tr" under linux.
+
+ - under Linux, either mount the disk :
+
+ # mount -rt msdos /dev/fd0 /mnt
+ # cat /mnt/messages.txt | tr -d '\000'
+ # umount /mnt
+
+ or read it using mtools :
+
+ # mtype a:messages.txt | tr -d '\000'
+
+ - under DOS, you can simply run EDIT :
+
+ C:\> edit a:messages.txt
+
+ - under Windows, you can open the file with Wordpad. Avoid using
+ Notepad since it doesn't understand linefeeds only.
+
+5.2. RAW disks
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+Raw disks will be readable under linux by using the utility DD. By
+default, the dump will be performed from the first sector of the disk.
+Example with 16 kB messages :
+
+ # dd if=/dev/fd0 bs=512 count=32 | tr -d '\000'
+
+If you specified "T79" in the parameters to dump on track 79 of the disk,
+you have to do some calculations :
+
+A 1.44 MB disk has 18 sectors/track, 2 heads and 512 bytes/sector so
+18*2*512 equals 18432 bytes/track. You'll have to skip 18432 bytes for
+each unwanted track. But you can also count only with kilobytes : if you
+consider that a track is exactly 18 kilobytes, then skip the number of
+tracks times 18 kilobytes :
+
+ # expr 79 \* 18
+ 1422
+ # dd if=/dev/fd0 bs=1024 skip=1422 count=16 | tr -d '\000'
+
+The default dd utility reads all data from the start of the disk so this can
+be quite long. There are other implementations on the net which do an "lseek"
+before the first read.
+
+
+6. Other speed improvements
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+Here are some advices to make a system reboot faster, especially if
+you don't use filesystem journalling.
+
+When a file server crashes, it may FSCK during a long time. There are good
docs
+about how to dramatically reduce FSCK time, but at least consider these
+methods :
+
+ - in /etc/fstab, set the sixth field (fs_passno) to 1 for the root fs,
+ and 2 for every other fs. FSCK will know it what it can parallelize
+ depending on hardware dependencies. In the better case, you can devide
+ the total time by the number of physical disks.
+ (man fstab and man fsck for more info).
+
+ - when possible, mount filesystems read-only. On an anonymous FTP server,
+ for example, it's not always necessary to mount everything RW. So
before
+ copying files onto an fs, remount it RW :
+
+ # mount -wo remount /mount/point
+
+ At the end, remount it RO :
+
+ # mount -ro remount /mount/point
+
+ - change the number of bytes by inode and the block size when formating
+ your FS. I personnaly use 16384 bytes/inode, a block size of 4096
bytes,
+ the sparse flag set (reduces the number of superblocks). This makes me
+ waste about 1% space, but total mount time is about 1 second for a
total
+ of 8 FS's, 11 gigs on 5 separate disks and the total FSCK time after a
+ loosy power-off is less than 3 minutes.
+
+And of course, don't start services you don't need ! Sendmail itself can take
+a long time if it cannot resolve the domain name.
+
+
+7. For more information and/or suggestions
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+For more informations, you can email me at :
+
+ willy AT meta-x.org
+
+( be patient, I read my mail when I can, and can't always reply. I'm
+ used to "tail -1000 $MAIL|less" or "less +G $MAIL" )
+
+For suggestions, you can either email them to me, or share them with
+the Linux Kernel Mailing List :
+
+ linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
+
+Enjoy using it,
+
+Willy
+
diff -urN -X dontdiff linux-2.5.47/drivers/char/sysrq.c
linux-2.5.47-kmd/drivers/char/sysrq.c
--- linux-2.5.47/drivers/char/sysrq.c 2002-11-10 22:28:29.000000000 -0500
+++ linux-2.5.47-kmd/drivers/char/sysrq.c 2002-11-16 15:46:13.000000000 -0500
@@ -81,6 +81,24 @@
};
#endif

