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SubjectRe: [PATCH v5 6/6] Documentation: coresight: docs for config load via configfs
Hi Bagas,

On Wed, 21 Dec 2022 at 03:55, Bagas Sanjaya <bagasdotme@gmail.com> wrote:
>
> On Mon, Dec 19, 2022 at 11:46:38PM +0000, Mike Leach wrote:
> > diff --git a/Documentation/trace/coresight/coresight-config.rst b/Documentation/trace/coresight/coresight-config.rst
> > index 6d5ffa6f7347..109053eb1b93 100644
> > --- a/Documentation/trace/coresight/coresight-config.rst
> > +++ b/Documentation/trace/coresight/coresight-config.rst
> > @@ -141,11 +141,11 @@ Mount configfs as normal and the 'cs-syscfg' subsystem will appear::
> > $ ls /config
> > cs-syscfg stp-policy
> >
> > -This has two sub-directories::
> > +This has two sub-directories, with the load and unload attribute files::
> >
> > $ cd cs-syscfg/
> > $ ls
> > - configurations features
> > + configurations features load unload
> >
> > The system has the configuration 'autofdo' built in. It may be examined as
> > follows::
> > @@ -278,9 +278,16 @@ Creating and Loading Custom Configurations
> > ==========================================
> >
> > Custom configurations and / or features can be dynamically loaded into the
> > -system by using a loadable module.
> > +system by using a loadable module, or by loading a binary configuration
> > +file in configfs.
> >
> > -An example of a custom configuration is found in ./samples/coresight.
> > +Loaded configurations can use previously loaded features. The system will
> > +ensure that it is not possible to unload a feature that is currently in
> > +use, by enforcing the unload order as the strict reverse of the load order.
> > +
> > +
> > +Using a Loadable Module
> > +-----------------------
> >
> > This creates a new configuration that uses the existing built in
> > strobing feature, but provides a different set of presets.
> > @@ -289,6 +296,187 @@ When the module is loaded, then the configuration appears in the configfs
> > file system and is selectable in the same way as the built in configuration
> > described above.
> >
> > -Configurations can use previously loaded features. The system will ensure
> > -that it is not possible to unload a feature that is currently in use, by
> > -enforcing the unload order as the strict reverse of the load order.
> > +The file 'coresight-cfg-sample.c' contains the configuration and module
> > +initialisation code needed to create the loadable module.
> > +
> > +This will be built alongside the kernel modules if select in KConfig.
>
> What config options (CONFIG_) are required for above to work?
>
> > +
> > +An example of a custom configuration module is found in './samples/coresight'.
> > +
> > +Using a Binary Configuration File
> > +---------------------------------
> > +
> > +The './tools/coresight' directory contains example programs to generate and
> > +read and print binary configuration files.
> > +
> > +Building the tools creates the 'coresight-cfg-file-gen' program that will
> > +generate a configuration binary 'example1.cscfg' that can be loaded into the
> > +system using configfs. The configuration declared in the source file
> > +'coresight-cfg-example1.c' is named 'autofdo3' - the name that will be used
> > +once loaded.
> > +
> > +The source files 'coresight-cfg-bufw.h' and 'coresight-cfg-bufw.c' provide a
> > +standard function to convert a configuration declared in 'C' into the correct
> > +binary buffer format. These files can be re-used to create new custom
> > +configurations. Alternatively, addition examples can be added to the
>
> s/addition/additional/
>
> > +'coresight-cfg-file-gen' program::
> > +
> > + $ ./coresight-cfg-file-gen
> > + Coresight Configuration file Generator
> > +
> > + Generating example1 example
> > + Generating example2 example
> > +
> > +The program 'coresight-cfg-file-read' can read back and print a configuration
> > +binary. This is built using the file reader from the driver code
> > +(coresight-config-file.c), which is copied over into './tools/coresight' at
> > +build time.::
> > +
> > + ./coresight-cfg-file-read example1.cscfg
> > + CoreSight Configuration file reader
> > + ============================================
> > +
> > + Configuration 1
> > + Name:- autofdo3
> > + Description:-
> > + Setup ETMs with strobing for autofdo
> > + Supplied presets allow experimentation with mark-space ratio for various loads
> > +
> > + Uses 1 features:-
> > + Feature-1: strobing
> > +
> > + Provides 4 sets of preset values, 2 presets per set
> > + set[0]: 0x7d0, 0x64,
> > + set[1]: 0x7d0, 0x3e8,
> > + set[2]: 0x7d0, 0x1388,
> > + set[3]: 0x7d0, 0x2710,
> > +
> > + ============================================
> > + File contains no features
> > +
> > +There are additional attributes in the cs-syscfg directory - load and
> > +unload that can be used to load and unload configuration binary files. To
> > +load, 'cat' the binary config into the load attribute::
> > +
> > + $ ls /config/cs-syscfg
> > + configurations features load unload
> > + $ cat example1.cscfg > /config/cs-syscfg/load
> > + $ ls /config/cs-syscfg/configurations/
> > + autofdo autofdo3
> > +
> > +To unload, use the same file in the unload attribute::
> > +
> > + $ cat example1.cscfg > /config/cs-syscfg/unload
> > + ls /config/cs-syscfg/configurations/
> > + autofdo
> > +
> > +
> > +
> > +Binary Configuration File Format
> > +--------------------------------
> > +
> > +The file format is defined in the source file **coresight-config-file.h**
