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Subject[PATCH 3/8] Use process freezer for cpu-hotplug
This patch implements process_freezer based cpu-hotplug
core.
The sailent features are:
o No more (un)lock_cpu_hotplug.
o No more CPU_LOCK_ACQUIRE and CPU_LOCK_RELEASE. Hence no per-subsystem
hotcpu mutexes.
o Calls freeze_process/thaw_processes at the beginning/end of
the hotplug operation.

Lessons Learnt:
o CPU_UP_PREPARE has to be called with the processes frozen.
If implemented otherwise, the kernel threads which we create
during UP_PREPARE will never be frozen during freeze_processes
since we them up only during CPU_ONLIN.

Points to ponder:
o Can the SYSTEM_RUNNING hack in _cpu_up be avoided by some cleaner means.

Signed-off-by : Srivatsa Vaddagiri <vatsa@in.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by : Gautham R Shenoy <ego@in.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by : Rafael J. Wysocki <rjw@sisk.pl>
--
include/linux/freezer.h | 10 ++++--
include/linux/notifier.h | 2 -
include/linux/sched.h | 5 ++-
kernel/cpu.c | 70 ++++++++++++++++++-----------------------------
kernel/sched.c | 20 +------------
kernel/softirq.c | 13 ++++----
kernel/softlockup.c | 1
kernel/workqueue.c | 33 ++++++++++------------
mm/slab.c | 6 ----
9 files changed, 63 insertions(+), 97 deletions(-)
Index: linux-2.6.21-rc5/include/linux/sched.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.21-rc5.orig/include/linux/sched.h
+++ linux-2.6.21-rc5/include/linux/sched.h
@@ -1195,10 +1195,13 @@ static inline void put_task_struct(struc
#define PF_FE_KPROBES 0x00000010 /* This thread should not be frozen
* for Kprobes
*/
+#define PF_FE_HOTPLUG_CPU 0x00000020 /* Thread should not be frozen for
+ * cpu hotplug.
+ */

#define PF_FROZEN 0x00010000 /* frozen for system suspend */

-#define PF_FE_ALL (PF_FE_SUSPEND | PF_FE_KPROBES)
+#define PF_FE_ALL (PF_FE_SUSPEND | PF_FE_KPROBES | PF_FE_HOTPLUG_CPU)
/* Exempt from all kinds freeze chills*/

#define PF_FSTRANS 0x00020000 /* inside a filesystem transaction */
Index: linux-2.6.21-rc5/include/linux/freezer.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.21-rc5.orig/include/linux/freezer.h
+++ linux-2.6.21-rc5/include/linux/freezer.h
@@ -6,10 +6,12 @@
defined(CONFIG_KPROBES)

/* These are the events which make use of the process freezer */
-#define FE_NONE 0
-#define FE_ALL PF_FE_ALL
-#define FE_SUSPEND PF_FE_SUSPEND
-#define FE_KPROBES PF_FE_KPROBES
+#define FE_NONE 0
+#define FE_ALL PF_FE_ALL
+#define FE_SUSPEND PF_FE_SUSPEND
+#define FE_KPROBES PF_FE_KPROBES
+#define FE_HOTPLUG_CPU PF_FE_HOTPLUG_CPU
+#define FE_SUSPEND_KPROBES PF_FE_SUSPEND | PF_FE_KPROBES

/*
* Exempt the current process from being frozen for a certain event
Index: linux-2.6.21-rc5/kernel/cpu.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.21-rc5.orig/kernel/cpu.c
+++ linux-2.6.21-rc5/kernel/cpu.c
@@ -14,6 +14,7 @@
#include <linux/kthread.h>
#include <linux/stop_machine.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>
+#include <linux/freezer.h>

/* This protects CPUs going up and down... */
static DEFINE_MUTEX(cpu_add_remove_lock);
@@ -28,38 +29,15 @@ static int cpu_hotplug_disabled;

#ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU

-/* Crappy recursive lock-takers in cpufreq! Complain loudly about idiots */
-static struct task_struct *recursive;
-static int recursive_depth;
-
void lock_cpu_hotplug(void)
{
- struct task_struct *tsk = current;
-
- if (tsk == recursive) {
- static int warnings = 10;
- if (warnings) {
- printk(KERN_ERR "Lukewarm IQ detected in hotplug locking\n");
- WARN_ON(1);
- warnings--;
- }
- recursive_depth++;
- return;
- }
- mutex_lock(&cpu_bitmask_lock);
- recursive = tsk;
+ return;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(lock_cpu_hotplug);

void unlock_cpu_hotplug(void)
{
- WARN_ON(recursive != current);
- if (recursive_depth) {
- recursive_depth--;
- return;
- }
- recursive = NULL;
- mutex_unlock(&cpu_bitmask_lock);
+ return;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unlock_cpu_hotplug);

@@ -133,7 +111,11 @@ static int _cpu_down(unsigned int cpu)
if (!cpu_online(cpu))
return -EINVAL;

- raw_notifier_call_chain(&cpu_chain, CPU_LOCK_ACQUIRE, hcpu);
+ if (freeze_processes(FE_HOTPLUG_CPU)) {
+ thaw_processes(FE_HOTPLUG_CPU);
+ return -EBUSY;
+ }
+
err = __raw_notifier_call_chain(&cpu_chain, CPU_DOWN_PREPARE,
hcpu, -1, &nr_calls);
if (err == NOTIFY_BAD) {
@@ -142,7 +124,7 @@ static int _cpu_down(unsigned int cpu)
printk("%s: attempt to take down CPU %u failed\n",
__FUNCTION__, cpu);
err = -EINVAL;
- goto out_release;
+ goto out_thread;
}

/* Ensure that we are not runnable on dying cpu */
@@ -151,9 +133,7 @@ static int _cpu_down(unsigned int cpu)
cpu_clear(cpu, tmp);
set_cpus_allowed(current, tmp);

- mutex_lock(&cpu_bitmask_lock);
p = __stop_machine_run(take_cpu_down, NULL, cpu);
- mutex_unlock(&cpu_bitmask_lock);

if (IS_ERR(p) || cpu_online(cpu)) {
/* CPU didn't die: tell everyone. Can't complain. */
@@ -161,10 +141,13 @@ static int _cpu_down(unsigned int cpu)
hcpu) == NOTIFY_BAD)
BUG();

- if (IS_ERR(p)) {
+ set_cpus_allowed(current, old_allowed);
+
+ if (IS_ERR(p))
err = PTR_ERR(p);
- goto out_allowed;
- }
+ else
+ err = kthread_stop(p);
+
goto out_thread;
}

@@ -184,14 +167,11 @@ static int _cpu_down(unsigned int cpu)
BUG();

check_for_tasks(cpu);
+ set_cpus_allowed(current, old_allowed);
+ err = kthread_stop(p);

out_thread:
- err = kthread_stop(p);
-out_allowed:
- set_cpus_allowed(current, old_allowed);
-out_release:
- raw_notifier_call_chain(&cpu_chain, CPU_LOCK_RELEASE,
- (void *)(long)cpu);
+ thaw_processes(FE_HOTPLUG_CPU);
return err;
}

@@ -219,7 +199,12 @@ static int __cpuinit _cpu_up(unsigned in
if (cpu_online(cpu) || !cpu_present(cpu))
return -EINVAL;

- raw_notifier_call_chain(&cpu_chain, CPU_LOCK_ACQUIRE, hcpu);
+ if (system_state == SYSTEM_RUNNING &&
+ freeze_processes(FE_HOTPLUG_CPU)) {
+ thaw_processes(FE_HOTPLUG_CPU);
+ return -EBUSY;
+ }
+
ret = __raw_notifier_call_chain(&cpu_chain, CPU_UP_PREPARE, hcpu,
-1, &nr_calls);
if (ret == NOTIFY_BAD) {
@@ -229,10 +214,9 @@ static int __cpuinit _cpu_up(unsigned in
goto out_notify;
}

