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SubjectRe: [PATCH 6/6] LoongArch: Add generic ex-handler unwind in prologue unwinder
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Hi, Jinyang

On 2022/12/15 下午12:01, Jinyang He wrote:
> When exception is triggered, code flow go handle_\exception in some
> cases. One of stackframe in this case as follows,
>
> high -> +-------+
> | REGS | <- a pt_regs
> | |
> | | <- ex trigger
> | REGS | <- ex pt_regs <-+
> | | |
> | | |
> low -> +-------+ ->unwind-+
>
> When unwinder unwind to handler_\exception it cannot go on prologue
> analysis. It is asynchronous code flow, we should get the next frame
> PC from regs->csr_era but not from regs->regs[1]. And we copy the
> handler codes to eentry in the early time and copy the handler codes
> to NUMA-relative memory named pcpu_handlers if NUMA is enabled. Thus,
> unwinder cannot unwind normally. Therefore, try to give some hint in
> handler_\exception and fixup it in unwind_next_frame.
>
> Reported-by: Qing Zhang <zhangqing@loongson.cn>
> Signed-off-by: Jinyang He <hejinyang@loongson.cn>
> ---
> arch/loongarch/include/asm/unwind.h | 2 +-
> arch/loongarch/kernel/genex.S | 3 +
> arch/loongarch/kernel/unwind_prologue.c | 100 +++++++++++++++++++++---
> arch/loongarch/mm/tlb.c | 2 +-
> 4 files changed, 92 insertions(+), 15 deletions(-)
>
The others look good to me, but there is still a small problem:
When I tested hw_breakpoint.ko with prologue unwinder,
sometimes output address [<9000000100302724>] 0x9000000100302724, eg:
CPU: 3 PID: 0
But some processes are normal, eg: CPU: 0 PID: 0

[27.655549] CPU: 3 PID: 0 Comm: swapper/3 Not tainted 6.1.0-rc8 #9
[27.655552] Hardware name: Loongson Loongson-3A5000-7A1000-1w-A2101/
Loongson-LS3A5000-7A1000-1w-A2101, BIOS
vUDK2018-LoongArch-V2.0.pre-beta8 06/15/2022

[27.655604]...
[27.655606] Call Trace:
[27.655607] [<9000000000222f88>] show_stack+0x60/0x184
[27.655613] [<90000000010e9b8c>] dump_stack_lvl+0x60/0x88
[27.655618] [] sample_hbp_handler+0x30/0x4c [data_breakpoint]
[27.655626] [<900000000037c8a0>] __perf_event_overflow+0x84/0x26c
[27.655629] [<900000000038980c>] perf_bp_event+0xc0/0xc8
[27.655633] [<900000000022e3bc>] watchpoint_handler+0x54/0x88
[27.655637] [<90000000010ea2f8>] do_watch+0x30/0x48
[27.655640] [<9000000100302724>] 0x9000000100302724 // Not natural
[27.655642] [<9000000000ab4cbc>] add_interrupt_randomness+0x60/0xbc
[27.655646] [<90000000002a0fa0>] handle_irq_event_percpu+0x28/0x70
[27.655650] [<90000000002a6f9c>] handle_percpu_irq+0x54/0x88
[27.655652] [<90000000002a025c>] generic_handle_domain_irq+0x28/0x40
[27.655655] [<9000000000995458>] handle_cpu_irq+0x68/0xa4
[27.655658] [<90000000010ea8dc>] handle_loongarch_irq+0x34/0x4c
[27.655661] [<90000000010ea974>] do_vint+0x80/0xb4
[27.655664] [<90000000002216a0>] __arch_cpu_idle+0x20/0x24
[27.655667] [<90000000010f8178>] default_idle_call+0x30/0x58
[27.655670] [<90000000002825cc>] do_idle+0xb4/0x118
[27.655674] [<900000000028281c>] cpu_startup_entry+0x20/0x24
[27.655677] [<900000000022b198>] start_secondary+0x9c/0xa4
[27.655679] [<90000000010eb124>] smpboot_entry+0x60/0x64


