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SubjectRe: memory leak in bpf
On Thu, Jun 24, 2021 at 10:28 AM Rustam Kovhaev <rkovhaev@gmail.com> wrote:
>
> On Sun, Jun 13, 2021 at 08:17:04AM -0700, Rustam Kovhaev wrote:
> > On Thu, Apr 08, 2021 at 11:56:15AM -0700, Rustam Kovhaev wrote:
> > > On Wed, Apr 07, 2021 at 04:35:34PM -0700, Andrii Nakryiko wrote:
> > > > On Wed, Apr 7, 2021 at 4:24 PM Rustam Kovhaev <rkovhaev@gmail.com> wrote:
> > > > >
> > > > > On Mon, Mar 01, 2021 at 09:43:00PM +0100, Dmitry Vyukov wrote:
> > > > > > On Mon, Mar 1, 2021 at 9:39 PM Rustam Kovhaev <rkovhaev@gmail.com> wrote:
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > On Mon, Mar 01, 2021 at 08:05:42PM +0100, Dmitry Vyukov wrote:
> > > > > > > > On Mon, Mar 1, 2021 at 5:21 PM Rustam Kovhaev <rkovhaev@gmail.com> wrote:
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > On Wed, Dec 09, 2020 at 10:58:10PM -0800, syzbot wrote:
> > > > > > > > > > syzbot has found a reproducer for the following issue on:
> > > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > > HEAD commit: a68a0262 mm/madvise: remove racy mm ownership check
> > > > > > > > > > git tree: upstream
> > > > > > > > > > console output: https://syzkaller.appspot.com/x/log.txt?x=11facf17500000
> > > > > > > > > > kernel config: https://syzkaller.appspot.com/x/.config?x=4305fa9ea70c7a9f
> > > > > > > > > > dashboard link: https://syzkaller.appspot.com/bug?extid=f3694595248708227d35
> > > > > > > > > > compiler: gcc (GCC) 10.1.0-syz 20200507
> > > > > > > > > > syz repro: https://syzkaller.appspot.com/x/repro.syz?x=159a9613500000
> > > > > > > > > > C reproducer: https://syzkaller.appspot.com/x/repro.c?x=11bf7123500000
> > > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > > IMPORTANT: if you fix the issue, please add the following tag to the commit:
> > > > > > > > > > Reported-by: syzbot+f3694595248708227d35@syzkaller.appspotmail.com
> > > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > > Debian GNU/Linux 9 syzkaller ttyS0
> > > > > > > > > > Warning: Permanently added '10.128.0.9' (ECDSA) to the list of known hosts.
> > > > > > > > > > executing program
> > > > > > > > > > executing program
> > > > > > > > > > executing program
> > > > > > > > > > BUG: memory leak
> > > > > > > > > > unreferenced object 0xffff88810efccc80 (size 64):
> > > > > > > > > > comm "syz-executor334", pid 8460, jiffies 4294945724 (age 13.850s)
> > > > > > > > > > hex dump (first 32 bytes):
> > > > > > > > > > c0 cb 14 04 00 ea ff ff c0 c2 11 04 00 ea ff ff ................
> > > > > > > > > > c0 56 3f 04 00 ea ff ff 40 18 38 04 00 ea ff ff .V?.....@.8.....
> > > > > > > > > > backtrace:
> > > > > > > > > > [<0000000036ae98a7>] kmalloc_node include/linux/slab.h:575 [inline]
> > > > > > > > > > [<0000000036ae98a7>] bpf_ringbuf_area_alloc kernel/bpf/ringbuf.c:94 [inline]
> > > > > > > > > > [<0000000036ae98a7>] bpf_ringbuf_alloc kernel/bpf/ringbuf.c:135 [inline]
> > > > > > > > > > [<0000000036ae98a7>] ringbuf_map_alloc kernel/bpf/ringbuf.c:183 [inline]
> > > > > > > > > > [<0000000036ae98a7>] ringbuf_map_alloc+0x1be/0x410 kernel/bpf/ringbuf.c:150
> > > > > > > > > > [<00000000d2cb93ae>] find_and_alloc_map kernel/bpf/syscall.c:122 [inline]
> > > > > > > > > > [<00000000d2cb93ae>] map_create kernel/bpf/syscall.c:825 [inline]
> > > > > > > > > > [<00000000d2cb93ae>] __do_sys_bpf+0x7d0/0x30a0 kernel/bpf/syscall.c:4381
> > > > > > > > > > [<000000008feaf393>] do_syscall_64+0x2d/0x70 arch/x86/entry/common.c:46
> > > > > > > > > > [<00000000e1f53cfd>] entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x44/0xa9
> > > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > i am pretty sure that this one is a false positive
> > > > > > > > > the problem with reproducer is that it does not terminate all of the
> > > > > > > > > child processes that it spawns
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > i confirmed that it is a false positive by tracing __fput() and
> > > > > > > > > bpf_map_release(), i ran reproducer, got kmemleak report, then i
> > > > > > > > > manually killed those running leftover processes from reproducer and
> > > > > > > > > then both functions were executed and memory was freed
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > i am marking this one as:
> > > > > > > > > #syz invalid
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > Hi Rustam,
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > Thanks for looking into this.
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > I wonder how/where are these objects referenced? If they are not
> > > > > > > > leaked and referenced somewhere, KMEMLEAK should not report them as
> > > > > > > > leaks.
> > > > > > > > So even if this is a false positive for BPF, this is a true positive
> > > > > > > > bug and something to fix for KMEMLEAK ;)
> > > > > > > > And syzbot will probably re-create this bug report soon as this still
> > > > > > > > happens and is not a one-off thing.
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > hi Dmitry, i haven't thought of it this way, but i guess you are right,
> > > > > > > it is a kmemleak bug, ideally kmemleak should be aware that there are
> > > > > > > still running processes holding references to bpf fd/anonymous inodes
> > > > > > > which in their turn hold references to allocated bpf maps
> > > > > >
> > > > > > KMEMLEAK scans whole memory, so if there are pointers to the object
> > > > > > anywhere in memory, KMEMLEAK should not report them as leaked. Running
> > > > > > processes have no direct effect on KMEMLEAK logic.
> > > > > > So the question is: where are these pointers to these objects? If we
> > > > > > answer this, we can check how/why KMEMLEAK misses them. Are they
> > > > > > mangled in some way?
> > > > > thank you for your comments, they make sense, and indeed, the pointer
> > > > > gets vmaped.
> > > > > i should have looked into this sooner, becaused syzbot did trigger the
> > > > > issue again, and Andrii had to look into the same bug, sorry about that.
> > > >
> > > > No worries! I actually forgot about this thread :) Let's leave the
> > > > link to my today's investigation ([0]) just for completeness.
> > > >
> > > > [0] https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/CAEf4BzYk+dqs+jwu6VKXP-RttcTEGFe+ySTGWT9CRNkagDiJVA@mail.gmail.com/
> > > >
> > > > > if i am understanding this correctly here is what the fix should be:
> > > > > ---
> > > > > kernel/bpf/ringbuf.c | 2 ++
> > > > > 1 file changed, 2 insertions(+)
> > > > >
> > > > > diff --git a/kernel/bpf/ringbuf.c b/kernel/bpf/ringbuf.c
> > > > > index f25b719ac786..30400e74abe2 100644
> > > > > --- a/kernel/bpf/ringbuf.c
> > > > > +++ b/kernel/bpf/ringbuf.c
> > > > > @@ -8,6 +8,7 @@
> > > > > #include <linux/vmalloc.h>
> > > > > #include <linux/wait.h>
> > > > > #include <linux/poll.h>
> > > > > +#include <linux/kmemleak.h>
> > > > > #include <uapi/linux/btf.h>
> > > > >
> > > > > #define RINGBUF_CREATE_FLAG_MASK (BPF_F_NUMA_NODE)
> > > > > @@ -105,6 +106,7 @@ static struct bpf_ringbuf *bpf_ringbuf_area_alloc(size_t data_sz, int numa_node)
> > > > > rb = vmap(pages, nr_meta_pages + 2 * nr_data_pages,
> > > > > VM_ALLOC | VM_USERMAP, PAGE_KERNEL);
> > > > > if (rb) {
> > > > > + kmemleak_not_leak((void *) pages);
> > > >
> > > > If that makes kmemleak happy, I have no problems with this. But maybe
> > > > leave some comment explaining why this is needed at all?
> > > >
> > > > And for my understanding, how vmap changes anything? Those pages are
> > > > still referenced from rb, which is referenced from some struct file in
> > > > the system. Sorry if that's a naive question.
> > > >
> > > valid question, it does look like kmemleak should be scanning
> > > vmalloc()/vmap() memory, i will research this further
> >
> > a quick update, i see a problem in kmemleak code, and i have simplified
> > the reproducer by getting rid of a vmap().
> > i will reach out to maintainer and mm and afterwards i will update this
> > bug, cheers!
> >
>
> Andrii, we have discovered that kmemleak scans struct page, but it does
> not scan page contents and this is by design. if we allocate some memory
> with kmalloc(), then allocate page with alloc_page(), and if we put
> kmalloc pointer somewhere inside that page, kmemleak will report kmalloc
> pointer as a false positive.
> we can instruct kmemleak to scan the memory area by calling
> kmemleak_alloc()/kmemleak_free() as shown below. if we don't need that
> memory to be scanned then we can use kmemleak_not_leak().
> if we use the former then i guess we need to be careful since we do not
> want/need to scan the memory that is being used by user-space.
>