+
/* Arch-specific enabling code. */
- mutex_lock(&cpu_bitmask_lock);
ret = __cpu_up(cpu);
- mutex_unlock(&cpu_bitmask_lock);
if (ret != 0)
goto out_notify;
BUG_ON(!cpu_online(cpu));
@@ -244,7 +228,9 @@ out_notify:
if (ret != 0)
__raw_notifier_call_chain(&cpu_chain,
CPU_UP_CANCELED, hcpu, nr_calls, NULL);
- raw_notifier_call_chain(&cpu_chain, CPU_LOCK_RELEASE, hcpu);
+
+ if (system_state == SYSTEM_RUNNING)
+ thaw_processes(FE_HOTPLUG_CPU);

return ret;
}
Index: linux-2.6.21-rc5/include/linux/notifier.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.21-rc5.orig/include/linux/notifier.h
+++ linux-2.6.21-rc5/include/linux/notifier.h
@@ -194,8 +194,6 @@ extern int __srcu_notifier_call_chain(st
#define CPU_DOWN_PREPARE 0x0005 /* CPU (unsigned)v going down */
#define CPU_DOWN_FAILED 0x0006 /* CPU (unsigned)v NOT going down */
#define CPU_DEAD 0x0007 /* CPU (unsigned)v dead */
-#define CPU_LOCK_ACQUIRE 0x0008 /* Acquire all hotcpu locks */
-#define CPU_LOCK_RELEASE 0x0009 /* Release all hotcpu locks */

#endif /* __KERNEL__ */
#endif /* _LINUX_NOTIFIER_H */
Index: linux-2.6.21-rc5/kernel/softirq.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.21-rc5.orig/kernel/softirq.c
+++ linux-2.6.21-rc5/kernel/softirq.c
@@ -490,12 +490,16 @@ void __init softirq_init(void)
static int ksoftirqd(void * __bind_cpu)
{
set_user_nice(current, 19);
- freezer_exempt(FE_ALL);
+ freezer_exempt(FE_SUSPEND_KPROBES);

set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);

while (!kthread_should_stop()) {
try_to_freeze();
+ /* When thawed, if cpu is no longer online, die */
+ if (cpu_is_offline((long)__bind_cpu))
+ goto wait_to_die;
+
preempt_disable();
if (!local_softirq_pending()) {
preempt_enable_no_resched();
@@ -506,11 +510,6 @@ static int ksoftirqd(void * __bind_cpu)
__set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING);

while (local_softirq_pending()) {
- /* Preempt disable stops cpu going offline.
- If already offline, we'll be on wrong CPU:
- don't process */
- if (cpu_is_offline((long)__bind_cpu))
- goto wait_to_die;
do_softirq();
preempt_enable_no_resched();
cond_resched();
@@ -523,7 +522,6 @@ static int ksoftirqd(void * __bind_cpu)
return 0;

wait_to_die:
- preempt_enable();
/* Wait for kthread_stop */
set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
while (!kthread_should_stop()) {
@@ -616,6 +614,7 @@ static int __cpuinit cpu_callback(struct
case CPU_DEAD:
p = per_cpu(ksoftirqd, hotcpu);
per_cpu(ksoftirqd, hotcpu) = NULL;
+ thaw_process(p);
kthread_stop(p);
takeover_tasklets(hotcpu);
break;
Index: linux-2.6.21-rc5/kernel/sched.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.21-rc5.orig/kernel/sched.c
+++ linux-2.6.21-rc5/kernel/sched.c
@@ -255,7 +255,6 @@ struct rq {
};

static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct rq, runqueues);
-static DEFINE_MUTEX(sched_hotcpu_mutex);

static inline int cpu_of(struct rq *rq)
{
@@ -4400,13 +4399,11 @@ long sched_setaffinity(pid_t pid, cpumas
struct task_struct *p;
int retval;

- mutex_lock(&sched_hotcpu_mutex);
read_lock(&tasklist_lock);

p = find_process_by_pid(pid);
if (!p) {
read_unlock(&tasklist_lock);
- mutex_unlock(&sched_hotcpu_mutex);
return -ESRCH;
}

@@ -4433,7 +4430,6 @@ long sched_setaffinity(pid_t pid, cpumas

out_unlock:
put_task_struct(p);
- mutex_unlock(&sched_hotcpu_mutex);
return retval;
}

