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SubjectRe: [PATCH 2/2] mm/kmemleak: Fix UAF bug in kmemleak_scan()
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On 12/14/22 06:16, Catalin Marinas wrote:
> On Sat, Dec 10, 2022 at 06:00:48PM -0500, Waiman Long wrote:
>> Commit 6edda04ccc7c ("mm/kmemleak: prevent soft lockup in first
>> object iteration loop of kmemleak_scan()") fixes soft lockup problem
>> in kmemleak_scan() by periodically doing a cond_resched(). It does
>> take a reference of the current object before doing it. Unfortunately,
>> if the object has been deleted from the object_list, the next object
>> pointed to by its next pointer may no longer be valid after coming
>> back from cond_resched(). This can result in use-after-free and other
>> nasty problem.
> Ah, kmemleak_cond_resched() releases the rcu lock, so using
> list_for_each_entry_rcu() doesn't help.
>
>> diff --git a/mm/kmemleak.c b/mm/kmemleak.c
>> index 8c44f70ed457..d3a8fa4e3af3 100644
>> --- a/mm/kmemleak.c
>> +++ b/mm/kmemleak.c
>> @@ -1465,15 +1465,26 @@ static void scan_gray_list(void)
>> * that the given object won't go away without RCU read lock by performing a
>> * get_object() if necessaary.
>> */
>> -static void kmemleak_cond_resched(struct kmemleak_object *object)
>> +static void kmemleak_cond_resched(struct kmemleak_object **pobject)
>> {
>> - if (!get_object(object))
>> + struct kmemleak_object *obj = *pobject;
>> +
>> + if (!(obj->flags & OBJECT_ALLOCATED) || !get_object(obj))
>> return; /* Try next object */
> I don't think we can rely on obj->flags without holding obj->lock. We do
> have a few WARN_ON() checks without the lock but in all other places the
> lock should be held.

Good point. It is just an optimistic check and it is OK to be wrong. I
think I may need to use data_race() macro to signify that racing can
happen and it is fine.

>
> Another potential issue with re-scanning is that the loop may never
> complete if it always goes from the beginning. Yet another problem with
> restarting is that we may count references to an object multiple times
> and get more false negatives.
>
> I'd keep the OBJECT_ALLOCATED logic in the main kmemleak_scan() loop and
> retake the object->lock if cond_resched() was called
> (kmemleak_need_resched() returning true), check if it was freed and
> restart the loop. We could add a new OBJECT_SCANNED flag so that we
> skip such objects if we restarted the loop. The flag is reset during
> list preparation.
>
> I wonder whether we actually need the cond_resched() in the first loop.
> It does take a lot of locks but it doesn't scan the objects. I had a
> patch around to remove the fine-grained locking in favour of the big
> kmemleak_lock, it would make this loop faster (not sure what happened to
> that patch, I need to dig it out).
>
Thanks for the review. Another alternative way to handle that is to add
an OBJECT_ANCHORED flag to indicate that this object shouldn't be
deleted from the object list yet. Maybe also an OBJECT_DELETE_PENDING
flag so that kmemleak_cond_resched() will delete it after returning from
cond_resched() when set by another function that want to delete this
object. All these checks and flag setting will be done with object lock
held. How do you think?

Cheers,
Longman

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