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SubjectRe: [PATCH v4 02/27] ntsync: Introduce NTSYNC_IOC_WAIT_ALL.
On Thu, Apr 18, 2024 at 11:35:11AM +0200, Peter Zijlstra wrote:
> On Wed, Apr 17, 2024 at 03:03:05PM -0500, Elizabeth Figura wrote:
>
> > Ach. I wrote this with the idea that the race isn't meaningful, but
> > looking at it again you're right—there is a harmful race here.
> >
> > I think it should be fixable by moving the atomic_read inside the lock,
> > though.
>
> Right, I've ended up with the (as yet untested) below. I'll see if I can
> find time later to actually test things.

Latest hackery... I tried testing this but I'm not having luck using the
patched wine as per the other email.

---
--- a/drivers/misc/ntsync.c
+++ b/drivers/misc/ntsync.c
@@ -18,6 +18,7 @@
#include <linux/sched/signal.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
+#include <linux/mutex.h>
#include <uapi/linux/ntsync.h>

#define NTSYNC_NAME "ntsync"
@@ -43,6 +44,7 @@ enum ntsync_type {

struct ntsync_obj {
spinlock_t lock;
+ int dev_locked;

enum ntsync_type type;

@@ -132,14 +134,107 @@ struct ntsync_device {
* wait_all_lock is taken first whenever multiple objects must be locked
* at the same time.
*/
- spinlock_t wait_all_lock;
+ struct mutex wait_all_lock;

struct file *file;
};

+/*
+ * Single objects are locked using obj->lock.
+ *
+ * Multiple objects are 'locked' while holding dev->wait_all_lock to avoid lock
+ * order issues. In this case however, single objects are not locked by holding
+ * obj->lock, but by setting obj->dev_locked.
+ *
+ * This means that in order to lock a single object, the sequence is slightly
+ * more complicated than usual. Specifically it needs to check obj->dev_locked
+ * after acquiring obj->lock, if set, it needs to drop the lock and acquire
+ * dev->wait_all_lock in order to serialize against the multi-object operation.
+ */
+
+static void dev_lock_obj(struct ntsync_device *dev, struct ntsync_obj *obj)
+{
+ lockdep_assert_held(&dev->wait_all_lock);
+ lockdep_assert(obj->dev == dev);
+ spin_lock(&obj->lock);
+ /*
+ * By setting obj->dev_locked inside obj->lock, it is ensured that
+ * anyone holding obj->lock must see the value.
+ */
+ obj->dev_locked = 1;
+ spin_unlock(&obj->lock);
+}
+
+static void dev_unlock_obj(struct ntsync_device *dev, struct ntsync_obj *obj)
+{
+ lockdep_assert_held(&dev->wait_all_lock);
+ lockdep_assert(obj->dev == dev);
+ spin_lock(&obj->lock);
+ obj->dev_locked = 0;
+ spin_unlock(&obj->lock);
+}
+
+static void obj_lock(struct ntsync_obj *obj)
+{
+ struct ntsync_device *dev = obj->dev;
+
+ for (;;) {
+ spin_lock(&obj->lock);
+ if (likely(!obj->dev_locked))
+ break;
+
+ spin_unlock(&obj->lock);
+ mutex_lock(&dev->wait_all_lock);
+ spin_lock(&obj->lock);
+ /*
+ * obj->dev_locked should be set and released under the same
+ * wait_all_lock section, since we now own this lock, it should
+ * be clear.
+ */
+ lockdep_assert(!obj->dev_locked);
+ spin_unlock(&obj->lock);
+ mutex_unlock(&dev->wait_all_lock);
+ }
+}
+
+static void obj_unlock(struct ntsync_obj *obj)
+{
+ spin_unlock(&obj->lock);
+}
+
+static bool ntsync_lock_obj(struct ntsync_device *dev, struct ntsync_obj *obj)
+{
+ bool all;
+
+ obj_lock(obj);
+ all = atomic_read(&obj->all_hint);
+ if (unlikely(all)) {
+ obj_unlock(obj);
+ mutex_lock(&dev->wait_all_lock);
+ dev_lock_obj(dev, obj);
+ }
+
+ return all;
+}
+
+static void ntsync_unlock_obj(struct ntsync_device *dev, struct ntsync_obj *obj, bool all)
+{
+ if (all) {
+ dev_unlock_obj(dev, obj);
+ mutex_unlock(&dev->wait_all_lock);
+ } else {
+ obj_unlock(obj);
+ }
+}
+
+#define ntsync_assert_held(obj) \
+ lockdep_assert((lockdep_is_held(&(obj)->lock) != LOCK_STATE_NOT_HELD) || \
+ ((lockdep_is_held(&(obj)->dev->wait_all_lock) != LOCK_STATE_NOT_HELD) && \
+ (obj)->dev_locked))
+
static bool is_signaled(struct ntsync_obj *obj, __u32 owner)
{
- lockdep_assert_held(&obj->lock);
+ ntsync_assert_held(obj);