@@ -4490,7 +4486,6 @@ long sched_getaffinity(pid_t pid, cpumas
struct task_struct *p;
int retval;

- mutex_lock(&sched_hotcpu_mutex);
read_lock(&tasklist_lock);

retval = -ESRCH;
@@ -4506,7 +4501,6 @@ long sched_getaffinity(pid_t pid, cpumas

out_unlock:
read_unlock(&tasklist_lock);
- mutex_unlock(&sched_hotcpu_mutex);
if (retval)
return retval;

@@ -5400,9 +5394,6 @@ migration_call(struct notifier_block *nf
struct rq *rq;

switch (action) {
- case CPU_LOCK_ACQUIRE:
- mutex_lock(&sched_hotcpu_mutex);
- break;

case CPU_UP_PREPARE:
p = kthread_create(migration_thread, hcpu, "migration/%d",cpu);
@@ -5435,6 +5426,7 @@ migration_call(struct notifier_block *nf
case CPU_DEAD:
migrate_live_tasks(cpu);
rq = cpu_rq(cpu);
+ thaw_process(rq->migration_thread);
kthread_stop(rq->migration_thread);
rq->migration_thread = NULL;
/* Idle task back to normal (off runqueue, low prio) */
@@ -5447,8 +5439,7 @@ migration_call(struct notifier_block *nf
migrate_nr_uninterruptible(rq);
BUG_ON(rq->nr_running != 0);

- /* No need to migrate the tasks: it was best-effort if
- * they didn't take sched_hotcpu_mutex. Just wake up
+ /* No need to migrate the tasks: Just wake up
* the requestors. */
spin_lock_irq(&rq->lock);
while (!list_empty(&rq->migration_queue)) {
@@ -5462,9 +5453,6 @@ migration_call(struct notifier_block *nf
spin_unlock_irq(&rq->lock);
break;
#endif
- case CPU_LOCK_RELEASE:
- mutex_unlock(&sched_hotcpu_mutex);
- break;
}
return NOTIFY_OK;
}
@@ -6813,10 +6801,8 @@ int arch_reinit_sched_domains(void)
{
int err;

- mutex_lock(&sched_hotcpu_mutex);
detach_destroy_domains(&cpu_online_map);
err = arch_init_sched_domains(&cpu_online_map);
- mutex_unlock(&sched_hotcpu_mutex);

return err;
}
@@ -6921,12 +6907,10 @@ void __init sched_init_smp(void)
{
cpumask_t non_isolated_cpus;

- mutex_lock(&sched_hotcpu_mutex);
arch_init_sched_domains(&cpu_online_map);
cpus_andnot(non_isolated_cpus, cpu_possible_map, cpu_isolated_map);
if (cpus_empty(non_isolated_cpus))
cpu_set(smp_processor_id(), non_isolated_cpus);
- mutex_unlock(&sched_hotcpu_mutex);
/* XXX: Theoretical race here - CPU may be hotplugged now */
hotcpu_notifier(update_sched_domains, 0);

Index: linux-2.6.21-rc5/kernel/softlockup.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.21-rc5.orig/kernel/softlockup.c
+++ linux-2.6.21-rc5/kernel/softlockup.c
@@ -147,6 +147,7 @@ cpu_callback(struct notifier_block *nfb,
case CPU_DEAD:
p = per_cpu(watchdog_task, hotcpu);
per_cpu(watchdog_task, hotcpu) = NULL;
+ thaw_process(p);
kthread_stop(p);
break;
#endif /* CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU */
Index: linux-2.6.21-rc5/kernel/workqueue.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.21-rc5.orig/kernel/workqueue.c
+++ linux-2.6.21-rc5/kernel/workqueue.c
@@ -47,7 +47,10 @@ struct cpu_workqueue_struct {

struct workqueue_struct *wq;
struct task_struct *thread;
- int should_stop;
+ int status;
+ #define CWQ_RUNNING 0
+ #define CWQ_SHOULD_STOP 1
+ #define CWQ_STOPPED 2

int run_depth; /* Detect run_workqueue() recursion depth */
} ____cacheline_aligned;
@@ -272,13 +275,13 @@ static void run_workqueue(struct cpu_wor
*/
static int cwq_should_stop(struct cpu_workqueue_struct *cwq)
{
- int should_stop = cwq->should_stop;
+ int should_stop = cwq->status;

