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Subject[RFC NO MERGE] f2fs: extent cache: support unaligned extent
Date
Compressed inode may suffer read performance issue due to it can not
use extent cache, so I propose to add this unaligned extent support
to improve it.

Currently, it only works in readonly format f2fs image.

Unaligned extent: in one compressed cluster, physical block number
will be less than logical block number, so we add an extra physical
block length in extent info in order to indicate such extent status.

The idea is if one whole cluster blocks are contiguous physically,
once its mapping info was readed at first time, we will cache an
unaligned (or aligned) extent info entry in extent cache, it expects
that the mapping info will be hitted when rereading cluster.

Merge policy:
- Aligned extents can be merged.
- Aligned extent and unaligned extent can not be merged.

Signed-off-by: Chao Yu <chao@kernel.org>
---

I just post this for comments, it passes compiling, w/o any test.

fs/f2fs/compress.c | 25 ++++++++++++
fs/f2fs/data.c | 38 +++++++++++++-----
fs/f2fs/extent_cache.c | 90 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----
fs/f2fs/f2fs.h | 33 +++++++++++++---
fs/f2fs/node.c | 20 ++++++++++
5 files changed, 181 insertions(+), 25 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/f2fs/compress.c b/fs/f2fs/compress.c
index 455561826c7d..f072ac33eba5 100644
--- a/fs/f2fs/compress.c
+++ b/fs/f2fs/compress.c
@@ -1666,6 +1666,31 @@ void f2fs_put_page_dic(struct page *page)
f2fs_put_dic(dic);
}

+/*
+ * check whether cluster blocks are contiguous, and add extent cache entry
+ * only if cluster blocks are logically and physically contiguous.
+ */
+int f2fs_cluster_blocks_are_contiguous(struct dnode_of_data *dn)
+{
+ bool compressed = f2fs_data_blkaddr(dn) == COMPRESS_ADDR;
+ int i = compressed ? 1 : 0;
+ block_t first_blkaddr = data_blkaddr(dn->inode, dn->node_page,
+ dn->ofs_in_node + i);
+
+ for (i += 1; i < F2FS_I(dn->inode)->i_cluster_size; i++) {
+ block_t blkaddr = data_blkaddr(dn->inode, dn->node_page,
+ dn->ofs_in_node + i);
+
+ if (!__is_valid_data_blkaddr(blkaddr))
+ break;
+ if (first_blkaddr + i - 1 != blkaddr)
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ return compressed ? i - 1 : i;
+}
+
+
const struct address_space_operations f2fs_compress_aops = {
.releasepage = f2fs_release_page,
.invalidatepage = f2fs_invalidate_page,
diff --git a/fs/f2fs/data.c b/fs/f2fs/data.c
index d2cf48c5a2e4..9572d78da4d7 100644
--- a/fs/f2fs/data.c
+++ b/fs/f2fs/data.c
@@ -2115,6 +2115,8 @@ int f2fs_read_multi_pages(struct compress_ctx *cc, struct bio **bio_ret,
sector_t last_block_in_file;
const unsigned blocksize = blks_to_bytes(inode, 1);
struct decompress_io_ctx *dic = NULL;
+ struct extent_info_unaligned eiu;
+ bool extent_cache = false;
int i;
int ret = 0;

@@ -2145,18 +2147,26 @@ int f2fs_read_multi_pages(struct compress_ctx *cc, struct bio **bio_ret,
if (f2fs_cluster_is_empty(cc))
goto out;

- set_new_dnode(&dn, inode, NULL, NULL, 0);
- ret = f2fs_get_dnode_of_data(&dn, start_idx, LOOKUP_NODE);
- if (ret)
- goto out;
+ if (f2fs_lookup_extent_cache_unaligned(inode, start_idx, &eiu))
+ extent_cache = true;

