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SubjectRe: [PATCH] mtd: rawnand: mxic: Enable and prepare clocks in probe
On Sat, Aug 21, 2021 at 8:26 PM Evgeny Novikov <> wrote:
> On 17.08.2021 14:47, Andy Shevchenko wrote:
> > On Tue, Aug 17, 2021 at 12:08 PM Evgeny Novikov <> wrote:
> >> On 12.08.2021 15:13, Andy Shevchenko wrote:
> >>> On Thursday, August 12, 2021, Evgeny Novikov <
> >>> <>> wrote:
> >>>
> >>> It seems that mxic_nfc_probe() missed invocation of
> >>> mxic_nfc_clk_enable(). The patch fixed that. In addition, error
> >>> handling
> >>> was refined appropriately.
> >>>
> >>> NAK. Until you provide a deeper analysis, like how this works before
> >>> your change.
> >>>
> >>> Please, don’t blindly generate patches, this can even your bot do,
> >>> just think about each change and preferable test on the real hardware.
> >>>
> >>> The above is to all your lovely contributions.
> >> I completely agree with you that testing and debugging on the real
> >> hardware is indispensable since this can help to reason about both found
> >> bugs and patches suggested. Nevertheless, there are several cases when
> >> this does not work. The most obvious one is lack of appropriate devices
> >> on the spot that is not an obstacle for static analysis.
> >>
> >> My patches are based on results of static verification (software model
> >> checking). In a nutshell, this approach allows analyzing target programs
> >> more accurately in comparison with widely used static analysis tools.
> >> But this is not for free. Usually it needs much more computational
> >> resources to get something meaningful (in a general case the task is
> >> undecidable). Modern computer systems solve this issue partially. Worse
> >> is that thorough static analysis needs more or less complete and correct
> >> models of environments for target programs. For instance, for loadable
> >> kernel modules it is necessary to specify correct sequences of callback
> >> invocations, initialize their arguments at least to some extent and
> >> develop models of some vital functions like kzalloc(). Moreover, it is
> >> necessary to specify requirements if one wants to search for something
> >> special rather than NULL pointer dereferences. We were able to devote a
> >> relatively small part of our project to development of environment
> >> models and requirement specifications for verification of the Linux
> >> kernel. Also, we spent not so much time for application of our framework
> >> for open source device drivers. Nevertheless, this helped to find out
> >> quite a lot of bugs many of which are tricky enough. If you are
> >> interested in more details I can send you our last paper and presentation.
> > It is good and thanks for your contribution!
> >
> >> Most our bug reports were accepted by developers. Rarely they preferred
> >> to fix bugs according to their needs and vision, that is especially the
> >> case for considerable changes that do need appropriate hardware and
> >> testing. Just a few our bug reports were ignored or rejected.
> > This ratio is not a point. I hope you learnt from the UMN case.
> >
> >> In the
> >> latter case developers often pointed out us what is wrong with our
> >> current understanding and models of the device driver environment or
> >> requirement specifications. We always welcome this feedback as it allows
> >> us to refine the stuff and, thus, to avoid false alarms and invalid
> >> patches. Some developers requested scripts used for finding reported
> >> issues, but it is not easy to add or refer them in patches like, say,
> >> for Coccinelle since there is a bunch of external files developed in
> >> different domain-specific languages as well as a huge verification
> >> framework, that nobody will include into the source tree of the Linux
> >> kernel.
> >>
> >> Regarding your claim. We do not have an appropriate hardware. As usual
> >> this bug report was prepared on the base of static verification results
> >> purely. If you want to see on a particular artifact I based my decision
> >> on, I can share a link to a visualized violation witness provided by a
> >> verification tool. We have not any bots since used verification tools do
> >> not give any suggestions on the issue roots. Maybe in some cases it is
> >> possible to generate patches automatically on the base of these
> >> verification results like, say, Coccinelle does, but it is another big
> >> work. Of course, it is necessary to test the driver and confirm that
> >> there is an issue or reject the patch. As always the feedback is welcome.
> > My point is that the type of patches you are sending even a bot may
> > generate (for example, simple patches the LKP project generates along
> > with reports). The problem with all teams that are working with static
> > analysers against Linux kernel is that they so proud of their tools
> > and trying to flood the mailing lists with quick and nice fixes, from
> > which some are churn, some are simple bad, some are _bringing_
> > regressions, and only some are good enough. The ratio seems to me like
> > 1 to 4 at most. So, 75% patches are not needed and only are a burden
> > on maintainers' shoulders.
> Developers of static analysis tools need some acknowledgment.
> Application to the Linux kernel gives a great capability for that since
> it is a huge and vital open source project. Besides, it is unlikely that
> somebody will be able to develop any valuable QA tool without a numerous
> feedback from users (in case of this sort of tools users are developers
> of target projects). We always welcome any ideas and suggestions how to
> improve a quality of analysis.

Good luck with it!

> > Good patch should have a good commit message [1]. The message should
> > include an analysis to explain why the considered change is needed and
> > what the problem it tries to solve. Neither of this I have seen in
> > your patch. Also, you need to take into account the credits and tags
> > that Linux kernel is using (Fixes, Suggested-by, Reported-by, etc) it
> > will add a bit of unification. Also, while fixing problems these
> > patches often miss the big picture, and contributors should think
> > outside the box (this is a problem of 95% of such contributions, one
> > example is your patch where I recommended completely rewriting the
> > ->probe() approach). That said, I don't want to see the flood of
> > patches with 75% miss ratio, I want to see maybe 5x, 10x less patches,
> > but each of them is carefully thought through and _ideally_ be tested
> > besides compilation.
> We will try to follow your advices to a possible extent. I am not sure
> that this will be the case for thinking outside the box since often it
> requires a deep involvement into the development process.

Exactly my point. You need to dive into development better.

> Moreover, it
> may be dangerous to make such big changes without having an appropriate
> experience or/and an ability to test them.
> > And thank you for your work!
> Thank you for your patience!

> >> If you are not gratified with my explanation it would be great if you
> >> and other developers will suggest any ideas how to enhance the process
> >> if you find this relevant.
> > [1]:

With Best Regards,
Andy Shevchenko

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