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SubjectRe: [PATCH v6 3/3] clk: basic clock hardware types
On Fri, Mar 09, 2012 at 11:54:24PM -0800, Mike Turquette wrote:
> Many platforms support simple gateable clocks, fixed-rate clocks,
> adjustable divider clocks and multi-parent multiplexer clocks.
>
> This patch introduces basic clock types for the above-mentioned hardware
> which share some common characteristics.
>
> Based on original work by Jeremy Kerr and contribution by Jamie Iles.
> Dividers and multiplexor clocks originally contributed by Richard Zhao &
> Sascha Hauer.
>
> Signed-off-by: Mike Turquette <mturquette@linaro.org>
> Signed-off-by: Mike Turquette <mturquette@ti.com>
> Cc: Russell King <linux@arm.linux.org.uk>
> Cc: Jeremy Kerr <jeremy.kerr@canonical.com>
> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
> Cc: Arnd Bergman <arnd.bergmann@linaro.org>
> Cc: Paul Walmsley <paul@pwsan.com>
> Cc: Shawn Guo <shawn.guo@freescale.com>
> Cc: Sascha Hauer <s.hauer@pengutronix.de>
> Cc: Jamie Iles <jamie@jamieiles.com>
> Cc: Richard Zhao <richard.zhao@linaro.org>
> Cc: Saravana Kannan <skannan@codeaurora.org>
> Cc: Magnus Damm <magnus.damm@gmail.com>
> Cc: Rob Herring <rob.herring@calxeda.com>
> Cc: Mark Brown <broonie@opensource.wolfsonmicro.com>
> Cc: Linus Walleij <linus.walleij@stericsson.com>
> Cc: Stephen Boyd <sboyd@codeaurora.org>
> Cc: Amit Kucheria <amit.kucheria@linaro.org>
> Cc: Deepak Saxena <dsaxena@linaro.org>
> Cc: Grant Likely <grant.likely@secretlab.ca>
> Cc: Andrew Lunn <andrew@lunn.ch>
> ---
> Changes since v5:
> * standardized the hw-specific locking in the basic clock types
> * export the individual ops for each basic clock type
> * improve registration for single-parent basic clocks (thanks Sascha)
> * fixed bugs in gate clock's static initializers (thanks Andrew)
>
> drivers/clk/Makefile | 3 +-
> drivers/clk/clk-divider.c | 204 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> drivers/clk/clk-fixed-rate.c | 82 +++++++++++++++++
> drivers/clk/clk-gate.c | 157 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> drivers/clk/clk-mux.c | 123 +++++++++++++++++++++++++
> include/linux/clk-private.h | 124 +++++++++++++++++++++++++
> include/linux/clk-provider.h | 127 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 7 files changed, 819 insertions(+), 1 deletions(-)
> create mode 100644 drivers/clk/clk-divider.c
> create mode 100644 drivers/clk/clk-fixed-rate.c
> create mode 100644 drivers/clk/clk-gate.c
> create mode 100644 drivers/clk/clk-mux.c
>
> diff --git a/drivers/clk/Makefile b/drivers/clk/Makefile
> index ff362c4..1f736bc 100644
> --- a/drivers/clk/Makefile
> +++ b/drivers/clk/Makefile
> @@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
>
> obj-$(CONFIG_CLKDEV_LOOKUP) += clkdev.o
> -obj-$(CONFIG_COMMON_CLK) += clk.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_COMMON_CLK) += clk.o clk-fixed-rate.o clk-gate.o \
> + clk-mux.o clk-divider.o
> diff --git a/drivers/clk/clk-divider.c b/drivers/clk/clk-divider.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..c0c4e0b
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/drivers/clk/clk-divider.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,204 @@
> +/*
> + * Copyright (C) 2011 Sascha Hauer, Pengutronix <s.hauer@pengutronix.de>
> + * Copyright (C) 2011 Richard Zhao, Linaro <richard.zhao@linaro.org>
> + * Copyright (C) 2011-2012 Mike Turquette, Linaro Ltd <mturquette@linaro.org>
> + *
> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
> + * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
> + * published by the Free Software Foundation.
> + *
> + * Adjustable divider clock implementation
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/clk-provider.h>
> +#include <linux/module.h>
> +#include <linux/slab.h>
> +#include <linux/io.h>
> +#include <linux/err.h>
> +#include <linux/string.h>
> +
> +/*
> + * DOC: basic adjustable divider clock that cannot gate
> + *
> + * Traits of this clock:
> + * prepare - clk_prepare only ensures that parents are prepared
> + * enable - clk_enable only ensures that parents are enabled
> + * rate - rate is adjustable. clk->rate = parent->rate / divisor
> + * parent - fixed parent. No clk_set_parent support
> + */
> +
> +#define to_clk_divider(_hw) container_of(_hw, struct clk_divider, hw)
> +
> +static unsigned long clk_divider_recalc_rate(struct clk_hw *hw,
> + unsigned long parent_rate)
> +{
> + struct clk_divider *divider = to_clk_divider(hw);
> + unsigned int div;
> + unsigned long flags = 0;
> +
> + if (divider->lock)
> + spin_lock_irqsave(divider->lock, flags);
> +
> + div = readl(divider->reg) >> divider->shift;
> + div &= (1 << divider->width) - 1;
> +
> + if (divider->lock)
> + spin_unlock_irqrestore(divider->lock, flags);
> +
> + if (!(divider->flags & CLK_DIVIDER_ONE_BASED))
> + div++;
> +
> + return parent_rate / div;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(clk_divider_recalc_rate);
> +
> +static int clk_divider_bestdiv(struct clk_hw *hw, unsigned long rate,
> + unsigned long *best_parent_rate)
> +{
> + struct clk_divider *divider = to_clk_divider(hw);
> + int i, bestdiv = 0;
> + unsigned long parent_rate, best = 0, now, maxdiv;
> +
> + maxdiv = (1 << divider->width);

We need a check for rate == 0 here:

if (rate == 0)
rate = 1;
Otherwise we divide by zero below.

> +
> + if (divider->flags & CLK_DIVIDER_ONE_BASED)
> + maxdiv--;
> +
> + if (!(__clk_get_flags(hw->clk) & CLK_SET_RATE_PARENT)) {
> + parent_rate = __clk_get_rate(__clk_get_parent(hw->clk));
> + bestdiv = parent_rate / rate;

It's a bit strange but due to integer maths you must use DIV_ROUND_UP
in round_rate and div = parent_rate / rate in set_rate.

Example:

parent_rate = 100
rate = 34

Now the best divider would be 3 (100/3 = 33), but the above
results in 2. With DIV_ROUND_UP round_rate correctly returns
33. Now when you use DIV_ROUND_UP in set_rate the resulting
divider would be 4 which is wrong whereas 100/33 returns the correct
result.

Sascha

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