[27.658940] CPU: 0 PID: 0 Comm: swapper/0 Not tainted 6.1.0-rc8 #9
...
[28.229978] Call Trace:
[28.229979] [<9000000000222f88>] show_stack+0x60/0x184
[28.237503] [<90000000010e9b8c>] dump_stack_lvl+0x60/0x88
[28.242866] [] sample_hbp_handler+0x30/0x4c [data_breakpoint]
[28.250132] [<900000000037c8a0>] __perf_event_overflow+0x84/0x26c
[28.256186] [<900000000038980c>] perf_bp_event+0xc0/0xc8
[28.261462] [<900000000022e3bc>] watchpoint_handler+0x54/0x88
[28.267170] [<90000000010ea2f8>] do_watch+0x30/0x48
[28.272013] [<90000000017d2724>] exception_handlers+0x2724/0x1000 //...
[28.278155] [<9000000000ab4cbc>] add_interrupt_randomness+0x60/0xbc
[28.284381] [<90000000002a0fa0>] handle_irq_event_percpu+0x28/0x70
[28.290520] [<90000000002a6f9c>] handle_percpu_irq+0x54/0x88
[28.296140] [<90000000002a025c>] generic_handle_domain_irq+0x28/0x40
[28.302452] [<9000000000995458>] handle_cpu_irq+0x68/0xa4
[28.307813] [<90000000010ea8dc>] handle_loongarch_irq+0x34/0x4c
[28.313693] [<90000000010ea974>] do_vint+0x80/0xb4
[28.318450] [<90000000002216a0>] __arch_cpu_idle+0x20/0x24
[28.323897] [<90000000010f8178>] default_idle_call+0x30/0x58
[28.329518] [<90000000002825cc>] do_idle+0xb4/0x118
[28.334361] [<900000000028281c>] cpu_startup_entry+0x20/0x24
[28.339982] [<90000000010ec0dc>] kernel_init+0x0/0x110
[28.345085] [<90000000011106f8>] arch_post_acpi_subsys_init+0x0/0x4

Maybe sometimes assembly kallsyms is not recognized, let me think...

