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SubjectRe: [PATCH 08/57] microblaze_v7: Interrupt handling, timer support, selfmod code
Hi Thomas,

> Michal,
>
> On Thu, 19 Mar 2009, Michal Simek wrote:
>>>> + __do_IRQ(irq);
>>> You use irq chips now and you set the type handlers (edge/level), but
>>> you still call __do_IRQ() the all in one fits nothing handler, which
>>> is going to be deprecated and removed.
>> I know about.
>>> Please call
>>> generic_handle_irq(irq);
>>>
>>> which will call the correct flow handlers.
>> I would like to use it but don't work with edge interrupt.
>> __do_IRQ handle it in right way.
>>
>> I used this implementation but I did some change edge/level handling and I can't
>> use it.
>> http://developer.petalogix.com/git/gitweb.cgi?p=linux-2.6-microblaze.git;a=blob_plain;f=arch/microblaze/kernel/irq.c;hb=3645d887ad6443a262bbeddf384038321172db2b
>>
>> Any hints what could be wrong?
>
> Look at the different handling schemes of __do_IRQ and handle_edge_irq
> vs. the chip functions:
>
> __do_IRQ() does:
> {
> chip->ack();
>
> handle_IRQ_event();
>
> chip->end();
> }
>
> handle_edge_irq() does:
> {
> if ((desc->status & (IRQ_INPROGRESS | IRQ_DISABLED)) ||
> !desc->action)) {
> desc->status |= (IRQ_PENDING | IRQ_MASKED);
> mask_ack_irq(desc, irq);
> goto out_unlock;
> }
>
> chip->ack();
> handle_IRQ_event();
>
> }
>
> I guess the problem is in your chip->xxx functions.

OK. I look at it in detail.
>
>> First of all I have one question to you about MB timer.c.
>> It is about this function - microblaze_read.
>>
>> static cycle_t mb_tick_cnt; /* store counter ticks */
>>
>> static cycle_t microblaze_read(void)
>> {
>> u64 temp = (u64)mb_tick_cnt + (u64)((u32)cpuinfo.freq_div_hz
>> - (u32)in_be32(TIMER_BASE + TCR0));
>> return temp;
>> }
>>
>>
>> MB has 32bit periodic down counter and I need to use u64 value that's why
>> I do these operation above. cpuinfo.freq_div_hz store freq/HZ value - number of
>> ticks for 1/HZ. I subtract current timer value + mb_tick_cnt which store number
>> of count. The problem I have is that gettimeofday LTP test failed on it ->
>> announce that time is going backward.
>> Simple returning only mb_tick_cnt pass this test but of course I am losing
>> information about time till 1/HZ.
>> Do I have to add any specific amount of time which take counting of it?
>
> You do not neeed 64 bit values. The return value is masked with the
> clocksource->mask anyway. So when your clocksource has less than 64
> bits it's covered.
>
> So if your timer counts down from 0xFFFFFFFF to 0 and wraps around you
> just need to return (cycle_t) ~(timer->count);

Counts down from specific value to 0. That specific value and number of tick for
1/HZ. That mean that I need (cycle_t) (specific_value - timer->count)

>
> But I think I know where your real problem is. You use the same timer
> for both timekeeping and the periodic tick. That's why you can not
> support one shot mode. I bet the machine has two timers.

yes. I have no problem to use another counter too. It is FPGA and my timer IP
support two independent timers. ( Her is the link to doc
http://www.xilinx.com/support/documentation/ip_documentation/xps_timer.pdf)
>
> So the best way to handle this is:
>
> Use timer A in free running mode - up or down counting does not
> matter - for the timekeeping. That way you have an ever increasing
> monotonic time.
>
> Use timer B either for periodic mode or for one shot and all your
> problems are gone. In periodic mode use autoreload and in one shot
> mode just follow the instructions of the generic code via the
> timer_set_next_event() function.

