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Subject[PATCH tip/core/rcu 45/47] rcu: Allow nesting of rcu_idle_enter() and rcu_idle_exit()
Date
From: "Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>

Use of RCU in the idle loop is incorrect, quite a few instances of
just that have made their way into mainline, primarily event tracing.
The problem with RCU read-side critical sections on CPUs that RCU believes
to be idle is that RCU is completely ignoring the CPU, along with any
attempts and RCU read-side critical sections.

The approaches of eliminating the offending uses and of pushing the
definition of idle down beyond the offending uses have both proved
impractical. The new approach is to encapsulate offending uses of RCU
with rcu_idle_exit() and rcu_idle_enter(), but this requires nesting
for code that is invoked both during idle and and during normal execution.
Therefore, this commit modifies rcu_idle_enter() and rcu_idle_exit() to
permit nesting.

Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paul.mckenney@linaro.org>
Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Reviewed-by: Josh Triplett <josh@joshtriplett.org>
Acked-by: Deepthi Dharwar <deepthi@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
---
kernel/rcu.h | 21 ++++++++++++++++++++-
kernel/rcutiny.c | 16 ++++++++++++----
kernel/rcutree.c | 21 ++++++++++++++-------
3 files changed, 46 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)
diff --git a/kernel/rcu.h b/kernel/rcu.h
index 30876f4..8ba99cd 100644
--- a/kernel/rcu.h
+++ b/kernel/rcu.h
@@ -33,8 +33,27 @@
* Process-level increment to ->dynticks_nesting field. This allows for
* architectures that use half-interrupts and half-exceptions from
* process context.
+ *
+ * DYNTICK_TASK_NEST_MASK defines a field of width DYNTICK_TASK_NEST_WIDTH
+ * that counts the number of process-based reasons why RCU cannot
+ * consider the corresponding CPU to be idle, and DYNTICK_TASK_NEST_VALUE
+ * is the value used to increment or decrement this field.
+ *
+ * The rest of the bits could in principle be used to count interrupts,
+ * but this would mean that a negative-one value in the interrupt
+ * field could incorrectly zero out the DYNTICK_TASK_NEST_MASK field.
+ * We therefore provide a two-bit guard field defined by DYNTICK_TASK_MASK
+ * that is set to DYNTICK_TASK_FLAG upon initial exit from idle.
+ * The DYNTICK_TASK_EXIT_IDLE value is thus the combined value used upon
+ * initial exit from idle.
*/
-#define DYNTICK_TASK_NESTING (LLONG_MAX / 2 - 1)
+#define DYNTICK_TASK_NEST_WIDTH 7
+#define DYNTICK_TASK_NEST_VALUE ((LLONG_MAX >> DYNTICK_TASK_NEST_WIDTH) + 1)
+#define DYNTICK_TASK_NEST_MASK (LLONG_MAX - DYNTICK_TASK_NEST_VALUE + 1)
+#define DYNTICK_TASK_FLAG ((DYNTICK_TASK_NEST_VALUE / 8) * 2)
+#define DYNTICK_TASK_MASK ((DYNTICK_TASK_NEST_VALUE / 8) * 3)
+#define DYNTICK_TASK_EXIT_IDLE (DYNTICK_TASK_NEST_VALUE + \
+ DYNTICK_TASK_FLAG)

/*
* debug_rcu_head_queue()/debug_rcu_head_unqueue() are used internally
diff --git a/kernel/rcutiny.c b/kernel/rcutiny.c
index 4eb34fc..c8b0e15 100644
--- a/kernel/rcutiny.c
+++ b/kernel/rcutiny.c
@@ -53,7 +53,7 @@ static void __call_rcu(struct rcu_head *head,

#include "rcutiny_plugin.h"

-static long long rcu_dynticks_nesting = DYNTICK_TASK_NESTING;
+static long long rcu_dynticks_nesting = DYNTICK_TASK_EXIT_IDLE;

/* Common code for rcu_idle_enter() and rcu_irq_exit(), see kernel/rcutree.c. */
static void rcu_idle_enter_common(long long oldval)
@@ -88,7 +88,12 @@ void rcu_idle_enter(void)

local_irq_save(flags);
oldval = rcu_dynticks_nesting;
- rcu_dynticks_nesting = 0;
+ WARN_ON_ONCE((rcu_dynticks_nesting & DYNTICK_TASK_NEST_MASK) == 0);
+ if ((rcu_dynticks_nesting & DYNTICK_TASK_NEST_MASK) ==
+ DYNTICK_TASK_NEST_VALUE)
+ rcu_dynticks_nesting = 0;
+ else
+ rcu_dynticks_nesting -= DYNTICK_TASK_NEST_VALUE;
rcu_idle_enter_common(oldval);
local_irq_restore(flags);
}
@@ -140,8 +145,11 @@ void rcu_idle_exit(void)