Thanks,
-Qing

> diff --git a/arch/loongarch/include/asm/unwind.h b/arch/loongarch/include/asm/unwind.h
> index a16aff1d086a..c02cb3b39fe2 100644
> --- a/arch/loongarch/include/asm/unwind.h
> +++ b/arch/loongarch/include/asm/unwind.h
> @@ -24,7 +24,7 @@ struct unwind_state {
> char type; /* UNWINDER_XXX */
> struct stack_info stack_info;
> struct task_struct *task;
> - bool first, error, is_ftrace;
> + bool first, error, reset;
> int graph_idx;
> unsigned long sp, pc, ra;
> const struct unwinder_ops *ops;
> diff --git a/arch/loongarch/kernel/genex.S b/arch/loongarch/kernel/genex.S
> index 75e5be807a0d..7e5c293ed89f 100644
> --- a/arch/loongarch/kernel/genex.S
> +++ b/arch/loongarch/kernel/genex.S
> @@ -67,14 +67,17 @@ SYM_FUNC_END(except_vec_cex)
> .macro BUILD_HANDLER exception handler prep
> .align 5
> SYM_FUNC_START(handle_\exception)
> + 666:
> BACKUP_T0T1
> SAVE_ALL
> build_prep_\prep
> move a0, sp
> la.abs t0, do_\handler
> jirl ra, t0, 0
> + 668:
> RESTORE_ALL_AND_RET
> SYM_FUNC_END(handle_\exception)
> + SYM_DATA(unwind_hint_\exception, .word 668b - 666b)
> .endm
>
> BUILD_HANDLER ade ade badv
> diff --git a/arch/loongarch/kernel/unwind_prologue.c b/arch/loongarch/kernel/unwind_prologue.c
> index 441641227c10..c34bb035ac56 100644
> --- a/arch/loongarch/kernel/unwind_prologue.c
> +++ b/arch/loongarch/kernel/unwind_prologue.c
> @@ -2,23 +2,102 @@
> /*
> * Copyright (C) 2022 Loongson Technology Corporation Limited
> */
> +#include <linux/cpumask.h>
> #include <linux/ftrace.h>
> #include <linux/kallsyms.h>
>
> #include <asm/inst.h>
> +#include <asm/loongson.h>
> #include <asm/ptrace.h>
> +#include <asm/setup.h>
> #include <asm/unwind.h>
>
> static const struct unwinder_ops *guard_unwinder = &unwinder_guess;
>
> -static inline void unwind_state_fixup(struct unwind_state *state)
> +extern const int unwind_hint_ade;
> +extern const int unwind_hint_ale;
> +extern const int unwind_hint_bp;
> +extern const int unwind_hint_fpe;
> +extern const int unwind_hint_fpu;
> +extern const int unwind_hint_lsx;
> +extern const int unwind_hint_lasx;
> +extern const int unwind_hint_lbt;
> +extern const int unwind_hint_ri;
> +extern const int unwind_hint_watch;
> +extern unsigned long eentry;
> +#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
> +extern unsigned long pcpu_handlers[NR_CPUS];
> +#endif
> +
> +static inline bool scan_handler(unsigned long entry_offset)
> {
> -#ifdef CONFIG_DYNAMIC_FTRACE
> - static unsigned long ftrace = (unsigned long)ftrace_call + 4;
> + int idx, offset;
>
> - if (state->pc == ftrace)
> - state->is_ftrace = true;
> + if (entry_offset >= EXCCODE_INT_START * VECSIZE)
> + return false;
> +
> + idx = entry_offset / VECSIZE;
> + offset = entry_offset % VECSIZE;
> + switch (idx) {
> + case EXCCODE_ADE:
> + return offset == unwind_hint_ade;
> + case EXCCODE_ALE:
> + return offset == unwind_hint_ale;
> + case EXCCODE_BP:
> + return offset == unwind_hint_bp;
> + case EXCCODE_FPE:
> + return offset == unwind_hint_fpe;
> + case EXCCODE_FPDIS:
> + return offset == unwind_hint_fpu;
> + case EXCCODE_LSXDIS:
> + return offset == unwind_hint_lsx;
> + case EXCCODE_LASXDIS:
> + return offset == unwind_hint_lasx;
> + case EXCCODE_BTDIS:
> + return offset == unwind_hint_lbt;
> + case EXCCODE_INE:
> + return offset == unwind_hint_ri;
> + case EXCCODE_WATCH:
> + return offset == unwind_hint_watch;
> + default:
> + return false;
> + }
> +}
> +
> +static inline bool fix_exceptions(unsigned long pc)
> +{
> +#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
> + int cpu;
> +
> + for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
> + if (!pcpu_handlers[cpu])
> + continue;
> + if (scan_handler(pc - pcpu_handlers[cpu]))
> + return true;
> + }
> #endif
> + return scan_handler(pc - eentry);
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * As we meet ftrace_regs_entry, reset first flag like first doing
> + * tracing. Prologue analysis will stop soon because PC is at entry.
> + */
> +static inline bool fix_ftrace(unsigned long pc)
> +{
> +#ifdef CONFIG_DYNAMIC_FTRACE
> + return pc == (unsigned long)ftrace_call + LOONGARCH_INSN_SIZE;
> +#else
> + return false;
> +#endif
> +}
> +
> +static inline bool unwind_state_fixup(struct unwind_state *state)
> +{
> + if (!fix_exceptions(state->pc) && !fix_ftrace(state->pc))
> + return false;
> + state->reset = true;
> + return true;
> }
>
> static unsigned long get_return_address(struct unwind_state *state)
> @@ -46,14 +125,10 @@ static bool unwind_by_prologue(struct unwind_state *state)
> if (state->sp >= info->end || state->sp < info->begin)
> return false;
>
> - if (state->is_ftrace) {
> - /*
> - * As we meet ftrace_regs_entry, reset first flag like first doing
> - * tracing. Prologue analysis will stop soon because PC is at entry.
> - */
> + if (state->reset) {
> regs = (struct pt_regs *)state->sp;
> state->first = true;
> - state->is_ftrace = false;
> + state->reset = false;
> state->pc = regs->csr_era;
> state->ra = regs->regs[1];
> state->sp = regs->regs[3];
> @@ -118,8 +193,7 @@ static bool unwind_by_prologue(struct unwind_state *state)
>
> out:
> state->first = false;
> - unwind_state_fixup(state);
> - return !!__kernel_text_address(state->pc);
> + return unwind_state_fixup(state) || __kernel_text_address(state->pc);
> }
>
> static int raw_show_trace;
> diff --git a/arch/loongarch/mm/tlb.c b/arch/loongarch/mm/tlb.c
> index da3681f131c8..8bad6b0cff59 100644
> --- a/arch/loongarch/mm/tlb.c
> +++ b/arch/loongarch/mm/tlb.c
> @@ -251,7 +251,7 @@ static void output_pgtable_bits_defines(void)
> }
>
> #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
> -static unsigned long pcpu_handlers[NR_CPUS];
> +unsigned long pcpu_handlers[NR_CPUS];
> #endif
> extern long exception_handlers[VECSIZE * 128 / sizeof(long)];
>
>

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