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SubjectRe: [PATCH net-next v4 2/2]L2TP:Adjust intf MTU, add underlay L3, L2 hdrs


Hi James,

Please see inline:

On Mon, 20 Mar 2017, James Chapman wrote:

> I suggest change the wording of the first paragraph in the patch comment
> to better represent why the changes are being made. Perhaps something
> like the following?
>
> "Existing L2TP kernel code does not derive the optimal MTU for Ethernet
> pseudowires and instead leaves this to a userspace L2TP daemon or
> operator. If an MTU is not specified, the existing kernel code chooses
> an MTU that does not take account of all tunnel header overheads, which
> can lead to unwanted IP fragmentation. When L2TP is used without a
> control plane (userspace daemon), we would prefer that the kernel does a
> better job of choosing a default pseudowire MTU, taking account of all
> tunnel header overheads, including IP header options, if any. This patch
> addresses this."
>

This reads quite a bit better, thanks for suggesting this. I will
pick it up. Plan to retain the second paragraph while removing the 1/2,
2/2 references, while keeping the patch rev at v4.
I'll also respond to your email on the other patch in a bit, with suggested
text which you could review/comment on. I'll re-post with changes after
that.

thanks,

Ramkumar

>
> On 18/03/17 02:00, R. Parameswaran wrote:
> > In existing kernel code, when setting up the L2TP interface, all of the
> > tunnel encapsulation headers are not taken into account when setting
> > up the MTU on the L2TP logical interface device. Due to this, the
> > packets created by the applications on top of the L2TP layer are larger
> > than they ought to be, relative to the underlay MTU, which leads to
> > needless fragmentation once the L2TP packet is encapsulated in an outer IP
> > packet. Specifically, the MTU calculation does not take into account the
> > (outer) IP header imposed on the encapsulated L2TP packet, and the Layer 2
> > header imposed on the inner L2TP packet prior to encapsulation.
> >
> > Change-set here (2/2) uses the new kernel API to compute the IP overhead
> > on an IPv4 or IPv6 socket, introduced in 1/2, in the L2TP Eth device setup
> > to factor the additional encap overheads from the underlay IP header and
> > Ethernet header on overlay (inner packet), to size the MTU on the L2TP
> > logical device to its correct value.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: R. Parameswaran <rparames@brocade.com>
> > ---
> > net/l2tp/l2tp_eth.c | 55 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
> > 1 file changed, 51 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/net/l2tp/l2tp_eth.c b/net/l2tp/l2tp_eth.c
> > index 8bf18a5..f143fa4 100644
> > --- a/net/l2tp/l2tp_eth.c
> > +++ b/net/l2tp/l2tp_eth.c
> > @@ -30,6 +30,9 @@
> > #include <net/xfrm.h>
> > #include <net/net_namespace.h>
> > #include <net/netns/generic.h>
> > +#include <linux/ip.h>
> > +#include <linux/ipv6.h>
> > +#include <linux/udp.h>
> >
> > #include "l2tp_core.h"
> >
> > @@ -204,6 +207,53 @@ static void l2tp_eth_show(struct seq_file *m, void *arg)
> > }
> > #endif
> >
> > +static void l2tp_eth_adjust_mtu(struct l2tp_tunnel *tunnel,
> > + struct l2tp_session *session,
> > + struct net_device *dev)
> > +{
> > + unsigned int overhead = 0;
> > + struct dst_entry *dst;
> > + u32 l3_overhead = 0;
> > +
> > + /* if the encap is UDP, account for UDP header size */
> > + if (tunnel->encap == L2TP_ENCAPTYPE_UDP) {
> > + overhead += sizeof(struct udphdr);
> > + dev->needed_headroom += sizeof(struct udphdr);
> > + }
> > + if (session->mtu != 0) {
> > + dev->mtu = session->mtu;
> > + dev->needed_headroom += session->hdr_len;
> > + return;
> > + }
> > + l3_overhead = kernel_sock_ip_overhead(tunnel->sock);
> > + if (l3_overhead == 0) {
> > + /* L3 Overhead couldn't be identified, this could be
> > + * because tunnel->sock was NULL or the socket's
> > + * address family was not IPv4 or IPv6,
> > + * dev mtu stays at 1500.
> > + */
> > + return;
> > + }
> > + /* Adjust MTU, factor overhead - underlay L3, overlay L2 hdr
> > + * UDP overhead, if any, was already factored in above.
> > + */
> > + overhead += session->hdr_len + ETH_HLEN + l3_overhead;
> > +
> > + /* If PMTU discovery was enabled, use discovered MTU on L2TP device */
> > + dst = sk_dst_get(tunnel->sock);
> > + if (dst) {
> > + /* dst_mtu will use PMTU if found, else fallback to intf MTU */
> > + u32 pmtu = dst_mtu(dst);
> > +
> > + if (pmtu != 0)
> > + dev->mtu = pmtu;
> > + dst_release(dst);
> > + }
> > + session->mtu = dev->mtu - overhead;
> > + dev->mtu = session->mtu;
> > + dev->needed_headroom += session->hdr_len;
> > +}
> > +
> > static int l2tp_eth_create(struct net *net, u32 tunnel_id, u32 session_id, u32 peer_session_id, struct l2tp_session_cfg *cfg)
> > {
> > struct net_device *dev;
> > @@ -253,13 +303,10 @@ static int l2tp_eth_create(struct net *net, u32 tunnel_id, u32 session_id, u32 p
> > }
> >
> > dev_net_set(dev, net);
> > - if (session->mtu == 0)
> > - session->mtu = dev->mtu - session->hdr_len;
> > - dev->mtu = session->mtu;
> > - dev->needed_headroom += session->hdr_len;
> > dev->min_mtu = 0;
> > dev->max_mtu = ETH_MAX_MTU;
> >
> > + l2tp_eth_adjust_mtu(tunnel, session, dev);
> > priv = netdev_priv(dev);
> > priv->dev = dev;
> > priv->session = session;
>
>
> --
> James Chapman
> Katalix Systems Ltd
> http://www.katalix.com
> Catalysts for your Embedded Linux software development
>
>
>

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