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Subject[patch 5/6] ps3: ROM Storage Driver
From: Geert Uytterhoeven <Geert.Uytterhoeven@sonycom.com>

Add a CD/DVD/BD Storage Driver for the PS3:
- Implemented as a SCSI device driver
- Uses software scatter-gather with a 64 KiB bounce buffer as the hypervisor
doesn't support scatter-gather

CC: Geoff Levand <geoffrey.levand@am.sony.com>
Signed-off-by: Geert Uytterhoeven <Geert.Uytterhoeven@sonycom.com>
---
Changes since previous submission:
o Don't use `default y' in Kconfig
o Add missing #include <linux/highmem.h>
o Remove ps3rom_private.scsi_done, use scsi_cmnd.scsi_done instead
o Use scsi_device.host.hostdata
o Remove empty ps3rom_slave_{alloc,destroy}()
o Kill superfluous test for command in progress
o Move scsi_host_put() last in cleanup sequence
o Remove scsi_command(), use scsi_print_command() for debugging
o scsi_cmnd.use_sg is always > 0 these days
o Allocate struct ps3rom_private using scsi_host_alloc()
o Remove the thread for handling requests
o Remove unused position parameter enum
o Remove unused NA_PROTO and DIR_NA
o Derive buffer length, data direction, and transfer protocol from the
struct scsi_command, instead of using a big switch() statement
o Kill superfluous spinlock
o Remove manual request sense, as modern hypervisors always do auto sense
o Pass all SCSI commands to the hypervisor as ATAPI commands, except for
READ_*/WRITE_*
o Don't print errors for SCSI commands that are not allowed for an
Other OS by the hypervisor
o Remove superfluous tests for data directions in
{fill_from,fetch_to}_dev_buffer()
o Handle errors in {fill_from,fetch_to}_dev_buffer()
o Reorder routines
o Manually inline ps3rom_send_atapi_command()
o Fix all FIXMEs
arch/powerpc/platforms/ps3/Kconfig | 10
drivers/scsi/Makefile | 1
drivers/scsi/ps3rom.c | 568 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
3 files changed, 579 insertions(+)
--- a/arch/powerpc/platforms/ps3/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/powerpc/platforms/ps3/Kconfig
@@ -112,4 +112,14 @@ config PS3_DISK
This support is required to access the PS3 hard disk.
In general, all users will say Y or M.

+config PS3_ROM
+ tristate "PS3 ROM Storage Driver"
+ depends on PPC_PS3 && BLK_DEV_SR
+ select PS3_STORAGE
+ help
+ Include support for the PS3 ROM Storage.
+
+ This support is required to access the PS3 BD/DVD/CD-ROM drive.
+ In general, all users will say Y or M.
+
endmenu
--- a/drivers/scsi/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/scsi/Makefile
@@ -132,6 +132,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_SCSI_IBMVSCSI) += ibmvscsi/
obj-$(CONFIG_SCSI_IBMVSCSIS) += ibmvscsi/
obj-$(CONFIG_SCSI_HPTIOP) += hptiop.o
obj-$(CONFIG_SCSI_STEX) += stex.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_PS3_ROM) += ps3rom.o

obj-$(CONFIG_ARM) += arm/

--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/scsi/ps3rom.c
@@ -0,0 +1,568 @@
+/*
+ * PS3 ROM Storage Driver
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2007 Sony Computer Entertainment Inc.
