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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3] kprobe/ftrace: bail out if ftrace was killed
On Wed, 15 May 2024 15:18:08 -0700
Stephen Brennan <stephen.s.brennan@oracle.com> wrote:

> Masami Hiramatsu (Google) <mhiramat@kernel.org> writes:
> > On Thu, 2 May 2024 01:35:16 +0800
> > Guo Ren <guoren@kernel.org> wrote:
> >
> >> On Thu, May 2, 2024 at 12:30 AM Stephen Brennan
> >> <stephen.s.brennan@oracle.com> wrote:
> >> >
> >> > If an error happens in ftrace, ftrace_kill() will prevent disarming
> >> > kprobes. Eventually, the ftrace_ops associated with the kprobes will be
> >> > freed, yet the kprobes will still be active, and when triggered, they
> >> > will use the freed memory, likely resulting in a page fault and panic.
> >> >
> >> > This behavior can be reproduced quite easily, by creating a kprobe and
> >> > then triggering a ftrace_kill(). For simplicity, we can simulate an
> >> > ftrace error with a kernel module like [1]:
> >> >
> >> > [1]: https://github.com/brenns10/kernel_stuff/tree/master/ftrace_killer
> >> >
> >> > sudo perf probe --add commit_creds
> >> > sudo perf trace -e probe:commit_creds
> >> > # In another terminal
> >> > make
> >> > sudo insmod ftrace_killer.ko # calls ftrace_kill(), simulating bug
> >> > # Back to perf terminal
> >> > # ctrl-c
> >> > sudo perf probe --del commit_creds
> >> >
> >> > After a short period, a page fault and panic would occur as the kprobe
> >> > continues to execute and uses the freed ftrace_ops. While ftrace_kill()
> >> > is supposed to be used only in extreme circumstances, it is invoked in
> >> > FTRACE_WARN_ON() and so there are many places where an unexpected bug
> >> > could be triggered, yet the system may continue operating, possibly
> >> > without the administrator noticing. If ftrace_kill() does not panic the
> >> > system, then we should do everything we can to continue operating,
> >> > rather than leave a ticking time bomb.
> >> >
> >> > Signed-off-by: Stephen Brennan <stephen.s.brennan@oracle.com>
> >> > ---
> >> > Changes in v3:
> >> > Don't expose ftrace_is_dead(). Create a "kprobe_ftrace_disabled"
> >> > variable and check it directly in the kprobe handlers.
> >> > Link to v1/v2 discussion:
> >> > https://lore.kernel.org/all/20240426225834.993353-1-stephen.s.brennan@oracle.com/
> >> >
> >> > arch/csky/kernel/probes/ftrace.c | 3 +++
> >> > arch/loongarch/kernel/ftrace_dyn.c | 3 +++
> >> > arch/parisc/kernel/ftrace.c | 3 +++
> >> > arch/powerpc/kernel/kprobes-ftrace.c | 3 +++
> >> > arch/riscv/kernel/probes/ftrace.c | 3 +++
> >> > arch/s390/kernel/ftrace.c | 3 +++
> >> > arch/x86/kernel/kprobes/ftrace.c | 3 +++
> >> > include/linux/kprobes.h | 7 +++++++
> >> > kernel/kprobes.c | 6 ++++++
> >> > kernel/trace/ftrace.c | 1 +
> >> > 10 files changed, 35 insertions(+)
> >> >
> >> > diff --git a/arch/csky/kernel/probes/ftrace.c b/arch/csky/kernel/probes/ftrace.c
> >> > index 834cffcfbce3..7ba4b98076de 100644
> >> > --- a/arch/csky/kernel/probes/ftrace.c
> >> > +++ b/arch/csky/kernel/probes/ftrace.c
> >> > @@ -12,6 +12,9 @@ void kprobe_ftrace_handler(unsigned long ip, unsigned long parent_ip,
> >> > struct kprobe_ctlblk *kcb;
> >> > struct pt_regs *regs;
> >> >
> >> > + if (unlikely(kprobe_ftrace_disabled))
> >> > + return;
> >> > +
> >> For csky part.
> >> Acked-by: Guo Ren <guoren@kernel.org>
> >
> > Thanks Stephen, Guo and Steve!
> >
> > Let me pick this to probes/for-next!
>
> Thank you Masami!
>
> I did want to check, is this the correct git tree to be watching?
>
> https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/trace/linux-trace.git/log/?h=probes/for-next
>
> ( I'm not trying to pressure on timing, as I know the merge window is
> hectic. Just making sure I'm watching the correct place! )

Sorry, I forgot to push it from my local tree. Now it should be there.

Thanks,

--
Masami Hiramatsu (Google) <mhiramat@kernel.org>

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