local_irq_save(flags);
oldval = rcu_dynticks_nesting;
- WARN_ON_ONCE(oldval != 0);
- rcu_dynticks_nesting = DYNTICK_TASK_NESTING;
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(rcu_dynticks_nesting < 0);
+ if (rcu_dynticks_nesting & DYNTICK_TASK_NEST_MASK)
+ rcu_dynticks_nesting += DYNTICK_TASK_NEST_VALUE;
+ else
+ rcu_dynticks_nesting = DYNTICK_TASK_EXIT_IDLE;
rcu_idle_exit_common(oldval);
local_irq_restore(flags);
}
diff --git a/kernel/rcutree.c b/kernel/rcutree.c
index df0e3c1..92b4776 100644
--- a/kernel/rcutree.c
+++ b/kernel/rcutree.c
@@ -198,7 +198,7 @@ void rcu_note_context_switch(int cpu)
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rcu_note_context_switch);

DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct rcu_dynticks, rcu_dynticks) = {
- .dynticks_nesting = DYNTICK_TASK_NESTING,
+ .dynticks_nesting = DYNTICK_TASK_EXIT_IDLE,
.dynticks = ATOMIC_INIT(1),
};

@@ -394,7 +394,11 @@ void rcu_idle_enter(void)
local_irq_save(flags);
rdtp = &__get_cpu_var(rcu_dynticks);
oldval = rdtp->dynticks_nesting;
- rdtp->dynticks_nesting = 0;
+ WARN_ON_ONCE((oldval & DYNTICK_TASK_NEST_MASK) == 0);
+ if ((oldval & DYNTICK_TASK_NEST_MASK) == DYNTICK_TASK_NEST_VALUE)
+ rdtp->dynticks_nesting = 0;
+ else
+ rdtp->dynticks_nesting -= DYNTICK_TASK_NEST_VALUE;
rcu_idle_enter_common(rdtp, oldval);
local_irq_restore(flags);
}
@@ -467,7 +471,7 @@ static void rcu_idle_exit_common(struct rcu_dynticks *rdtp, long long oldval)
* Exit idle mode, in other words, -enter- the mode in which RCU
* read-side critical sections can occur.
*
- * We crowbar the ->dynticks_nesting field to DYNTICK_TASK_NESTING to
+ * We crowbar the ->dynticks_nesting field to DYNTICK_TASK_NEST to
* allow for the possibility of usermode upcalls messing up our count
* of interrupt nesting level during the busy period that is just
* now starting.
@@ -481,8 +485,11 @@ void rcu_idle_exit(void)
local_irq_save(flags);
rdtp = &__get_cpu_var(rcu_dynticks);
oldval = rdtp->dynticks_nesting;
- WARN_ON_ONCE(oldval != 0);
- rdtp->dynticks_nesting = DYNTICK_TASK_NESTING;
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(oldval < 0);
+ if (oldval & DYNTICK_TASK_NEST_MASK)
+ rdtp->dynticks_nesting += DYNTICK_TASK_NEST_VALUE;
+ else
+ rdtp->dynticks_nesting = DYNTICK_TASK_EXIT_IDLE;
rcu_idle_exit_common(rdtp, oldval);
local_irq_restore(flags);
}
@@ -2253,7 +2260,7 @@ rcu_boot_init_percpu_data(int cpu, struct rcu_state *rsp)
rdp->qlen_lazy = 0;
rdp->qlen = 0;
rdp->dynticks = &per_cpu(rcu_dynticks, cpu);
- WARN_ON_ONCE(rdp->dynticks->dynticks_nesting != DYNTICK_TASK_NESTING);
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(rdp->dynticks->dynticks_nesting != DYNTICK_TASK_EXIT_IDLE);
WARN_ON_ONCE(atomic_read(&rdp->dynticks->dynticks) != 1);
rdp->cpu = cpu;
rdp->rsp = rsp;
@@ -2281,7 +2288,7 @@ rcu_init_percpu_data(int cpu, struct rcu_state *rsp, int preemptible)
rdp->qlen_last_fqs_check = 0;
rdp->n_force_qs_snap = rsp->n_force_qs;
rdp->blimit = blimit;
- rdp->dynticks->dynticks_nesting = DYNTICK_TASK_NESTING;
+ rdp->dynticks->dynticks_nesting = DYNTICK_TASK_EXIT_IDLE;
atomic_set(&rdp->dynticks->dynticks,
(atomic_read(&rdp->dynticks->dynticks) & ~0x1) + 1);
rcu_prepare_for_idle_init(cpu);
--
1.7.8


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