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SubjectRe: [PATCH 1/4] KVM: delete .change_pte MMU notifier callback
On Thu, Apr 18, 2024 at 12:53:26PM -0700, Sean Christopherson wrote:
> On Thu, Apr 18, 2024, Will Deacon wrote:
> > On Mon, Apr 15, 2024 at 10:03:51AM -0700, Sean Christopherson wrote:
> > > On Sat, Apr 13, 2024, Marc Zyngier wrote:
> > > > On Fri, 12 Apr 2024 15:54:22 +0100, Sean Christopherson <seanjc@google.com> wrote:
> > > > >
> > > > > On Fri, Apr 12, 2024, Marc Zyngier wrote:
> > > > > > On Fri, 12 Apr 2024 11:44:09 +0100, Will Deacon <will@kernel.org> wrote:
> > > > > > > On Fri, Apr 05, 2024 at 07:58:12AM -0400, Paolo Bonzini wrote:
> > > > > > > Also, if you're in the business of hacking the MMU notifier code, it
> > > > > > > would be really great to change the .clear_flush_young() callback so
> > > > > > > that the architecture could handle the TLB invalidation. At the moment,
> > > > > > > the core KVM code invalidates the whole VMID courtesy of 'flush_on_ret'
> > > > > > > being set by kvm_handle_hva_range(), whereas we could do a much
> > > > > > > lighter-weight and targetted TLBI in the architecture page-table code
> > > > > > > when we actually update the ptes for small ranges.
> > > > > >
> > > > > > Indeed, and I was looking at this earlier this week as it has a pretty
> > > > > > devastating effect with NV (it blows the shadow S2 for that VMID, with
> > > > > > costly consequences).
> > > > > >
> > > > > > In general, it feels like the TLB invalidation should stay with the
> > > > > > code that deals with the page tables, as it has a pretty good idea of
> > > > > > what needs to be invalidated and how -- specially on architectures
> > > > > > that have a HW-broadcast facility like arm64.
> > > > >
> > > > > Would this be roughly on par with an in-line flush on arm64? The simpler, more
> > > > > straightforward solution would be to let architectures override flush_on_ret,
> > > > > but I would prefer something like the below as x86 can also utilize a range-based
> > > > > flush when running as a nested hypervisor.
> > >
> > > ...
> > >
> > > > I think this works for us on HW that has range invalidation, which
> > > > would already be a positive move.
> > > >
> > > > For the lesser HW that isn't range capable, it also gives the
> > > > opportunity to perform the iteration ourselves or go for the nuclear
> > > > option if the range is larger than some arbitrary constant (though
> > > > this is additional work).
> > > >
> > > > But this still considers the whole range as being affected by
> > > > range->handler(). It'd be interesting to try and see whether more
> > > > precise tracking is (or isn't) generally beneficial.
> > >
> > > I assume the idea would be to let arch code do single-page invalidations of
> > > stage-2 entries for each gfn?
> >
> > Right, as it's the only code which knows which ptes actually ended up
> > being aged.
> >
> > > Unless I'm having a brain fart, x86 can't make use of that functionality. Intel
> > > doesn't provide any way to do targeted invalidation of stage-2 mappings. AMD
> > > provides an instruction to do broadcast invalidations, but it takes a virtual
> > > address, i.e. a stage-1 address. I can't tell if it's a host virtual address or
> > > a guest virtual address, but it's a moot point because KVM doen't have the guest
> > > virtual address, and if it's a host virtual address, there would need to be valid
> > > mappings in the host page tables for it to work, which KVM can't guarantee.
> >
> > Ah, so it sounds like it would need to be an arch opt-in then.
>
> Even if x86 (or some other arch code) could use the precise tracking, I think it
> would make sense to have the behavior be arch specific. Adding infrastructure
> to get information from arch code, only to turn around and give it back to arch
> code would be odd.

Sorry, yes, that's what I had in mind. Basically, a way for the arch code
to say "I've handled the TLBI, don't worry about it."

> Unless arm64 can't do the invalidation immediately after aging the stage-2 PTE,
> the best/easiest solution would be to let arm64 opt out of the common TLB flush
> when a SPTE is made young.
>
> With the range-based flushing bundled in, this?
>
> ---
> include/linux/kvm_host.h | 2 ++
> virt/kvm/kvm_main.c | 40 +++++++++++++++++++++++++---------------
> 2 files changed, 27 insertions(+), 15 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/include/linux/kvm_host.h b/include/linux/kvm_host.h
> index afbc99264ffa..8fe5f5e16919 100644
> --- a/include/linux/kvm_host.h
> +++ b/include/linux/kvm_host.h
> @@ -2010,6 +2010,8 @@ extern const struct kvm_stats_header kvm_vcpu_stats_header;
> extern const struct _kvm_stats_desc kvm_vcpu_stats_desc[];
>
> #ifdef CONFIG_KVM_GENERIC_MMU_NOTIFIER
> +int kvm_arch_flush_tlb_if_young(void);
> +
> static inline int mmu_invalidate_retry(struct kvm *kvm, unsigned long mmu_seq)
> {
> if (unlikely(kvm->mmu_invalidate_in_progress))
> diff --git a/virt/kvm/kvm_main.c b/virt/kvm/kvm_main.c
> index 38b498669ef9..5ebef8ef239c 100644
> --- a/virt/kvm/kvm_main.c
> +++ b/virt/kvm/kvm_main.c
> @@ -595,6 +595,11 @@ static void kvm_null_fn(void)
> }
> #define IS_KVM_NULL_FN(fn) ((fn) == (void *)kvm_null_fn)
>
> +int __weak kvm_arch_flush_tlb_if_young(void)
> +{
> + return true;
> +}

I tend to find __weak functions a little ugly, but I think the gist of the
diff looks good to me. Thanks for putting it together!

> +
> /* Iterate over each memslot intersecting [start, last] (inclusive) range */
> #define kvm_for_each_memslot_in_hva_range(node, slots, start, last) \
> for (node = interval_tree_iter_first(&slots->hva_tree, start, last); \
> @@ -611,6 +616,7 @@ static __always_inline kvm_mn_ret_t __kvm_handle_hva_range(struct kvm *kvm,
> struct kvm_gfn_range gfn_range;
> struct kvm_memory_slot *slot;
> struct kvm_memslots *slots;
> + bool need_flush = false;
> int i, idx;
>
> if (WARN_ON_ONCE(range->end <= range->start))
> @@ -663,10 +669,22 @@ static __always_inline kvm_mn_ret_t __kvm_handle_hva_range(struct kvm *kvm,
> break;
> }
> r.ret |= range->handler(kvm, &gfn_range);
> +
> + /*
> + * Use a precise gfn-based TLB flush when possible, as
> + * most mmu_notifier events affect a small-ish range.
> + * Fall back to a full TLB flush if the gfn-based flush
> + * fails, and don't bother trying the gfn-based flush
> + * if a full flush is already pending.
> + */
> + if (range->flush_on_ret && !need_flush && r.ret &&
> + kvm_arch_flush_remote_tlbs_range(kvm, gfn_range.start,
> + gfn_range.end - gfn_range.start + 1))

What's that '+ 1' needed for here?

Will

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