lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2021]   [Sep]   [21]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
/
From
SubjectRE: [RFC 06/20] iommu: Add iommu_device_init[exit]_user_dma interfaces
Date
> From: Jason Gunthorpe <jgg@nvidia.com>
> Sent: Wednesday, September 22, 2021 1:10 AM
>
> On Sun, Sep 19, 2021 at 02:38:34PM +0800, Liu Yi L wrote:
> > From: Lu Baolu <baolu.lu@linux.intel.com>
> >
> > This extends iommu core to manage security context for passthrough
> > devices. Please bear a long explanation for how we reach this design
> > instead of managing it solely in iommufd like what vfio does today.
> >
> > Devices which cannot be isolated from each other are organized into an
> > iommu group. When a device is assigned to the user space, the entire
> > group must be put in a security context so that user-initiated DMAs via
> > the assigned device cannot harm the rest of the system. No user access
> > should be granted on a device before the security context is established
> > for the group which the device belongs to.
>
> > Managing the security context must meet below criteria:
> >
> > 1) The group is viable for user-initiated DMAs. This implies that the
> > devices in the group must be either bound to a device-passthrough
>
> s/a/the same/
>
> > framework, or driver-less, or bound to a driver which is known safe
> > (not do DMA).
> >
> > 2) The security context should only allow DMA to the user's memory and
> > devices in this group;
> >
> > 3) After the security context is established for the group, the group
> > viability must be continuously monitored before the user relinquishes
> > all devices belonging to the group. The viability might be broken e.g.
> > when a driver-less device is later bound to a driver which does DMA.
> >
> > 4) The security context should not be destroyed before user access
> > permission is withdrawn.
> >
> > Existing vfio introduces explicit container/group semantics in its uAPI
> > to meet above requirements. A single security context (iommu domain)
> > is created per container. Attaching group to container moves the entire
> > group into the associated security context, and vice versa. The user can
> > open the device only after group attach. A group can be detached only
> > after all devices in the group are closed. Group viability is monitored
> > by listening to iommu group events.
> >
> > Unlike vfio, iommufd adopts a device-centric design with all group
> > logistics hidden behind the fd. Binding a device to iommufd serves
> > as the contract to get security context established (and vice versa
> > for unbinding). One additional requirement in iommufd is to manage the
> > switch between multiple security contexts due to decoupled bind/attach:
>
> This should be a precursor series that actually does clean things up
> properly. There is no reason for vfio and iommufd to differ here, if
> we are implementing this logic into the iommu layer then it should be
> deleted from the VFIO layer, not left duplicated like this.

make sense

>
> IIRC in VFIO the container is the IOAS and when the group goes to
> create the device fd it should simply do the
> iommu_device_init_user_dma() followed immediately by a call to bind
> the container IOAS as your #3.

a slight correction.

to meet vfio semantics we could do init_user_dma() at group attach
time and then call binding to container IOAS when the device fd
is created. This is because vfio requires the group in a security context
before the device is opened.

>
> Then delete all the group viability stuff from vfio, relying on the
> iommu to do it.
>
> It should have full symmetry with the iommufd.

agree

>
> > @@ -1664,6 +1671,17 @@ static int iommu_bus_notifier(struct
> notifier_block *nb,
> > group_action = IOMMU_GROUP_NOTIFY_BIND_DRIVER;
> > break;
> > case BUS_NOTIFY_BOUND_DRIVER:
> > + /*
> > + * FIXME: Alternatively the attached drivers could generically
> > + * indicate to the iommu layer that they are safe for keeping
> > + * the iommu group user viable by calling some function
> around
> > + * probe(). We could eliminate this gross BUG_ON() by
> denying
> > + * probe to non-iommu-safe driver.
> > + */
> > + mutex_lock(&group->mutex);
> > + if (group->user_dma_owner_id)
> > + BUG_ON(!iommu_group_user_dma_viable(group));
> > + mutex_unlock(&group->mutex);
>
> And the mini-series should fix this BUG_ON properly by interlocking
> with the driver core to simply refuse to bind a driver under these
> conditions instead of allowing userspace to crash the kernel.
>
> That alone would be justification enough to merge this work.

yes

>
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * IOMMU core interfaces for iommufd.
> > + */
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * FIXME: We currently simply follow vifo policy to mantain the group's
> > + * viability to user. Eventually, we should avoid below hard-coded list
> > + * by letting drivers indicate to the iommu layer that they are safe for
> > + * keeping the iommu group's user aviability.
> > + */
> > +static const char * const iommu_driver_allowed[] = {
> > + "vfio-pci",
> > + "pci-stub"
> > +};
>
> Yuk. This should be done with some callback in those drivers
> 'iomm_allow_user_dma()"
>
> Ie the basic flow would see the driver core doing some:

Just double confirm. Is there concern on having the driver core to
call iommu functions?

>
> ret = iommu_doing_kernel_dma()
> if (ret) do not bind
> driver_bind
> pci_stub_probe()
> iommu_allow_user_dma()
>
> And the various functions are manipulating some atomic.
> 0 = nothing happening
> 1 = kernel DMA
> 2 = user DMA
>
> No BUG_ON.
>
> Jason

\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2021-09-22 03:48    [W:0.297 / U:0.356 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site