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SubjectRe: Bug: Status/Summary of slashdot leap-second crash on new years 2008-2009
Once upon a time, Linas Vepstas <> said:
> Below follows a summary of the reported crashes. I'm ignoring the
> zillions of "mine didn't crash" reports, or the "you're a paranoid
> conspiracy theorist, its random chance" reports.

I have reproduced this and got a stack trace (this is with Fedora 8 and
kernel kernel-

#0 ktime_get_ts (ts=0xffffffff8158bb30) at include/asm/processor.h:691
#1 0xffffffff8104c09a in ktime_get () at kernel/hrtimer.c:59
#2 0xffffffff8102a39a in hrtick_start_fair (rq=0xffff810009013880,
p=<value optimized out>) at kernel/sched.c:1064
#3 0xffffffff8102decc in enqueue_task_fair (rq=0xffff810009013880,
p=0xffff81003fb02d40, wakeup=1) at kernel/sched_fair.c:863
#4 0xffffffff81029a08 in enqueue_task (rq=0xffffffff8158bb30,
p=0xffff81003b8ac418, wakeup=-994836480) at kernel/sched.c:1550
#5 0xffffffff81029a39 in activate_task (rq=0xffff810009013880,
p=0xffff81003b8ac418, wakeup=20045) at kernel/sched.c:1614
#6 0xffffffff8102be38 in try_to_wake_up (p=0xffff81003fb02d40,
state=<value optimized out>, sync=0) at kernel/sched.c:2173
#7 0xffffffff8102be9c in default_wake_function (curr=<value optimized out>,
mode=998949912, sync=20045, key=0x4c4b40000) at kernel/sched.c:4366
#8 0xffffffff810492ed in autoremove_wake_function (wait=0xffffffff8158bb30,
mode=998949912, sync=20045, key=0x4c4b40000) at kernel/wait.c:132
#9 0xffffffff810296a2 in __wake_up_common (q=0xffffffff813d3180, mode=1,
nr_exclusive=1, sync=0, key=0x0) at kernel/sched.c:4387
#10 0xffffffff8102b97b in __wake_up (q=0xffffffff813d3180, mode=1,
nr_exclusive=1, key=0x0) at kernel/sched.c:4406
#11 0xffffffff8103692f in wake_up_klogd () at kernel/printk.c:1005
#12 0xffffffff81036abb in release_console_sem () at kernel/printk.c:1051
#13 0xffffffff81036fd1 in vprintk (fmt=<value optimized out>,
args=<value optimized out>) at kernel/printk.c:789
#14 0xffffffff81037081 in printk (
fmt=0xffffffff8158bb30 "yj$\201????\2008\001\t") at kernel/printk.c:613
#15 0xffffffff8104ec16 in ntp_leap_second (timer=<value optimized out>)
at kernel/time/ntp.c:143
#16 0xffffffff8104b7a6 in run_hrtimer_pending (cpu_base=0xffff81000900f740)
at kernel/hrtimer.c:1204
#17 0xffffffff8104b86a in run_hrtimer_softirq (h=<value optimized out>)
at kernel/hrtimer.c:1355
#18 0xffffffff8103b31f in __do_softirq () at kernel/softirq.c:234
#19 0xffffffff8100d52c in call_softirq () at include/asm/current_64.h:10
#20 0xffffffff8100ed5e in do_softirq () at arch/x86/kernel/irq_64.c:262
#21 0xffffffff8103b280 in irq_exit () at kernel/softirq.c:310
#22 0xffffffff8101b0fe in smp_apic_timer_interrupt (regs=<value optimized out>)
at arch/x86/kernel/apic_64.c:514
#23 0xffffffff8100cf52 in apic_timer_interrupt ()
at include/asm/current_64.h:10
#24 0xffff81003b9d5a90 in ?? ()
#25 0x0000000000000000 in ?? ()

Basically (to my untrained eye), the leap second code is called from the
timer interrupt handler, which holds xtime_lock. The leap second code
does a printk to notify about the leap second. The printk code tries to
wake up klogd (I assume to prioritize kernel messages), and (under some
conditions), the scheduler attempts to get the current time, which tries
to get xtime_lock => deadlock.

I can only reproduce this if the system is busy. If the system is
otherwise idle at the timer interrupt, I guess the scheduler doesn't try
to get the time. I can run a "find / | xargs cat > /dev/nul" in one
window and then trigger the leap second in another, and the system dies
most of the time.
I'm looking at the source for the RHEL 4 kernel 2.6.9-67.0.7.EL (which I
had crash on a system), and the scheduler is enough different that I am
not finding the path to the deadlock right off.

In any case, the quick-n-dirty fix would be to not try to printk while
holding xtime_lock (I think the NTP code is the only thing that does).
However, it would be nice to still get the leap second notification, so
some other fix would be better I guess.
Chris Adams <>
Systems and Network Administrator - HiWAAY Internet Services
I don't speak for anybody but myself - that's enough trouble.

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