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SubjectRe: [RFC 07/20] iommu/iommufd: Add iommufd_[un]bind_device()
On Sun, Sep 19, 2021 at 02:38:35PM +0800, Liu Yi L wrote:
> Under the /dev/iommu model, iommufd provides the interface for I/O page
> tables management such as dma map/unmap. However, it cannot work
> independently since the device is still owned by the device-passthrough
> frameworks (VFIO, vDPA, etc.) and vice versa. Device-passthrough frameworks
> should build a connection between its device and the iommufd to delegate
> the I/O page table management affairs to iommufd.
>
> This patch introduces iommufd_[un]bind_device() helpers for the device-
> passthrough framework to build such connection. The helper functions then
> invoke iommu core (iommu_device_init/exit_user_dma()) to establish/exit
> security context for the bound device. Each successfully bound device is
> internally tracked by an iommufd_device object. This object is returned
> to the caller for subsequent attaching operations on the device as well.
>
> The caller should pass a user-provided cookie to mark the device in the
> iommufd. Later this cookie will be used to represent the device in iommufd
> uAPI, e.g. when querying device capabilities or handling per-device I/O
> page faults. One alternative is to have iommufd allocate a device label
> and return to the user. Either way works, but cookie is slightly preferred
> per earlier discussion as it may allow the user to inject faults slightly
> faster without ID->vRID lookup.
>
> iommu_[un]bind_device() functions are only used for physical devices. Other
> variants will be introduced in the future, e.g.:
>
> - iommu_[un]bind_device_pasid() for mdev/subdev which requires pasid granular
> DMA isolation;
> - iommu_[un]bind_sw_mdev() for sw mdev which relies on software measures
> instead of iommu to isolate DMA;
>
> Signed-off-by: Liu Yi L <yi.l.liu@intel.com>
> ---
> drivers/iommu/iommufd/iommufd.c | 160 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
> include/linux/iommufd.h | 38 ++++++++
> 2 files changed, 196 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
> create mode 100644 include/linux/iommufd.h
>
> diff --git a/drivers/iommu/iommufd/iommufd.c b/drivers/iommu/iommufd/iommufd.c
> index 710b7e62988b..e16ca21e4534 100644
> --- a/drivers/iommu/iommufd/iommufd.c
> +++ b/drivers/iommu/iommufd/iommufd.c
> @@ -16,10 +16,30 @@
> #include <linux/miscdevice.h>
> #include <linux/mutex.h>
> #include <linux/iommu.h>
> +#include <linux/iommufd.h>
> +#include <linux/xarray.h>
> +#include <asm-generic/bug.h>
>
> /* Per iommufd */
> struct iommufd_ctx {
> refcount_t refs;
> + struct mutex lock;
> + struct xarray device_xa; /* xarray of bound devices */
> +};
> +
> +/*
> + * A iommufd_device object represents the binding relationship
> + * between iommufd and device. It is created per a successful
> + * binding request from device driver. The bound device must be
> + * a physical device so far. Subdevice will be supported later
> + * (with additional PASID information). An user-assigned cookie
> + * is also recorded to mark the device in the /dev/iommu uAPI.
> + */
> +struct iommufd_device {
> + unsigned int id;
> + struct iommufd_ctx *ictx;
> + struct device *dev; /* always be the physical device */
> + u64 dev_cookie;

Why do you need both an 'id' and a 'dev_cookie'? Since they're both
unique, couldn't you just use the cookie directly as the index into
the xarray?

