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Subject[PATCH v4 20/26] x86/build: Make generated PE more spec compliant
Date
Currently kernel image is not fully compliant PE image, so it may
fail to boot with stricter implementations of UEFI PE loaders.

Set minimal alignments and sizes specified by PE documentation [1]
referenced by UEFI specification [2]. Align PE header to 8 bytes.

Generate PE sections dynamically. This simplifies code, since with
current implementation all of the sections needs to be defined in
header.S, where most section header fields do not hold valid values,
except for their names. Before the change, it also held flags,
but now flags depend on kernel configuration and it is simpler
to set them from build.c too.

Setup sections protection. Since we cannot fit every needed section,
set a part of protection flags dynamically during initialization.
This step is omitted if CONFIG_EFI_DXE_MEM_ATTRIBUTES is not set.

[1] https://download.microsoft.com/download/9/c/5/9c5b2167-8017-4bae-9fde-d599bac8184a/pecoff_v83.docx
[2] https://uefi.org/sites/default/files/resources/UEFI_Spec_2_9_2021_03_18.pdf

Tested-by: Peter Jones <pjones@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Evgeniy Baskov <baskov@ispras.ru>
---
arch/x86/boot/Makefile | 2 +-
arch/x86/boot/header.S | 96 +--------
arch/x86/boot/tools/build.c | 270 +++++++++++++-----------
drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/x86-stub.c | 7 +-
4 files changed, 161 insertions(+), 214 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/Makefile b/arch/x86/boot/Makefile
index 9e38ffaadb5d..bed78c82238e 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/Makefile
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/Makefile
@@ -91,7 +91,7 @@ $(obj)/vmlinux.bin: $(obj)/compressed/vmlinux FORCE

SETUP_OBJS = $(addprefix $(obj)/,$(setup-y))

-sed-zoffset := -e 's/^\([0-9a-fA-F]*\) [a-zA-Z] \(startup_32\|startup_64\|efi32_stub_entry\|efi64_stub_entry\|efi_pe_entry\|efi32_pe_entry\|input_data\|kernel_info\|_end\|_ehead\|_text\|z_.*\)$$/\#define ZO_\2 0x\1/p'
+sed-zoffset := -e 's/^\([0-9a-fA-F]*\) [a-zA-Z] \(startup_32\|startup_64\|efi32_stub_entry\|efi64_stub_entry\|efi_pe_entry\|efi32_pe_entry\|input_data\|kernel_info\|_end\|_ehead\|_text\|_rodata\|z_.*\)$$/\#define ZO_\2 0x\1/p'

quiet_cmd_zoffset = ZOFFSET $@
cmd_zoffset = $(NM) $< | sed -n $(sed-zoffset) > $@
diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/header.S b/arch/x86/boot/header.S
index 9fec80bc504b..07e31ddb074f 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/header.S
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/header.S
@@ -94,6 +94,7 @@ bugger_off_msg:
.set bugger_off_msg_size, . - bugger_off_msg

#ifdef CONFIG_EFI_STUB
+ .align 8
pe_header:
.long PE_MAGIC

@@ -107,7 +108,7 @@ coff_header:
.set pe_opt_magic, PE_OPT_MAGIC_PE32PLUS
.word IMAGE_FILE_MACHINE_AMD64
#endif
- .word section_count # nr_sections
+ .word 0 # nr_sections
.long 0 # TimeDateStamp
.long 0 # PointerToSymbolTable
.long 1 # NumberOfSymbols
@@ -131,7 +132,7 @@ optional_header:
# Filled in by build.c
.long 0x0000 # AddressOfEntryPoint

- .long 0x0200 # BaseOfCode
+ .long 0x1000 # BaseOfCode
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
.long 0 # data
#endif
@@ -144,8 +145,8 @@ extra_header_fields:
#else
.quad image_base # ImageBase
#endif
- .long 0x20 # SectionAlignment
- .long 0x20 # FileAlignment
+ .long 0x1000 # SectionAlignment
+ .long 0x200 # FileAlignment
.word 0 # MajorOperatingSystemVersion
.word 0 # MinorOperatingSystemVersion
.word LINUX_EFISTUB_MAJOR_VERSION # MajorImageVersion
@@ -188,91 +189,14 @@ extra_header_fields:
.quad 0 # CertificationTable
.quad 0 # BaseRelocationTable

