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    Subject[PATCH 0/4] enhanced reimplemention of the kfifo API
    This is a complete reimplementation of the new kfifo API, which is now 
    really generic, type save and type definable.

    The API is still stable, no code which use the current kfifo API must
    be modified!

    Here are the results of the text section usage:

    Example 1:
    kfifo_put/_get kfifo_in/out current kfifo
    dynamic allocated 0x000002a8 0x00000291 0x00000299
    in place 0x00000291 0x0000026e 0x00000273

    kfifo.c new old
    text section size 0x00000be5 0x000008b2

    As you can see, kfifo_put/kfifo_get creates a little bit more code than
    kfifo_in/kfifo_out, but it is much faster (the code is inline).

    The code is complete hand crafted and optimized. The text section size is as
    small as possible. You get all the fifo handling in only 3 kb. This includes
    type safe fix size records, dynamic records and DMA handling.

    This should be the final version. All requested features are implemented.

    Note: Most features of this API doesn't have any users. All functions which
    are not used in the next 9 months will be removed. So, please adapt your
    drivers and other sources as soon as possible to the new API and post it.

    This are the features which are currently not used in the kernel:

    kfifo_dma_....() macros
    the fixed size record elements, exclude "unsigned char" fifo's and
    the variable size records fifo's


    12.02.2010 Sync with kernel 2.6.33-rc7
    Add example code to the kernel sample directory
    Make more exact comments for the kerneldoc tools
    Split the patch
    05.02.2010 Sync with kernel 2.6.33-rc6
    Fix comments for the kerneldoc tools
    Fix kernel-api.tmpl
    Checked with sparse
    Tested and analize with gcc-3.4.6
    Fix INIT_KFIFO to create better code
    make clean
    add some comments for better understanding the code
    rename kfifo_out_locked() into kfifo_out_spinlocked() and add an
    alias kfifo_out_locked() for kfifo_out_spinlocked() which will be
    removed in future.
    Did the same for kfifo_in_locked()
    Fix kfifo_free to free the fifo buffer, not the fifo structure
    Add all fixes suggested by Andrew Morton
    Modify test1.c sample code
    27.01.2010 renamed kfifo_sizeof into kfifo_esize
    code refactoring: shrink foot print
    fix bugs
    changed all 0 pointer into NULL
    fix a miss use in drivers/char/nozomi.c
    enhanced DMA functions to handle a non continues fifo buffer (e.g. vmalloc)
    reintroduced record dynamic handling as requested (tried to implemented it
    separately, but this will double the code)
    Sync with kernel 2.6.33-rc5
    16.01.2010 Kicked away dynamic record handling. If anybody want it please let me know.
    Add a esize field which represents the size of the element stored in
    the fifo. This will increase the size of the fifo stucture by 4 bytes
    but obtain a smaller code.
    Generalized the kfifo.c funtions to handle byte and all other element
    sizes in common functions.
    Shrink the code size of kfifo.c from 2k to 1k
    Code cleanup
    15.01.2010 fix kfifo_dma_*() bugs
    add a DMA usage exmaple
    fix kfifo_free()
    prevent creation of fifo with less then 2 entries
    prevent a real in place fifo manipulation with kfifo_alloc(),
    kfifo_init() or kfifo_free()
    make INIT_KFIFO save with a dynamic allocated fifo
    14.01.2010 Change the size field of the fifo structure into a mask field, which
    is size - 1. This will save some instructions
    Make the basic structure mode generic. Add a data pointer and mask
    field, also for real in place fifo, because the extra function parameter
    passing of the data pointer and and the fifo size was to costly
    Change all internal functions to work with the generic base structure
    Optimized the kfifo_put and kfifo_get macros to prevent an indirection
    Code cleanup
    Bug fixes in kfifo_dma_* macros
    Update examples
    Sync with kernel 2.6.33-rc4
    06.01.2010 Add a note about locking: clarify when locking is needed
    Fix byte stream example
    Remove unnecessary typedefs
    Make clean: one error left, but there is no way to
    solve this...
    28.12.2009 Sanitize kfifo_*_user() error handling (suggested by Andi Kleen)
    kfifo_from_user() and kfifo_to_user() will now return an error
    code and the number of copied bytes will be stored in a variable
    passed as pointer
    Make patch readable
    Update examples
    Fix a typo
    27.12.2009 Sync with kernel 2.6.33-rc2
    Introduce new kfifo_initialized macro (suggested by Andi Kleen)
    Renamed kfifo_peek into kfifo_peek_len
    Introduce new kfifo_peek macro (suggest by Andi Kleen)
    Introduce new kfifo_out_peek macro (suggested by Andi Kleen)
    Fix broken kernel-doc notation
    Fix samples
    21.12.2009 Fix, fix samples
    20.12.2009 Bug fixing
    Fix samples
    19.12.2009 First draft
    13.12.2009 First implementation of a type safe fifo implementation, called kqueue

    There are different types of a fifo which can not handled in C without a
    lot of overhead. So i decided to write the API as a set of macros, which
    is the only way to do a kind of template meta programming without C++.
    This macros handles the different types of fifos in a transparent way.

    There are a lot of benefits:

    - Compile time handling of the different fifo types
    - Better performance (a save put or get of an integer does only generate
    9 assembly instructions on a x86)
    - Type save
    - Cleaner interface, the additional kfifo_..._rec() functions are gone
    - Easier to use
    - Less error prone
    - Different types of fifos: it is now possible to define a int fifo or
    any other type. See below for an example.
    - Smaller footprint for none byte type fifos
    - No need of creating a second hidden variable, like in the old DEFINE_KFIFO

    The API was not changed.

    There are now real in place fifos where the data space is a part of the
    structure. The fifo needs now 20 byte plus the fifo space. Dynamic
    assigned or allocated create a little bit more code.

    Most of the macros code will be optimized away and simple generate a
    function call. Only the really small one generates inline code.

    Additional you can now create fifos for any data type, not only the
    "unsigned char" byte streamed fifos.

    There is also a new kfifo_put and kfifo_get function, to handle a single
    element in a fifo. This macros generates inline code, which is lit bit
    larger but faster.

    I know that this kind of macros are very sophisticated and not easy to
    maintain. But i have all tested and it works as expected. I analyzed the
    output of the compiler and for the x86 the code is as good as hand
    written assembler code. For the byte stream fifo the generate code is exact
    the same as with the current kfifo implementation. For all other types of
    fifos the code is smaller before, because the interface is easier to use.

    The main goal was to provide an API which is very intuitive, save and easy
    to use. So linux will get now a powerful fifo API which provides all what
    a developer needs. This will save in the future a lot of kernel space, since
    there is no need to write an own implementation. Most of the device driver
    developers need a fifo, and also deep kernel development will gain benefit
    from this API.

    This code is ready for merge into the mm tree or linux next. Please review
    it and merge.


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