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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3] Add .editorconfig file for basic formatting
On Fri, May 26, 2023 at 11:16 PM Miguel Ojeda
<miguel.ojeda.sandonis@gmail.com> wrote:
>
> On Mon, May 8, 2023 at 10:59 AM Íñigo Huguet <ihuguet@redhat.com> wrote:
> >
> > Originally I sampled manually, but I have crafted a script to collect
> > more data. It's not 100% reliable, but good to get an idea. It reads
> > the leading whitespaces and if >80% of the lines have one kind of
> > indentation, it considers that it's the one used in that file. The
> > results, filtered to show only the relevant ones, are pasted at the
> > end.
>
> This is useful -- thanks a lot for working on collecting it!
>
> > These are some personal conclusions from the script's results:
> > - .py: although the official and most widely used style in the
> > community is 4-space indentation, in Linux tree many files use tabs.
> > What should we do here? 4-space is the clear standard for python...
>
> Yeah, this is the kind of thing that worries me and why I asked --
> what do editors do when they have the config saying it is 4-spaces,
> but the file is tabs? Do they adjust, do they convert the entire file,
> or do they simply start mixing indentation styles? Does the
> `.editorconfig` spec say anything about it? For instance, here is an
> issue about this sort of problem:
>
> https://github.com/editorconfig/editorconfig-vscode/issues/329
>
> If the rule could be applied only to new files, then it would be
> fairly easy to decide, given the majority uses 4-spaces and it nicely
> aligns with PEP 8, Black, etc. But unless we are quite sure we are not
> annoying developers, I would avoid specifying anything in these cases.

I don't think it's possible to apply only to new files, and if it were
possible, it would be up to each editor plugin, not editorconfig
"core".

What we can do is differentiate some directories, see below.

> In some cases (e.g. few files), you may be able to propose to
> normalize the indentation style treewide for that extension.
>
> > - .rb: only one file in the whole tree
> > - .pm: only 3 files in the whole tree
>
> I guess you could also ignore extensions without many matches in order
> to simplify -- they can always be added later, ideally by their
> maintainers.

Agree

> > - Files with many different indentations, better not to specify them:
> > rst, cocci, tc, xsl, manual pages
> > - Files that we should specify, tab indented: awk, dts, dtsi, dtso, s, S
> > - Files that we might specify, with preference for tab indenting but
> > not 100% clear: sh, bash, pl

Not sure what to do with these 3 (sh, bash, pl): a big majority are
tab indented, but there are some files with inconsistent indentations
within the same file (i.e. scripts/get_maintainer.pl). Honestly I
would be tempted of adding them too.

> > - Files in tools/perf/scripts/*/bin/*: there is no clear formatting
> > for any file type, only for .py files that are tab-indented. To get
> > these results I've run my script from tools/perf/scripts directory.
>
> If all Python tab-indented files are in a given folder, then would it
> be possible to provide an `.editorconfig` for that folder, and then
> 4-spaces for the global one? i.e. splitting the problem across folders
> may be a solution (within reason, of course, i.e. as long as we don't
> fill the kernel with `.editorconfig` files... :)

We don't need to create different .editorconfig files. A single
.editorconfig must be read from top to bottom, with the last setting
that matched taking precedence, per the spec.
At the end of this message there is the list of all python files in
the source tree with their indentation style. According to that, we
could use this config:

[*.py]
indent_style = space
indent_size = 4

[tools/{perf,power,rcu,testing/kunit}/**.py,]
indent_style = tab
indent_size = 8

> > I'm only aware of Clang and Rust formatter configs in Linux tree, and
> > I think this complies with them. Do you know about any other?
>
> There is `scripts/checkpatch.pl`, which I guess may be counted as one
> since one can fix what it complains about manually (and I think it has
> some "fix in place" support too).

Checkpatch has many rules, but they mostly affect to C files where we
have already set the official style, right?

> There is also `Documentation/devicetree/bindings/.yamllint`.

