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Subject[PATCH bpf-next 6/6] bpf: selftests: Add bpf_ip_check_defrag() selftest
Date
This selftest tests 2 major scenarios: the BPF based defragmentation can
succesfully be done and that packet pointers are invalidated after calls
to the kfunc.

In the first scenario, we create a UDP client and UDP echo server. The
the server side is fairly straightforward: we attach the prog and simply
echo back the message.

The on the client side, we send fragmented packets to and expect the
reassembled message back from the server.

Signed-off-by: Daniel Xu <dxu@dxuuu.xyz>
---
.../selftests/bpf/generate_udp_fragments.py | 52 +++
.../bpf/prog_tests/ip_check_defrag.c | 296 ++++++++++++++++++
.../selftests/bpf/progs/bpf_tracing_net.h | 1 +
.../selftests/bpf/progs/ip_check_defrag.c | 83 +++++
4 files changed, 432 insertions(+)
create mode 100755 tools/testing/selftests/bpf/generate_udp_fragments.py
create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/bpf/prog_tests/ip_check_defrag.c
create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/ip_check_defrag.c

diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/generate_udp_fragments.py b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/generate_udp_fragments.py
new file mode 100755
index 000000000000..b7ee3f7b42b4
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/generate_udp_fragments.py
@@ -0,0 +1,52 @@
+#!/bin/env python3
+
+"""
+This script helps generate fragmented UDP packets.
+
+While it is technically possible to dynamically generate
+fragmented packets in C, it is much harder to read and write
+said code. `scapy` is relatively industry standard and really
+easy to read / write.
+
+So we choose to write this script that generates valid C code.
+"""
+
+import argparse
+from scapy.all import *
+
+def print_frags(frags):
+ for idx, frag in enumerate(frags):
+ # 10 bytes per line to keep width in check
+ chunks = [frag[i: i+10] for i in range(0, len(frag), 10)]
+ chunks_fmted = [", ".join([str(hex(b)) for b in chunk]) for chunk in chunks]
+
+ print(f"static uint8_t frag{idx}[] = {{")
+ for chunk in chunks_fmted:
+ print(f"\t{chunk},")
+ print(f"}};")
+
+
+def main(args):
+ # srcip of 0 is filled in by IP_HDRINCL
+ sip = "0.0.0.0"
+ dip = args.dst_ip
+ sport = args.src_port
+ dport = args.dst_port
+ payload = args.payload.encode()
+
+ # Disable UDP checksums to keep code simpler
+ pkt = IP(src=sip,dst=dip) / UDP(sport=sport,dport=dport,chksum=0) / Raw(load=payload)
+
+ frags = [f.build() for f in pkt.fragment(24)]
+ print_frags(frags)
+
+
+if __name__ == "__main__":
+ parser = argparse.ArgumentParser()
+ parser.add_argument("dst_ip")
+ parser.add_argument("src_port", type=int)
+ parser.add_argument("dst_port", type=int)
+ parser.add_argument("payload")
+ args = parser.parse_args()
+
+ main(args)
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/prog_tests/ip_check_defrag.c b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/prog_tests/ip_check_defrag.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..ed078e8265de
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/prog_tests/ip_check_defrag.c
@@ -0,0 +1,296 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+#include <test_progs.h>
+#include <net/if.h>
+#include <network_helpers.h>
+#include "ip_check_defrag.skel.h"
+
+/*
+ * This selftest spins up a client and an echo server, each in their own
+ * network namespace. The server will receive fragmented messages which
+ * the attached BPF prog should reassemble. We verify that reassembly
+ * occurred by checking the original (fragmented) message is received
+ * in whole.
+ *
+ * Topology:
+ * =========
+ * NS0 | NS1
+ * |
+ * client | server
+ * ---------- | ----------
+ * | veth0 | --------- | veth1 |
+ * ---------- peer ----------
+ * |
+ * | with bpf
+ */
+
+#define NS0 "defrag_ns0"
+#define NS1 "defrag_ns1"
+#define VETH0 "veth0"
+#define VETH1 "veth1"
+#define VETH0_ADDR "172.16.1.100"
+#define VETH1_ADDR "172.16.1.200"
+#define CLIENT_PORT 48878
+#define SERVER_PORT 48879
+#define MAGIC_MESSAGE "THIS IS THE ORIGINAL MESSAGE, PLEASE REASSEMBLE ME"
+
+static char log_buf[1024 * 1024];
+
+#define SYS(fmt, ...) \
+ ({ \
+ char cmd[1024]; \
+ snprintf(cmd, sizeof(cmd), fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \
+ if (!ASSERT_OK(system(cmd), cmd)) \
+ goto fail; \
+ })
+
+#define SYS_NOFAIL(fmt, ...) \
+ ({ \
+ char cmd[1024]; \
+ snprintf(cmd, sizeof(cmd), fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \
+ system(cmd); \
+ })
+
+/*
+ * The following fragments are generated with this script invocation:
+ *
+ * ./generate_udp_fragments $VETH1_ADDR $CLIENT_PORT $SERVER_PORT $MAGIC_MESSAGE
+ *
+ * where the `$` indicates replacement with preprocessor macro.
