lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2012]   [Feb]   [3]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
From
Subject[PATCH tip/core/rcu 29/47] rcu: Print scheduling-clock information on RCU CPU stall-warning messages
Date
From: "Paul E. McKenney" <paul.mckenney@linaro.org>

There have been situations where RCU CPU stall warnings were caused by
issues in scheduling-clock timer initialization. To make it easier to
track these down, this commit causes the RCU CPU stall-warning messages
to print out the number of scheduling-clock interrupts taken in the
current grace period for each stalled CPU.

Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paul.mckenney@linaro.org>
Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
---
kernel/rcutree.c | 33 +++++++----
kernel/rcutree.h | 11 ++++
kernel/rcutree_plugin.h | 150 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
lib/Kconfig.debug | 14 +++++
4 files changed, 194 insertions(+), 14 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/rcutree.c b/kernel/rcutree.c
index cfdab98..dccd2f7 100644
--- a/kernel/rcutree.c
+++ b/kernel/rcutree.c
@@ -689,12 +689,6 @@ static void print_other_cpu_stall(struct rcu_state *rsp)
return;
}
rsp->jiffies_stall = jiffies + 3 * jiffies_till_stall_check() + 3;
-
- /*
- * Now rat on any tasks that got kicked up to the root rcu_node
- * due to CPU offlining.
- */
- ndetected = rcu_print_task_stall(rnp);
raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rnp->lock, flags);

/*
@@ -702,8 +696,9 @@ static void print_other_cpu_stall(struct rcu_state *rsp)
* See Documentation/RCU/stallwarn.txt for info on how to debug
* RCU CPU stall warnings.
*/
- printk(KERN_ERR "INFO: %s detected stalls on CPUs/tasks: {",
+ printk(KERN_ERR "INFO: %s detected stalls on CPUs/tasks:",
rsp->name);
+ print_cpu_stall_info_begin();
rcu_for_each_leaf_node(rsp, rnp) {
raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&rnp->lock, flags);
ndetected += rcu_print_task_stall(rnp);
@@ -712,11 +707,22 @@ static void print_other_cpu_stall(struct rcu_state *rsp)
continue;
for (cpu = 0; cpu <= rnp->grphi - rnp->grplo; cpu++)
if (rnp->qsmask & (1UL << cpu)) {
- printk(" %d", rnp->grplo + cpu);
+ print_cpu_stall_info(rsp, rnp->grplo + cpu);
ndetected++;
}
}
- printk("} (detected by %d, t=%ld jiffies)\n",
+
+ /*
+ * Now rat on any tasks that got kicked up to the root rcu_node
+ * due to CPU offlining.
+ */
+ rnp = rcu_get_root(rsp);
+ raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&rnp->lock, flags);
+ ndetected = rcu_print_task_stall(rnp);
+ raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rnp->lock, flags);
+
+ print_cpu_stall_info_end();
+ printk(KERN_CONT "(detected by %d, t=%ld jiffies)\n",
smp_processor_id(), (long)(jiffies - rsp->gp_start));
if (ndetected == 0)
printk(KERN_ERR "INFO: Stall ended before state dump start\n");
@@ -740,8 +746,11 @@ static void print_cpu_stall(struct rcu_state *rsp)
* See Documentation/RCU/stallwarn.txt for info on how to debug
* RCU CPU stall warnings.
*/
- printk(KERN_ERR "INFO: %s detected stall on CPU %d (t=%lu jiffies)\n",
- rsp->name, smp_processor_id(), jiffies - rsp->gp_start);
+ printk(KERN_ERR "INFO: %s self-detected stall on CPU", rsp->name);
+ print_cpu_stall_info_begin();
+ print_cpu_stall_info(rsp, smp_processor_id());
+ print_cpu_stall_info_end();
+ printk(KERN_CONT " (t=%lu jiffies)\n", jiffies - rsp->gp_start);
if (!trigger_all_cpu_backtrace())
dump_stack();

@@ -831,6 +840,7 @@ static void __note_new_gpnum(struct rcu_state *rsp, struct rcu_node *rnp, struct
rdp->passed_quiesce = 0;
} else
rdp->qs_pending = 0;
+ zero_cpu_stall_ticks(rdp);
}
}

@@ -1496,6 +1506,7 @@ static void rcu_do_batch(struct rcu_state *rsp, struct rcu_data *rdp)
void rcu_check_callbacks(int cpu, int user)
{
trace_rcu_utilization("Start scheduler-tick");
+ increment_cpu_stall_ticks();
if (user || rcu_is_cpu_rrupt_from_idle()) {

