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SubjectRe: [PATCH 07/10] uml: avoid fixing faults while atomic
"Paolo 'Blaisorblade' Giarrusso" <> wrote:
> From: Paolo 'Blaisorblade' Giarrusso <>
> Following i386, we should maybe refuse trying to fault in pages when we're
> doing atomic operations, because to handle the fault we could need to take
> already taken spinlocks.
> Also, if we're doing an atomic operation (in the sense of in_atomic()) we're
> surely in kernel mode and we're surely going to handle adequately the failed
> fault, so it's safe to behave this way.
> Currently, on UML SMP is rarely used, and we don't support PREEMPT, so this is
> unlikely to create problems right now, but it might in the future.

That's not really an accurate explanation/understanding of what's going on
in there.

There's an extremely special-case in the pagefault handlers where we fail
the fault if in_atomic(). It's unrelated to spinlocks (spinlocks don't
even cause in_atomic() to become true if !CONFIG_PREEMPT).

It has to do with kmap_atomic(). There's tricksy code in mm/filemap.c
which will fault the target page in by hand and will then take an atomic
kmap and will then raise current->preempt_count by hand, so in_atomic()
becomes true even if !COFNIG_PREEMPT.

So at this stage we expect to be able to do a copy_to/from_user to/from
pagecache without taking a fault, because we just faulted the page in by
hand. And we're not allowed to take a fault, because we're holding an
atomic kmap. But if we _do_ take a fault (extreme memory pressure, racing
munmap, etc) then we want to fail the pagefault immediately.

The in_atomic() test in x86's do_page_fault() is in fact a message passed
into it from filemap.c's kmap_atomic(). It has accidental side-effects,
such as making copy_to_user() fail if inside spinlocks when

So I think this change is only needed if UML implements kmap_atomic, as in
arch/i386/mm/highmem.c, which it surely does not do?

> diff --git a/arch/um/kernel/trap_kern.c b/arch/um/kernel/trap_kern.c
> --- a/arch/um/kernel/trap_kern.c
> +++ b/arch/um/kernel/trap_kern.c
> @@ -40,6 +40,12 @@ int handle_page_fault(unsigned long addr
> int err = -EFAULT;
> *code_out = SEGV_MAPERR;
> +
> + /* If the fault was during atomic operation, don't take the fault, just
> + * fail. */
> + if (in_atomic())
> + goto out_nosemaphore;
> +
> down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
> vma = find_vma(mm, address);
> if(!vma)
> @@ -90,6 +96,7 @@ survive:
> flush_tlb_page(vma, address);
> out:
> up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
> +out_nosemaphore:
> return(err);
> /*
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