- f2fs_bug_on(sbi, dn.data_blkaddr != COMPRESS_ADDR);
+ if (!extent_cache) {
+ set_new_dnode(&dn, inode, NULL, NULL, 0);
+ ret = f2fs_get_dnode_of_data(&dn, start_idx, LOOKUP_NODE);
+ if (ret)
+ goto out;
+
+ f2fs_bug_on(sbi, dn.data_blkaddr != COMPRESS_ADDR);
+ }

for (i = 1; i < cc->cluster_size; i++) {
block_t blkaddr;

- blkaddr = data_blkaddr(dn.inode, dn.node_page,
- dn.ofs_in_node + i);
+ if (extent_cache)
+ blkaddr = eiu.ei.blk + i;
+ else
+ blkaddr = data_blkaddr(dn.inode, dn.node_page,
+ dn.ofs_in_node + i);

if (!__is_valid_data_blkaddr(blkaddr))
break;
@@ -2166,6 +2176,9 @@ int f2fs_read_multi_pages(struct compress_ctx *cc, struct bio **bio_ret,
goto out_put_dnode;
}
cc->nr_cpages++;
+
+ if (extent_cache && i >= eiu.plen)
+ break;
}

/* nothing to decompress */
@@ -2185,7 +2198,10 @@ int f2fs_read_multi_pages(struct compress_ctx *cc, struct bio **bio_ret,
block_t blkaddr;
struct bio_post_read_ctx *ctx;

- blkaddr = data_blkaddr(dn.inode, dn.node_page,
+ if (extent_cache)
+ blkaddr = eiu.plen + i + 1;
+ else
+ blkaddr = data_blkaddr(dn.inode, dn.node_page,
dn.ofs_in_node + i + 1);

f2fs_wait_on_block_writeback(inode, blkaddr);
@@ -2231,13 +2247,15 @@ int f2fs_read_multi_pages(struct compress_ctx *cc, struct bio **bio_ret,
*last_block_in_bio = blkaddr;
}

- f2fs_put_dnode(&dn);
+ if (!extent_cache)
+ f2fs_put_dnode(&dn);

*bio_ret = bio;
return 0;

out_put_dnode:
- f2fs_put_dnode(&dn);
+ if (!extent_cache)
+ f2fs_put_dnode(&dn);
out:
for (i = 0; i < cc->cluster_size; i++) {
if (cc->rpages[i]) {
diff --git a/fs/f2fs/extent_cache.c b/fs/f2fs/extent_cache.c
index 3ebf976a682d..db9de95f90dc 100644
--- a/fs/f2fs/extent_cache.c
+++ b/fs/f2fs/extent_cache.c
@@ -235,7 +235,7 @@ static struct kmem_cache *extent_node_slab;
static struct extent_node *__attach_extent_node(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi,
struct extent_tree *et, struct extent_info *ei,
struct rb_node *parent, struct rb_node **p,
- bool leftmost)
+ bool leftmost, bool unaligned)
{
struct extent_node *en;

@@ -247,6 +247,11 @@ static struct extent_node *__attach_extent_node(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi,
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&en->list);
en->et = et;

+#ifdef CONFIG_F2FS_FS_COMPRESSION
+ if (unaligned)
+ en->plen = ((struct extent_info_unaligned *)ei)->plen;
+#endif
+
rb_link_node(&en->rb_node, parent, p);
rb_insert_color_cached(&en->rb_node, &et->root, leftmost);
atomic_inc(&et->node_cnt);
@@ -320,7 +325,7 @@ static struct extent_node *__init_extent_tree(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi,
struct rb_node **p = &et->root.rb_root.rb_node;
struct extent_node *en;

- en = __attach_extent_node(sbi, et, ei, NULL, p, true);
+ en = __attach_extent_node(sbi, et, ei, NULL, p, true, false);
if (!en)
return NULL;

@@ -439,6 +444,17 @@ static bool f2fs_lookup_extent_tree(struct inode *inode, pgoff_t pgofs,
stat_inc_rbtree_node_hit(sbi);

