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SubjectRe: [PATCH] eventfs: Have inodes have unique inode numbers
On Fri, 26 Jan 2024 at 13:49, Linus Torvalds
<> wrote:
> For example, what purpose does 'e->dentry' and 'ei->d_childen[]' have?
> Isn't that entirely a left-over from the bad old days?
> So please try to look at things to *fix* and simplify, not at things
> to mess around with and make more complicated.

So here's an attempt at some fairly trivial but entirely untested cleanup.

I have *not* tested this at all, and I assume you have some extensive
test-suite that you run. So these are "signed-off' in the sense that
the patch looks fine, it builds in one configuration for me, but maybe
there's something really odd going on.

The first patch is trivial dead code removal.

The second patch is because I really do not understand the reason for
the 'ei->dentry' pointer, and it just looks messy.

It looks _particularly_ messy when it is mixed up in operations that
really do not need it and really shouldn't use it.

The eventfs_find_events() code was using the dentry parent pointer to
find the parent (fine, and simple), then looking up the tracefs inode
using that (fine so far), but then it looked up the dentry using
*that*. But it already *had* the dentry - it's that parent dentry it
just used to find the tracefs inode. The code looked nonsensical.

Similarly, it then (in the set_top_events_ownership() helper) used
'ei->dentry' to update the events attr, but all that really wants is
the superblock root. So instead of passing a dentry, just pass the
superblock pointer, which you can find in either the dentry or in the
VFS inode, depending on which level you're working at.

There are tons of other 'ei->dentry' uses, and I didn't look at those.
Baby steps. But this *seems* like an obvious cleanup, and many small
obvious cleanups later and perhaps the 'ei->dentry' pointer (and the
'->d_children[]' array) can eventually go away. They should all be
entirely useless - there's really no reason for a filesystem to hold
on to back-pointers of dentries.

Anybody willing to run the test-suite on this?

From d741cbf038034e39a67c9e61cc9cdc3931b2a7a3 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Linus Torvalds <>
Date: Sat, 27 Jan 2024 13:21:14 -0800
Subject: [PATCH 1/2] tracefs: remove stale 'update_gid' code

The 'eventfs_update_gid()' function is no longer called, so remove it
(and the helper function it uses).

Fixes: 8186fff7ab64 ("tracefs/eventfs: Use root and instance inodes as default ownership")
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
fs/tracefs/event_inode.c | 38 --------------------------------------
fs/tracefs/internal.h | 1 -
2 files changed, 39 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/tracefs/event_inode.c b/fs/tracefs/event_inode.c
index 6b211522a13e..1c3dd0ad4660 100644
--- a/fs/tracefs/event_inode.c
+++ b/fs/tracefs/event_inode.c
@@ -281,44 +281,6 @@ static void update_inode_attr(struct dentry *dentry, struct inode *inode,
inode->i_gid = attr->gid;

-static void update_gid(struct eventfs_inode *ei, kgid_t gid, int level)
- struct eventfs_inode *ei_child;
- /* at most we have events/system/event */
- if (WARN_ON_ONCE(level > 3))
- return;
- ei->attr.gid = gid;
- if (ei->entry_attrs) {
- for (int i = 0; i < ei->nr_entries; i++) {
- ei->entry_attrs[i].gid = gid;
- }
- }
- /*
- * Only eventfs_inode with dentries are updated, make sure
- * all eventfs_inodes are updated. If one of the children
- * do not have a dentry, this function must traverse it.
- */
- list_for_each_entry_srcu(ei_child, &ei->children, list,
- srcu_read_lock_held(&eventfs_srcu)) {
- if (!ei_child->dentry)
- update_gid(ei_child, gid, level + 1);
- }
-void eventfs_update_gid(struct dentry *dentry, kgid_t gid)
- struct eventfs_inode *ei = dentry->d_fsdata;
- int idx;
- idx = srcu_read_lock(&eventfs_srcu);
- update_gid(ei, gid, 0);
- srcu_read_unlock(&eventfs_srcu, idx);
* create_file - create a file in the tracefs filesystem
* @name: the name of the file to create.
diff --git a/fs/tracefs/internal.h b/fs/tracefs/internal.h
index 45397df9bb65..91c2bf0b91d9 100644
--- a/fs/tracefs/internal.h
+++ b/fs/tracefs/internal.h
@@ -82,7 +82,6 @@ struct inode *tracefs_get_inode(struct super_block *sb);
struct dentry *eventfs_start_creating(const char *name, struct dentry *parent);
struct dentry *eventfs_failed_creating(struct dentry *dentry);
struct dentry *eventfs_end_creating(struct dentry *dentry);
-void eventfs_update_gid(struct dentry *dentry, kgid_t gid);
void eventfs_set_ei_status_free(struct tracefs_inode *ti, struct dentry *dentry);

