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SubjectRE: [PATCH v4 1/2] iio: frequency: adrf6780: add support for ADRF6780
Date

> From: Jonathan Cameron <Jonathan.Cameron@Huawei.com>
> Sent: Tuesday, July 6, 2021 11:04 AM
> To: Sa, Nuno <Nuno.Sa@analog.com>
> Cc: Jonathan Cameron <jic23@kernel.org>; Miclaus, Antoniu
> <Antoniu.Miclaus@analog.com>; linux-iio@vger.kernel.org; linux-
> kernel@vger.kernel.org; devicetree@vger.kernel.org;
> robh+dt@kernel.org
> Subject: Re: [PATCH v4 1/2] iio: frequency: adrf6780: add support for
> ADRF6780
>
> On Mon, 5 Jul 2021 10:18:51 +0000
> "Sa, Nuno" <Nuno.Sa@analog.com> wrote:
>
> > > -----Original Message-----
> > > From: Jonathan Cameron <jic23@kernel.org>
> > > Sent: Saturday, July 3, 2021 6:57 PM
> > > To: Miclaus, Antoniu <Antoniu.Miclaus@analog.com>
> > > Cc: linux-iio@vger.kernel.org; linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org;
> > > devicetree@vger.kernel.org; robh+dt@kernel.org
> > > Subject: Re: [PATCH v4 1/2] iio: frequency: adrf6780: add support
> for
> > > ADRF6780
> > >
> > > On Fri, 2 Jul 2021 14:12:38 +0300
> > > Antoniu Miclaus <antoniu.miclaus@analog.com> wrote:
> > >
> > > > The ADRF6780 is a silicon germanium (SiGe) design, wideband,
> > > > microwave upconverter optimized for point to point microwave
> > > > radio designs operating in the 5.9 GHz to 23.6 GHz frequency
> > > > range.
> > > >
> > > > Datasheet:
> > > > https://www.analog.com/media/en/technical-
> documentation/data-
> > > sheets/ADRF6780.pdf
> > > >
> > > > Signed-off-by: Antoniu Miclaus <antoniu.miclaus@analog.com>
> > >
> > > Hi Antoniu,
> > >
> > > Frequency drivers are fairly unusual so if you could add a listing of
> > > the attributes in sysfs that would be great (it's nice practice anyway
> but
> > > I don't insist on it!)
> > >
> > > Various fairly minor comments inline.
> > >
> > > Thanks,
> > >
> > > Jonathan
> > >
> > >
> > > > ---
> > > > changes in v4:
> > > > - change license to: GPL-2.0-only
> > > > drivers/iio/frequency/Kconfig | 13 +
> > > > drivers/iio/frequency/Makefile | 1 +
> > > > drivers/iio/frequency/adrf6780.c | 498
> > > +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > > > 3 files changed, 512 insertions(+)
> > > > create mode 100644 drivers/iio/frequency/adrf6780.c
> > > >
> > > > diff --git a/drivers/iio/frequency/Kconfig
> > > b/drivers/iio/frequency/Kconfig
> > > > index 240b81502512..fc9751c48f59 100644
> > > > --- a/drivers/iio/frequency/Kconfig
> > > > +++ b/drivers/iio/frequency/Kconfig
> > > > @@ -49,5 +49,18 @@ config ADF4371
> > > >
> > > > To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the
> > > > module will be called adf4371.
> > > > +
> > > > +config ADRF6780
> > > > + tristate "Analog Devices ADRF6780 Microwave Upconverter"
> > > > + depends on SPI
> > > > + depends on COMMON_CLK
> > > > + depends on OF
> > >
> > > Why? Pretty much everything seems to have defaults if not
> provided
> > > via OF.
> > > I've asked for the generic firmware functions anyway, so you can
> drop
> > > this
> > > for that reason if nothing else!
> > >
> > > > + help
> > > > + Say yes here to build support for Analog Devices ADRF6780
> > > > + 5.9 GHz to 23.6 GHz, Wideband, Microwave Upconverter.
> > > > +