Indentation is 2 spaces so it's OK, but it has the rule
"trailing-spaces: false". According to yamllint docs: "Use this rule
to forbid trailing spaces at the end of lines". So, setting it to
false should mean that trailing spaces are ALLOWED, correct?

> In addition, some may be using formatters in a default config? e.g.
> Black for some of the Python scripts.

But this is not something we can really support. If someone is using 2
different formatters in the same project, conflicts are expected to
happen. They will need to disable one of them.


These are the type of indentation for each of the python files in the tree:
4spa: ./Documentation/conf.py
tabs: ./Documentation/networking/device_drivers/atm/cxacru-cf.py
2spa: ./Documentation/sphinx/automarkup.py
4spa: ./Documentation/sphinx/cdomain.py
4spa: ./Documentation/sphinx/kernel_abi.py
4spa: ./Documentation/sphinx/kernel_feat.py
4spa: ./Documentation/sphinx/kernel_include.py
4spa: ./Documentation/sphinx/kerneldoc.py
4spa: ./Documentation/sphinx/kernellog.py
4spa: ./Documentation/sphinx/kfigure.py
4spa: ./Documentation/sphinx/load_config.py
4spa: ./Documentation/sphinx/maintainers_include.py
4spa: ./Documentation/sphinx/rstFlatTable.py
tabs: ./Documentation/target/tcm_mod_builder.py
tabs: ./Documentation/trace/postprocess/decode_msr.py
4spa: ./Documentation/userspace-api/media/conf_nitpick.py
4spa: ./arch/ia64/scripts/unwcheck.py
2spa: ./drivers/comedi/drivers/ni_routing/tools/convert_csv_to_c.py
2spa: ./drivers/comedi/drivers/ni_routing/tools/convert_py_to_csv.py
2spa: ./drivers/comedi/drivers/ni_routing/tools/csv_collection.py
2spa: ./drivers/comedi/drivers/ni_routing/tools/make_blank_csv.py
2spa: ./drivers/comedi/drivers/ni_routing/tools/ni_names.py
tabs: ./drivers/staging/greybus/tools/lbtest
4spa: ./scripts/bloat-o-meter
4spa: ./scripts/bpf_doc.py
4spa: ./scripts/checkkconfigsymbols.py
4spa: ./scripts/clang-tools/gen_compile_commands.py
4spa: ./scripts/clang-tools/run-clang-tools.py
4spa: ./scripts/diffconfig
tabs: ./scripts/dtc/dt-extract-compatibles
unknown-0: ./scripts/gdb/linux/__init__.py
4spa: ./scripts/gdb/linux/clk.py
4spa: ./scripts/gdb/linux/config.py
4spa: ./scripts/gdb/linux/cpus.py
4spa: ./scripts/gdb/linux/device.py
4spa: ./scripts/gdb/linux/dmesg.py
4spa: ./scripts/gdb/linux/genpd.py
2spa: ./scripts/gdb/linux/lists.py
4spa: ./scripts/gdb/linux/mm.py
4spa: ./scripts/gdb/linux/modules.py
4spa: ./scripts/gdb/linux/proc.py
4spa: ./scripts/gdb/linux/rbtree.py
4spa: ./scripts/gdb/linux/symbols.py
4spa: ./scripts/gdb/linux/tasks.py
4spa: ./scripts/gdb/linux/timerlist.py
4spa: ./scripts/gdb/linux/utils.py
4spa: ./scripts/gdb/vmlinux-gdb.py
4spa: ./scripts/generate_rust_analyzer.py
tabs: ./scripts/jobserver-exec
4spa: ./scripts/kconfig/tests/auto_submenu/__init__.py
4spa: ./scripts/kconfig/tests/choice/__init__.py
4spa: ./scripts/kconfig/tests/choice_value_with_m_dep/__init__.py