*ei = en->ei;
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_F2FS_FS_COMPRESSION
+ if (is_inode_flag_set(inode, FI_COMPRESSED_FILE) &&
+ !f2fs_sb_has_readonly(sbi)) {
+ struct extent_info_unaligned *eiu =
+ (struct extent_info_unaligned *)ei;
+
+ eiu->plen = en->plen;
+ }
+#endif
+
spin_lock(&sbi->extent_lock);
if (!list_empty(&en->list)) {
list_move_tail(&en->list, &sbi->extent_list);
@@ -457,17 +473,18 @@ static bool f2fs_lookup_extent_tree(struct inode *inode, pgoff_t pgofs,
static struct extent_node *__try_merge_extent_node(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi,
struct extent_tree *et, struct extent_info *ei,
struct extent_node *prev_ex,
- struct extent_node *next_ex)
+ struct extent_node *next_ex,
+ bool unaligned)
{
struct extent_node *en = NULL;

- if (prev_ex && __is_back_mergeable(ei, &prev_ex->ei)) {
+ if (prev_ex && __is_back_mergeable(ei, &prev_ex->ei, unaligned)) {
prev_ex->ei.len += ei->len;
ei = &prev_ex->ei;
en = prev_ex;
}

- if (next_ex && __is_front_mergeable(ei, &next_ex->ei)) {
+ if (next_ex && __is_front_mergeable(ei, &next_ex->ei, unaligned)) {
next_ex->ei.fofs = ei->fofs;
next_ex->ei.blk = ei->blk;
next_ex->ei.len += ei->len;
@@ -495,7 +512,7 @@ static struct extent_node *__insert_extent_tree(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi,
struct extent_tree *et, struct extent_info *ei,
struct rb_node **insert_p,
struct rb_node *insert_parent,
- bool leftmost)
+ bool leftmost, bool unaligned)
{
struct rb_node **p;
struct rb_node *parent = NULL;
@@ -512,7 +529,7 @@ static struct extent_node *__insert_extent_tree(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi,
p = f2fs_lookup_rb_tree_for_insert(sbi, &et->root, &parent,
ei->fofs, &leftmost);
do_insert:
- en = __attach_extent_node(sbi, et, ei, parent, p, leftmost);
+ en = __attach_extent_node(sbi, et, ei, parent, p, leftmost, unaligned);
if (!en)
return NULL;

@@ -594,7 +611,7 @@ static void f2fs_update_extent_tree_range(struct inode *inode,
end - dei.fofs + dei.blk,
org_end - end);
en1 = __insert_extent_tree(sbi, et, &ei,
- NULL, NULL, true);
+ NULL, NULL, true, false);
next_en = en1;
} else {
en->ei.fofs = end;
@@ -633,9 +650,10 @@ static void f2fs_update_extent_tree_range(struct inode *inode,
if (blkaddr) {

set_extent_info(&ei, fofs, blkaddr, len);
- if (!__try_merge_extent_node(sbi, et, &ei, prev_en, next_en))
+ if (!__try_merge_extent_node(sbi, et, &ei,
+ prev_en, next_en, false))
__insert_extent_tree(sbi, et, &ei,
- insert_p, insert_parent, leftmost);
+ insert_p, insert_parent, leftmost, false);

/* give up extent_cache, if split and small updates happen */
if (dei.len >= 1 &&
@@ -661,6 +679,47 @@ static void f2fs_update_extent_tree_range(struct inode *inode,
f2fs_mark_inode_dirty_sync(inode, true);
}