switch (obj->type) {
case NTSYNC_TYPE_SEM:
@@ -171,11 +266,11 @@ static void try_wake_all(struct ntsync_d

lockdep_assert_held(&dev->wait_all_lock);
if (locked_obj)
- lockdep_assert_held(&locked_obj->lock);
+ lockdep_assert(locked_obj->dev_locked);

for (i = 0; i < count; i++) {
if (q->entries[i].obj != locked_obj)
- spin_lock_nest_lock(&q->entries[i].obj->lock, &dev->wait_all_lock);
+ dev_lock_obj(dev, q->entries[i].obj);
}

for (i = 0; i < count; i++) {
@@ -211,7 +306,7 @@ static void try_wake_all(struct ntsync_d

for (i = 0; i < count; i++) {
if (q->entries[i].obj != locked_obj)
- spin_unlock(&q->entries[i].obj->lock);
+ dev_unlock_obj(dev, q->entries[i].obj);
}
}

@@ -220,7 +315,7 @@ static void try_wake_all_obj(struct ntsy
struct ntsync_q_entry *entry;

lockdep_assert_held(&dev->wait_all_lock);
- lockdep_assert_held(&obj->lock);
+ lockdep_assert(obj->dev_locked);

list_for_each_entry(entry, &obj->all_waiters, node)
try_wake_all(dev, entry->q, obj);
@@ -230,7 +325,8 @@ static void try_wake_any_sem(struct ntsy
{
struct ntsync_q_entry *entry;

- lockdep_assert_held(&sem->lock);
+ ntsync_assert_held(sem);
+ lockdep_assert(sem->type == NTSYNC_TYPE_SEM);

list_for_each_entry(entry, &sem->any_waiters, node) {
struct ntsync_q *q = entry->q;
@@ -250,7 +346,8 @@ static void try_wake_any_mutex(struct nt
{
struct ntsync_q_entry *entry;

- lockdep_assert_held(&mutex->lock);
+ ntsync_assert_held(mutex);
+ lockdep_assert(mutex->type == NTSYNC_TYPE_MUTEX);

list_for_each_entry(entry, &mutex->any_waiters, node) {
struct ntsync_q *q = entry->q;
@@ -276,7 +373,8 @@ static void try_wake_any_event(struct nt
{
struct ntsync_q_entry *entry;

