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Subject[PATCH 1/1] rculist: Made list_first_entry_rcu usable
The macro list_first_entry_rcu assumed that the passed list is not empty
as its counterpart list_first_entry does. However, one can test that a
list is not empty with list_empty before calling list_first_entry,
whereas neither exists list_empty_rcu, nor is advisable to add it as the
example below shows.

Assuming that list_empty_rcu is available, one could write the following

if (!list_empty_rcu(mylist)) {
struct foo *bar = list_first_entry_rcu(mylist, struct foo,

The problem with this snippet is the following racing condition: the
list may not be empty when list_empty_rcu checks it, but it may be when
list_first_entry_rcu rereads the ->next pointer.

This patch cannot break any upstream code because list_first_entry_rcu
is not being used anywhere in the kernel (tested with grep(1)), and
external code that uses it is probably broken already.

Signed-off-by: Michel Machado <>
CC: Dipankar Sarma <>
CC: "Paul E. McKenney" <>
Please CC my e-mail address while replying this message because I don't
subscribe this mailing list due to its high volume; thanks.

diff --git a/include/linux/rculist.h b/include/linux/rculist.h
index d079290..866d3ec 100644
--- a/include/linux/rculist.h
+++ b/include/linux/rculist.h
@@ -233,13 +233,16 @@ static inline void list_splice_init_rcu(struct
list_head *list,
* @type: the type of the struct this is embedded in.
* @member: the name of the list_struct within the struct.
- * Note, that list is expected to be not empty.
+ * Note that if the list is empty, it returns NULL.
* This primitive may safely run concurrently with the _rcu
* primitives such as list_add_rcu() as long as it's guarded by
#define list_first_entry_rcu(ptr, type, member) \
- list_entry_rcu((ptr)->next, type, member)
+ ({struct list_head *__ptr = ptr; \
+ struct list_head __rcu *__next = list_next_rcu(__ptr); \
+ likely(__ptr != __next) ? container_of(__next, type, member) : NULL;
+ })

* list_for_each_entry_rcu - iterate over rcu list of given type

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