#endif /* _TRACEFS_INTERNAL_H */
From 49b0084e022359f097c09569c199fc7dfecd47e9 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Linus Torvalds <>
Date: Sat, 27 Jan 2024 13:27:01 -0800
Subject: [PATCH 2/2] tracefs: avoid using the ei->dentry pointer unnecessarily

The eventfs_find_events() code tries to walk up the tree to find the
event directory that a dentry belongs to, in order to then find the
eventfs inode that is associated with that event directory.

However, it uses an odd combination of walking the dentry parent,
looking up the eventfs inode associated with that, and then looking up
the dentry from there. Repeat.

But the code shouldn't have back-pointers to dentries in the first
place, and it should just walk the dentry parenthood chain directly.

Similarly, 'set_top_events_ownership()' looks up the dentry from the
eventfs inode, but the only reason it wants a dentry is to look up the
superblock in order to look up the root dentry.

But it already has the real filesystem inode, which has that same
superblock pointer. So just pass in the superblock pointer using the
information that's already there, instead of looking up extraneous data
that is irrelevant.

Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
fs/tracefs/event_inode.c | 26 ++++++++++++--------------
1 file changed, 12 insertions(+), 14 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/tracefs/event_inode.c b/fs/tracefs/event_inode.c
index 1c3dd0ad4660..2d128bedd654 100644
--- a/fs/tracefs/event_inode.c
+++ b/fs/tracefs/event_inode.c
@@ -156,33 +156,30 @@ static int eventfs_set_attr(struct mnt_idmap *idmap, struct dentry *dentry,
return ret;

-static void update_top_events_attr(struct eventfs_inode *ei, struct dentry *dentry)
+static void update_top_events_attr(struct eventfs_inode *ei, struct super_block *sb)
- struct inode *inode;
+ struct inode *root;

/* Only update if the "events" was on the top level */
if (!ei || !(ei->attr.mode & EVENTFS_TOPLEVEL))

/* Get the tracefs root inode. */
- inode = d_inode(dentry->d_sb->s_root);
- ei->attr.uid = inode->i_uid;
- ei->attr.gid = inode->i_gid;
+ root = d_inode(sb->s_root);
+ ei->attr.uid = root->i_uid;
+ ei->attr.gid = root->i_gid;

static void set_top_events_ownership(struct inode *inode)
struct tracefs_inode *ti = get_tracefs(inode);
struct eventfs_inode *ei = ti->private;
- struct dentry *dentry;

/* The top events directory doesn't get automatically updated */
if (!ei || !ei->is_events || !(ei->attr.mode & EVENTFS_TOPLEVEL))

- dentry = ei->dentry;
- update_top_events_attr(ei, dentry);
+ update_top_events_attr(ei, inode->i_sb);

if (!(ei->attr.mode & EVENTFS_SAVE_UID))
inode->i_uid = ei->attr.uid;
@@ -235,8 +232,10 @@ static struct eventfs_inode *eventfs_find_events(struct dentry *dentry)

do {
- /* The parent always has an ei, except for events itself */
- ei = dentry->d_parent->d_fsdata;
+ // The parent is stable because we do not do renames
+ dentry = dentry->d_parent;
+ // ... and directories always have d_fsdata
+ ei = dentry->d_fsdata;

* If the ei is being freed, the ownership of the children
@@ -246,12 +245,11 @@ static struct eventfs_inode *eventfs_find_events(struct dentry *dentry)
ei = NULL;
- dentry = ei->dentry;
+ // Walk upwards until you find the events inode
} while (!ei->is_events);

- update_top_events_attr(ei, dentry);
+ update_top_events_attr(ei, dentry->d_sb);

return ei;
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