+ * Copyright 2007 Sony Corp.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ * under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published
+ * by the Free Software Foundation; version 2 of the License.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
+ * WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
+ * General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
+ * with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc.,
+ * 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/cdrom.h>
+#include <linux/highmem.h>
+#include <linux/interrupt.h>
+#include <linux/kthread.h>
+
+#include <scsi/scsi.h>
+#include <scsi/scsi_cmnd.h>
+#include <scsi/scsi_dbg.h>
+#include <scsi/scsi_device.h>
+#include <scsi/scsi_host.h>
+
+#include <asm/lv1call.h>
+#include <asm/ps3stor.h>
+
+
+#define DEVICE_NAME "ps3rom"
+
+#define BOUNCE_SIZE (64*1024)
+
+#define PS3ROM_MAX_SECTORS (BOUNCE_SIZE / CD_FRAMESIZE)
+
+#define LV1_STORAGE_SEND_ATAPI_COMMAND (1)
+
+
+struct ps3rom_private {
+ struct ps3_storage_device *dev;
+ struct scsi_cmnd *cmd;
+};
+#define ps3rom_priv(dev) ((dev)->sbd.core.driver_data)
+
+struct lv1_atapi_cmnd_block {
+ u8 pkt[32]; /* packet command block */
+ u32 pktlen; /* should be 12 for ATAPI 8020 */
+ u32 blocks;
+ u32 block_size;
+ u32 proto; /* transfer mode */
+ u32 in_out; /* transfer direction */
+ u64 buffer; /* parameter except command block */
+ u32 arglen; /* length above */
+};
+
+enum lv1_atapi_proto {
+ NON_DATA_PROTO = 0,
+ PIO_DATA_IN_PROTO = 1,
+ PIO_DATA_OUT_PROTO = 2,
+ DMA_PROTO = 3
+};
+
+enum lv1_atapi_in_out {
+ DIR_WRITE = 0, /* memory -> device */
+ DIR_READ = 1 /* device -> memory */
+};
+
+
+static int ps3rom_slave_configure(struct scsi_device *scsi_dev)
+{
+ struct ps3rom_private *priv;
+ struct ps3_storage_device *dev;
+
+ priv = (struct ps3rom_private *)scsi_dev->host->hostdata;
+ dev = priv->dev;
+ dev_dbg(&dev->sbd.core, "%s:%u: id %u, lun %u, channel %u\n", __func__,
+ __LINE__, scsi_dev->id, scsi_dev->lun, scsi_dev->channel);
+
+ /*
+ * ATAPI SFF8020 devices use MODE_SENSE_10,
+ * so we can prohibit MODE_SENSE_6
+ */
+ scsi_dev->use_10_for_ms = 1;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * copy data from device into scatter/gather buffer
+ */
+static int fill_from_dev_buffer(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd, const void *buf)
+{
+ int k, req_len, act_len, len, active;
+ void *kaddr;
+ struct scatterlist *sgpnt;
+ unsigned int buflen;
+
+ buflen = cmd->request_bufflen;
+ if (!buflen)
+ return 0;
+
+ if (!cmd->request_buffer)
+ return -1;
+
+ sgpnt = cmd->request_buffer;
+ active = 1;
+ for (k = 0, req_len = 0, act_len = 0; k < cmd->use_sg; ++k, ++sgpnt) {
+ if (active) {
+ kaddr = kmap_atomic(sgpnt->page, KM_USER0);
+ if (!kaddr)
+ return -1;
+ len = sgpnt->length;
+ if ((req_len + len) > buflen) {
+ active = 0;
+ len = buflen - req_len;
+ }
+ memcpy(kaddr + sgpnt->offset, buf + req_len, len);