>
> Use single-quote for identifier names for consistency here.
>
> > +
> > +The source reader and generator examples produce a binary of this format.
> > +
> > +This arrangement is reproduced below:-
> > +
> > +Overall File structure
> > +~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
> > +
> > +::
> > +
> > + [cscfg_file_header] // Mandatory
> > + [CONFIG_ELEM]* // Optional - multiple, defined by cscfg_file_header.nr_configs
> > + [FEATURE_ELEM]* // Optional - multiple, defined by cscfg_file_header.nr_features
> > +
> > +File is invalid if both [CONFIG_ELEM] and [FEATURE_ELEM] are omitted.
> > +
> > +A file that contains only [FEATURE_ELEM] may be loaded, and the features used
> > +by subsequently loaded files with [CONFIG_ELEM] elements.
> > +
> > +Element Name Strings
> > +~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
> > +
> > +Configuration name strings are required to consist of alphanumeric characters and '_' only. Other special characters are not permitted.
> > +
> > +::
> > + my_config_2 // is a valid name.
> > + this-bad-config#5 // this will not work
>
> Instead of using code-block for name examples, what about "... For
> example, foo_bar is a valid name where as foo-bar# is not."?
>
> > +
> > +This is in order to comply with the requirements of the perf command line.
> > +
> > +It is recommended that Feature and Parameter names use the same convention to allow for future enhancements to the command line syntax.
> > +
> > +CONFIG_ELEM element
> > +~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
> > +
> > +::
> > +
> > + [cscfg_file_elem_header] // header length value to end of feature strings.
> > + [cscfg_file_elem_str] // name of the configuration.
> > + // (see element string name requirements)
> > + [cscfg_file_elem_str] // description of configuration.
> > + [u16 value](nr_presets) // number of defined sets presets values.
> > + [u32 value](nr_total_params) // total parameters defined by all used features.
> > + [u16 value](nr_feat_refs) // number of features referenced by the configuration
> > + [u64 values] * (nr_presets * nr_total_params) // the preset values.
> > + [cscfg_file_elem_str] * (nr_feat_refs) // names of features used in the configurations.
> > +
> > +FEATURE_ELEM element
> > +~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
> > +
> > +::
> > +
> > + [cscfg_file_elem_header] // header length is total bytes to end of param structures.
> > + [cscfg_file_elem_str] // feature name.
> > + [cscfg_file_elem_str] // feature description.
> > + [u32 value](match_flags) // flags to associate the feature with a device.
> > + [u16 value](nr_regs) // number of registers.
> > + [u16 value](nr_params) // number of parameters.
> > + [cscfg_regval_desc struct] * (nr_regs) // register definitions
> > + [PARAM_ELEM] * (nr_params) // parameters definitions
> > +
> > +PARAM_ELEM element
> > +~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
> > +
> > +::
> > +
> > + [cscfg_file_elem_str] // parameter name.
> > + [u64 value](param_value) // initial value.
> > +
> > +Additional definitions.
> > +~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
>
> Trim trailing period for section names
>
> > +
> > +The following structures are defined in **coresight-config-file.h**
> > +
> > + * **struct cscfg_file_header** : This structure contains an initial magic number, the total
> > + length of the file, and the number of configurations and features in the file.
> > + * **struct cscfg_file_elem_header**: This defines the total length and type of a CONFIG_ELEM
> > + or a FEATURE_ELEM.
> > + * **struct cscfg_file_elem_str**: This defines a string and its length.
>
> Again, for consistency, wrap identifier names in single-quotes.
>
> > +
> > +The magic number in cscfg_file_header is defined as two bitfields::
> > +
> > + [31:8] Fixed magic number to identify file type.
> > + [7:0] Current file format version.
> > +
> > +The following defines determine the maximum overall file size and maximum individual
> > +string size::
> > +
> > + CSCFG_FILE_MAXSIZE // maximum overall file size.
> > + CSCFG_FILE_STR_MAXSIZE // maximum individual string size.
>
> For parameter lists in elements, use bullet lists instead.
>
> > +
> > +Load Dependencies.
> > +~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
>
> Trim trailing period for section names.
> > +
> > +Files may be unloaded only in the strict reverse order of loading. This is enforced by the
> > +configuration system.
> > +
> > +This is to ensure that any load dependencies are maintained.
> > +
> > +A configuration file that contains a CONFIG_ELEM that references named features "feat_A" and "feat_B" will load only if either:-
> > +a) "feat_A" and/or "feat_B" has been loaded previously, or are present as built-in / module loaded features.
> > +b) "feat_A" and/or "feat_B" are declared as FEAT_ELEM in the same file as the CONFIG_ELEM.
>
> Separate the preceding paragraph and the list with a blank line in order
> for the list to be rendered as list.
>

The next version will contain all the adjustments that you suggested,
though rather than using single quotes, I have changed all the
occurrences to consistently the double back tick to make the filenames
etc fixed width font.

Thanks for the review

Mike


> Thanks.
>
> --
> An old man doll... just what I always wanted! - Clara



--
Mike Leach
Principal Engineer, ARM Ltd.
Manchester Design Centre. UK

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