> > > > + To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the
> > > > + module will be called adrf6780.
> > > > +
> > > > endmenu
> > > > endmenu
> > > > diff --git a/drivers/iio/frequency/Makefile
> > > b/drivers/iio/frequency/Makefile
> > > > index 518b1e50caef..ae3136c79202 100644
> > > > --- a/drivers/iio/frequency/Makefile
> > > > +++ b/drivers/iio/frequency/Makefile
> > > > @@ -7,3 +7,4 @@
> > > > obj-$(CONFIG_AD9523) += ad9523.o
> > > > obj-$(CONFIG_ADF4350) += adf4350.o
> > > > obj-$(CONFIG_ADF4371) += adf4371.o
> > > > +obj-$(CONFIG_ADRF6780) += adrf6780.o
> > > > diff --git a/drivers/iio/frequency/adrf6780.c
> > > b/drivers/iio/frequency/adrf6780.c
> > > > new file mode 100644
> > > > index 000000000000..472a66f90c7f
> > > > --- /dev/null
> > > > +++ b/drivers/iio/frequency/adrf6780.c
> > > > @@ -0,0 +1,498 @@
> > > > +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
> > > > +/*
> > > > + * ADRF6780 driver
> > > > + *
> > > > + * Copyright 2021 Analog Devices Inc.
> > > > + */
> > > > +
> > > > +#include <linux/bitfield.h>
> > > > +#include <linux/bits.h>
> > > > +#include <linux/clk.h>
> > > > +#include <linux/clkdev.h>
> > > > +#include <linux/clk-provider.h>
> > > > +#include <linux/delay.h>
> > > > +#include <linux/device.h>
> > > > +#include <linux/iio/iio.h>
> > > > +#include <linux/module.h>
> > >
> > > #include <linux/mod_devicetable.h>
> > >
> > > > +#include <linux/spi/spi.h>
> > > > +
> > > > +/* ADRF6780 Register Map */
> > > > +#define ADRF6780_REG_CONTROL 0x00
> > > > +#define ADRF6780_REG_ALARM_READBACK 0x01
> > > > +#define ADRF6780_REG_ALARM_MASKS 0x02
> > > > +#define ADRF6780_REG_ENABLE 0x03
> > > > +#define ADRF6780_REG_LINEARIZE 0x04
> > > > +#define ADRF6780_REG_LO_PATH 0x05
> > > > +#define ADRF6780_REG_ADC_CONTROL 0x06
> > > > +#define ADRF6780_REG_ADC_OUTPUT 0x0C
> > > > +
> > > > +/* ADRF6780_REG_CONTROL Map */
> > > > +#define ADRF6780_PARITY_EN_MSK BIT(15)
> > > > +#define ADRF6780_PARITY_EN(x)
> > > FIELD_PREP(ADRF6780_PARITY_EN_MSK, x)
> > > > +#define ADRF6780_SOFT_RESET_MSK BIT(14)
> > > > +#define ADRF6780_SOFT_RESET(x)
> > > FIELD_PREP(ADRF6780_SOFT_RESET_MSK, x)
> > > > +#define ADRF6780_CHIP_ID_MSK
> GENMASK(11, 4)
> > > > +#define ADRF6780_CHIP_ID 0xA
> > > > +#define ADRF6780_CHIP_REVISION_MSK
> GENMASK(3, 0)
> > > > +#define ADRF6780_CHIP_REVISION(x)
> > > FIELD_PREP(ADRF6780_CHIP_REVISION_MSK, x)
> > > > +
> > > > +/* ADRF6780_REG_ALARM_READBACK Map */
> > > > +#define ADRF6780_PARITY_ERROR_MSK BIT(15)
> > > > +#define ADRF6780_PARITY_ERROR(x)
> > > FIELD_PREP(ADRF6780_PARITY_ERROR_MSK, x)
> > > > +#define ADRF6780_TOO_FEW_ERRORS_MSK BIT(14)
> > > > +#define ADRF6780_TOO_FEW_ERRORS(x)
> > > FIELD_PREP(ADRF6780_TOO_FEW_ERRORS_MSK, x)
> > > > +#define ADRF6780_TOO_MANY_ERRORS_MSK BIT(13)
> > > > +#define ADRF6780_TOO_MANY_ERRORS(x)
> > > FIELD_PREP(ADRF6780_TOO_MANY_ERRORS_MSK, x)
> > > > +#define ADRF6780_ADDRESS_RANGE_ERROR_MSK BIT(12)
> > > > +#define ADRF6780_ADDRESS_RANGE_ERROR(x)
> > > FIELD_PREP(ADRF6780_ADDRESS_RANGE_ERROR_MSK, x)
> > > > +
> > > > +/* ADRF6780_REG_ENABLE Map */
> > > > +#define ADRF6780_VGA_BUFFER_EN_MSK BIT(8)
> > > > +#define ADRF6780_VGA_BUFFER_EN(x)
> > > FIELD_PREP(ADRF6780_VGA_BUFFER_EN_MSK, x)
> > > > +#define ADRF6780_DETECTOR_EN_MSK BIT(7)