- # Section table
-section_table:
- #
- # The offset & size fields are filled in by build.c.
- #
- .ascii ".setup"
- .byte 0
- .byte 0
- .long 0
- .long 0x0 # startup_{32,64}
- .long 0 # Size of initialized data
- # on disk
- .long 0x0 # startup_{32,64}
- .long 0 # PointerToRelocations
- .long 0 # PointerToLineNumbers
- .word 0 # NumberOfRelocations
- .word 0 # NumberOfLineNumbers
- .long IMAGE_SCN_CNT_CODE | \
- IMAGE_SCN_MEM_READ | \
- IMAGE_SCN_MEM_EXECUTE | \
- IMAGE_SCN_ALIGN_16BYTES # Characteristics
-
- #
- # The EFI application loader requires a relocation section
- # because EFI applications must be relocatable. The .reloc
- # offset & size fields are filled in by build.c.
#
- .ascii ".reloc"
- .byte 0
- .byte 0
- .long 0
- .long 0
- .long 0 # SizeOfRawData
- .long 0 # PointerToRawData
- .long 0 # PointerToRelocations
- .long 0 # PointerToLineNumbers
- .word 0 # NumberOfRelocations
- .word 0 # NumberOfLineNumbers
- .long IMAGE_SCN_CNT_INITIALIZED_DATA | \
- IMAGE_SCN_MEM_READ | \
- IMAGE_SCN_MEM_DISCARDABLE | \
- IMAGE_SCN_ALIGN_1BYTES # Characteristics
-
-#ifdef CONFIG_EFI_MIXED
- #
- # The offset & size fields are filled in by build.c.
+ # Section table
+ # It is generated by build.c and here we just need
+ # to reserve some space for sections
#
- .asciz ".compat"
- .long 0
- .long 0x0
- .long 0 # Size of initialized data
- # on disk
- .long 0x0
- .long 0 # PointerToRelocations
- .long 0 # PointerToLineNumbers
- .word 0 # NumberOfRelocations
- .word 0 # NumberOfLineNumbers
- .long IMAGE_SCN_CNT_INITIALIZED_DATA | \
- IMAGE_SCN_MEM_READ | \
- IMAGE_SCN_MEM_DISCARDABLE | \
- IMAGE_SCN_ALIGN_1BYTES # Characteristics
-#endif
+section_table:
+ .fill 40*5, 1, 0

- #
- # The offset & size fields are filled in by build.c.
- #
- .ascii ".text"
- .byte 0
- .byte 0
- .byte 0
- .long 0
- .long 0x0 # startup_{32,64}
- .long 0 # Size of initialized data
- # on disk
- .long 0x0 # startup_{32,64}
- .long 0 # PointerToRelocations
- .long 0 # PointerToLineNumbers
- .word 0 # NumberOfRelocations
- .word 0 # NumberOfLineNumbers
- .long IMAGE_SCN_CNT_CODE | \
- IMAGE_SCN_MEM_READ | \
- IMAGE_SCN_MEM_EXECUTE | \
- IMAGE_SCN_ALIGN_16BYTES # Characteristics
-
- .set section_count, (. - section_table) / 40
#endif /* CONFIG_EFI_STUB */

# Kernel attributes; used by setup. This is part 1 of the
diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/tools/build.c b/arch/x86/boot/tools/build.c
index fbc5315af032..ac6159b76a13 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/tools/build.c
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/tools/build.c
@@ -61,8 +61,10 @@ uint8_t buf[SETUP_SECT_MAX*SECTOR_SIZE];

#ifdef CONFIG_EFI_MIXED
#define PECOFF_COMPAT_RESERVE 0x20
+#define COMPAT_SECTION_SIZE 0x8
#else
#define PECOFF_COMPAT_RESERVE 0x0
+#define COMPAT_SECTION_SIZE 0x0
#endif