/*
diff --git a/kernel/rcutree.h b/kernel/rcutree.h
index 0328a53..e2ac8ee 100644
--- a/kernel/rcutree.h
+++ b/kernel/rcutree.h
@@ -239,6 +239,12 @@ struct rcu_data {
bool preemptible; /* Preemptible RCU? */
struct rcu_node *mynode; /* This CPU's leaf of hierarchy */
unsigned long grpmask; /* Mask to apply to leaf qsmask. */
+#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_INFO
+ unsigned long ticks_this_gp; /* The number of scheduling-clock */
+ /* ticks this CPU has handled */
+ /* during and after the last grace */
+ /* period it is aware of. */
+#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_INFO */

/* 2) batch handling */
/*
@@ -466,5 +472,10 @@ static void __cpuinit rcu_prepare_kthreads(int cpu);
static void rcu_prepare_for_idle_init(int cpu);
static void rcu_cleanup_after_idle(int cpu);
static void rcu_prepare_for_idle(int cpu);
+static void print_cpu_stall_info_begin(void);
+static void print_cpu_stall_info(struct rcu_state *rsp, int cpu);
+static void print_cpu_stall_info_end(void);
+static void zero_cpu_stall_ticks(struct rcu_data *rdp);
+static void increment_cpu_stall_ticks(void);

#endif /* #ifndef RCU_TREE_NONCORE */
diff --git a/kernel/rcutree_plugin.h b/kernel/rcutree_plugin.h
index 1b305ba..7044750 100644
--- a/kernel/rcutree_plugin.h
+++ b/kernel/rcutree_plugin.h
@@ -63,7 +63,10 @@ static void __init rcu_bootup_announce_oddness(void)
printk(KERN_INFO "\tRCU torture testing starts during boot.\n");
#endif
#if defined(CONFIG_TREE_PREEMPT_RCU) && !defined(CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_VERBOSE)
- printk(KERN_INFO "\tVerbose stalled-CPUs detection is disabled.\n");
+ printk(KERN_INFO "\tDump stacks of tasks blocking RCU-preempt GP.\n");
+#endif
+#if defined(CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_INFO)
+ printk(KERN_INFO "\tAdditional per-CPU info printed with stalls.\n");
#endif
#if NUM_RCU_LVL_4 != 0
printk(KERN_INFO "\tExperimental four-level hierarchy is enabled.\n");
@@ -490,6 +493,31 @@ static void rcu_print_detail_task_stall(struct rcu_state *rsp)

#endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_VERBOSE */

+#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_INFO
+
+static void rcu_print_task_stall_begin(struct rcu_node *rnp)
+{
+ printk(KERN_ERR "\tTasks blocked on level-%d rcu_node (CPUs %d-%d):",
+ rnp->level, rnp->grplo, rnp->grphi);
+}
+
+static void rcu_print_task_stall_end(void)
+{
+ printk(KERN_CONT "\n");
+}
+
+#else /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_INFO */
+
+static void rcu_print_task_stall_begin(struct rcu_node *rnp)
+{
+}
+
+static void rcu_print_task_stall_end(void)
+{
+}
+
+#endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_INFO */
+
/*
* Scan the current list of tasks blocked within RCU read-side critical
* sections, printing out the tid of each.
@@ -501,12 +529,14 @@ static int rcu_print_task_stall(struct rcu_node *rnp)

if (!rcu_preempt_blocked_readers_cgp(rnp))
return 0;
+ rcu_print_task_stall_begin(rnp);
t = list_entry(rnp->gp_tasks,
struct task_struct, rcu_node_entry);
list_for_each_entry_continue(t, &rnp->blkd_tasks, rcu_node_entry) {
- printk(" P%d", t->pid);
+ printk(KERN_CONT " P%d", t->pid);
ndetected++;
}
+ rcu_print_task_stall_end();
return ndetected;
}

@@ -2004,7 +2034,7 @@ static void rcu_cleanup_after_idle(int cpu)
}

/*
- * Do the idle-entry grace-period work, which, because CONFIG_RCU_FAST_NO_HZ=y,
+ * Do the idle-entry grace-period work, which, because CONFIG_RCU_FAST_NO_HZ=n,
* is nothing.
*/
static void rcu_prepare_for_idle(int cpu)
@@ -2273,3 +2303,117 @@ static void rcu_prepare_for_idle(int cpu)
}