4spa: ./scripts/kconfig/tests/conftest.py
4spa: ./scripts/kconfig/tests/err_recursive_dep/__init__.py
4spa: ./scripts/kconfig/tests/err_recursive_inc/__init__.py
4spa: ./scripts/kconfig/tests/inter_choice/__init__.py
4spa: ./scripts/kconfig/tests/new_choice_with_dep/__init__.py
4spa: ./scripts/kconfig/tests/no_write_if_dep_unmet/__init__.py
4spa: ./scripts/kconfig/tests/preprocess/builtin_func/__init__.py
4spa: ./scripts/kconfig/tests/preprocess/circular_expansion/__init__.py
4spa: ./scripts/kconfig/tests/preprocess/escape/__init__.py
4spa: ./scripts/kconfig/tests/preprocess/variable/__init__.py
tabs: ./scripts/show_delta
4spa: ./scripts/spdxcheck.py
tabs: ./scripts/tracing/draw_functrace.py
4spa: ./tools/cgroup/iocost_coef_gen.py
4spa: ./tools/cgroup/iocost_monitor.py
4spa: ./tools/cgroup/memcg_shrinker.py
4spa: ./tools/cgroup/memcg_slabinfo.py
tabs: ./tools/hv/lsvmbus
8spa: ./tools/hv/vmbus_testing
4spa: ./tools/kvm/kvm_stat/kvm_stat
4spa: ./tools/net/ynl/cli.py
unknown-mix: ./tools/net/ynl/lib/__init__.py
4spa: ./tools/net/ynl/lib/nlspec.py
4spa: ./tools/net/ynl/lib/ynl.py
4spa: ./tools/net/ynl/ynl-gen-c.py
2spa: ./tools/perf/pmu-events/jevents.py
2spa: ./tools/perf/pmu-events/metric.py
4spa: ./tools/perf/pmu-events/metric_test.py
unknown-mix: ./tools/perf/python/tracepoint.py
tabs: ./tools/perf/python/twatch.py
unknown-mix: ./tools/perf/scripts/python/Perf-Trace-Util/lib/Perf/Trace/Core.py
8spa: ./tools/perf/scripts/python/Perf-Trace-Util/lib/Perf/Trace/EventClass.py
tabs: ./tools/perf/scripts/python/Perf-Trace-Util/lib/Perf/Trace/SchedGui.py
unknown-mix: ./tools/perf/scripts/python/Perf-Trace-Util/lib/Perf/Trace/Util.py
tabs: ./tools/perf/scripts/python/arm-cs-trace-disasm.py
tabs: ./tools/perf/scripts/python/check-perf-trace.py
tabs: ./tools/perf/scripts/python/compaction-times.py
8spa: ./tools/perf/scripts/python/event_analyzing_sample.py
tabs: ./tools/perf/scripts/python/export-to-postgresql.py
tabs: ./tools/perf/scripts/python/export-to-sqlite.py
tabs: ./tools/perf/scripts/python/exported-sql-viewer.py
tabs: ./tools/perf/scripts/python/failed-syscalls-by-pid.py
4spa: ./tools/perf/scripts/python/flamegraph.py
4spa: ./tools/perf/scripts/python/futex-contention.py
tabs: ./tools/perf/scripts/python/intel-pt-events.py
tabs: ./tools/perf/scripts/python/libxed.py
tabs: ./tools/perf/scripts/python/mem-phys-addr.py
tabs: ./tools/perf/scripts/python/net_dropmonitor.py
tabs: ./tools/perf/scripts/python/netdev-times.py
tabs: ./tools/perf/scripts/python/powerpc-hcalls.py
tabs: ./tools/perf/scripts/python/sched-migration.py
tabs: ./tools/perf/scripts/python/sctop.py
4spa: ./tools/perf/scripts/python/stackcollapse.py
4spa: ./tools/perf/scripts/python/stat-cpi.py
tabs: ./tools/perf/scripts/python/syscall-counts-by-pid.py
tabs: ./tools/perf/scripts/python/syscall-counts.py
4spa: ./tools/perf/scripts/python/task-analyzer.py