- lockdep_assert_held(&event->lock);
+ ntsync_assert_held(event);
+ lockdep_assert(event->type == NTSYNC_TYPE_EVENT);

list_for_each_entry(entry, &event->any_waiters, node) {
struct ntsync_q *q = entry->q;
@@ -302,6 +400,7 @@ static int post_sem_state(struct ntsync_
__u32 sum;

lockdep_assert_held(&sem->lock);
+ lockdep_assert(sem->type == NTSYNC_TYPE_SEM);

if (check_add_overflow(sem->u.sem.count, count, &sum) ||
sum > sem->u.sem.max)
@@ -317,6 +416,7 @@ static int ntsync_sem_post(struct ntsync
__u32 __user *user_args = argp;
__u32 prev_count;
__u32 args;
+ bool all;
int ret;

if (copy_from_user(&args, argp, sizeof(args)))
@@ -325,30 +425,18 @@ static int ntsync_sem_post(struct ntsync
if (sem->type != NTSYNC_TYPE_SEM)
return -EINVAL;

- if (atomic_read(&sem->all_hint) > 0) {
- spin_lock(&dev->wait_all_lock);
- spin_lock_nest_lock(&sem->lock, &dev->wait_all_lock);
-
- prev_count = sem->u.sem.count;
- ret = post_sem_state(sem, args);
- if (!ret) {
- try_wake_all_obj(dev, sem);
- try_wake_any_sem(sem);
- }
-
- spin_unlock(&sem->lock);
- spin_unlock(&dev->wait_all_lock);
- } else {
- spin_lock(&sem->lock);
+ all = ntsync_lock_obj(dev, sem);

- prev_count = sem->u.sem.count;
- ret = post_sem_state(sem, args);
- if (!ret)
- try_wake_any_sem(sem);
-
- spin_unlock(&sem->lock);
+ prev_count = sem->u.sem.count;
+ ret = post_sem_state(sem, args);
+ if (!ret) {
+ if (all)
+ try_wake_all_obj(dev, sem);
+ try_wake_any_sem(sem);
}

+ ntsync_unlock_obj(dev, sem, all);
+
if (!ret && put_user(prev_count, user_args))
ret = -EFAULT;

@@ -377,6 +465,7 @@ static int ntsync_mutex_unlock(struct nt
struct ntsync_device *dev = mutex->dev;
struct ntsync_mutex_args args;
__u32 prev_count;
+ bool all;
int ret;

if (copy_from_user(&args, argp, sizeof(args)))
@@ -387,30 +476,18 @@ static int ntsync_mutex_unlock(struct nt
if (mutex->type != NTSYNC_TYPE_MUTEX)
return -EINVAL;

- if (atomic_read(&mutex->all_hint) > 0) {
- spin_lock(&dev->wait_all_lock);
- spin_lock_nest_lock(&mutex->lock, &dev->wait_all_lock);
-
- prev_count = mutex->u.mutex.count;
- ret = unlock_mutex_state(mutex, &args);
- if (!ret) {
- try_wake_all_obj(dev, mutex);
- try_wake_any_mutex(mutex);
- }
+ all = ntsync_lock_obj(dev, mutex);

- spin_unlock(&mutex->lock);
- spin_unlock(&dev->wait_all_lock);
- } else {
- spin_lock(&mutex->lock);
-
- prev_count = mutex->u.mutex.count;
- ret = unlock_mutex_state(mutex, &args);
- if (!ret)
- try_wake_any_mutex(mutex);
-
- spin_unlock(&mutex->lock);
+ prev_count = mutex->u.mutex.count;
+ ret = unlock_mutex_state(mutex, &args);
+ if (!ret) {
+ if (all)
+ try_wake_all_obj(dev, mutex);
+ try_wake_any_mutex(mutex);
}

+ ntsync_unlock_obj(dev, mutex, all);
+
if (!ret && put_user(prev_count, &user_args->count))
ret = -EFAULT;

@@ -438,6 +515,7 @@ static int ntsync_mutex_kill(struct ntsy
{
struct ntsync_device *dev = mutex->dev;
__u32 owner;
+ bool all;
int ret;

if (get_user(owner, (__u32 __user *)argp))
@@ -448,28 +526,17 @@ static int ntsync_mutex_kill(struct ntsy
if (mutex->type != NTSYNC_TYPE_MUTEX)
return -EINVAL;