+ */
+static uint8_t frag0[] = {
+ 0x45, 0x0, 0x0, 0x2c, 0x0, 0x1, 0x20, 0x0, 0x40, 0x11,
+ 0xac, 0xe8, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0xac, 0x10, 0x1, 0xc8,
+ 0xbe, 0xee, 0xbe, 0xef, 0x0, 0x3a, 0x0, 0x0, 0x54, 0x48,
+ 0x49, 0x53, 0x20, 0x49, 0x53, 0x20, 0x54, 0x48, 0x45, 0x20,
+ 0x4f, 0x52, 0x49, 0x47,
+};
+static uint8_t frag1[] = {
+ 0x45, 0x0, 0x0, 0x2c, 0x0, 0x1, 0x20, 0x3, 0x40, 0x11,
+ 0xac, 0xe5, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0xac, 0x10, 0x1, 0xc8,
+ 0x49, 0x4e, 0x41, 0x4c, 0x20, 0x4d, 0x45, 0x53, 0x53, 0x41,
+ 0x47, 0x45, 0x2c, 0x20, 0x50, 0x4c, 0x45, 0x41, 0x53, 0x45,
+ 0x20, 0x52, 0x45, 0x41,
+};
+static uint8_t frag2[] = {
+ 0x45, 0x0, 0x0, 0x1e, 0x0, 0x1, 0x0, 0x6, 0x40, 0x11,
+ 0xcc, 0xf0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0xac, 0x10, 0x1, 0xc8,
+ 0x53, 0x53, 0x45, 0x4d, 0x42, 0x4c, 0x45, 0x20, 0x4d, 0x45,
+};
+
+static int setup_topology(void)
+{
+ SYS("ip netns add " NS0);
+ SYS("ip netns add " NS1);
+ SYS("ip link add " VETH0 " netns " NS0 " type veth peer name " VETH1 " netns " NS1);
+ SYS("ip -net " NS0 " addr add " VETH0_ADDR "/24 dev " VETH0);
+ SYS("ip -net " NS0 " link set dev " VETH0 " up");
+ SYS("ip -net " NS1 " addr add " VETH1_ADDR "/24 dev " VETH1);
+ SYS("ip -net " NS1 " link set dev " VETH1 " up");
+
+ return 0;
+fail:
+ return -1;
+}
+
+static void cleanup_topology(void)
+{
+ SYS_NOFAIL("test -f /var/run/netns/" NS0 " && ip netns delete " NS0);
+ SYS_NOFAIL("test -f /var/run/netns/" NS1 " && ip netns delete " NS1);
+}
+
+static int attach(struct ip_check_defrag *skel)
+{
+ LIBBPF_OPTS(bpf_tc_hook, tc_hook,
+ .attach_point = BPF_TC_INGRESS);
+ LIBBPF_OPTS(bpf_tc_opts, tc_attach,
+ .prog_fd = bpf_program__fd(skel->progs.defrag));
+ struct nstoken *nstoken;
+ int err = -1;
+
+ nstoken = open_netns(NS1);
+
+ tc_hook.ifindex = if_nametoindex(VETH1);
+ if (!ASSERT_OK(bpf_tc_hook_create(&tc_hook), "bpf_tc_hook_create"))
+ goto out;
+
+ if (!ASSERT_OK(bpf_tc_attach(&tc_hook, &tc_attach), "bpf_tc_attach"))
+ goto out;
+
+ err = 0;
+out:
+ close_netns(nstoken);
+ return err;
+}
+
+static int send_frags(int client)
+{
+ struct sockaddr_storage saddr;
+ struct sockaddr *saddr_p;
+ socklen_t saddr_len;
+ int err;
+
+ saddr_p = (struct sockaddr*)&saddr;
+ err = make_sockaddr(AF_INET, VETH1_ADDR, SERVER_PORT, &saddr, &saddr_len);
+ if (!ASSERT_OK(err, "make_sockaddr"))
+ return -1;
+
+ err = sendto(client, frag0, sizeof(frag0), 0, saddr_p, saddr_len);
+ if (!ASSERT_GE(err, 0, "sendto frag0"))
+ return -1;
+
+ err = sendto(client, frag1, sizeof(frag1), 0, saddr_p, saddr_len);
+ if (!ASSERT_GE(err, 0, "sendto frag1"))
+ return -1;
+
+ err = sendto(client, frag2, sizeof(frag2), 0, saddr_p, saddr_len);
+ if (!ASSERT_GE(err, 0, "sendto frag2"))
+ return -1;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+void test_bpf_ip_check_defrag_ok(void)
+{
+ struct network_helper_opts rx_opts = {
+ .timeout_ms = 1000,
+ .noconnect = true,
+ };
+ struct network_helper_opts tx_ops = {
+ .timeout_ms = 1000,
+ .type = SOCK_RAW,
+ .proto = IPPROTO_RAW,
+ .noconnect = true,
+ };
+ struct ip_check_defrag *skel;
+ struct sockaddr_in caddr;
+ struct nstoken *nstoken;