#endif /* #else #if !defined(CONFIG_RCU_FAST_NO_HZ) */
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_INFO
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_FAST_NO_HZ
+
+static void print_cpu_stall_fast_no_hz(char *cp, int cpu)
+{
+ struct hrtimer *hrtp = &per_cpu(rcu_idle_gp_timer, cpu);
+
+ sprintf(cp, "drain=%d %c timer=%lld",
+ per_cpu(rcu_dyntick_drain, cpu),
+ per_cpu(rcu_dyntick_holdoff, cpu) == jiffies ? 'H' : '.',
+ hrtimer_active(hrtp)
+ ? ktime_to_us(hrtimer_get_remaining(hrtp))
+ : -1);
+}
+
+#else /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_FAST_NO_HZ */
+
+static void print_cpu_stall_fast_no_hz(char *cp, int cpu)
+{
+}
+
+#endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_FAST_NO_HZ */
+
+/* Initiate the stall-info list. */
+static void print_cpu_stall_info_begin(void)
+{
+ printk(KERN_CONT "\n");
+}
+
+/*
+ * Print out diagnostic information for the specified stalled CPU.
+ *
+ * If the specified CPU is aware of the current RCU grace period
+ * (flavor specified by rsp), then print the number of scheduling
+ * clock interrupts the CPU has taken during the time that it has
+ * been aware. Otherwise, print the number of RCU grace periods
+ * that this CPU is ignorant of, for example, "1" if the CPU was
+ * aware of the previous grace period.
+ *
+ * Also print out idle and (if CONFIG_RCU_FAST_NO_HZ) idle-entry info.
+ */
+static void print_cpu_stall_info(struct rcu_state *rsp, int cpu)
+{
+ char fast_no_hz[72];
+ struct rcu_data *rdp = per_cpu_ptr(rsp->rda, cpu);
+ struct rcu_dynticks *rdtp = rdp->dynticks;
+ char *ticks_title;
+ unsigned long ticks_value;
+
+ if (rsp->gpnum == rdp->gpnum) {
+ ticks_title = "ticks this GP";
+ ticks_value = rdp->ticks_this_gp;
+ } else {
+ ticks_title = "GPs behind";
+ ticks_value = rsp->gpnum - rdp->gpnum;
+ }
+ print_cpu_stall_fast_no_hz(fast_no_hz, cpu);
+ printk(KERN_ERR "\t%d: (%lu %s) idle=%03x/%llx/%d %s\n",
+ cpu, ticks_value, ticks_title,
+ atomic_read(&rdtp->dynticks) & 0xfff,
+ rdtp->dynticks_nesting, rdtp->dynticks_nmi_nesting,
+ fast_no_hz);
+}
+
+/* Terminate the stall-info list. */
+static void print_cpu_stall_info_end(void)
+{
+ printk(KERN_ERR "\t");
+}
+
+/* Zero ->ticks_this_gp for all flavors of RCU. */
+static void zero_cpu_stall_ticks(struct rcu_data *rdp)
+{
+ rdp->ticks_this_gp = 0;
+}
+
+/* Increment ->ticks_this_gp for all flavors of RCU. */
+static void increment_cpu_stall_ticks(void)
+{
+ __get_cpu_var(rcu_sched_data).ticks_this_gp++;
+ __get_cpu_var(rcu_bh_data).ticks_this_gp++;
+#ifdef CONFIG_TREE_PREEMPT_RCU
+ __get_cpu_var(rcu_preempt_data).ticks_this_gp++;
+#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_TREE_PREEMPT_RCU */
+}
+
+#else /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_INFO */
+
+static void print_cpu_stall_info_begin(void)
+{
+ printk(KERN_CONT " {");
+}
+
+static void print_cpu_stall_info(struct rcu_state *rsp, int cpu)
+{
+ printk(KERN_CONT " %d", cpu);
+}
+
+static void print_cpu_stall_info_end(void)
+{
+ printk(KERN_CONT "} ");
+}
+
+static void zero_cpu_stall_ticks(struct rcu_data *rdp)
+{
+}
+
+static void increment_cpu_stall_ticks(void)
+{
+}
+
+#endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_INFO */
diff --git a/lib/Kconfig.debug b/lib/Kconfig.debug
index 3cc419d..d27a2aa 100644
--- a/lib/Kconfig.debug
+++ b/lib/Kconfig.debug
@@ -927,6 +927,20 @@ config RCU_CPU_STALL_VERBOSE

Say Y if you want to enable such checks.

+config RCU_CPU_STALL_INFO
+ bool "Print additional diagnostics on RCU CPU stall"
+ depends on (TREE_RCU || TREE_PREEMPT_RCU) && DEBUG_KERNEL
+ default n
+ help
+ For each stalled CPU that is aware of the current RCU grace
+ period, print out additional per-CPU diagnostic information
+ regarding scheduling-clock ticks, idle state, and,
+ for RCU_FAST_NO_HZ kernels, idle-entry state.
+
+ Say N if you are unsure.
+
+ Say Y if you want to enable such diagnostics.
+
config RCU_TRACE
bool "Enable tracing for RCU"
depends on DEBUG_KERNEL
--
1.7.8


\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2012-02-04 02:55    [W:0.266 / U:7.412 seconds]
©2003-2017 Jasper Spaans. hosted at Digital OceanAdvertise on this site