> };
>
> static int iommufd_fops_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filep)
> @@ -32,15 +52,58 @@ static int iommufd_fops_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filep)
> return -ENOMEM;
>
> refcount_set(&ictx->refs, 1);
> + mutex_init(&ictx->lock);
> + xa_init_flags(&ictx->device_xa, XA_FLAGS_ALLOC);
> filep->private_data = ictx;
>
> return ret;
> }
>
> +static void iommufd_ctx_get(struct iommufd_ctx *ictx)
> +{
> + refcount_inc(&ictx->refs);
> +}
> +
> +static const struct file_operations iommufd_fops;
> +
> +/**
> + * iommufd_ctx_fdget - Acquires a reference to the internal iommufd context.
> + * @fd: [in] iommufd file descriptor.
> + *
> + * Returns a pointer to the iommufd context, otherwise NULL;
> + *
> + */
> +static struct iommufd_ctx *iommufd_ctx_fdget(int fd)
> +{
> + struct fd f = fdget(fd);
> + struct file *file = f.file;
> + struct iommufd_ctx *ictx;
> +
> + if (!file)
> + return NULL;
> +
> + if (file->f_op != &iommufd_fops)
> + return NULL;
> +
> + ictx = file->private_data;
> + if (ictx)
> + iommufd_ctx_get(ictx);
> + fdput(f);
> + return ictx;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * iommufd_ctx_put - Releases a reference to the internal iommufd context.
> + * @ictx: [in] Pointer to iommufd context.
> + *
> + */
> static void iommufd_ctx_put(struct iommufd_ctx *ictx)
> {
> - if (refcount_dec_and_test(&ictx->refs))
> - kfree(ictx);
> + if (!refcount_dec_and_test(&ictx->refs))
> + return;
> +
> + WARN_ON(!xa_empty(&ictx->device_xa));
> + kfree(ictx);
> }
>
> static int iommufd_fops_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *filep)
> @@ -86,6 +149,99 @@ static struct miscdevice iommu_misc_dev = {
> .mode = 0666,
> };
>
> +/**
> + * iommufd_bind_device - Bind a physical device marked by a device
> + * cookie to an iommu fd.
> + * @fd: [in] iommufd file descriptor.
> + * @dev: [in] Pointer to a physical device struct.
> + * @dev_cookie: [in] A cookie to mark the device in /dev/iommu uAPI.
> + *
> + * A successful bind establishes a security context for the device
> + * and returns struct iommufd_device pointer. Otherwise returns
> + * error pointer.
> + *
> + */
> +struct iommufd_device *iommufd_bind_device(int fd, struct device *dev,
> + u64 dev_cookie)
> +{
> + struct iommufd_ctx *ictx;
> + struct iommufd_device *idev;
> + unsigned long index;
> + unsigned int id;
> + int ret;
> +
> + ictx = iommufd_ctx_fdget(fd);
> + if (!ictx)
> + return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
> +
> + mutex_lock(&ictx->lock);
> +
> + /* check duplicate registration */
> + xa_for_each(&ictx->device_xa, index, idev) {
> + if (idev->dev == dev || idev->dev_cookie == dev_cookie) {
> + idev = ERR_PTR(-EBUSY);
> + goto out_unlock;
> + }
> + }
> +
> + idev = kzalloc(sizeof(*idev), GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!idev) {
> + ret = -ENOMEM;
> + goto out_unlock;
> + }
> +
> + /* Establish the security context */
> + ret = iommu_device_init_user_dma(dev, (unsigned long)ictx);
> + if (ret)
> + goto out_free;
> +
> + ret = xa_alloc(&ictx->device_xa, &id, idev,
> + XA_LIMIT(IOMMUFD_DEVID_MIN, IOMMUFD_DEVID_MAX),
> + GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (ret) {
> + idev = ERR_PTR(ret);
> + goto out_user_dma;
> + }
> +
> + idev->ictx = ictx;
> + idev->dev = dev;
> + idev->dev_cookie = dev_cookie;
> + idev->id = id;
> + mutex_unlock(&ictx->lock);
> +
> + return idev;
> +out_user_dma:
> + iommu_device_exit_user_dma(idev->dev);
> +out_free:
> + kfree(idev);
> +out_unlock:
> + mutex_unlock(&ictx->lock);
> + iommufd_ctx_put(ictx);
> +
> + return ERR_PTR(ret);
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(iommufd_bind_device);
> +
> +/**
> + * iommufd_unbind_device - Unbind a physical device from iommufd
> + *
> + * @idev: [in] Pointer to the internal iommufd_device struct.
> + *
> + */
> +void iommufd_unbind_device(struct iommufd_device *idev)
> +{
> + struct iommufd_ctx *ictx = idev->ictx;
> +
> + mutex_lock(&ictx->lock);
> + xa_erase(&ictx->device_xa, idev->id);
> + mutex_unlock(&ictx->lock);
> + /* Exit the security context */
> + iommu_device_exit_user_dma(idev->dev);
> + kfree(idev);
> + iommufd_ctx_put(ictx);
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(iommufd_unbind_device);
> +
> static int __init iommufd_init(void)
> {
> int ret;
> diff --git a/include/linux/iommufd.h b/include/linux/iommufd.h
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..1603a13937e9
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/include/linux/iommufd.h
> @@ -0,0 +1,38 @@
> +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */
> +/*
> + * IOMMUFD API definition
> + *
> + * Copyright (C) 2021 Intel Corporation
> + *
> + * Author: Liu Yi L <yi.l.liu@intel.com>
> + */
> +#ifndef __LINUX_IOMMUFD_H
> +#define __LINUX_IOMMUFD_H
> +
> +#include <linux/types.h>
> +#include <linux/errno.h>
> +#include <linux/err.h>
> +#include <linux/device.h>
> +
> +#define IOMMUFD_DEVID_MAX ((unsigned int)(0x7FFFFFFF))
> +#define IOMMUFD_DEVID_MIN 0
> +
> +struct iommufd_device;
> +
> +#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IOMMUFD)
> +struct iommufd_device *
> +iommufd_bind_device(int fd, struct device *dev, u64 dev_cookie);
> +void iommufd_unbind_device(struct iommufd_device *idev);
> +
> +#else /* !CONFIG_IOMMUFD */
> +static inline struct iommufd_device *
> +iommufd_bind_device(int fd, struct device *dev, u64 dev_cookie)
> +{
> + return ERR_PTR(-ENODEV);
> +}
> +
> +static inline void iommufd_unbind_device(struct iommufd_device *idev)
> +{
> +}
> +#endif /* CONFIG_IOMMUFD */
> +#endif /* __LINUX_IOMMUFD_H */

--
David Gibson | I'll have my music baroque, and my code
david AT gibson.dropbear.id.au | minimalist, thank you. NOT _the_ _other_
| _way_ _around_!
http://www.ozlabs.org/~dgibson
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