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Subject[PATCH 0/8] trace_uprobe: Support SDT markers having reference count (semaphore)
Userspace Statically Defined Tracepoints[1] are dtrace style markers
inside userspace applications. These markers are added by developer at
important places in the code. Each marker source expands to a single
nop instruction in the compiled code but there may be additional
overhead for computing the marker arguments which expands to couple of
instructions. In case the overhead is more, execution of it can be
omitted by runtime if() condition when no one is tracing on the marker:

if (reference_counter > 0) {
Execute marker instructions;

Default value of reference counter is 0. Tracer has to increment the
reference counter before tracing on a marker and decrement it when
done with the tracing.

Currently, perf tool has limited supports for SDT markers. I.e. it
can not trace markers surrounded by reference counter. Also, it's
not easy to add reference counter logic in userspace tool like perf,
so basic idea for this patchset is to add reference counter logic in
the trace_uprobe infrastructure. Ex,[2]

# cat tick.c
for (i = 0; i < 100; i++) {
DTRACE_PROBE1(tick, loop1, i);
DTRACE_PROBE1(tick, loop2, i);
printf("hi: %d\n", i);

Here tick:loop1 is marker without reference counter where as tick:loop2
is surrounded by reference counter condition.

# perf buildid-cache --add /tmp/tick
# perf probe sdt_tick:loop1
# perf probe sdt_tick:loop2

# perf stat -e sdt_tick:loop1,sdt_tick:loop2 -- /tmp/tick
hi: 0
hi: 1
hi: 2
Performance counter stats for '/tmp/tick':
3 sdt_tick:loop1
0 sdt_tick:loop2
2.747086086 seconds time elapsed

Perf failed to record data for tick:loop2. Same experiment with this
patch series:

# ./perf buildid-cache --add /tmp/tick
# ./perf probe sdt_tick:loop2
# ./perf stat -e sdt_tick:loop2 /tmp/tick
hi: 0
hi: 1
hi: 2
Performance counter stats for '/tmp/tick':
3 sdt_tick:loop2
2.561851452 seconds time elapsed


Note: 'reference counter' is called as 'semaphore' in original Dtrace
(or Systemtap, bcc and even in ELF) documentation and code. But the
term 'semaphore' is misleading in this context. This is just a counter
used to hold number of tracers tracing on a marker. This is not really
used for any synchronization. So we are referring it as 'reference
counter' in kernel / perf code.

RFC series can be found at:

Ravi Bangoria (8):
Uprobe: Export vaddr <-> offset conversion functions
mm: Prefix vma_ to vaddr_to_offset() and offset_to_vaddr()
Uprobe: Rename map_info to uprobe_map_info
Uprobe: Export uprobe_map_info along with
trace_uprobe: Support SDT markers having reference count (semaphore)
trace_uprobe/sdt: Fix multiple update of same reference counter
perf probe: Support SDT markers having reference counter (semaphore)
trace_uprobe/sdt: Document about reference counter

Documentation/trace/uprobetracer.txt | 16 +-
include/linux/mm.h | 12 ++
include/linux/uprobes.h | 11 ++
kernel/events/uprobes.c | 62 ++++----
kernel/trace/trace.c | 2 +-
kernel/trace/trace_uprobe.c | 273 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
tools/perf/util/probe-event.c | 21 ++-
tools/perf/util/probe-event.h | 1 +
tools/perf/util/probe-file.c | 22 ++-
tools/perf/util/symbol-elf.c | 10 ++
tools/perf/util/symbol.h | 1 +
11 files changed, 382 insertions(+), 49 deletions(-)


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