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SubjectRe: [PATCH net-next v4 2/2]L2TP:Adjust intf MTU, add underlay L3, L2 hdrs
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I suggest change the wording of the first paragraph in the patch comment
to better represent why the changes are being made. Perhaps something
like the following?

"Existing L2TP kernel code does not derive the optimal MTU for Ethernet
pseudowires and instead leaves this to a userspace L2TP daemon or
operator. If an MTU is not specified, the existing kernel code chooses
an MTU that does not take account of all tunnel header overheads, which
can lead to unwanted IP fragmentation. When L2TP is used without a
control plane (userspace daemon), we would prefer that the kernel does a
better job of choosing a default pseudowire MTU, taking account of all
tunnel header overheads, including IP header options, if any. This patch
addresses this."


On 18/03/17 02:00, R. Parameswaran wrote:
> In existing kernel code, when setting up the L2TP interface, all of the
> tunnel encapsulation headers are not taken into account when setting
> up the MTU on the L2TP logical interface device. Due to this, the
> packets created by the applications on top of the L2TP layer are larger
> than they ought to be, relative to the underlay MTU, which leads to
> needless fragmentation once the L2TP packet is encapsulated in an outer IP
> packet. Specifically, the MTU calculation does not take into account the
> (outer) IP header imposed on the encapsulated L2TP packet, and the Layer 2
> header imposed on the inner L2TP packet prior to encapsulation.
>
> Change-set here (2/2) uses the new kernel API to compute the IP overhead
> on an IPv4 or IPv6 socket, introduced in 1/2, in the L2TP Eth device setup
> to factor the additional encap overheads from the underlay IP header and
> Ethernet header on overlay (inner packet), to size the MTU on the L2TP
> logical device to its correct value.
>
> Signed-off-by: R. Parameswaran <rparames@brocade.com>
> ---
> net/l2tp/l2tp_eth.c | 55 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
> 1 file changed, 51 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/net/l2tp/l2tp_eth.c b/net/l2tp/l2tp_eth.c
> index 8bf18a5..f143fa4 100644
> --- a/net/l2tp/l2tp_eth.c
> +++ b/net/l2tp/l2tp_eth.c
> @@ -30,6 +30,9 @@
> #include <net/xfrm.h>
> #include <net/net_namespace.h>
> #include <net/netns/generic.h>
> +#include <linux/ip.h>
> +#include <linux/ipv6.h>
> +#include <linux/udp.h>
>
> #include "l2tp_core.h"
>
> @@ -204,6 +207,53 @@ static void l2tp_eth_show(struct seq_file *m, void *arg)
> }
> #endif
>
> +static void l2tp_eth_adjust_mtu(struct l2tp_tunnel *tunnel,
> + struct l2tp_session *session,
> + struct net_device *dev)
> +{
> + unsigned int overhead = 0;
> + struct dst_entry *dst;
> + u32 l3_overhead = 0;
> +
> + /* if the encap is UDP, account for UDP header size */
> + if (tunnel->encap == L2TP_ENCAPTYPE_UDP) {
> + overhead += sizeof(struct udphdr);
> + dev->needed_headroom += sizeof(struct udphdr);
> + }
> + if (session->mtu != 0) {
> + dev->mtu = session->mtu;
> + dev->needed_headroom += session->hdr_len;
> + return;
> + }
> + l3_overhead = kernel_sock_ip_overhead(tunnel->sock);
> + if (l3_overhead == 0) {
> + /* L3 Overhead couldn't be identified, this could be
> + * because tunnel->sock was NULL or the socket's
> + * address family was not IPv4 or IPv6,
> + * dev mtu stays at 1500.
> + */
> + return;
> + }
> + /* Adjust MTU, factor overhead - underlay L3, overlay L2 hdr
> + * UDP overhead, if any, was already factored in above.
> + */
> + overhead += session->hdr_len + ETH_HLEN + l3_overhead;
> +
> + /* If PMTU discovery was enabled, use discovered MTU on L2TP device */
> + dst = sk_dst_get(tunnel->sock);
> + if (dst) {
> + /* dst_mtu will use PMTU if found, else fallback to intf MTU */
> + u32 pmtu = dst_mtu(dst);
> +
> + if (pmtu != 0)
> + dev->mtu = pmtu;
> + dst_release(dst);
> + }
> + session->mtu = dev->mtu - overhead;
> + dev->mtu = session->mtu;
> + dev->needed_headroom += session->hdr_len;
> +}
> +
> static int l2tp_eth_create(struct net *net, u32 tunnel_id, u32 session_id, u32 peer_session_id, struct l2tp_session_cfg *cfg)
> {
> struct net_device *dev;
> @@ -253,13 +303,10 @@ static int l2tp_eth_create(struct net *net, u32 tunnel_id, u32 session_id, u32 p
> }
>
> dev_net_set(dev, net);
> - if (session->mtu == 0)
> - session->mtu = dev->mtu - session->hdr_len;
> - dev->mtu = session->mtu;
> - dev->needed_headroom += session->hdr_len;
> dev->min_mtu = 0;
> dev->max_mtu = ETH_MAX_MTU;
>
> + l2tp_eth_adjust_mtu(tunnel, session, dev);
> priv = netdev_priv(dev);
> priv->dev = dev;
> priv->session = session;


--
James Chapman
Katalix Systems Ltd
http://www.katalix.com
Catalysts for your Embedded Linux software development


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