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SubjectRe: [PATCH 2/4] arch/x86: implement the process_vm_exec syscall
On Fri, Jul 02, 2021 at 10:56:38PM +0200, Jann Horn wrote:
> On Wed, Apr 14, 2021 at 7:59 AM Andrei Vagin <avagin@gmail.com> wrote:
> > This change introduces the new system call:
> > process_vm_exec(pid_t pid, struct sigcontext *uctx, unsigned long flags,
> > siginfo_t * uinfo, sigset_t *sigmask, size_t sizemask)
> >
> > process_vm_exec allows to execute the current process in an address
> > space of another process.
> >
> > process_vm_exec swaps the current address space with an address space of
> > a specified process, sets a state from sigcontex and resumes the process.
> > When a process receives a signal or calls a system call,
> > process_vm_exec saves the process state back to sigcontext, restores the
> > origin address space, restores the origin process state, and returns to
> > userspace.
> >
> > If it was interrupted by a signal and the signal is in the user_mask,
> > the signal is dequeued and information about it is saved in uinfo.
> > If process_vm_exec is interrupted by a system call, a synthetic siginfo
> > for the SIGSYS signal is generated.
> >
> > The behavior of this system call is similar to PTRACE_SYSEMU but
> > everything is happing in the context of one process, so
> > process_vm_exec shows a better performance.
> >
> > PTRACE_SYSEMU is primarily used to implement sandboxes (application
> > kernels) like User-mode Linux or gVisor. These type of sandboxes
> > intercepts applications system calls and acts as the guest kernel.
> > A simple benchmark, where a "tracee" process executes systems calls in a
> > loop and a "tracer" process traps syscalls and handles them just
> > incrementing the tracee instruction pointer to skip the syscall
> > instruction shows that process_vm_exec works more than 5 times faster
> > than PTRACE_SYSEMU.
> [...]
> > +long swap_vm_exec_context(struct sigcontext __user *uctx)
> > +{
> > + struct sigcontext ctx = {};
> > + sigset_t set = {};
> > +
> > +
> > + if (copy_from_user(&ctx, uctx, CONTEXT_COPY_SIZE))
> > + return -EFAULT;
> > + /* A floating point state is managed from user-space. */
> > + if (ctx.fpstate != 0)
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > + if (!user_access_begin(uctx, sizeof(*uctx)))
> > + return -EFAULT;
> > + unsafe_put_sigcontext(uctx, NULL, current_pt_regs(), (&set), Efault);
> > + user_access_end();
> > +
> > + if (__restore_sigcontext(current_pt_regs(), &ctx, 0))
> > + goto badframe;
> > +
> > + return 0;
> > +Efault:
> > + user_access_end();
> > +badframe:
> > + signal_fault(current_pt_regs(), uctx, "swap_vm_exec_context");
> > + return -EFAULT;
> > +}
>
> Comparing the pieces of context that restore_sigcontext() restores
> with what a normal task switch does (see __switch_to() and callees), I
> noticed: On CPUs with FSGSBASE support, I think sandboxed code could
> overwrite FSBASE/GSBASE using the WRFSBASE/WRGSBASE instructions,
> causing the supervisor to access attacker-controlled addresses when it
> tries to access a thread-local variable like "errno"? Signal handling
> saves the segment registers, but not the FS/GS base addresses.
>
>
> jannh@laptop:~/test$ cat signal_gsbase.c
> // compile with -mfsgsbase
> #include <stdio.h>
> #include <signal.h>
> #include <immintrin.h>
>
> void signal_handler(int sig, siginfo_t *info, void *ucontext_) {
> puts("signal handler");
> _writegsbase_u64(0x12345678);
> }
>
> int main(void) {
> struct sigaction new_act = {
> .sa_sigaction = signal_handler,
> .sa_flags = SA_SIGINFO
> };
> sigaction(SIGUSR1, &new_act, NULL);
>
> printf("original gsbase is 0x%lx\n", _readgsbase_u64());
> raise(SIGUSR1);
> printf("post-signal gsbase is 0x%lx\n", _readgsbase_u64());
> }
> jannh@laptop:~/test$ gcc -o signal_gsbase signal_gsbase.c -mfsgsbase
> jannh@laptop:~/test$ ./signal_gsbase
> original gsbase is 0x0
> signal handler
> post-signal gsbase is 0x12345678
> jannh@laptop:~/test$
>
>
> So to make this usable for a sandboxing usecase, you'd also have to
> save and restore FSBASE/GSBASE, just like __switch_to().

You are right. I've found this too when I implemented the gviosr user-space
part.

Here is the tree whether this problem has been fixed:
https://github.com/avagin/linux-task-diag/commits/wip/gvisor-5.10

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