Hi, sorry for late reply, I was out for two weeks. Thanks for
investigating and sending a patch!

> ---
> kernel/bpf/ringbuf.c | 3 +++
> 1 file changed, 3 insertions(+)
>
> diff --git a/kernel/bpf/ringbuf.c b/kernel/bpf/ringbuf.c
> index 84b3b35fc0d0..cf7ce10b4fb1 100644
> --- a/kernel/bpf/ringbuf.c
> +++ b/kernel/bpf/ringbuf.c
> @@ -8,6 +8,7 @@
> #include <linux/vmalloc.h>
> #include <linux/wait.h>
> #include <linux/poll.h>
> +#include <linux/kmemleak.h>
> #include <uapi/linux/btf.h>
>
> #define RINGBUF_CREATE_FLAG_MASK (BPF_F_NUMA_NODE)
> @@ -105,6 +106,7 @@ static struct bpf_ringbuf *bpf_ringbuf_area_alloc(size_t data_sz, int numa_node)
> rb = vmap(pages, nr_meta_pages + 2 * nr_data_pages,
> VM_ALLOC | VM_USERMAP, PAGE_KERNEL);
> if (rb) {
> + kmemleak_alloc(rb, PAGE_SIZE, 1, flags);
> rb->pages = pages;
> rb->nr_pages = nr_pages;
> return rb;
> @@ -184,6 +186,7 @@ static void bpf_ringbuf_free(struct bpf_ringbuf *rb)
> struct page **pages = rb->pages;
> int i, nr_pages = rb->nr_pages;
>
> + kmemleak_free(rb);
> vunmap(rb);
> for (i = 0; i < nr_pages; i++)
> __free_page(pages[i]);
> --
> 2.30.2
>

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