+ kunmap_atomic(kaddr, KM_USER0);
+ act_len += len;
+ }
+ req_len += sgpnt->length;
+ }
+ cmd->resid = req_len - act_len;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * copy data from scatter/gather into device's buffer
+ */
+static int fetch_to_dev_buffer(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd, void *buf)
+{
+ int k, req_len, len, fin;
+ void *kaddr;
+ struct scatterlist *sgpnt;
+ unsigned int buflen;
+
+ buflen = cmd->request_bufflen;
+ if (!buflen)
+ return 0;
+
+ if (!cmd->request_buffer)
+ return -1;
+
+ sgpnt = cmd->request_buffer;
+ for (k = 0, req_len = 0, fin = 0; k < cmd->use_sg; ++k, ++sgpnt) {
+ kaddr = kmap_atomic(sgpnt->page, KM_USER0);
+ if (!kaddr)
+ return -1;
+ len = sgpnt->length;
+ if ((req_len + len) > buflen) {
+ len = buflen - req_len;
+ fin = 1;
+ }
+ memcpy(buf + req_len, kaddr + sgpnt->offset, len);
+ kunmap_atomic(kaddr, KM_USER0);
+ if (fin)
+ return req_len + len;
+ req_len += sgpnt->length;
+ }
+ return req_len;
+}
+
+static int ps3rom_atapi_request(struct ps3_storage_device *dev,
+ struct scsi_cmnd *cmd)
+{
+ struct lv1_atapi_cmnd_block atapi_cmnd;
+ unsigned char opcode = cmd->cmnd[0];
+ int res;
+ u64 lpar;
+
+ dev_dbg(&dev->sbd.core, "%s:%u: send ATAPI command 0x%02x\n", __func__,
+ __LINE__, opcode);
+
+ memset(&atapi_cmnd, 0, sizeof(struct lv1_atapi_cmnd_block));
+ memcpy(&atapi_cmnd.pkt, cmd->cmnd, 12);
+ atapi_cmnd.pktlen = 12;
+ atapi_cmnd.block_size = 1; /* transfer size is block_size * blocks */
+ atapi_cmnd.blocks = atapi_cmnd.arglen = cmd->request_bufflen;
+ atapi_cmnd.buffer = dev->bounce_lpar;
+
+ switch (cmd->sc_data_direction) {
+ case DMA_FROM_DEVICE:
+ if (cmd->request_bufflen >= CD_FRAMESIZE)
+ atapi_cmnd.proto = DMA_PROTO;
+ else
+ atapi_cmnd.proto = PIO_DATA_IN_PROTO;
+ atapi_cmnd.in_out = DIR_READ;
+ break;
+
+ case DMA_TO_DEVICE:
+ if (cmd->request_bufflen >= CD_FRAMESIZE)
+ atapi_cmnd.proto = DMA_PROTO;
+ else
+ atapi_cmnd.proto = PIO_DATA_OUT_PROTO;
+ atapi_cmnd.in_out = DIR_WRITE;
+ res = fetch_to_dev_buffer(cmd, dev->bounce_buf);
+ if (res < 0)
+ return DID_ERROR << 16;
+ break;
+
+ default:
+ atapi_cmnd.proto = NON_DATA_PROTO;
+ break;
+ }
+
+ lpar = ps3_mm_phys_to_lpar(__pa(&atapi_cmnd));
+ res = lv1_storage_send_device_command(dev->sbd.dev_id,
+ LV1_STORAGE_SEND_ATAPI_COMMAND,
+ lpar, sizeof(atapi_cmnd),
+ atapi_cmnd.buffer,
+ atapi_cmnd.arglen, &dev->tag);
+ if (res == LV1_DENIED_BY_POLICY) {
+ dev_dbg(&dev->sbd.core,
+ "%s:%u: ATAPI command 0x%02x denied by policy\n",
+ __func__, __LINE__, opcode);
+ return DID_ERROR << 16;
+ }
+
+ if (res) {
+ dev_err(&dev->sbd.core,
+ "%s:%u: ATAPI command 0x%02x failed %d\n", __func__,
+ __LINE__, opcode, res);
+ return DID_ERROR << 16;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static inline unsigned int srb6_lba(const struct scsi_cmnd *cmd)
+{
+ /* LUN is always zero */
+ return cmd->cmnd[1] << 16 | cmd->cmnd[2] << 8 | cmd->cmnd[3];
