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SubjectRe: [PATCH v8 10/10] Documentation: Add documentation for VDUSE
On Tue, Jul 06, 2021 at 10:34:33AM +0800, Jason Wang wrote:
>
> 在 2021/7/5 下午8:49, Stefan Hajnoczi 写道:
> > On Mon, Jul 05, 2021 at 11:36:15AM +0800, Jason Wang wrote:
> > > 在 2021/7/4 下午5:49, Yongji Xie 写道:
> > > > > > OK, I get you now. Since the VIRTIO specification says "Device
> > > > > > configuration space is generally used for rarely-changing or
> > > > > > initialization-time parameters". I assume the VDUSE_DEV_SET_CONFIG
> > > > > > ioctl should not be called frequently.
> > > > > The spec uses MUST and other terms to define the precise requirements.
> > > > > Here the language (especially the word "generally") is weaker and means
> > > > > there may be exceptions.
> > > > >
> > > > > Another type of access that doesn't work with the VDUSE_DEV_SET_CONFIG
> > > > > approach is reads that have side-effects. For example, imagine a field
> > > > > containing an error code if the device encounters a problem unrelated to
> > > > > a specific virtqueue request. Reading from this field resets the error
> > > > > code to 0, saving the driver an extra configuration space write access
> > > > > and possibly race conditions. It isn't possible to implement those
> > > > > semantics suing VDUSE_DEV_SET_CONFIG. It's another corner case, but it
> > > > > makes me think that the interface does not allow full VIRTIO semantics.
> > >
> > > Note that though you're correct, my understanding is that config space is
> > > not suitable for this kind of error propagating. And it would be very hard
> > > to implement such kind of semantic in some transports.  Virtqueue should be
> > > much better. As Yong Ji quoted, the config space is used for
> > > "rarely-changing or intialization-time parameters".
> > >
> > >
> > > > Agreed. I will use VDUSE_DEV_GET_CONFIG in the next version. And to
> > > > handle the message failure, I'm going to add a return value to
> > > > virtio_config_ops.get() and virtio_cread_* API so that the error can
> > > > be propagated to the virtio device driver. Then the virtio-blk device
> > > > driver can be modified to handle that.
> > > >
> > > > Jason and Stefan, what do you think of this way?
> > Why does VDUSE_DEV_GET_CONFIG need to support an error return value?
> >
> > The VIRTIO spec provides no way for the device to report errors from
> > config space accesses.
> >
> > The QEMU virtio-pci implementation returns -1 from invalid
> > virtio_config_read*() and silently discards virtio_config_write*()
> > accesses.
> >
> > VDUSE can take the same approach with
> > VDUSE_DEV_GET_CONFIG/VDUSE_DEV_SET_CONFIG.
> >
> > > I'd like to stick to the current assumption thich get_config won't fail.
> > > That is to say,
> > >
> > > 1) maintain a config in the kernel, make sure the config space read can
> > > always succeed
> > > 2) introduce an ioctl for the vduse usersapce to update the config space.
> > > 3) we can synchronize with the vduse userspace during set_config
> > >
> > > Does this work?
> > I noticed that caching is also allowed by the vhost-user protocol
> > messages (QEMU's docs/interop/vhost-user.rst), but the device doesn't
> > know whether or not caching is in effect. The interface you outlined
> > above requires caching.
> >
> > Is there a reason why the host kernel vDPA code needs to cache the
> > configuration space?
>
>
> Because:
>
> 1) Kernel can not wait forever in get_config(), this is the major difference
> with vhost-user.

virtio_cread() can sleep:

#define virtio_cread(vdev, structname, member, ptr) \
do { \
typeof(((structname*)0)->member) virtio_cread_v; \
\
might_sleep(); \
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

Which code path cannot sleep?

> 2) Stick to the current assumption that virtio_cread() should always
> succeed.

That can be done by reading -1 (like QEMU does) when the read fails.

Stefan
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