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SubjectRe: [tip:x86/mm] [x86/mm] 1248fb6a82: Kernel_panic-not_syncing:kasan_populate_pmd:Failed_to_allocate_page
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On 10/25/22 13:33, Peter Zijlstra wrote:
> On Tue, Oct 25, 2022 at 12:54:40PM +0800, kernel test robot wrote:
>> Hi Peter,
>>
>> We noticed that below commit changed the value of
>> CPU_ENTRY_AREA_MAP_SIZE. Seems KASAN uses this value to allocate memory,
>> and failed during initialization after this change, so we send this
>> mail and Cc KASAN folks. Please kindly check below report for more
>> details. Thanks.
>>
>>
>> Greeting,
>>
>> FYI, we noticed Kernel_panic-not_syncing:kasan_populate_pmd:Failed_to_allocate_page due to commit (built with gcc-11):
>>
>> commit: 1248fb6a8201ddac1c86a202f05a0a1765efbfce ("x86/mm: Randomize per-cpu entry area")
>> https://git.kernel.org/cgit/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip.git x86/mm
>>
>> in testcase: boot
>>
>> on test machine: qemu-system-x86_64 -enable-kvm -cpu SandyBridge -smp 2 -m 16G
>>
>> caused below changes (please refer to attached dmesg/kmsg for entire log/backtrace):
>>
>>
>> [ 7.114808][ T0] Kernel panic - not syncing: kasan_populate_pmd+0x142/0x1d2: Failed to allocate page, nid=0 from=1000000
>> [ 7.119742][ T0] CPU: 0 PID: 0 Comm: swapper Not tainted 6.1.0-rc1-00001-g1248fb6a8201 #1
>> [ 7.122122][ T0] Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS 1.16.0-debian-1.16.0-4 04/01/2014
>> [ 7.124976][ T0] Call Trace:
>> [ 7.125849][ T0] <TASK>
>> [ 7.126642][ T0] ? dump_stack_lvl+0x45/0x5d
>> [ 7.127908][ T0] ? panic+0x21e/0x46a
>> [ 7.129009][ T0] ? panic_print_sys_info+0x77/0x77
>> [ 7.130618][ T0] ? memblock_alloc_try_nid_raw+0x106/0x106
>> [ 7.132224][ T0] ? memblock_alloc_try_nid+0xd9/0x118
>> [ 7.133717][ T0] ? memblock_alloc_try_nid_raw+0x106/0x106
>> [ 7.135252][ T0] ? kasan_populate_pmd+0x142/0x1d2
>> [ 7.136655][ T0] ? early_alloc+0x95/0x9d
>> [ 7.137738][ T0] ? kasan_populate_pmd+0x142/0x1d2
>> [ 7.138936][ T0] ? kasan_populate_pud+0x182/0x19f
>> [ 7.140335][ T0] ? kasan_populate_shadow+0x1e0/0x233
>> [ 7.141759][ T0] ? kasan_init+0x3be/0x57f
>> [ 7.142942][ T0] ? setup_arch+0x101d/0x11f0
>> [ 7.144229][ T0] ? start_kernel+0x6f/0x3d0
>> [ 7.145449][ T0] ? secondary_startup_64_no_verify+0xe0/0xeb
>> [ 7.147051][ T0] </TASK>
>> [ 7.147868][ T0] ---[ end Kernel panic - not syncing: kasan_populate_pmd+0x142/0x1d2: Failed to allocate page, nid=0 from=1000000 ]---
>
> Ufff, no idea about what KASAN wants here; Andrey, you have clue?
>
> Are you trying to allocate backing space for .5T of vspace and failing
> that because the kvm thing doesn't have enough memory?
>

KASAN tries to allocate shadow memory for the whole cpu entry area.
The size is CPU_ENTRY_AREA_MAP_SIZE/8 and this is obviously fails after your patch.
The fix this might be something like this:


---
arch/x86/include/asm/kasan.h | 2 ++
arch/x86/mm/cpu_entry_area.c | 3 +++
arch/x86/mm/kasan_init_64.c | 16 +++++++++++++---
3 files changed, 18 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/kasan.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/kasan.h
index 13e70da38bed..77dd8b57f1e2 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/kasan.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/kasan.h
@@ -28,9 +28,11 @@
#ifdef CONFIG_KASAN
void __init kasan_early_init(void);
void __init kasan_init(void);
+void __init kasan_populate_shadow_for_vaddr(void *va, size_t size);
#else
static inline void kasan_early_init(void) { }
static inline void kasan_init(void) { }
+static inline void kasan_populate_shadow_for_vaddr(void *va, size_t size) { }
#endif

#endif
diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/cpu_entry_area.c b/arch/x86/mm/cpu_entry_area.c
index ad1f750517a1..602daa550543 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/cpu_entry_area.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/cpu_entry_area.c
@@ -9,6 +9,7 @@
#include <asm/cpu_entry_area.h>
#include <asm/fixmap.h>
#include <asm/desc.h>
+#include <asm/kasan.h>

static DEFINE_PER_CPU_PAGE_ALIGNED(struct entry_stack_page, entry_stack_storage);

@@ -91,6 +92,8 @@ void cea_set_pte(void *cea_vaddr, phys_addr_t pa, pgprot_t flags)
static void __init
cea_map_percpu_pages(void *cea_vaddr, void *ptr, int pages, pgprot_t prot)
{
+ kasan_populate_shadow_for_vaddr(cea_vaddr, pages*PAGE_SIZE);
+
for ( ; pages; pages--, cea_vaddr+= PAGE_SIZE, ptr += PAGE_SIZE)
cea_set_pte(cea_vaddr, per_cpu_ptr_to_phys(ptr), prot);
}
diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/kasan_init_64.c b/arch/x86/mm/kasan_init_64.c
index e7b9b464a82f..dbee52f14700 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/kasan_init_64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/kasan_init_64.c
@@ -316,6 +316,19 @@ void __init kasan_early_init(void)
kasan_map_early_shadow(init_top_pgt);
}

+void __init kasan_populate_shadow_for_vaddr(void *va, size_t size)
+{
+ unsigned long shadow_start, shadow_end;
+
+ shadow_start = (unsigned long)kasan_mem_to_shadow(va);
+ shadow_start = round_down(shadow_start, PAGE_SIZE);
+ shadow_end = (unsigned long)kasan_mem_to_shadow(va + size);
+ shadow_end = round_up(shadow_end, PAGE_SIZE);
+
+ kasan_populate_shadow(shadow_start, shadow_end,
+ early_pfn_to_nid(__pa(va)));
+}
+
void __init kasan_init(void)
{
int i;
@@ -393,9 +406,6 @@ void __init kasan_init(void)
kasan_mem_to_shadow((void *)VMALLOC_END + 1),
shadow_cpu_entry_begin);

- kasan_populate_shadow((unsigned long)shadow_cpu_entry_begin,
- (unsigned long)shadow_cpu_entry_end, 0);
-
kasan_populate_early_shadow(shadow_cpu_entry_end,
kasan_mem_to_shadow((void *)__START_KERNEL_map));

--
2.37.4
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