- if (unlikely(should_stop)) {
+ if (unlikely(should_stop == CWQ_SHOULD_STOP)) {
spin_lock_irq(&cwq->lock);
- should_stop = cwq->should_stop && list_empty(&cwq->worklist);
+ should_stop = cwq->status && list_empty(&cwq->worklist);
if (should_stop)
- cwq->thread = NULL;
+ cwq->status= CWQ_STOPPED;
spin_unlock_irq(&cwq->lock);
}

@@ -311,7 +314,7 @@ static int worker_thread(void *__cwq)
try_to_freeze();

prepare_to_wait(&cwq->more_work, &wait, TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
- if (!cwq->should_stop && list_empty(&cwq->worklist))
+ if (cwq->status == CWQ_RUNNING && list_empty(&cwq->worklist))
schedule();
finish_wait(&cwq->more_work, &wait);

@@ -643,7 +646,7 @@ static int create_workqueue_thread(struc
return PTR_ERR(p);

cwq->thread = p;
- cwq->should_stop = 0;
+ cwq->status = CWQ_RUNNING;
if (!is_single_threaded(wq))
kthread_bind(p, cpu);

@@ -707,21 +710,23 @@ static void cleanup_workqueue_thread(str
spin_lock_irq(&cwq->lock);
if (cwq->thread != NULL) {
insert_wq_barrier(cwq, &barr, 1);
- cwq->should_stop = 1;
+ cwq->status = CWQ_SHOULD_STOP;
alive = 1;
}
spin_unlock_irq(&cwq->lock);

if (alive) {
+ thaw_process(cwq->thread);
wait_for_completion(&barr.done);

- while (unlikely(cwq->thread != NULL))
+ while (unlikely(cwq->status != CWQ_STOPPED))
cpu_relax();
/*
* Wait until cwq->thread unlocks cwq->lock,
* it won't touch *cwq after that.
*/
smp_rmb();
+ cwq->thread = NULL;
spin_unlock_wait(&cwq->lock);
}
}
@@ -761,18 +766,11 @@ static int __devinit workqueue_cpu_callb
struct workqueue_struct *wq;

switch (action) {
- case CPU_LOCK_ACQUIRE:
- mutex_lock(&workqueue_mutex);
- return NOTIFY_OK;
-
- case CPU_LOCK_RELEASE:
- mutex_unlock(&workqueue_mutex);
- return NOTIFY_OK;
-
case CPU_UP_PREPARE:
cpu_set(cpu, cpu_populated_map);
}

+ mutex_lock(&workqueue_mutex);
list_for_each_entry(wq, &workqueues, list) {
cwq = per_cpu_ptr(wq->cpu_wq, cpu);

@@ -795,6 +793,7 @@ static int __devinit workqueue_cpu_callb
break;
}
}
+ mutex_unlock(&workqueue_mutex);

return NOTIFY_OK;
}
Index: linux-2.6.21-rc5/mm/slab.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.21-rc5.orig/mm/slab.c
+++ linux-2.6.21-rc5/mm/slab.c
@@ -1186,9 +1186,6 @@ static int __cpuinit cpuup_callback(stru
int memsize = sizeof(struct kmem_list3);

switch (action) {
- case CPU_LOCK_ACQUIRE:
- mutex_lock(&cache_chain_mutex);
- break;
case CPU_UP_PREPARE:
/*
* We need to do this right in the beginning since
@@ -1364,9 +1361,6 @@ free_array_cache:
drain_freelist(cachep, l3, l3->free_objects);
}
break;
- case CPU_LOCK_RELEASE:
- mutex_unlock(&cache_chain_mutex);
- break;
}
return NOTIFY_OK;
bad:
--
Gautham R Shenoy
Linux Technology Center
IBM India.
"Freedom comes with a price tag of responsibility, which is still a bargain,
because Freedom is priceless!"
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