+ int client_tx_fd = -1;
+ int client_rx_fd = -1;
+ socklen_t caddr_len;
+ int srv_fd = -1;
+ char buf[1024];
+ int len, err;
+
+ skel = ip_check_defrag__open_and_load();
+ if (!ASSERT_OK_PTR(skel, "skel_open"))
+ return;
+
+ if (!ASSERT_OK(setup_topology(), "setup_topology"))
+ goto out;
+
+ if (!ASSERT_OK(attach(skel), "attach"))
+ goto out;
+
+ /* Start server in ns1 */
+ nstoken = open_netns(NS1);
+ if (!ASSERT_OK_PTR(nstoken, "setns ns1"))
+ goto out;
+ srv_fd = start_server(AF_INET, SOCK_DGRAM, NULL, SERVER_PORT, 0);
+ close_netns(nstoken);
+ if (!ASSERT_GE(srv_fd, 0, "start_server"))
+ goto out;
+
+ /* Open tx raw socket in ns0 */
+ nstoken = open_netns(NS0);
+ if (!ASSERT_OK_PTR(nstoken, "setns ns0"))
+ goto out;
+ client_tx_fd = connect_to_fd_opts(srv_fd, &tx_ops);
+ close_netns(nstoken);
+ if (!ASSERT_GE(client_tx_fd, 0, "connect_to_fd_opts"))
+ goto out;
+
+ /* Open rx socket in ns0 */
+ nstoken = open_netns(NS0);
+ if (!ASSERT_OK_PTR(nstoken, "setns ns0"))
+ goto out;
+ client_rx_fd = connect_to_fd_opts(srv_fd, &rx_opts);
+ close_netns(nstoken);
+ if (!ASSERT_GE(client_rx_fd, 0, "connect_to_fd_opts"))
+ goto out;
+
+ /* Bind rx socket to a premeditated port */
+ memset(&caddr, 0, sizeof(caddr));
+ caddr.sin_family = AF_INET;
+ inet_pton(AF_INET, VETH0_ADDR, &caddr.sin_addr);
+ caddr.sin_port = htons(CLIENT_PORT);
+ nstoken = open_netns(NS0);
+ err = bind(client_rx_fd, (struct sockaddr *)&caddr, sizeof(caddr));
+ close_netns(nstoken);
+ if (!ASSERT_OK(err, "bind"))
+ goto out;
+
+ /* Send message in fragments */
+ if (!ASSERT_OK(send_frags(client_tx_fd), "send_frags"))
+ goto out;
+
+ if (!ASSERT_EQ(skel->bss->frags_seen, 3, "frags_seen"))
+ goto out;
+
+ if (!ASSERT_FALSE(skel->data->is_final_frag, "is_final_frag"))
+ goto out;
+
+ /* Receive reassembled msg on server and echo back to client */
+ len = recvfrom(srv_fd, buf, sizeof(buf), 0, (struct sockaddr *)&caddr, &caddr_len);
+ if (!ASSERT_GE(len, 0, "server recvfrom"))
+ goto out;
+ len = sendto(srv_fd, buf, len, 0, (struct sockaddr *)&caddr, caddr_len);
+ if (!ASSERT_GE(len, 0, "server sendto"))
+ goto out;
+
+ /* Expect reassembed message to be echoed back */
+ len = recvfrom(client_rx_fd, buf, sizeof(buf), 0, NULL, NULL);
+ if (!ASSERT_EQ(len, sizeof(MAGIC_MESSAGE) - 1, "client short read"))
+ goto out;
+
+out:
+ if (client_rx_fd != -1)
+ close(client_rx_fd);
+ if (client_tx_fd != -1)
+ close(client_tx_fd);
+ if (srv_fd != -1)
+ close(srv_fd);
+ cleanup_topology();
+ ip_check_defrag__destroy(skel);
+}
+
+void test_bpf_ip_check_defrag_fail(void)
+{
+ const char *err_msg = "invalid mem access 'scalar'";
+ LIBBPF_OPTS(bpf_object_open_opts, opts,
+ .kernel_log_buf = log_buf,
+ .kernel_log_size = sizeof(log_buf),
+ .kernel_log_level = 1);
+ struct ip_check_defrag *skel;
+ struct bpf_program *prog;
+ int err;
+
+ skel = ip_check_defrag__open_opts(&opts);
+ if (!ASSERT_OK_PTR(skel, "ip_check_defrag__open_opts"))
+ return;
+
+ prog = bpf_object__find_program_by_name(skel->obj, "defrag_fail");
+ if (!ASSERT_OK_PTR(prog, "bpf_object__find_program_by_name"))
+ goto out;
+
+ bpf_program__set_autoload(prog, true);
+
+ err = ip_check_defrag__load(skel);