> > > > +#define ADRF6780_DETECTOR_EN(x)
> > > FIELD_PREP(ADRF6780_DETECTOR_EN_MSK, x)
> > > > +#define ADRF6780_LO_BUFFER_EN_MSK BIT(6)
> > > > +#define ADRF6780_LO_BUFFER_EN(x)
> > > FIELD_PREP(ADRF6780_LO_BUFFER_EN_MSK, x)
> > > > +#define ADRF6780_IF_MODE_EN_MSK BIT(5)
> > > > +#define ADRF6780_IF_MODE_EN(x)
> > > FIELD_PREP(ADRF6780_IF_MODE_EN_MSK, x)
> > > > +#define ADRF6780_IQ_MODE_EN_MSK
> BIT(4)
> > > > +#define ADRF6780_IQ_MODE_EN(x)
> > > FIELD_PREP(ADRF6780_IQ_MODE_EN_MSK, x)
> > > > +#define ADRF6780_LO_X2_EN_MSK BIT(3)
> > > > +#define ADRF6780_LO_X2_EN(x)
> > > FIELD_PREP(ADRF6780_LO_X2_EN_MSK, x)
> > > > +#define ADRF6780_LO_PPF_EN_MSK BIT(2)
> > > > +#define ADRF6780_LO_PPF_EN(x)
> > > FIELD_PREP(ADRF6780_LO_PPF_EN_MSK, x)
> > > > +#define ADRF6780_LO_EN_MSK BIT(1)
> > > > +#define ADRF6780_LO_EN(x)
> > > FIELD_PREP(ADRF6780_LO_EN_MSK, x)
> > > > +#define ADRF6780_UC_BIAS_EN_MSK BIT(0)
> > > > +#define ADRF6780_UC_BIAS_EN(x)
> > > FIELD_PREP(ADRF6780_UC_BIAS_EN_MSK, x)
> > > > +
> > > > +/* ADRF6780_REG_LINEARIZE Map */
> > > > +#define ADRF6780_RDAC_LINEARIZE_MSK
> GENMASK(7, 0)
> > > > +#define ADRF6780_RDAC_LINEARIZE(x)
> > > FIELD_PREP(ADRF6780_RDAC_LINEARIZE_MSK, x)
> > > > +
> > > > +/* ADRF6780_REG_LO_PATH Map */
> > > > +#define ADRF6780_LO_SIDEBAND_MSK BIT(10)
> > > > +#define ADRF6780_LO_SIDEBAND(x)
> > > FIELD_PREP(ADRF6780_LO_SIDEBAND_MSK, x)
> > > > +#define ADRF6780_Q_PATH_PHASE_ACCURACY_MSK
> > > GENMASK(7, 4)
> > > > +#define ADRF6780_Q_PATH_PHASE_ACCURACY(x)
> > > FIELD_PREP(ADRF6780_Q_PATH_PHASE_ACCURACY_MSK, x)
> > > > +#define ADRF6780_I_PATH_PHASE_ACCURACY_MSK
> > > GENMASK(3, 0)
> > > > +#define ADRF6780_I_PATH_PHASE_ACCURACY(x)
> > > FIELD_PREP(ADRF6780_I_PATH_PHASE_ACCURACY_MSK, x)
> > > > +
> > > > +/* ADRF6780_REG_ADC_CONTROL Map */
> > > > +#define ADRF6780_VDET_OUTPUT_SELECT_MSK
> BIT(3)
> > > > +#define ADRF6780_VDET_OUTPUT_SELECT(x)
> > > FIELD_PREP(ADRF6780_VDET_OUTPUT_SELECT_MSK, x)
> > > > +#define ADRF6780_ADC_START_MSK BIT(2)
> > > > +#define ADRF6780_ADC_START(x)
> > > FIELD_PREP(ADRF6780_ADC_START_MSK, x)
> > > > +#define ADRF6780_ADC_EN_MSK BIT(1)
> > > > +#define ADRF6780_ADC_EN(x)
> > > FIELD_PREP(ADRF6780_ADC_EN_MSK, x)
> > > > +#define ADRF6780_ADC_CLOCK_EN_MSK BIT(0)
> > > > +#define ADRF6780_ADC_CLOCK_EN(x)
> > > FIELD_PREP(ADRF6780_ADC_CLOCK_EN_MSK, x)
> > > > +
> > > > +/* ADRF6780_REG_ADC_OUTPUT Map */
> > > > +#define ADRF6780_ADC_STATUS_MSK BIT(8)
> > > > +#define ADRF6780_ADC_STATUS(x)
> > > FIELD_PREP(ADRF6780_ADC_STATUS_MSK, x)
> > > > +#define ADRF6780_ADC_VALUE_MSK
> > > GENMASK(7, 0)
> > > > +#define ADRF6780_ADC_VALUE(x)
> > > FIELD_PREP(ADRF6780_ADC_VALUE_MSK, x)
> > >
> > > Not used. In general, just use FIELD_PREP / FIELD_GET inline
> rather
> > > than having extra
> > > macros like these. That approach is simpler for reviewers to follow.
> > >
> > > > +
> > > > +struct adrf6780_dev {
> > > > + struct spi_device *spi;
> > > > + struct clk *clkin;
> > > > + /* Protect against concurrent accesses to the device */
> > > > + struct mutex lock;
> > > > + bool vga_buff_en;
> > > > + bool lo_buff_en;
> > > > + bool if_mode_en;
> > > > + bool iq_mode_en;
> > > > + bool lo_x2_en;
> > > > + bool lo_ppf_en;
> > > > + bool lo_en;