- if (atomic_read(&mutex->all_hint) > 0) {
- spin_lock(&dev->wait_all_lock);
- spin_lock_nest_lock(&mutex->lock, &dev->wait_all_lock);
+ all = ntsync_lock_obj(dev, mutex);

- ret = kill_mutex_state(mutex, owner);
- if (!ret) {
+ ret = kill_mutex_state(mutex, owner);
+ if (!ret) {
+ if (all)
try_wake_all_obj(dev, mutex);
- try_wake_any_mutex(mutex);
- }
-
- spin_unlock(&mutex->lock);
- spin_unlock(&dev->wait_all_lock);
- } else {
- spin_lock(&mutex->lock);
-
- ret = kill_mutex_state(mutex, owner);
- if (!ret)
- try_wake_any_mutex(mutex);
-
- spin_unlock(&mutex->lock);
+ try_wake_any_mutex(mutex);
}

+ ntsync_unlock_obj(dev, mutex, all);
+
return ret;
}

@@ -477,34 +544,22 @@ static int ntsync_event_set(struct ntsyn
{
struct ntsync_device *dev = event->dev;
__u32 prev_state;
+ bool all;

if (event->type != NTSYNC_TYPE_EVENT)
return -EINVAL;

- if (atomic_read(&event->all_hint) > 0) {
- spin_lock(&dev->wait_all_lock);
- spin_lock_nest_lock(&event->lock, &dev->wait_all_lock);
+ all = ntsync_lock_obj(dev, event);

- prev_state = event->u.event.signaled;
- event->u.event.signaled = true;
+ prev_state = event->u.event.signaled;
+ event->u.event.signaled = true;
+ if (all)
try_wake_all_obj(dev, event);
- try_wake_any_event(event);
- if (pulse)
- event->u.event.signaled = false;
+ try_wake_any_event(event);
+ if (pulse)
+ event->u.event.signaled = false;

- spin_unlock(&event->lock);
- spin_unlock(&dev->wait_all_lock);
- } else {
- spin_lock(&event->lock);
-
- prev_state = event->u.event.signaled;
- event->u.event.signaled = true;
- try_wake_any_event(event);
- if (pulse)
- event->u.event.signaled = false;
-
- spin_unlock(&event->lock);
- }
+ ntsync_unlock_obj(dev, event, all);

if (put_user(prev_state, (__u32 __user *)argp))
return -EFAULT;
@@ -984,7 +1039,7 @@ static int ntsync_wait_all(struct ntsync

/* queue ourselves */

- spin_lock(&dev->wait_all_lock);
+ mutex_lock(&dev->wait_all_lock);

for (i = 0; i < args.count; i++) {
struct ntsync_q_entry *entry = &q->entries[i];
@@ -1004,7 +1059,7 @@ static int ntsync_wait_all(struct ntsync

try_wake_all(dev, q, NULL);

- spin_unlock(&dev->wait_all_lock);
+ mutex_unlock(&dev->wait_all_lock);

/* sleep */

@@ -1012,7 +1067,7 @@ static int ntsync_wait_all(struct ntsync

/* and finally, unqueue */

- spin_lock(&dev->wait_all_lock);
+ mutex_lock(&dev->wait_all_lock);

for (i = 0; i < args.count; i++) {
struct ntsync_q_entry *entry = &q->entries[i];
@@ -1029,7 +1084,7 @@ static int ntsync_wait_all(struct ntsync
put_obj(obj);
}

- spin_unlock(&dev->wait_all_lock);
+ mutex_unlock(&dev->wait_all_lock);

signaled = atomic_read(&q->signaled);
if (signaled != -1) {
@@ -1056,7 +1111,7 @@ static int ntsync_char_open(struct inode
if (!dev)
return -ENOMEM;

- spin_lock_init(&dev->wait_all_lock);
+ mutex_init(&dev->wait_all_lock);

file->private_data = dev;
dev->file = file;
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