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SubjectRe: [rfc] Near-constant time directory index for Ext2
Daniel Phillips wrote:
>
> "H. Peter Anvin" wrote:
> >
> > Daniel Phillips wrote:
> > >
> > > Have you looked at the structure and algorithms I'm using? I would not
> > > call this a hash table, nor is it a btree. It's a 'hash-keyed
> > > uniform-depth tree'. It never needs to be rehashed (though it might be
> > > worthwhile compacting it at some point). It also never needs to be
> > > rebalanced - it's only two levels deep for up to 50 million files.
> >
> > I'm curious how you do that. It seems each level would have to be 64K
> > large in order to do that, with a minimum disk space consumption of 128K
> > for a directory. That seems extremely painful *except* in the case of
> > hysterically large directories, which tend to be the exception even on
> > filesystems where they occur.
>
> Easy, with average dirent reclen of 16 bytes each directory leaf block
> can holds up to 256 entries. Each index block indexes 512 directory
> blocks and the root indexes 511 index blocks. Assuming the leaves are
> on average 75% full this gives:
>
> (4096 / 16) * 512 * 511 * .75 = 50,233,344
>

That's a three-level tree, not a two-level tree.

> I practice I'm getting a little more than 90,000 entries indexed by a
> *single* index block (the root) so I'm not just making this up.
>
> > I think I'd rather take the extra complexity and rebalancing cost of a
> > B-tree.
>
> Do you still think so?

I think so.

-hpa

--
<hpa@transmeta.com> at work, <hpa@zytor.com> in private!
"Unix gives you enough rope to shoot yourself in the foot."
http://www.zytor.com/~hpa/puzzle.txt
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