+#if defined(__i386__) && defined(CONFIG_KMSGDUMP)
+extern void machine_dump(int);
+
+static void sysrq_handle_dump(int key, struct pt_regs *pt_regs,
+ struct kbd_struct *kbd, struct tty_struct *tty) {
+ machine_dump(1);/* 1 = "dump called from SysRq, so interactive mode
expected" */
+}
+
+static struct sysrq_key_op sysrq_dump_op = {
+ handler: sysrq_handle_dump,
+ help_msg: "Dump",
+ action_msg: "Trying to dump through real mode\n",
+};
+#endif
+
+
+
+
#ifdef CONFIG_VT
/* unraw sysrq handler */
static void sysrq_handle_unraw(int key, struct pt_regs *pt_regs,
@@ -369,7 +387,11 @@
#else
/* c */ NULL,
#endif
-/* d */ NULL,
+#if defined(__i386__) && defined(CONFIG_KMSGDUMP)
+/* d */ &sysrq_dump_op,
+#else
+/* d */ NULL,
+#endif
/* e */ &sysrq_term_op,
/* f */ NULL,
/* g */ NULL,
diff -urN -X dontdiff linux-2.5.47/include/asm-i386/kmsgdump.h
linux-2.5.47-kmd/include/asm-i386/kmsgdump.h
--- linux-2.5.47/include/asm-i386/kmsgdump.h 1969-12-31 19:00:00.000000000
-0500
+++ linux-2.5.47-kmd/include/asm-i386/kmsgdump.h 2002-11-16 15:38:32.000000000
-0500
@@ -0,0 +1,91 @@
+/*
+ * file : asm/kmsgdump.h
+ * version : 0.4.1/1999102301
+ * author : Willy Tarreau <willy AT meta-x.org>
+ *
+ * Contents: several constants common to the ASM and C parts
+ *
+ */
+
+/* LOG_BUF_LEN : should match </usr/src/linux/kernel/printk.c>'s */
+#ifndef LOG_BUF_LEN
+#define LOG_BUF_LEN (16384)
+#endif
+
+#define CODEORIGIN 0x0700
+#define TOPOFSTACK 0x0FB0
+#define BEGINOFMESSAGES 0x1000
+#define FREEMEMORY (BEGINOFMESSAGES+LOG_BUF_LEN)
+
+#define BOOTSTACKFRAME 0xFB0
+#define DRIVENUM 0xFF0
+#define TRACKNUM 0xFF1
+#define MODEFLAGS 0xFF2
+
+/* bits definitions for MODEFLAGS */
+#define MASK_SYSRQMODE 0x80
+#define MASK_OUTPUTFAT 0x40
+#define MASK_PANICMAN 0x20
+#define MASK_PANICDUMP 0x10
+#define MASK_PANICBOOT 0x08
+#define MASK_SAFEDUMP 0x04
+
+/* type of function which requested a dump */
+#define DUMP_FROM_PANIC 0
+#define DUMP_FROM_SYSRQ 1
+
+#ifdef __ASSEMBLY__
+
+#define CLOCKTICKS 0x46C
+#define VIDEOMODE 3
+#define HELPLINE 5
+#define BOTTOMLINE 24
+#define RIGHTCOL 79
+#define ATTRIB 0x1B
+#define HIGHLIGHT 0x1F
+
+/* specify here the format of the diskette, 1.44 MB by default */
+#define NBHEADS 2
+#define NBSECT 18
+#define NBTRACKS 80
+
+/* let's compute some useful parameters from the diskette geometry */
+#define SECTPERCLUST 1
+#define FIRSTCLUSTER 2
+
+/* At the moment, most versions of gas are broken so you can't activate
+ the following line which is the correct one. However, as long as the
+ constant SECTPERCLUST equals 1, the next line can be used as a
replacement.
+ If you change the value of SECTPERCLUST, you'll have to change the
+ definition of NBCLUSTERS WITHOUT involving the divide operation which
older
+ gas interpret as a comment. Versions from binutils 2.9.4 and later seem
OK.
+*/
+
+#if THIS_GAS_IS_REALLY_GOOD
+# define NBCLUSTERS ((NBHEADS*NBTRACKS*NBSECT)/SECTPERCLUST)
+#else
+# define NBCLUSTERS (NBHEADS*NBTRACKS*NBSECT)
+#endif
+
+#define FATSIZE ((NBCLUSTERS*3+1023)>>10)
+
+#define STATUS_WAITING 0
+#define STATUS_FORMATING 1
+#define STATUS_DUMPING 2
+#define STATUS_DUMPOK 3
+#define STATUS_BOOTING 4
+#define STATUS_HALTING 5
+#define STATUS_PROBING 6
+#define STATUS_PRINTING 7
+#define STATUS_WERR 8
+#define STATUS_MAXMSG 8
+
+#define MKWORD(h,l) ((h)<<8|(l))
+
+#else /* C headers */
+
+extern void kmsgdump(void);
+extern void kmsgdump_end(void);
+
+#endif
+
diff -urN -X dontdiff linux-2.5.47/include/linux/sysctl.h
linux-2.5.47-kmd/include/linux/sysctl.h
--- linux-2.5.47/include/linux/sysctl.h 2002-11-10 22:28:16.000000000 -0500
+++ linux-2.5.47-kmd/include/linux/sysctl.h 2002-11-16 15:38:32.000000000
-0500
@@ -117,6 +117,7 @@
KERN_MSGMNI=42, /* int: msg queue identifiers */
KERN_SEM=43, /* struct: sysv semaphore limits */
KERN_SPARC_STOP_A=44, /* int: Sparc Stop-A enable */
+ KERN_KMSGDUMP=44, /* string: kmsgdump flags. Reuse Stop-A ID */
KERN_SHMMNI=45, /* int: shm array identifiers */
KERN_OVERFLOWUID=46, /* int: overflow UID */
KERN_OVERFLOWGID=47, /* int: overflow GID */
diff -urN -X dontdiff linux-2.5.47/kernel/panic.c
linux-2.5.47-kmd/kernel/panic.c
--- linux-2.5.47/kernel/panic.c 2002-11-10 22:28:31.000000000 -0500
+++ linux-2.5.47-kmd/kernel/panic.c 2002-11-16 15:49:22.000000000 -0500
@@ -17,6 +17,10 @@
#include <linux/sysrq.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>