+void f2fs_update_extent_tree_range_unaligned(struct inode *inode,
+ pgoff_t fofs, block_t blkaddr, unsigned int llen,
+ unsigned int plen)
+{
+ struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi = F2FS_I_SB(inode);
+ struct extent_tree *et = F2FS_I(inode)->extent_tree;
+ struct extent_node *en = NULL;
+ struct extent_node *prev_en = NULL, *next_en = NULL;
+ struct extent_info_unaligned eiu;
+ struct rb_node **insert_p = NULL, *insert_parent = NULL;
+ bool leftmost = false;
+
+ trace_f2fs_update_extent_tree_range(inode, fofs, blkaddr, llen);
+
+ write_lock(&et->lock);
+
+ if (is_inode_flag_set(inode, FI_NO_EXTENT)) {
+ write_unlock(&et->lock);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ en = (struct extent_node *)f2fs_lookup_rb_tree_ret(&et->root,
+ (struct rb_entry *)et->cached_en, fofs,
+ (struct rb_entry **)&prev_en,
+ (struct rb_entry **)&next_en,
+ &insert_p, &insert_parent, false,
+ &leftmost);
+ f2fs_bug_on(sbi, en);
+
+ set_extent_info(&eiu.ei, fofs, blkaddr, llen);
+ eiu.plen = plen;
+
+ if (!__try_merge_extent_node(sbi, et, (struct extent_info *)&eiu,
+ prev_en, next_en, true))
+ __insert_extent_tree(sbi, et, (struct extent_info *)&eiu,
+ insert_p, insert_parent, leftmost, true);
+
+ write_unlock(&et->lock);
+}
+
+
unsigned int f2fs_shrink_extent_tree(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi, int nr_shrink)
{
struct extent_tree *et, *next;
@@ -818,6 +877,17 @@ bool f2fs_lookup_extent_cache(struct inode *inode, pgoff_t pgofs,
return f2fs_lookup_extent_tree(inode, pgofs, ei);
}

+#ifdef CONFIG_F2FS_FS_COMPRESSION
+bool f2fs_lookup_extent_cache_unaligned(struct inode *inode, pgoff_t pgofs,
+ struct extent_info_unaligned *eiu)
+{
+ if (!f2fs_may_extent_tree(inode))
+ return false;
+
+ return f2fs_lookup_extent_tree(inode, pgofs, (struct extent_info *)eiu);
+}
+#endif
+
void f2fs_update_extent_cache(struct dnode_of_data *dn)
{
pgoff_t fofs;
diff --git a/fs/f2fs/f2fs.h b/fs/f2fs/f2fs.h
index 0fe239dd50f4..3a02642a26d4 100644
--- a/fs/f2fs/f2fs.h
+++ b/fs/f2fs/f2fs.h
@@ -578,11 +578,21 @@ struct extent_info {
u32 blk; /* start block address of the extent */
};

+#ifdef CONFIG_F2FS_FS_COMPRESSION
+struct extent_info_unaligned {
+ struct extent_info ei; /* extent info */
+ unsigned int plen; /* physical extent length of compressed blocks */
+};
+#endif
+
struct extent_node {
struct rb_node rb_node; /* rb node located in rb-tree */
struct extent_info ei; /* extent info */
struct list_head list; /* node in global extent list of sbi */
struct extent_tree *et; /* extent tree pointer */
+#ifdef CONFIG_F2FS_FS_COMPRESSION
+ unsigned int plen; /* physical extent length of compressed blocks */
+#endif
};

struct extent_tree {
@@ -817,22 +827,29 @@ static inline bool __is_discard_front_mergeable(struct discard_info *cur,
}

static inline bool __is_extent_mergeable(struct extent_info *back,
- struct extent_info *front)
+ struct extent_info *front, bool unaligned)
{
+#ifdef CONFIG_F2FS_FS_COMPRESSION
+ struct extent_info_unaligned *be = (struct extent_info_unaligned *)back;
+ struct extent_info_unaligned *fe = (struct extent_info_unaligned *)front;
+
+ if (!unaligned || be->ei.len != be->plen || fe->ei.len != fe->plen)
+ return false;
+#endif
return (back->fofs + back->len == front->fofs &&
back->blk + back->len == front->blk);
}