#define RELOC_SECTION_SIZE 10
@@ -117,6 +119,7 @@ static unsigned long efi_pe_entry;
static unsigned long efi32_pe_entry;
static unsigned long kernel_info;
static unsigned long startup_64;
+static unsigned long _rodata;
static unsigned long _ehead;
static unsigned long _end;

@@ -258,122 +261,177 @@ static void *map_output_file(const char *path, size_t size)

#ifdef CONFIG_EFI_STUB

-static void update_pecoff_section_header_fields(char *section_name, uint32_t vma,
- uint32_t size, uint32_t datasz,
- uint32_t offset)
+static unsigned int reloc_offset;
+static unsigned int compat_offset;
+
+#define MAX_SECTIONS 5
+
+static void emit_pecoff_section(const char *section_name, unsigned int size,
+ unsigned int bss, unsigned int *file_offset,
+ unsigned int *mem_offset, uint32_t flags)
{
- unsigned int pe_header;
+ unsigned int section_memsz, section_filesz;
+ unsigned int name_len;
unsigned short num_sections;
+ struct pe_hdr *hdr = get_pe_header(buf);
struct section_header *section;

- struct pe_hdr *hdr = get_pe_header(buf);
num_sections = get_unaligned_le16(&hdr->sections);
- section = get_sections(buf);
+ if (num_sections >= MAX_SECTIONS)
+ die("Not enough space to generate all sections");

- while (num_sections > 0) {
- if (strncmp(section->name, section_name, 8) == 0) {
- /* section header size field */
- put_unaligned_le32(size, &section->virtual_size);
+ section = get_sections(buf) + num_sections;

- /* section header vma field */
- put_unaligned_le32(vma, &section->virtual_address);
+ if ((size & (FILE_ALIGNMENT - 1)) || (bss & (FILE_ALIGNMENT - 1)))
+ die("Section '%s' is improperly aligned", section_name);

- /* section header 'size of initialised data' field */
- put_unaligned_le32(datasz, &section->raw_data_size);
+ section_memsz = round_up(size + bss, SECTION_ALIGNMENT);
+ section_filesz = round_up(size, FILE_ALIGNMENT);

- /* section header 'file offset' field */
- put_unaligned_le32(offset, &section->data_addr);
+ /* Zero out all section fields */
+ memset(section, 0, sizeof(*section));

- break;
- }
- section++;
- num_sections--;
- }
-}
+ name_len = strlen(section_name);
+ if (name_len > sizeof(section->name))
+ name_len = sizeof(section_name);

-static void update_pecoff_section_header(char *section_name, uint32_t offset, uint32_t size)
-{
- update_pecoff_section_header_fields(section_name, offset, size, size, offset);
+ /* Section header size field */
+ memcpy(section->name, section_name, name_len);
+
+ put_unaligned_le32(section_memsz, &section->virtual_size);
+ put_unaligned_le32(*mem_offset, &section->virtual_address);
+ put_unaligned_le32(section_filesz, &section->raw_data_size);
+ put_unaligned_le32(*file_offset, &section->data_addr);
+ put_unaligned_le32(flags, &section->flags);
+
+ put_unaligned_le16(num_sections + 1, &hdr->sections);
+
+ *mem_offset += section_memsz;
+ *file_offset += section_filesz;
}

-static void update_pecoff_setup_and_reloc(unsigned int size)
+#define BASE_RVA 0x1000
+
+static unsigned int text_rva;
+
+static unsigned int update_pecoff_sections(unsigned int setup_size,
+ unsigned int file_size,
+ unsigned int virt_size,
+ unsigned int text_size)
{
- uint32_t setup_offset = SECTOR_SIZE;
- uint32_t reloc_offset = size - PECOFF_RELOC_RESERVE - PECOFF_COMPAT_RESERVE;
-#ifdef CONFIG_EFI_MIXED
- uint32_t compat_offset = reloc_offset + PECOFF_RELOC_RESERVE;
-#endif
- uint32_t setup_size = reloc_offset - setup_offset;
+ /* First section starts at 512 byes, after PE header */
+ unsigned int mem_offset = BASE_RVA, file_offset = SECTOR_SIZE;
+ unsigned int compat_size, reloc_size;
+ unsigned int bss_size, text_rva_diff, reloc_rva;
+ pe_opt_hdr *opt_hdr = get_pe_opt_header(buf);
+ struct pe_hdr *hdr = get_pe_header(buf);
+ struct data_dirent *base_reloc;
+
+ if (get_unaligned_le32(&hdr->sections))
+ die("Some sections present in PE file");