+}
+
+static inline unsigned int srb6_len(const struct scsi_cmnd *cmd)
+{
+ return cmd->cmnd[4];
+}
+
+static inline unsigned int srb10_lba(const struct scsi_cmnd *cmd)
+{
+ return cmd->cmnd[2] << 24 | cmd->cmnd[3] << 16 | cmd->cmnd[4] << 8 |
+ cmd->cmnd[5];
+}
+
+static inline unsigned int srb10_len(const struct scsi_cmnd *cmd)
+{
+ return cmd->cmnd[7] << 8 | cmd->cmnd[8];
+}
+
+static int ps3rom_read_request(struct ps3_storage_device *dev,
+ struct scsi_cmnd *cmd, u32 start_sector,
+ u32 sectors)
+{
+ int res;
+
+ dev_dbg(&dev->sbd.core, "%s:%u: read %u sectors starting at %u\n",
+ __func__, __LINE__, sectors, start_sector);
+
+ res = lv1_storage_read(dev->sbd.dev_id,
+ dev->regions[dev->region_idx].id, start_sector,
+ sectors, 0, dev->bounce_lpar, &dev->tag);
+ if (res) {
+ dev_err(&dev->sbd.core, "%s:%u: read failed %d\n", __func__,
+ __LINE__, res);
+ return DID_ERROR << 16;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int ps3rom_write_request(struct ps3_storage_device *dev,
+ struct scsi_cmnd *cmd, u32 start_sector,
+ u32 sectors)
+{
+ int res;
+
+ dev_dbg(&dev->sbd.core, "%s:%u: write %u sectors starting at %u\n",
+ __func__, __LINE__, sectors, start_sector);
+
+ res = fetch_to_dev_buffer(cmd, dev->bounce_buf);
+ if (res < 0)
+ return DID_ERROR << 16;
+
+ res = lv1_storage_write(dev->sbd.dev_id,
+ dev->regions[dev->region_idx].id, start_sector,
+ sectors, 0, dev->bounce_lpar, &dev->tag);
+ if (res) {
+ dev_err(&dev->sbd.core, "%s:%u: write failed %d\n", __func__,
+ __LINE__, res);
+ return DID_ERROR << 16;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int ps3rom_queuecommand(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd,
+ void (*done)(struct scsi_cmnd *))
+{
+ struct ps3rom_private *priv;
+ struct ps3_storage_device *dev;
+ unsigned char opcode;
+ int res;
+
+#ifdef DEBUG
+ scsi_print_command(cmd);
+#endif
+
+ priv = (struct ps3rom_private *)cmd->device->host->hostdata;
+ dev = priv->dev;
+ priv->cmd = cmd;
+ cmd->scsi_done = done;
+
+ opcode = cmd->cmnd[0];
+ /*
+ * While we can submit READ/WRITE SCSI commands as ATAPI commands,
+ * it's recommended to use lv1_storage_{read,write}() instead
+ */
+ switch (opcode) {
+ case READ_6:
+ res = ps3rom_read_request(dev, cmd, srb6_lba(cmd),
+ srb6_len(cmd));
+ break;
+
+ case READ_10:
+ res = ps3rom_read_request(dev, cmd, srb10_lba(cmd),
+ srb10_len(cmd));
+ break;
+
+ case WRITE_6:
+ res = ps3rom_write_request(dev, cmd, srb6_lba(cmd),
+ srb6_len(cmd));
+ break;
+
+ case WRITE_10:
+ res = ps3rom_write_request(dev, cmd, srb10_lba(cmd),
+ srb10_len(cmd));
+ break;
+
+ default:
+ res = ps3rom_atapi_request(dev, cmd);
+ break;
+ }
+
+ if (res) {
+ memset(cmd->sense_buffer, 0, SCSI_SENSE_BUFFERSIZE);
+ cmd->result = res;
+ cmd->sense_buffer[0] = 0x70;
+ cmd->sense_buffer[2] = ILLEGAL_REQUEST;
+ priv->cmd = NULL;
+ cmd->scsi_done(cmd);
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int decode_lv1_status(u64 status, unsigned char *sense_key,