4spa: ./tools/perf/tests/attr.py
2spa: ./tools/perf/tests/shell/lib/perf_json_output_lint.py
2spa: ./tools/perf/util/setup.py
tabs: ./tools/power/pm-graph/bootgraph.py
tabs: ./tools/power/pm-graph/sleepgraph.py
4spa: ./tools/power/x86/amd_pstate_tracer/amd_pstate_trace.py
4spa: ./tools/power/x86/intel_pstate_tracer/intel_pstate_tracer.py
tabs: ./tools/rcu/rcu-cbs.py
tabs: ./tools/testing/kunit/kunit.py
tabs: ./tools/testing/kunit/kunit_config.py
tabs: ./tools/testing/kunit/kunit_json.py
tabs: ./tools/testing/kunit/kunit_kernel.py
tabs: ./tools/testing/kunit/kunit_parser.py
tabs: ./tools/testing/kunit/kunit_printer.py
tabs: ./tools/testing/kunit/kunit_tool_test.py
2spa: ./tools/testing/kunit/qemu_config.py
tabs: ./tools/testing/kunit/qemu_configs/alpha.py
tabs: ./tools/testing/kunit/qemu_configs/arm.py
tabs: ./tools/testing/kunit/qemu_configs/arm64.py
tabs: ./tools/testing/kunit/qemu_configs/i386.py
tabs: ./tools/testing/kunit/qemu_configs/powerpc.py
tabs: ./tools/testing/kunit/qemu_configs/riscv.py
tabs: ./tools/testing/kunit/qemu_configs/s390.py
tabs: ./tools/testing/kunit/qemu_configs/sparc.py
tabs: ./tools/testing/kunit/qemu_configs/x86_64.py
tabs: ./tools/testing/kunit/run_checks.py
4spa: ./tools/testing/selftests/bpf/test_bpftool.py
4spa: ./tools/testing/selftests/bpf/test_bpftool_synctypes.py
4spa: ./tools/testing/selftests/bpf/test_offload.py
4spa: ./tools/testing/selftests/drivers/net/mlxsw/sharedbuffer_configuration.py
4spa: ./tools/testing/selftests/drivers/sdsi/sdsi_test.py
2spa: ./tools/testing/selftests/exec/binfmt_script.py
4spa: ./tools/testing/selftests/net/devlink_port_split.py
4spa: ./tools/testing/selftests/net/openvswitch/ovs-dpctl.py
4spa: ./tools/testing/selftests/tc-testing/TdcPlugin.py
4spa: ./tools/testing/selftests/tc-testing/TdcResults.py
4spa: ./tools/testing/selftests/tc-testing/plugin-lib/buildebpfPlugin.py
4spa: ./tools/testing/selftests/tc-testing/plugin-lib/nsPlugin.py
4spa: ./tools/testing/selftests/tc-testing/plugin-lib/rootPlugin.py
4spa: ./tools/testing/selftests/tc-testing/plugin-lib/scapyPlugin.py
4spa: ./tools/testing/selftests/tc-testing/plugin-lib/valgrindPlugin.py
4spa: ./tools/testing/selftests/tc-testing/tdc.py
4spa: ./tools/testing/selftests/tc-testing/tdc_batch.py
2spa: ./tools/testing/selftests/tc-testing/tdc_config.py
unknown-0: ./tools/testing/selftests/tc-testing/tdc_config_local_template.py
4spa: ./tools/testing/selftests/tc-testing/tdc_helper.py
4spa: ./tools/testing/selftests/tc-testing/tdc_multibatch.py
4spa: ./tools/testing/selftests/tpm2/tpm2.py
4spa: ./tools/testing/selftests/tpm2/tpm2_tests.py
4spa: ./tools/verification/dot2/automata.py
4spa: ./tools/verification/dot2/dot2c
4spa: ./tools/verification/dot2/dot2c.py
4spa: ./tools/verification/dot2/dot2k
4spa: ./tools/verification/dot2/dot2k.py

>
> Cheers,
> Miguel
>


--
Íñigo Huguet

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