- update_pecoff_section_header(".setup", setup_offset, setup_size);
- update_pecoff_section_header(".reloc", reloc_offset, PECOFF_RELOC_RESERVE);
+ reloc_size = round_up(RELOC_SECTION_SIZE, FILE_ALIGNMENT);
+ compat_size = round_up(COMPAT_SECTION_SIZE, FILE_ALIGNMENT);
+ virt_size = round_up(virt_size, SECTION_ALIGNMENT);

/*
- * Modify .reloc section contents with a single entry. The
- * relocation is applied to offset 10 of the relocation section.
+ * Update sections offsets.
+ * NOTE: Order is important
*/
- put_unaligned_le32(reloc_offset + RELOC_SECTION_SIZE, &buf[reloc_offset]);
- put_unaligned_le32(RELOC_SECTION_SIZE, &buf[reloc_offset + 4]);

+ bss_size = virt_size - file_size;
+
+ emit_pecoff_section(".setup", setup_size - SECTOR_SIZE, 0,
+ &file_offset, &mem_offset, SCN_RO |
+ IMAGE_SCN_CNT_INITIALIZED_DATA);
+
+ text_rva_diff = mem_offset - file_offset;
+ text_rva = mem_offset;
+ emit_pecoff_section(".text", text_size, 0,
+ &file_offset, &mem_offset, SCN_RX |
+ IMAGE_SCN_CNT_CODE);
+
+ /* Check that kernel sections mapping is contiguous */
+ if (text_rva_diff != mem_offset - file_offset)
+ die("Kernel sections mapping is wrong: %#x != %#x",
+ mem_offset - file_offset, text_rva_diff);
+
+ emit_pecoff_section(".data", file_size - text_size, bss_size,
+ &file_offset, &mem_offset, SCN_RW |
+ IMAGE_SCN_CNT_INITIALIZED_DATA);
+
+ reloc_offset = file_offset;
+ reloc_rva = mem_offset;
+ emit_pecoff_section(".reloc", reloc_size, 0,
+ &file_offset, &mem_offset, SCN_RW |
+ IMAGE_SCN_CNT_INITIALIZED_DATA |
+ IMAGE_SCN_MEM_DISCARDABLE);
+
+ compat_offset = file_offset;
#ifdef CONFIG_EFI_MIXED
- update_pecoff_section_header(".compat", compat_offset, PECOFF_COMPAT_RESERVE);
+ emit_pecoff_section(".comat", compat_size, 0,
+ &file_offset, &mem_offset, SCN_RW |
+ IMAGE_SCN_CNT_INITIALIZED_DATA |
+ IMAGE_SCN_MEM_DISCARDABLE);
+#endif

+ if (file_size + setup_size + reloc_size + compat_size != file_offset)
+ die("file_size(%#x) != filesz(%#x)",
+ file_size + setup_size + reloc_size + compat_size, file_offset);
+
+ /* Size of code. */
+ put_unaligned_le32(round_up(text_size, SECTION_ALIGNMENT), &opt_hdr->text_size);
/*
- * Put the IA-32 machine type (0x14c) and the associated entry point
- * address in the .compat section, so loaders can figure out which other
- * execution modes this image supports.
+ * Size of data.
+ * Exclude text size and first sector, which contains PE header.
*/
- buf[compat_offset] = 0x1;
- buf[compat_offset + 1] = 0x8;
- put_unaligned_le16(IMAGE_FILE_MACHINE_I386, &buf[compat_offset + 2]);
- put_unaligned_le32(efi32_pe_entry + size, &buf[compat_offset + 4]);
-#endif
-}
+ put_unaligned_le32(mem_offset - round_up(text_size, SECTION_ALIGNMENT),
+ &opt_hdr->data_size);

