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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2] pci: fix device presence detection for VFs
On Mon, Dec 19, 2022 at 12:56:15AM -0500, Michael S. Tsirkin wrote:
> On Thu, Nov 17, 2022 at 05:36:48AM +0000, Parav Pandit wrote:
> > > From: Lukas Wunner <lukas@wunner.de>
> > > Sent: Wednesday, November 16, 2022 6:16 AM
> > >
> > > [cc += Parav Pandit, author of 43bb40c5b926]
> > >
> > > On Sun, Nov 13, 2022 at 03:46:06AM -0500, Michael S. Tsirkin wrote:
> > > > On Fri, Nov 11, 2022 at 05:42:19PM -0600, Bjorn Helgaas wrote:
> > > > > On Thu, Nov 10, 2022 at 03:15:55PM -0500, Michael S. Tsirkin wrote:
> > > > > > On Thu, Nov 10, 2022 at 01:35:47PM -0600, Bjorn Helgaas wrote:
> > > > > > > Prior to this change pci_device_is_present(VF) returned "false"
> > > > > > > (because the VF Vendor ID is 0xffff); after the change it will
> > > > > > > return "true" (because it will look at the PF Vendor ID instead).
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > Previously virtio_pci_remove() called virtio_break_device(). I
> > > > > > > guess that meant the virtio I/O operation will never be completed?
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > But if we don't call virtio_break_device(), the virtio I/O
> > > > > > > operation
> > > > > > > *will* be completed?
> > > >
> > > > Just making sure - pci_device_is_present *is* the suggested way to
> > > > distinguish between graceful and surprise removal, isn't it?
> > >
> > > No, it's not. Instead of !pci_device_is_present() you really want to call
> > > pci_dev_is_disconnected() instead.
> > >
> > > While the fix Bjorn applied for v6.2 may solve the issue and may make sense
> > > on it's own, it's not the solution you're looking for. You want to swap the
> > > call to !pci_device_is_present() with pci_dev_is_disconnected(), move
> > > pci_dev_is_disconnected() from drivers/pci/pci.h to include/linux/pci.h and
> > > add a Fixes tag referencing 43bb40c5b926.
> > >
> > > If you don't want to move pci_dev_is_disconnected(), you can alternatively
> > > check for "pdev->error_state == pci_channel_io_perm_failure" or call
> > > pci_channel_offline(). The latter will also return true though on transient
> > > inaccessibility of the device (e.g. if it's being reset).
> > >
> > pci_device_is_present() is calling pci_dev_is_disconnected().
> > pci_dev_is_disconnected() avoids reading the vendor id.
> > So pci_dev_is_disconnected() looks less strong check.
> > I see that it can return a valid value on recoverable error case.
> >
> > In that case, is pci_channel_offline() a more precise way to check that covers transient and permanent error?
> >
> > And if that is the right check, we need to fix all the callers, mainly widely used nvme driver [1].
> >
> > [1] https://elixir.bootlin.com/linux/v6.1-rc5/source/drivers/nvme/host/pci.c#L3228
> >
> > Also, we need to add API documentation on when to use this API in context of hotplug, so that all related drivers can consistently use single API.
>
> Bjorn, Lukas, what's your take on this idea?

I don't really know what to add to my e-mail of Nov 16
(quoted here in full).

Yes, pci_channel_offline() returns true on transient and permanent
failure. Whether that's what you want, depends on your use case.
If you want to check for a surprise-removed device, then you only
want to check for permanent failure, so pci_channel_offline() is
not correct and you should rather check for
"pdev->error_state == pci_channel_io_perm_failure" or move
pci_dev_is_disconnected() to include/linux/pci.h. But again,
I've already explained this in my e-mail ov Nov 16, so I don't
know what's unclear.

Thanks,

Lukas

> > > The theory of operation is as follows: The PCI layer does indeed know
> > > whether the device was surprise removed or gracefully removed and that
> > > information is passed in the "presence" flag to pciehp_unconfigure_device()
> > > (in drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_pci.c). That function does the following:
> > >
> > > if (!presence)
> > > pci_walk_bus(parent, pci_dev_set_disconnected, NULL);
> > >
> > > In other words, pdev->error_state is set to pci_channel_io_perm_failure on
> > > the entire hierarchy below the hotplug port. And pci_dev_is_disconnected()
> > > simply checks whether that's the device's error_state.
> > >
> > > pci_dev_is_disconnected() makes sense if you definitely know the device is
> > > gone and want to skip certain steps or delays on device teardown.
> > > However be aware that the device may be hot-removed after graceful
> > > removal was initiated. In such a situation, pci_dev_is_disconnected() may
> > > return false and you'll try to access the device as normal, even though it was
> > > yanked from the slot after the pci_dev_is_disconnected() call was
> > > performed. Ideally you should be able to cope with such scenarios as well.
> > >
> > > For some more background info, refer to this LWN article (scroll down to the
> > > "Surprise removal" section):
> > > https://lwn.net/Articles/767885/
> > >
> > > Thanks,
> > >
> > > Lukas

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