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Subject[PATCH AUTOSEL 6.1 52/85] bpf/verifier: Use kmalloc_size_roundup() to match ksize() usage
From: Kees Cook <>

[ Upstream commit ceb35b666d42c2e91b1f94aeca95bb5eb0943268 ]

Most allocation sites in the kernel want an explicitly sized allocation
(and not "more"), and that dynamic runtime analysis tools (e.g. KASAN,
UBSAN_BOUNDS, FORTIFY_SOURCE, etc) are looking for precise bounds checking
(i.e. not something that is rounded up). A tiny handful of allocations
were doing an implicit alloc/realloc loop that actually depended on
ksize(), and didn't actually always call realloc. This has created a
long series of bugs and problems over many years related to the runtime
bounds checking, so these callers are finally being adjusted to _not_
depend on the ksize() side-effect, by doing one of several things:

- tracking the allocation size precisely and just never calling ksize()
at all [1].

- always calling realloc and not using ksize() at all. (This solution
ends up actually be a subset of the next solution.)

- using kmalloc_size_roundup() to explicitly round up the desired
allocation size immediately [2].

The bpf/verifier case is this another of this latter case, and is the
last outstanding case to be fixed in the kernel.

Because some of the dynamic bounds checking depends on the size being an
_argument_ to an allocator function (i.e. see the __alloc_size attribute),
the ksize() users are rare, and it could waste local variables, it
was been deemed better to explicitly separate the rounding up from the
allocation itself [3].

Round up allocations with kmalloc_size_roundup() so that the verifier's
use of ksize() is always accurate.

[1] e.g.:

[2] e.g.:


Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <>
Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <>
Acked-by: Stanislav Fomichev <>
Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <>
kernel/bpf/verifier.c | 12 ++++++++----
1 file changed, 8 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/bpf/verifier.c b/kernel/bpf/verifier.c
index 264b3dc714cc..22b2f1f74cdc 100644
--- a/kernel/bpf/verifier.c
+++ b/kernel/bpf/verifier.c
@@ -1008,9 +1008,9 @@ static void *copy_array(void *dst, const void *src, size_t n, size_t size, gfp_t
if (unlikely(check_mul_overflow(n, size, &bytes)))
return NULL;

- if (ksize(dst) < bytes) {
+ if (ksize(dst) < ksize(src)) {
- dst = kmalloc_track_caller(bytes, flags);
+ dst = kmalloc_track_caller(kmalloc_size_roundup(bytes), flags);
if (!dst)
return NULL;
@@ -1027,12 +1027,14 @@ static void *copy_array(void *dst, const void *src, size_t n, size_t size, gfp_t
static void *realloc_array(void *arr, size_t old_n, size_t new_n, size_t size)
+ size_t alloc_size;
void *new_arr;

if (!new_n || old_n == new_n)
goto out;

- new_arr = krealloc_array(arr, new_n, size, GFP_KERNEL);
+ alloc_size = kmalloc_size_roundup(size_mul(new_n, size));
+ new_arr = krealloc(arr, alloc_size, GFP_KERNEL);
if (!new_arr) {
return NULL;
@@ -2504,9 +2506,11 @@ static int push_jmp_history(struct bpf_verifier_env *env,
u32 cnt = cur->jmp_history_cnt;
struct bpf_idx_pair *p;
+ size_t alloc_size;

- p = krealloc(cur->jmp_history, cnt * sizeof(*p), GFP_USER);
+ alloc_size = kmalloc_size_roundup(size_mul(cnt, sizeof(*p)));
+ p = krealloc(cur->jmp_history, alloc_size, GFP_USER);
if (!p)
return -ENOMEM;
p[cnt - 1].idx = env->insn_idx;
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