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SubjectRe: [RFC 11/20] iommu/iommufd: Add IOMMU_IOASID_ALLOC/FREE
On Sun, Sep 19, 2021 at 02:38:39PM +0800, Liu Yi L wrote:
> This patch adds IOASID allocation/free interface per iommufd. When
> allocating an IOASID, userspace is expected to specify the type and
> format information for the target I/O page table.
> This RFC supports only one type (IOMMU_IOASID_TYPE_KERNEL_TYPE1V2),
> implying a kernel-managed I/O page table with vfio type1v2 mapping
> semantics. For this type the user should specify the addr_width of
> the I/O address space and whether the I/O page table is created in
> an iommu enfore_snoop format. enforce_snoop must be true at this point,
> as the false setting requires additional contract with KVM on handling
> WBINVD emulation, which can be added later.
> Userspace is expected to call IOMMU_CHECK_EXTENSION (see next patch)
> for what formats can be specified when allocating an IOASID.
> Open:
> - Devices on PPC platform currently use a different iommu driver in vfio.
> Per previous discussion they can also use vfio type1v2 as long as there
> is a way to claim a specific iova range from a system-wide address space.
> This requirement doesn't sound PPC specific, as addr_width for pci devices
> can be also represented by a range [0, 2^addr_width-1]. This RFC hasn't
> adopted this design yet. We hope to have formal alignment in v1 discussion
> and then decide how to incorporate it in v2.

I think the request was to include a start/end IO address hint when
creating the ios. When the kernel creates it then it can return the
actual geometry including any holes via a query.

> - Currently ioasid term has already been used in the kernel (drivers/iommu/
> ioasid.c) to represent the hardware I/O address space ID in the wire. It
> covers both PCI PASID (Process Address Space ID) and ARM SSID (Sub-Stream
> ID). We need find a way to resolve the naming conflict between the hardware
> ID and software handle. One option is to rename the existing ioasid to be
> pasid or ssid, given their full names still sound generic. Appreciate more
> thoughts on this open!

ioas works well here I think. Use ioas_id to refer to the xarray

> Signed-off-by: Liu Yi L <>
> drivers/iommu/iommufd/iommufd.c | 120 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> include/linux/iommufd.h | 3 +
> include/uapi/linux/iommu.h | 54 ++++++++++++++
> 3 files changed, 177 insertions(+)
> diff --git a/drivers/iommu/iommufd/iommufd.c b/drivers/iommu/iommufd/iommufd.c
> index 641f199f2d41..4839f128b24a 100644
> +++ b/drivers/iommu/iommufd/iommufd.c
> @@ -24,6 +24,7 @@
> struct iommufd_ctx {
> refcount_t refs;
> struct mutex lock;
> + struct xarray ioasid_xa; /* xarray of ioasids */
> struct xarray device_xa; /* xarray of bound devices */
> };
> @@ -42,6 +43,16 @@ struct iommufd_device {
> u64 dev_cookie;
> };
> +/* Represent an I/O address space */
> +struct iommufd_ioas {
> + int ioasid;

xarray id's should consistently be u32s everywhere.

Many of the same prior comments repeated here


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