+ unsigned char *asc, unsigned char *ascq)
+{
+ if (((status >> 24) & 0xff) != SAM_STAT_CHECK_CONDITION)
+ return -1;
+
+ *sense_key = (status >> 16) & 0xff;
+ *asc = (status >> 8) & 0xff;
+ *ascq = status & 0xff;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static irqreturn_t ps3rom_interrupt(int irq, void *data)
+{
+ struct ps3_storage_device *dev = data;
+ struct Scsi_Host *host;
+ struct ps3rom_private *priv;
+ struct scsi_cmnd *cmd;
+ int res;
+ u64 tag, status;
+ unsigned char sense_key, asc, ascq;
+
+ res = lv1_storage_get_async_status(dev->sbd.dev_id, &tag, &status);
+ /*
+ * status = -1 may mean that ATAPI transport completed OK, but
+ * ATAPI command itself resulted CHECK CONDITION
+ * so, upper layer should issue REQUEST_SENSE to check the sense data
+ */
+
+ if (tag != dev->tag)
+ dev_err(&dev->sbd.core,
+ "%s:%u: tag mismatch, got %lx, expected %lx\n",
+ __func__, __LINE__, tag, dev->tag);
+
+ if (res) {
+ dev_err(&dev->sbd.core, "%s:%u: res=%d status=0x%lx\n",
+ __func__, __LINE__, res, status);
+ return IRQ_HANDLED;
+ }
+
+ host = ps3rom_priv(dev);
+ priv = (struct ps3rom_private *)host->hostdata;
+ cmd = priv->cmd;
+
+ if (!status) {
+ /* OK, completed */
+ if (cmd->sc_data_direction == DMA_FROM_DEVICE) {
+ res = fill_from_dev_buffer(cmd, dev->bounce_buf);
+ if (res) {
+ cmd->result = DID_ERROR << 16;
+ goto done;
+ }
+ }
+ cmd->result = DID_OK << 16;
+ goto done;
+ }
+
+ if (cmd->cmnd[0] == REQUEST_SENSE) {
+ /* SCSI spec says request sense should never get error */
+ dev_err(&dev->sbd.core, "%s:%u: end error without autosense\n",
+ __func__, __LINE__);
+ cmd->result = DID_ERROR << 16 | SAM_STAT_CHECK_CONDITION;
+ goto done;
+ }
+
+ if (decode_lv1_status(status, &sense_key, &asc, &ascq)) {
+ cmd->result = DID_ERROR << 16;
+ goto done;
+ }
+
+ cmd->sense_buffer[0] = 0x70;
+ cmd->sense_buffer[2] = sense_key;
+ cmd->sense_buffer[7] = 16 - 6;
+ cmd->sense_buffer[12] = asc;
+ cmd->sense_buffer[13] = ascq;
+ cmd->result = SAM_STAT_CHECK_CONDITION;
+
+done:
+ priv->cmd = NULL;
+ cmd->scsi_done(cmd);
+ return IRQ_HANDLED;
+}
+
+static struct scsi_host_template ps3rom_host_template = {
+ .name = DEVICE_NAME,
+ .slave_configure = ps3rom_slave_configure,
+ .queuecommand = ps3rom_queuecommand,
+ .can_queue = 1,
+ .this_id = 7,
+ .sg_tablesize = SG_ALL,
+ .cmd_per_lun = 1,
+ .emulated = 1, /* only sg driver uses this */
+ .max_sectors = PS3ROM_MAX_SECTORS,
+ .use_clustering = ENABLE_CLUSTERING,
+ .module = THIS_MODULE,
+};
+
+
+static int __devinit ps3rom_probe(struct ps3_system_bus_device *_dev)
+{
+ struct ps3_storage_device *dev = to_ps3_storage_device(&_dev->core);
+ int error;
+ struct Scsi_Host *host;
+ struct ps3rom_private *priv;
+
+ if (dev->blk_size != CD_FRAMESIZE) {
+ dev_err(&dev->sbd.core,
+ "%s:%u: cannot handle block size %lu\n", __func__,
+ __LINE__, dev->blk_size);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ dev->bounce_size = BOUNCE_SIZE;