+#if defined(__i386__) && defined(CONFIG_KMSGDUMP)
+extern void machine_dump(int);
+#endif
+
asmlinkage void sys_sync(void); /* it's really int */

int panic_timeout;
@@ -66,6 +70,26 @@
smp_send_stop();
#endif

+#if defined(__i386__) && defined(CONFIG_KMSGDUMP)
+ /* We allow SysRq to be used for <panic_timeout> seconds, and
+ then the dump is forced. This way, if IRQs are frozen and
+ keyboard doesn't respond anymore, the system can dump messages
+ and reboot itself.
+ This code has been voluntarily inserted before notifier_call_chain
+ to ensure proper execution in case of crash. Please tell me if this
+ can be wrong.
+ */
+ printk(KERN_EMERG "Dumping messages in %d seconds : last chance for
Alt-SysRq...",
+ panic_timeout);
+ sti();
+ for(panic_timeout*=10; panic_timeout>0; panic_timeout--) {
+ CHECK_EMERGENCY_SYNC;
+ mdelay(100);
+ }
+ machine_dump(0); /* 0 tells machine_dump that it's called from
panic() */
+#endif
+
+
notifier_call_chain(&panic_notifier_list, 0, buf);

if (panic_timeout > 0)
diff -urN -X dontdiff linux-2.5.47/kernel/printk.c
linux-2.5.47-kmd/kernel/printk.c
--- linux-2.5.47/kernel/printk.c 2002-11-10 22:28:32.000000000 -0500
+++ linux-2.5.47-kmd/kernel/printk.c 2002-11-16 15:38:32.000000000 -0500
@@ -307,6 +307,36 @@
return error;
}

+#if defined(__i386__) && defined(CONFIG_KMSGDUMP)
+/*
+ * dump_syslog() : Added on 19991020 by Willy Tarreau <willy AT meta-x.org>
+ * This function is only used by machine_dump. It basically does the same
+ * as do_syslog(3), but avoids to check if *buf is writeable because this
+ * sometimes made the system crash in case of real instability (common
+ * case when machine_dump is called).
+ */
+
+void dump_syslog(char *buf) {
+ unsigned long i, j, count;
+
+ if (!buf)
+ return;
+ /*
+ * The logged_chars, log_start, and log_size values may
+ * change from an interrupt, so we disable interrupts.
+ */
+ spin_lock_irq(&logbuf_lock);
+ count = LOG_BUF_LEN;
+ if (count > logged_chars)
+ count = logged_chars;
+ j = log_start;
+ for (i = 0; (i < count) && (j != log_end); i++, j++) {
+ buf[i] = LOG_BUF(j);
+ }
+ spin_unlock_irq(&logbuf_lock);
+}
+#endif
+
asmlinkage long sys_syslog(int type, char * buf, int len)
{
if ((type != 3) && !capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
diff -urN -X dontdiff linux-2.5.47/kernel/sysctl.c
linux-2.5.47-kmd/kernel/sysctl.c
--- linux-2.5.47/kernel/sysctl.c 2002-11-10 22:28:04.000000000 -0500
+++ linux-2.5.47-kmd/kernel/sysctl.c 2002-11-16 15:38:32.000000000 -0500
@@ -77,6 +77,10 @@
extern int sem_ctls[];
#endif

+#if defined(__i386__) && defined(CONFIG_KMSGDUMP)
+extern char kmsgdump_flags[];
+#endif
+
#ifdef __sparc__
extern char reboot_command [];
extern int stop_a_enabled;
@@ -238,6 +242,10 @@
{KERN_SYSRQ, "sysrq", &sysrq_enabled, sizeof (int),
0644, NULL, &proc_dointvec},
#endif
+#if defined(__i386__) && defined(CONFIG_KMSGDUMP)
+ {KERN_KMSGDUMP, "kmsgdump", &kmsgdump_flags, 16,
+ 0644, NULL, &proc_dostring, &sysctl_string },
+#endif
{KERN_CADPID, "cad_pid", &cad_pid, sizeof (int),
0600, NULL, &proc_dointvec},
{KERN_MAX_THREADS, "threads-max", &max_threads, sizeof(int),
-
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