OK. That mean you timer A as clocksource and the second clock as event device.
I try to do it.
>
>> And the second question is about shift and rating values.
>> I wrote one message in past http://lkml.org/lkml/2009/1/11/291
>> Here is the important of part of that message.
>>
>> ...
>>
>> And the second part is about shift and rating values. Rating is
>> describe(linux/clocksource.h) and seems to me that should be
>> corresponded with CONFIG_HZ value,right?
>> And I found any explanation of shift value -> max value for equation
>> (2-5) * freq << shift / NSEC_PER_SEC should be for my case still 32bit
>> number, where (2-5s) are because of NTP
>
> @John, can you explain the shift vlaue please ?
>
>> The second thing which seems to me weird in comparing with others log I
>> have seen is .resolution value. Full (proc/timer_lists is below) My
>> .resolution: 10000000 nsecs which
>> is 1/HZ in nsec. (On others log I saw 1nsec values). My the lowest
>> resolution is 1/freq = 8nsec (for 125MHz). Is that OK or not.
>> ...
>
> The 1ns is theoretical and indicates that the kernel has high resolution
> timer support. Your resolution is just HZ.
>
>>>> +static int microblaze_timer_set_next_event(unsigned long delta,
>>>> + struct clock_event_device *dev)
>>>> +{
>>>> + printk(KERN_INFO "next event, delta %x, %d\n", (u32)delta, (u32)delta);
>>> This should be pr_debug() or do you want to flood the syslog in
>>> every timer interrupt ?
>> This not flood the syslog. I don't know why (maybe because of missing ONESHOT)
>> but this code is never called in periodic mode. But you are right if this
>> function is called a lot it is necessary to use pr_debug -> but this is not my
>> case in this implementation.
>
> Well. Either you have one shot mode, then better make it work and
> useable or just remove the one shot support until you figure out how
> to do it.

I don't have it - this feature is not there. There is only printk message in
set_mode function.

What is the best timer implementation in kernel? (For inspiration)

>
>>>> + microblaze_timer_start(delta);
>>>> + return 0;
>>>> +}
>>>> +
>>>> +static void microblaze_timer_set_mode(enum clock_event_mode mode,
>>>> + struct clock_event_device *evt)
>>>> +{
>>>> + microblaze_timer_stop();
>>>> +
>>>> + switch (mode) {
>>>> + case CLOCK_EVT_MODE_PERIODIC:
>>>> + printk(KERN_INFO "%s: periodic\n", __func__);
>>> pr_debug as well. That's not very informative
>> It is only information that timer work in periodic mode.
>>
>> Part of kernel log which is there - nothing more.
>>
>> microblaze_timer_set_mode: shutdown
>> microblaze_timer_set_mode: periodic
>
> Nothing a normal user is interested in I guess, but ok.

ok

>
>>>> +static irqreturn_t timer_interrupt(int irq, void *dev_id)
>>>> +{
>>>> + struct clock_event_device *evt = &clockevent_microblaze_timer;
>>>> +#ifdef CONFIG_HEART_BEAT
>>>> + heartbeat();
>>>> +#endif
>>>> + timer_ack();
>>>> +
>>>> + mb_tick_cnt += cpuinfo.freq_div_hz;
>>> Hmm. How does that work with oneshot timers ?
>> Oneshot is not supported yet - only periodic mode. I had to add it mb_tick_cnt
>> counting because
>> I don't know reason but without it ( kernel and timer in periodic mode )not
>> update system time.
>
> I don't know how that timer works. Do you have a pointer to hardware
> docs + chapter reference ?

Look at link above. Look at programming model chapter.

>
>>>> + xtime.tv_sec = mktime(2007, 1, 1, 0, 0, 0);
>>>> + xtime.tv_nsec = 0;
>>>> + set_normalized_timespec(&wall_to_monotonic,
>>>> + -xtime.tv_sec, -xtime.tv_nsec);
>>> Yuck. What's that ? wall_to_monotonic is maintained by the generic
>>> code.
>> I take this part of code from arch/blackfin/kernel/time-ts.c:217-219.
>> arch/x86/xen/time.c use it too. And arch/arm/kernel/time.c use similar
>> implemetation.
>
> Right. All of them are similar nonsense. If we want a 1/1/2007 base
> date if there is no RTC which tells us the real date/time then we
> should do this in the generic code and not implement 10 variations all
> over the place.

I have no problem to start from 1970 and remove this part of code. Do nothing
important to me.

Thanks,
Michal

>
> tglx


--
Michal Simek, Ing. (M.Eng)
w: www.monstr.eu p: +42-0-721842854


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