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Subject[PATCH 2/5] tracing: Add division and multiplication support for hist triggers
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Adds basic support for division and multiplication operations for
hist trigger variable expressions.

For simplicity this patch only supports, division and multiplication
for a single operation expression (e.g. x=$a/$b), as currently
expressions are always evaluated right to left. This can lead to some
incorrect results:

e.g. echo 'hist:keys=common_pid:x=8-4-2' >> event/trigger

8-4-2 should evaluate to 2 i.e. (8-4)-2
but currently x evaluate to 6 i.e. 8-(4-2)

Multiplication and division in sub-expressions will work correctly, once
correct operator precedence support is added (See next patch in this
series).

For the undefined case of division by 0, the histogram expression
evaluates to (u64)(-1). Since this cannot be detected when the
expression is created, it is the responsibility of the user to be
aware and account for this possibility.

Examples:
echo 'hist:keys=common_pid:a=8,b=4,x=$a/$b' \
>> event/trigger

echo 'hist:keys=common_pid:x=5*$b' \
>> event/trigger

Signed-off-by: Kalesh Singh <kaleshsingh@google.com>
---
kernel/trace/trace_events_hist.c | 72 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
1 file changed, 71 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace_events_hist.c b/kernel/trace/trace_events_hist.c
index 2802b211ccf3..dc28eb6fc73a 100644
--- a/kernel/trace/trace_events_hist.c
+++ b/kernel/trace/trace_events_hist.c
@@ -99,6 +99,8 @@ enum field_op_id {
FIELD_OP_PLUS,
FIELD_OP_MINUS,
FIELD_OP_UNARY_MINUS,
+ FIELD_OP_DIV,
+ FIELD_OP_MULT,
};

/*
@@ -287,6 +289,40 @@ static u64 hist_field_minus(struct hist_field *hist_field,
return val1 - val2;
}

+static u64 hist_field_div(struct hist_field *hist_field,
+ struct tracing_map_elt *elt,
+ struct trace_buffer *buffer,
+ struct ring_buffer_event *rbe,
+ void *event)
+{
+ struct hist_field *operand1 = hist_field->operands[0];
+ struct hist_field *operand2 = hist_field->operands[1];
+
+ u64 val1 = operand1->fn(operand1, elt, buffer, rbe, event);
+ u64 val2 = operand2->fn(operand2, elt, buffer, rbe, event);
+
+ /* Return -1 for the undefined case */
+ if (!val2)
+ return -1;
+
+ return val1 / val2;
+}
+
+static u64 hist_field_mult(struct hist_field *hist_field,
+ struct tracing_map_elt *elt,
+ struct trace_buffer *buffer,
+ struct ring_buffer_event *rbe,
+ void *event)
+{
+ struct hist_field *operand1 = hist_field->operands[0];
+ struct hist_field *operand2 = hist_field->operands[1];
+
+ u64 val1 = operand1->fn(operand1, elt, buffer, rbe, event);
+ u64 val2 = operand2->fn(operand2, elt, buffer, rbe, event);
+
+ return val1 * val2;
+}
+
static u64 hist_field_unary_minus(struct hist_field *hist_field,
struct tracing_map_elt *elt,
struct trace_buffer *buffer,
@@ -1595,6 +1631,12 @@ static char *expr_str(struct hist_field *field, unsigned int level)
case FIELD_OP_PLUS:
strcat(expr, "+");
break;
+ case FIELD_OP_DIV:
+ strcat(expr, "/");
+ break;
+ case FIELD_OP_MULT:
+ strcat(expr, "*");
+ break;
default:
kfree(expr);
return NULL;
@@ -1610,7 +1652,7 @@ static int contains_operator(char *str)
enum field_op_id field_op = FIELD_OP_NONE;
char *op;

- op = strpbrk(str, "+-");
+ op = strpbrk(str, "+-/*");
if (!op)
return FIELD_OP_NONE;

@@ -1631,6 +1673,12 @@ static int contains_operator(char *str)
case '+':
field_op = FIELD_OP_PLUS;
break;
+ case '/':
+ field_op = FIELD_OP_DIV;
+ break;
+ case '*':
+ field_op = FIELD_OP_MULT;
+ break;
default:
break;
}
@@ -2370,10 +2418,26 @@ static struct hist_field *parse_expr(struct hist_trigger_data *hist_data,
case FIELD_OP_PLUS:
sep = "+";
break;
+ case FIELD_OP_DIV:
+ sep = "/";
+ break;
+ case FIELD_OP_MULT:
+ sep = "*";
+ break;
default:
goto free;
}

+ /*
+ * Multiplication and division are only supported in single operator
+ * expressions, since the expression is always evaluated from right
+ * to left.
+ */
+ if ((field_op == FIELD_OP_DIV || field_op == FIELD_OP_MULT) && level > 0) {
+ hist_err(file->tr, HIST_ERR_TOO_MANY_SUBEXPR, errpos(str));
+ return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
+ }
+
operand1_str = strsep(&str, sep);
if (!operand1_str || !str)
goto free;
@@ -2445,6 +2509,12 @@ static struct hist_field *parse_expr(struct hist_trigger_data *hist_data,
case FIELD_OP_PLUS:
expr->fn = hist_field_plus;
break;
+ case FIELD_OP_DIV:
+ expr->fn = hist_field_div;
+ break;
+ case FIELD_OP_MULT:
+ expr->fn = hist_field_mult;
+ break;
default:
ret = -EINVAL;
goto free;
--
2.33.0.309.g3052b89438-goog
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