static inline bool __is_back_mergeable(struct extent_info *cur,
- struct extent_info *back)
+ struct extent_info *back, bool unaligned)
{
- return __is_extent_mergeable(back, cur);
+ return __is_extent_mergeable(back, cur, unaligned);
}

static inline bool __is_front_mergeable(struct extent_info *cur,
- struct extent_info *front)
+ struct extent_info *front, bool unaligned)
{
- return __is_extent_mergeable(cur, front);
+ return __is_extent_mergeable(cur, front, unaligned);
}

extern void f2fs_mark_inode_dirty_sync(struct inode *inode, bool sync);
@@ -3972,6 +3989,9 @@ struct rb_entry *f2fs_lookup_rb_tree_ret(struct rb_root_cached *root,
bool force, bool *leftmost);
bool f2fs_check_rb_tree_consistence(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi,
struct rb_root_cached *root, bool check_key);
+void f2fs_update_extent_tree_range_unaligned(struct inode *inode,
+ pgoff_t fofs, block_t blkaddr, unsigned int llen,
+ unsigned int plen);
unsigned int f2fs_shrink_extent_tree(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi, int nr_shrink);
void f2fs_init_extent_tree(struct inode *inode, struct page *ipage);
void f2fs_drop_extent_tree(struct inode *inode);
@@ -3979,6 +3999,8 @@ unsigned int f2fs_destroy_extent_node(struct inode *inode);
void f2fs_destroy_extent_tree(struct inode *inode);
bool f2fs_lookup_extent_cache(struct inode *inode, pgoff_t pgofs,
struct extent_info *ei);
+bool f2fs_lookup_extent_cache_unaligned(struct inode *inode, pgoff_t pgofs,
+ struct extent_info_unaligned *eiu);
void f2fs_update_extent_cache(struct dnode_of_data *dn);
void f2fs_update_extent_cache_range(struct dnode_of_data *dn,
pgoff_t fofs, block_t blkaddr, unsigned int len);
@@ -4055,6 +4077,7 @@ int f2fs_read_multi_pages(struct compress_ctx *cc, struct bio **bio_ret,
struct decompress_io_ctx *f2fs_alloc_dic(struct compress_ctx *cc);
void f2fs_decompress_end_io(struct decompress_io_ctx *dic, bool failed);
void f2fs_put_page_dic(struct page *page);
+int f2fs_cluster_blocks_are_contiguous(struct dnode_of_data *dn);
int f2fs_init_compress_ctx(struct compress_ctx *cc);
void f2fs_destroy_compress_ctx(struct compress_ctx *cc, bool reuse);
void f2fs_init_compress_info(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi);
diff --git a/fs/f2fs/node.c b/fs/f2fs/node.c
index dd611efa8aa4..7be2b01caa2a 100644
--- a/fs/f2fs/node.c
+++ b/fs/f2fs/node.c
@@ -832,6 +832,26 @@ int f2fs_get_dnode_of_data(struct dnode_of_data *dn, pgoff_t index, int mode)
dn->ofs_in_node = offset[level];
dn->node_page = npage[level];
dn->data_blkaddr = f2fs_data_blkaddr(dn);
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_F2FS_FS_COMPRESSION
+ if (is_inode_flag_set(dn->inode, FI_COMPRESSED_FILE) &&
+ !f2fs_sb_has_readonly(sbi)) {
+ int blknum = f2fs_cluster_blocks_are_contiguous(dn);
+
+ if (blknum) {
+ block_t blkaddr = f2fs_data_blkaddr(dn);
+
+ if (blkaddr == COMPRESS_ADDR)
+ blkaddr = data_blkaddr(dn->inode, dn->node_page,
+ dn->ofs_in_node + 1);
+
+ f2fs_update_extent_tree_range_unaligned(dn->inode,
+ index, blkaddr,
+ F2FS_I(dn->inode)->i_cluster_size,
+ blknum);
+ }
+ }
+#endif
return 0;

release_pages:
--
2.22.1
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