+ if (!ASSERT_ERR(err, "ip_check_defrag__load must fail"))
+ goto out;
+
+ if (!ASSERT_OK_PTR(strstr(log_buf, err_msg), "expected error message")) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "Expected: %s\n", err_msg);
+ fprintf(stderr, "Verifier: %s\n", log_buf);
+ }
+
+out:
+ ip_check_defrag__destroy(skel);
+}
+
+void test_bpf_ip_check_defrag(void)
+{
+ if (test__start_subtest("ok"))
+ test_bpf_ip_check_defrag_ok();
+ if (test__start_subtest("fail"))
+ test_bpf_ip_check_defrag_fail();
+}
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/bpf_tracing_net.h b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/bpf_tracing_net.h
index b394817126cf..a1d6cc1f2ef8 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/bpf_tracing_net.h
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/bpf_tracing_net.h
@@ -26,6 +26,7 @@
#define IPV6_AUTOFLOWLABEL 70

#define TC_ACT_UNSPEC (-1)
+#define TC_ACT_OK 0
#define TC_ACT_SHOT 2

#define SOL_TCP 6
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/ip_check_defrag.c b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/ip_check_defrag.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..71300b77a43f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/ip_check_defrag.c
@@ -0,0 +1,83 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
+#include "vmlinux.h"
+#include <bpf/bpf_helpers.h>
+#include <bpf/bpf_endian.h>
+#include "bpf_tracing_net.h"
+
+#define ETH_P_IP 0x0800
+#define IP_DF 0x4000
+#define IP_MF 0x2000
+#define IP_OFFSET 0x1FFF
+#define ctx_ptr(field) (void *)(long)(field)
+
+int bpf_ip_check_defrag(struct __sk_buff *ctx, u64 netns) __ksym;
+
+volatile int frags_seen = 0;
+volatile bool is_final_frag = true;
+
+static inline bool is_frag(struct iphdr *iph)
+{
+ int offset;
+ int flags;
+
+ offset = bpf_ntohs(iph->frag_off);
+ flags = offset & ~IP_OFFSET;
+ offset &= IP_OFFSET;
+ offset <<= 3;
+
+ return (flags & IP_MF) || offset;
+}
+
+SEC("tc")
+int defrag(struct __sk_buff *skb)
+{
+ void *data_end = ctx_ptr(skb->data_end);
+ void *data = ctx_ptr(skb->data);
+ struct iphdr *iph;
+
+ if (skb->protocol != bpf_htons(ETH_P_IP))
+ return TC_ACT_OK;
+
+ iph = data + sizeof(struct ethhdr);
+ if (iph + 1 > data_end)
+ return TC_ACT_SHOT;
+
+ if (!is_frag(iph))
+ return TC_ACT_OK;
+
+ frags_seen++;
+ if (bpf_ip_check_defrag(skb, BPF_F_CURRENT_NETNS))
+ return TC_ACT_SHOT;
+
+ data_end = ctx_ptr(skb->data_end);
+ data = ctx_ptr(skb->data);
+ iph = data + sizeof(struct ethhdr);
+ if (iph + 1 > data_end)
+ return TC_ACT_SHOT;
+ is_final_frag = is_frag(iph);
+
+ return TC_ACT_OK;
+}
+
+SEC("?tc")
+int defrag_fail(struct __sk_buff *skb)
+{
+ void *data_end = ctx_ptr(skb->data_end);
+ void *data = ctx_ptr(skb->data);
+ struct iphdr *iph;
+
+ if (skb->protocol != bpf_htons(ETH_P_IP))
+ return TC_ACT_OK;
+
+ iph = data + sizeof(struct ethhdr);
+ if (iph + 1 > data_end)
+ return TC_ACT_SHOT;
+
+ if (bpf_ip_check_defrag(skb, BPF_F_CURRENT_NETNS))
+ return TC_ACT_SHOT;
+
+ /* Boom. Must revalidate pkt ptrs */
+ return iph->ttl ? TC_ACT_OK : TC_ACT_SHOT;
+}
+
+char _license[] SEC("license") = "GPL";
--
2.39.0
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