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Subject[PATCH v9 1/5] x86/hyperv: Add support for detecting nested hypervisor
Date
Detect if Linux is running as a nested hypervisor in the root
partition for Microsoft Hypervisor, using flags provided by MSHV.
Expose a new variable hv_nested that is used later for decisions
specific to the nested use case.

Signed-off-by: Jinank Jain <jinankjain@linux.microsoft.com>
---
arch/x86/include/asm/hyperv-tlfs.h | 3 +++
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mshyperv.c | 7 +++++++
drivers/hv/hv_common.c | 9 ++++++---
include/asm-generic/mshyperv.h | 1 +
4 files changed, 17 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/hyperv-tlfs.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/hyperv-tlfs.h
index 6d9368ea3701..58c03d18c235 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/hyperv-tlfs.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/hyperv-tlfs.h
@@ -114,6 +114,9 @@
/* Recommend using the newer ExProcessorMasks interface */
#define HV_X64_EX_PROCESSOR_MASKS_RECOMMENDED BIT(11)

+/* Indicates that the hypervisor is nested within a Hyper-V partition. */
+#define HV_X64_HYPERV_NESTED BIT(12)
+
/* Recommend using enlightened VMCS */
#define HV_X64_ENLIGHTENED_VMCS_RECOMMENDED BIT(14)

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mshyperv.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mshyperv.c
index 46668e255421..f9b78d4829e3 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mshyperv.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mshyperv.c
@@ -37,6 +37,8 @@

/* Is Linux running as the root partition? */
bool hv_root_partition;
+/* Is Linux running on nested Microsoft Hypervisor */
+bool hv_nested;
struct ms_hyperv_info ms_hyperv;

#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_HYPERV)
@@ -301,6 +303,11 @@ static void __init ms_hyperv_init_platform(void)
pr_info("Hyper-V: running as root partition\n");
}

+ if (ms_hyperv.hints & HV_X64_HYPERV_NESTED) {
+ hv_nested = true;
+ pr_info("Hyper-V: running on a nested hypervisor\n");
+ }
+
/*
* Extract host information.
*/
diff --git a/drivers/hv/hv_common.c b/drivers/hv/hv_common.c
index ae68298c0dca..52a6f89ccdbd 100644
--- a/drivers/hv/hv_common.c
+++ b/drivers/hv/hv_common.c
@@ -25,17 +25,20 @@
#include <asm/mshyperv.h>

/*
- * hv_root_partition and ms_hyperv are defined here with other Hyper-V
- * specific globals so they are shared across all architectures and are
+ * hv_root_partition, ms_hyperv and hv_nested are defined here with other
+ * Hyper-V specific globals so they are shared across all architectures and are
* built only when CONFIG_HYPERV is defined. But on x86,
* ms_hyperv_init_platform() is built even when CONFIG_HYPERV is not
- * defined, and it uses these two variables. So mark them as __weak
+ * defined, and it uses these three variables. So mark them as __weak
* here, allowing for an overriding definition in the module containing
* ms_hyperv_init_platform().
*/
bool __weak hv_root_partition;
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(hv_root_partition);

+bool __weak hv_nested;
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(hv_nested);
+
struct ms_hyperv_info __weak ms_hyperv;
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ms_hyperv);

diff --git a/include/asm-generic/mshyperv.h b/include/asm-generic/mshyperv.h
index bfb9eb9d7215..f131027830c3 100644
--- a/include/asm-generic/mshyperv.h
+++ b/include/asm-generic/mshyperv.h
@@ -48,6 +48,7 @@ struct ms_hyperv_info {
u64 shared_gpa_boundary;
};
extern struct ms_hyperv_info ms_hyperv;
+extern bool hv_nested;

extern void * __percpu *hyperv_pcpu_input_arg;
extern void * __percpu *hyperv_pcpu_output_arg;
--
2.25.1
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