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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH 1/1] dma-debug: fix check_for_illegal_area() in debug_dma_map_sg()
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On 2021-07-05 19:52, Gerald Schaefer wrote:
> The following warning occurred sporadically on s390:
> DMA-API: nvme 0006:00:00.0: device driver maps memory from kernel text or rodata [addr=0000000048cc5e2f] [len=131072]
> WARNING: CPU: 4 PID: 825 at kernel/dma/debug.c:1083 check_for_illegal_area+0xa8/0x138
>
> It is a false-positive warning, due to a broken logic in debug_dma_map_sg().
> check_for_illegal_area() should check for overlay of sg elements with kernel
> text or rodata. It is called with sg_dma_len(s) instead of s->length as
> parameter. After the call to ->map_sg(), sg_dma_len() contains the length
> of possibly combined sg elements in the DMA address space, and not the
> individual sg element length, which would be s->length.
>
> The check will then use the kernel start address of an sg element, and add
> the DMA length for overlap check, which can result in the false-positive
> warning because the DMA length can be larger than the actual single sg
> element length in kernel address space.
>
> In addition, the call to check_for_illegal_area() happens in the iteration
> over mapped_ents, which will not include all individual sg elements if
> any of them were combined in ->map_sg().
>
> Fix this by using s->length instead of sg_dma_len(s). Also put the call to
> check_for_illegal_area() in a separate loop, iterating over all the
> individual sg elements ("nents" instead of "mapped_ents").
>
> Fixes: 884d05970bfb ("dma-debug: use sg_dma_len accessor")
> Tested-by: Niklas Schnelle <schnelle@linux.ibm.com>
> Signed-off-by: Gerald Schaefer <gerald.schaefer@linux.ibm.com>
> ---
> kernel/dma/debug.c | 10 ++++++----
> 1 file changed, 6 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/kernel/dma/debug.c b/kernel/dma/debug.c
> index 14de1271463f..d7d44b7fe7e2 100644
> --- a/kernel/dma/debug.c
> +++ b/kernel/dma/debug.c
> @@ -1299,6 +1299,12 @@ void debug_dma_map_sg(struct device *dev, struct scatterlist *sg,
> if (unlikely(dma_debug_disabled()))
> return;
>
> + for_each_sg(sg, s, nents, i) {
> + if (!PageHighMem(sg_page(s))) {
> + check_for_illegal_area(dev, sg_virt(s), s->length);
> + }
> + }
> +
> for_each_sg(sg, s, mapped_ents, i) {
> entry = dma_entry_alloc();
> if (!entry)
> @@ -1316,10 +1322,6 @@ void debug_dma_map_sg(struct device *dev, struct scatterlist *sg,
>
> check_for_stack(dev, sg_page(s), s->offset);

Strictly this should probably be moved to the new loop as well, as it is
similarly concerned with validating the source segments rather than the
DMA mappings - I think with virtually-mapped stacks it might technically
be possible for a stack page to be physically adjacent to a "valid" page
such that it could get merged and overlooked if it were near the end of
the list, although in fairness that would probably be indicative of
something having gone far more fundamentally wrong. Otherwise, the
overall reasoning looks sound to me.

Robin.

>
> - if (!PageHighMem(sg_page(s))) {
> - check_for_illegal_area(dev, sg_virt(s), sg_dma_len(s));
> - }
> -
> check_sg_segment(dev, s);
>
> add_dma_entry(entry);
>

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