+ dev->bounce_buf = kmalloc(BOUNCE_SIZE, GFP_DMA);
+ if (!dev->bounce_buf) {
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ }
+
+ error = ps3stor_setup(dev);
+ if (error)
+ goto fail_free_bounce;
+
+ /* override the interrupt handler */
+ free_irq(dev->irq, dev);
+ error = request_irq(dev->irq, ps3rom_interrupt, IRQF_DISABLED,
+ dev->sbd.core.driver->name, dev);
+ if (error) {
+ dev_err(&dev->sbd.core, "%s:%u: request_irq failed %d\n",
+ __func__, __LINE__, error);
+ goto fail_teardown;
+ }
+
+ host = scsi_host_alloc(&ps3rom_host_template,
+ sizeof(struct ps3rom_private));
+ if (!host) {
+ dev_err(&dev->sbd.core, "%s:%u: scsi_host_alloc failed\n",
+ __func__, __LINE__);
+ goto fail_teardown;
+ }
+
+ priv = (struct ps3rom_private *)host->hostdata;
+ ps3rom_priv(dev) = host;
+ priv->dev = dev;
+
+ /* One device/LUN per SCSI bus */
+ host->max_id = 1;
+ host->max_lun = 1;
+
+ error = scsi_add_host(host, &dev->sbd.core);
+ if (error) {
+ dev_err(&dev->sbd.core, "%s:%u: scsi_host_alloc failed %d\n",
+ __func__, __LINE__, error);
+ error = -ENODEV;
+ goto fail_host_put;
+ }
+
+ scsi_scan_host(host);
+ return 0;
+
+fail_host_put:
+ scsi_host_put(host);
+fail_teardown:
+ ps3stor_teardown(dev);
+fail_free_bounce:
+ kfree(dev->bounce_buf);
+ return error;
+}
+
+static int ps3rom_remove(struct ps3_system_bus_device *_dev)
+{
+ struct ps3_storage_device *dev = to_ps3_storage_device(&_dev->core);
+ struct Scsi_Host *host = ps3rom_priv(dev);
+
+ scsi_remove_host(host);
+ ps3stor_teardown(dev);
+ kfree(dev->bounce_buf);
+ scsi_host_put(host);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static struct ps3_system_bus_driver ps3rom = {
+ .match_id = PS3_MATCH_ID_STOR_ROM,
+ .core.name = DEVICE_NAME,
+ .core.owner = THIS_MODULE,
+ .probe = ps3rom_probe,
+ .remove = ps3rom_remove
+};
+
+
+static int __init ps3rom_init(void)
+{
+ return ps3_system_bus_driver_register(&ps3rom);
+}
+
+static void __exit ps3rom_exit(void)
+{
+ ps3_system_bus_driver_unregister(&ps3rom);
+}
+
+module_init(ps3rom_init);
+module_exit(ps3rom_exit);
+
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("PS3 ROM Storage Driver");
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Sony Corporation");
+MODULE_ALIAS(PS3_MODULE_ALIAS_STOR_ROM);
--
With kind regards,

Geert Uytterhoeven
Software Architect

Sony Network and Software Technology Center Europe
The Corporate Village · Da Vincilaan 7-D1 · B-1935 Zaventem · Belgium

Phone: +32 (0)2 700 8453
Fax: +32 (0)2 700 8622
E-mail: Geert.Uytterhoeven@sonycom.com
Internet: http://www.sony-europe.com/

Sony Network and Software Technology Center Europe
A division of Sony Service Centre (Europe) N.V.
Registered office: Technologielaan 7 · B-1840 Londerzeel · Belgium
VAT BE 0413.825.160 · RPR Brussels
Fortis Bank Zaventem · Swift GEBABEBB08A · IBAN BE39001382358619

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