-static unsigned int update_pecoff_sections(unsigned int text_start, unsigned int text_sz,
- unsigned int init_sz)
-{
- unsigned int file_sz = text_start + text_sz;
- unsigned int bss_sz = init_sz - file_sz;
- pe_opt_hdr *hdr = get_pe_opt_header(buf);
+ /* Size of image. */
+ put_unaligned_le32(mem_offset, &opt_hdr->image_size);

/*
- * The PE/COFF loader may load the image at an address which is
- * misaligned with respect to the kernel_alignment field in the setup
- * header.
- *
- * In order to avoid relocating the kernel to correct the misalignment,
- * add slack to allow the buffer to be aligned within the declared size
- * of the image.
+ * Address of entry point for PE/COFF executable
*/
- bss_sz += CONFIG_PHYSICAL_ALIGN;
- init_sz += CONFIG_PHYSICAL_ALIGN;
+ put_unaligned_le32(text_rva + efi_pe_entry, &opt_hdr->entry_point);

/*
- * Size of code: Subtract the size of the first sector (512 bytes)
- * which includes the header.
+ * BaseOfCode for PE/COFF executable
*/
- put_unaligned_le32(file_sz - SECTOR_SIZE + bss_sz, &hdr->text_size);
-
- /* Size of image */
- put_unaligned_le32(init_sz, &hdr->image_size);
+ put_unaligned_le32(text_rva, &opt_hdr->code_base);

/*
- * Address of entry point for PE/COFF executable
+ * Since we have generated .reloc section, we need to
+ * fill-in Reloc directory
*/
- put_unaligned_le32(text_start + efi_pe_entry, &hdr->entry_point);
+ base_reloc = &get_data_dirs(buf)->base_relocations;
+ put_unaligned_le32(reloc_rva, &base_reloc->virtual_address);
+ put_unaligned_le32(RELOC_SECTION_SIZE, &base_reloc->size);

- update_pecoff_section_header_fields(".text", text_start, text_sz + bss_sz,
- text_sz, text_start);
-
- return text_start + file_sz;
+ return file_offset;
}

-static int reserve_pecoff_reloc_section(int c)
+static void generate_pecoff_section_data(uint8_t *output)
{
- /* Reserve 0x20 bytes for .reloc section */
- memset(buf+c, 0, PECOFF_RELOC_RESERVE);
- return PECOFF_RELOC_RESERVE;
+ /*
+ * Modify .reloc section contents with a two entries. The
+ * relocation is applied to offset 10 of the relocation section.
+ */
+ put_unaligned_le32(reloc_offset + RELOC_SECTION_SIZE, &output[reloc_offset]);
+ put_unaligned_le32(RELOC_SECTION_SIZE, &output[reloc_offset + 4]);
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_EFI_MIXED
+ /*
+ * Put the IA-32 machine type (0x14c) and the associated entry point
+ * address in the .compat section, so loaders can figure out which other
+ * execution modes this image supports.
+ */
+ output[compat_offset] = 0x1;
+ output[compat_offset + 1] = 0x8;
+ put_unaligned_le16(IMAGE_FILE_MACHINE_I386, &output[compat_offset + 2]);
+ put_unaligned_le32(efi32_pe_entry + text_rva, &output[compat_offset + 4]);
+#endif
}

static void efi_stub_update_defaults(void)
@@ -407,26 +465,10 @@ static void efi_stub_entry_update(void)

#else

-static inline void update_pecoff_setup_and_reloc(unsigned int size) {}
-static inline void update_pecoff_text(unsigned int text_start,
- unsigned int file_sz,
- unsigned int init_sz) {}
-static inline void efi_stub_update_defaults(void) {}
-static inline void efi_stub_entry_update(void) {}
+static void efi_stub_update_defaults(void) {}

-static inline int reserve_pecoff_reloc_section(int c)
-{
- return 0;
-}
#endif /* CONFIG_EFI_STUB */

-static int reserve_pecoff_compat_section(int c)
-{
- /* Reserve 0x20 bytes for .compat section */
- memset(buf+c, 0, PECOFF_COMPAT_RESERVE);
- return PECOFF_COMPAT_RESERVE;
-}
-
/*
* Parse zoffset.h and find the entry points. We could just #include zoffset.h
* but that would mean tools/build would have to be rebuilt every time. It's
@@ -456,6 +498,7 @@ static void parse_zoffset(char *fname)
PARSE_ZOFS(p, efi32_pe_entry);
PARSE_ZOFS(p, kernel_info);
PARSE_ZOFS(p, startup_64);
+ PARSE_ZOFS(p, _rodata);
PARSE_ZOFS(p, _ehead);
PARSE_ZOFS(p, _end);