> > > > + bool uc_bias_en;
> > > > + bool lo_sideband;
> > > > + bool vdet_out_en;
> > > > +};
> > > > +
> > > > +static int adrf6780_spi_read(struct adrf6780_dev *dev,
> unsigned int
> > > reg,
> > > > + unsigned int *val)
> > > > +{
> > > > + int ret;
> > > > + unsigned int temp;
> > > > + struct spi_transfer t = {0};
> > > > + u8 data[3];
> > > > +
> > > > + data[0] = 0x80 | (reg << 1);
> > > > + data[1] = 0x0;
> > > > + data[2] = 0x0;
> > > > +
> > > > + t.rx_buf = &data[0];
> > > > + t.tx_buf = &data[0];
> > > > + t.len = 3;
> > > > +
> > > > + ret = spi_sync_transfer(dev->spi, &t, 1);
> > >
> > > data needs to be dma safe.
> > >
> > > > + if (ret < 0)
> > > > + return ret;
> > > > +
> > > > + temp = ((data[0] | 0x80 | (reg << 1)) << 16) |
> > > > + (data[1] << 8) | data[2];
> > >
> > > Ouch. That's a bit nasty, but why are you writing the reg into
> > > it? Looks like a get_unaligned_be24() >> 1 and a 16bit mask.
> > > (use GENMASK(15, 0) for that to make it apparent what is
> happening.
> > >
> > > > +
> > > > + *val = (temp >> 1) & 0xFFFF;
> > > > +
> > > > + return ret;
> > > > +}
> > > > +
> > > > +static int adrf6780_spi_write(struct adrf6780_dev *dev,
> > > > + unsigned int reg,
> > > > + unsigned int val)
> > > > +{
> > > > + u8 data[3];
> > > > +
> > > > + val = (val << 1);
> > > > +
> > > > + data[0] = (reg << 1) | (val >> 16);
> > > > + data[1] = val >> 8;
> > > > + data[2] = val;
> > >
> > > An opportunity for
> > > put_unaligned_be24() with a value of (I think)
> > >
> > > (val << 1) | (reg << 17)
> > >
> > >
> > > > +
> > > > + return spi_write(dev->spi, &data[0], 3);
> > >
> > > Needs a dma safe buffer, which basically means it can't be on the
> > > stack.
> > > Lots of ways of handling that, but look for __cacheline_aligned in
> IIO
> > > drivers
> > > to see the one we probably use mostly commonly in IIO drivers.
> >
> > Hi Jonathan,
> >
> > This is something I wanted to ask for some time so I will take the
> opportunity here :).
> > Is this something you prefer just not to risk at all and make it an hard
> requirement
> > (which is fair)? ...
>
> Yes, I think we need to keep this as a hard requirement.
> There are drivers out there which we missed this on in the past, and
> I'm not necessarily
> going to take the time to go through them all as this can be hard to
> spot, but lets not
> introduce any more potential problems.
>

I see. That makes sense and it's fair :). The only annoying (but not too annoying :)) is that
making the data/buffer global forces you to use a lock in cases you potentially would
not have too (just using local buffers). But that's life, better play safe :)

> >
> > I'm asking this because, tbh, I would be very surprised if any spi/i2c
> controller out there
> > is using dma for a 3byte transfer. I guess the overhead of setting it up
> is probably not
> > worth it...
>
> There are (I believe) a few i2c and spi controllers out there that don't
> do anything other
> than DMA. Wolfram mentioned one of those in his talk on adding
> DMA support to i2c.

Hmm, I see...

> Also, the reference in the file below to the wonderful case of USB to
> i2c bridges that always
> require DMA safe buffers.

Indeed it does.

- Nuno Sá

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