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SubjectRE: [PATCH v7 06/13] cpufreq: amd-pstate: implement amd pstate cpu online and offline callback
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[AMD Official Use Only - General]



> -----Original Message-----
> From: Huang, Ray <Ray.Huang@amd.com>
> Sent: Monday, December 12, 2022 5:02 PM
> To: Yuan, Perry <Perry.Yuan@amd.com>
> Cc: rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com; Limonciello, Mario
> <Mario.Limonciello@amd.com>; viresh.kumar@linaro.org; Sharma, Deepak
> <Deepak.Sharma@amd.com>; Fontenot, Nathan
> <Nathan.Fontenot@amd.com>; Deucher, Alexander
> <Alexander.Deucher@amd.com>; Huang, Shimmer
> <Shimmer.Huang@amd.com>; Du, Xiaojian <Xiaojian.Du@amd.com>; Meng,
> Li (Jassmine) <Li.Meng@amd.com>; Karny, Wyes <Wyes.Karny@amd.com>;
> linux-pm@vger.kernel.org; linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
> Subject: Re: [PATCH v7 06/13] cpufreq: amd-pstate: implement amd pstate
> cpu online and offline callback
>
> On Thu, Dec 08, 2022 at 07:18:45PM +0800, Yuan, Perry wrote:
> > From: Perry Yuan <Perry.Yuan@amd.com>
> >
> > Adds online and offline driver callback support to allow cpu cores go
> > offline and help to restore the previous working states when core goes
> > back online later for EPP driver mode.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Perry Yuan <Perry.Yuan@amd.com>
> > ---
> > drivers/cpufreq/amd-pstate.c | 89
> ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > include/linux/amd-pstate.h | 1 +
> > 2 files changed, 90 insertions(+)
> >
> > diff --git a/drivers/cpufreq/amd-pstate.c
> > b/drivers/cpufreq/amd-pstate.c index 0a521be1be8a..412accab7bda
> 100644
> > --- a/drivers/cpufreq/amd-pstate.c
> > +++ b/drivers/cpufreq/amd-pstate.c
> > @@ -1186,6 +1186,93 @@ static int amd_pstate_epp_set_policy(struct
> cpufreq_policy *policy)
> > return 0;
> > }
> >
> > +static void amd_pstate_epp_reenable(struct amd_cpudata *cpudata) {
> > + struct cppc_perf_ctrls perf_ctrls;
> > + u64 value, max_perf;
> > + int ret;
> > +
> > + ret = amd_pstate_enable(true);
> > + if (ret)
> > + pr_err("failed to enable amd pstate during resume,
> return %d\n",
> > +ret);
> > +
> > + value = READ_ONCE(cpudata->cppc_req_cached);
> > + max_perf = READ_ONCE(cpudata->highest_perf);
> > +
> > + if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_CPPC)) {
> > + wrmsrl_on_cpu(cpudata->cpu, MSR_AMD_CPPC_REQ, value);
> > + } else {
> > + perf_ctrls.max_perf = max_perf;
> > + perf_ctrls.energy_perf =
> AMD_CPPC_ENERGY_PERF_PREF(cpudata->epp_cached);
> > + cppc_set_perf(cpudata->cpu, &perf_ctrls);
> > + }
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int amd_pstate_epp_cpu_online(struct cpufreq_policy *policy) {
> > + struct amd_cpudata *cpudata = all_cpu_data[policy->cpu];
> > +
> > + pr_debug("AMD CPU Core %d going online\n", cpudata->cpu);
> > +
> > + if (cppc_active) {
> > + amd_pstate_epp_reenable(cpudata);
> > + cpudata->suspended = false;
> > + }
> > +
> > + return 0;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static void amd_pstate_epp_offline(struct cpufreq_policy *policy) {
> > + struct amd_cpudata *cpudata = all_cpu_data[policy->cpu];
> > + struct cppc_perf_ctrls perf_ctrls;
> > + int min_perf;
> > + u64 value;
> > +
> > + min_perf = READ_ONCE(cpudata->lowest_perf);
> > + value = READ_ONCE(cpudata->cppc_req_cached);
> > +
> > + mutex_lock(&amd_pstate_limits_lock);
> > + if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_CPPC)) {
> > + cpudata->epp_policy = CPUFREQ_POLICY_UNKNOWN;
> > +
> > + /* Set max perf same as min perf */
> > + value &= ~AMD_CPPC_MAX_PERF(~0L);
> > + value |= AMD_CPPC_MAX_PERF(min_perf);
> > + value &= ~AMD_CPPC_MIN_PERF(~0L);
> > + value |= AMD_CPPC_MIN_PERF(min_perf);
> > + wrmsrl_on_cpu(cpudata->cpu, MSR_AMD_CPPC_REQ, value);
> > + } else {
> > + perf_ctrls.desired_perf = 0;
> > + perf_ctrls.max_perf = min_perf;
> > + perf_ctrls.energy_perf =
> AMD_CPPC_ENERGY_PERF_PREF(HWP_EPP_POWERSAVE);
> > + cppc_set_perf(cpudata->cpu, &perf_ctrls);
> > + }
>
> Could you double confirm whether these registers will be cleared or
> modified while the CPU cores enter/exit online/offline? I remember Joe gave
> a test before, the register value will be saved even it gets back to idle/offline.
>
> Thanks,
> Ray

We cannot guarantee the MSR values are not changed after suspended for each BIOS/CPU combination.
But we can save and restore the MSR content for suspend/resume.
So to be safe, save the register to be restored is more safe here.

The key point is that, we need to set the core to be lowest perf when it is offline for power saving.
And restore the MSR value after bring back online.
That is the reason why driver save/restore the MSR here.


>
> > + mutex_unlock(&amd_pstate_limits_lock);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int amd_pstate_cpu_offline(struct cpufreq_policy *policy) {
> > + struct amd_cpudata *cpudata = all_cpu_data[policy->cpu];
> > +
> > + pr_debug("AMD CPU Core %d going offline\n", cpudata->cpu);
> > +
> > + if (cpudata->suspended)
> > + return 0;
> > +
> > + if (cppc_active)
> > + amd_pstate_epp_offline(policy);
> > +
> > + return 0;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int amd_pstate_epp_cpu_offline(struct cpufreq_policy *policy)
> > +{
> > + amd_pstate_clear_update_util_hook(policy->cpu);
> > +
> > + return amd_pstate_cpu_offline(policy); }
> > +
> > static void amd_pstate_verify_cpu_policy(struct amd_cpudata *cpudata,
> > struct cpufreq_policy_data *policy)
> { @@ -1220,6 +1307,8 @@
> > static struct cpufreq_driver amd_pstate_epp_driver = {
> > .init = amd_pstate_epp_cpu_init,
> > .exit = amd_pstate_epp_cpu_exit,
> > .update_limits = amd_pstate_epp_update_limits,
> > + .offline = amd_pstate_epp_cpu_offline,
> > + .online = amd_pstate_epp_cpu_online,
> > .name = "amd_pstate_epp",
> > .attr = amd_pstate_epp_attr,
> > };
> > diff --git a/include/linux/amd-pstate.h b/include/linux/amd-pstate.h
> > index 888af62040f1..3dd26a3d104c 100644
> > --- a/include/linux/amd-pstate.h
> > +++ b/include/linux/amd-pstate.h
> > @@ -99,6 +99,7 @@ struct amd_cpudata {
> > u64 cppc_cap1_cached;
> > struct update_util_data update_util;
> > struct amd_aperf_mperf sample;
> > + bool suspended;
> > };
> >
> > /**
> > --
> > 2.34.1
> >

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