@@ -489,10 +532,6 @@ static unsigned int read_setup(char *path)

fclose(file);

- /* Reserve space for PE sections */
- file_size += reserve_pecoff_compat_section(file_size);
- file_size += reserve_pecoff_reloc_section(file_size);
-
/* Pad unused space with zeros */

setup_size = round_up(file_size, SECTOR_SIZE);
@@ -515,7 +554,6 @@ int main(int argc, char **argv)
size_t kern_file_size;
unsigned int setup_size;
unsigned int setup_sectors;
- unsigned int init_size;
unsigned int total_size;
unsigned int kern_size;
void *kernel;
@@ -540,8 +578,7 @@ int main(int argc, char **argv)

#ifdef CONFIG_EFI_STUB
/* PE specification require 512-byte minimum section file alignment */
- kern_size = round_up(kern_file_size + 4, SECTOR_SIZE);
- update_pecoff_setup_and_reloc(setup_size);
+ kern_size = round_up(kern_file_size + 4, FILE_ALIGNMENT);
#else
/* Number of 16-byte paragraphs, including space for a 4-byte CRC */
kern_size = round_up(kern_file_size + 4, PARAGRAPH_SIZE);
@@ -554,33 +591,12 @@ int main(int argc, char **argv)
/* Update kernel_info offset. */
put_unaligned_le32(kernel_info, &buf[0x268]);

- init_size = get_unaligned_le32(&buf[0x260]);
-
#ifdef CONFIG_EFI_STUB
- /*
- * The decompression buffer will start at ImageBase. When relocating
- * the compressed kernel to its end, we must ensure that the head
- * section does not get overwritten. The head section occupies
- * [i, i + _ehead), and the destination is [init_sz - _end, init_sz).
- *
- * At present these should never overlap, because 'i' is at most 32k
- * because of SETUP_SECT_MAX, '_ehead' is less than 1k, and the
- * calculation of INIT_SIZE in boot/header.S ensures that
- * 'init_sz - _end' is at least 64k.
- *
- * For future-proofing, increase init_sz if necessary.
- */
-
- if (init_size - _end < setup_size + _ehead) {
- init_size = round_up(setup_size + _ehead + _end, SECTION_ALIGNMENT);
- put_unaligned_le32(init_size, &buf[0x260]);
- }

- total_size = update_pecoff_sections(setup_size, kern_size, init_size);
+ total_size = update_pecoff_sections(setup_size, kern_size, _end, _rodata);

efi_stub_entry_update();
#else
- (void)init_size;
total_size = setup_size + kern_size;
#endif

@@ -590,6 +606,10 @@ int main(int argc, char **argv)
memcpy(output + setup_size, kernel, kern_file_size);
memset(output + setup_size + kern_file_size, 0, kern_size - kern_file_size);

+#ifdef CONFIG_EFI_STUB
+ generate_pecoff_section_data(output);
+#endif
+
/* Calculate and write kernel checksum. */
crc = partial_crc32(output, total_size - 4, crc);
put_unaligned_le32(crc, &output[total_size - 4]);
diff --git a/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/x86-stub.c b/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/x86-stub.c
index 1d1ab1911fd3..1f0a2e7075c3 100644
--- a/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/x86-stub.c
+++ b/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/x86-stub.c
@@ -389,8 +389,11 @@ efi_status_t __efiapi efi_pe_entry(efi_handle_t handle,

hdr = &boot_params->hdr;

- /* Copy the setup header from the second sector to boot_params */
- memcpy(&hdr->jump, image_base + 512,
+ /*
+ * Copy the setup header from the second sector
+ * (mapped to image_base + 0x1000) to boot_params
+ */
+ memcpy(&hdr->jump, image_base + 0x1000,
sizeof(struct setup_header) - offsetof(struct setup_header, jump));

/*
--
2.37.4
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