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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3] mm: Add nodes= arg to memory.reclaim
On Tue 13-12-22 11:29:45, Mina Almasry wrote:
> On Tue, Dec 13, 2022 at 6:03 AM Michal Hocko <> wrote:
> >
> > On Tue 13-12-22 14:30:40, Johannes Weiner wrote:
> > > On Tue, Dec 13, 2022 at 02:30:57PM +0800, Huang, Ying wrote:
> > [...]
> > > > After these discussion, I think the solution maybe use different
> > > > interfaces for "proactive demote" and "proactive reclaim". That is,
> > > > reconsider "memory.demote". In this way, we will always uncharge the
> > > > cgroup for "memory.reclaim". This avoid the possible confusion there.
> > > > And, because demotion is considered aging, we don't need to disable
> > > > demotion for "memory.reclaim", just don't count it.
> > >
> > > Hm, so in summary:
> > >
> > > 1) memory.reclaim would demote and reclaim like today, but it would
> > > change to only count reclaimed pages against the goal.
> > >
> > > 2) memory.demote would only demote.
> > >
> If the above 2 points are agreeable then yes, this sounds good to me
> and does address our use case.
> > > a) What if the demotion targets are full? Would it reclaim or fail?
> > >
> Wei will chime in if he disagrees, but I think we _require_ that it
> fails, not falls back to reclaim. The interface is asking for
> demotion, and is called memory.demote. For such an interface to fall
> back to reclaim would be very confusing to userspace and may trigger
> reclaim on a high priority job that we want to shield from proactive
> reclaim.

But what should happen if the immediate demotion target is full but
lower tiers are still usable. Should the first one demote before
allowing to demote from the top tier?

> > > 3) Would memory.reclaim and memory.demote still need nodemasks?
> memory.demote will need a nodemask, for sure. Today the nodemask would
> be useful if there is a specific node in the top tier that is
> overloaded and we want to reduce the pressure by demoting. In the
> future there will be N tiers and the nodemask says which tier to
> demote from.

OK, so what is the exact semantic of the node mask. Does it control
where to demote from or to or both?

> I don't think memory.reclaim would need a nodemask anymore? At least I
> no longer see the use for it for us.
> > > Would
> > > they return -EINVAL if a) memory.reclaim gets passed only toptier
> > > nodes or b) memory.demote gets passed any lasttier nodes?
> >
> Honestly it would be great if memory.reclaim can force reclaim from a
> top tier nodes. It breaks the aginig pipeline, yes, but if the user is
> specifically asking for that because they decided in their usecase
> it's a good idea then the kernel should comply IMO. Not a strict
> requirement for us. Wei will chime in if he disagrees.

That would require a nodemask to say which nodes to reclaim, no? The
default behavior should be in line with what standard memory reclaim
does. If the demotion is a part of that process so should be
memory.reclaim part of it. If we want to have a finer control then a
nodemask is really a must and then the nodemaks should constrain both
agining and reclaim.

> memory.demote returning -EINVAL for lasttier nodes makes sense to me.
> > I would also add
> > 4) Do we want to allow to control the demotion path (e.g. which node to
> > demote from and to) and how to achieve that?
> We care deeply about specifying which node to demote _from_. That
> would be some node that is approaching pressure and we're looking for
> proactive saving from. So far I haven't seen any reason to control
> which nodes to demote _to_. The kernel deciding that based on the
> aging pipeline and the node distances sounds good to me. Obviously
> someone else may find that useful.

Please keep in mind that the interface should be really prepared for
future extensions so try to abstract from your immediate usecases.

> > 5) Is the demotion api restricted to multi-tier systems or any numa
> > configuration allowed as well?
> >
> demotion will of course not work on single tiered systems. The
> interface may return some failure on such systems or not be available
> at all.

Is there any strong reason for that? We do not have any interface to
control NUMA balancing from userspace. Why cannot we use the interface
for that purpose?
Michal Hocko

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