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Subject[RFC PATCH v2 24/69] KVM: x86: Introduce "protected guest" concept and block disallowed ioctls
Date
From: Sean Christopherson <sean.j.christopherson@intel.com>

Add 'guest_state_protected' to mark a VM's state as being protected by
hardware/firmware, e.g. SEV-ES or TDX-SEAM. Use the flag to disallow
ioctls() and/or flows that attempt to access protected state.

Return an error if userspace attempts to get/set register state for a
protected VM, e.g. a non-debug TDX guest. KVM can't provide sane data,
it's userspace's responsibility to avoid attempting to read guest state
when it's known to be inaccessible.

Retrieving vCPU events is the one exception, as the userspace VMM is
allowed to inject NMIs.

Co-developed-by: Xiaoyao Li <xiaoyao.li@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Xiaoyao Li <xiaoyao.li@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Sean Christopherson <sean.j.christopherson@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Isaku Yamahata <isaku.yamahata@intel.com>
---
arch/x86/kvm/x86.c | 104 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------
1 file changed, 86 insertions(+), 18 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
index 271245ffc67c..b89845dfb679 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
@@ -4297,6 +4297,10 @@ static int kvm_vcpu_ioctl_nmi(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)

static int kvm_vcpu_ioctl_smi(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
+ /* TODO: use more precise flag */
+ if (vcpu->arch.guest_state_protected)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
kvm_make_request(KVM_REQ_SMI, vcpu);

return 0;
@@ -4343,6 +4347,10 @@ static int kvm_vcpu_ioctl_x86_set_mce(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
unsigned bank_num = mcg_cap & 0xff;
u64 *banks = vcpu->arch.mce_banks;

+ /* TODO: use more precise flag */
+ if (vcpu->arch.guest_state_protected)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
if (mce->bank >= bank_num || !(mce->status & MCI_STATUS_VAL))
return -EINVAL;
/*
@@ -4438,7 +4446,8 @@ static void kvm_vcpu_ioctl_x86_get_vcpu_events(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
vcpu->arch.interrupt.injected && !vcpu->arch.interrupt.soft;
events->interrupt.nr = vcpu->arch.interrupt.nr;
events->interrupt.soft = 0;
- events->interrupt.shadow = static_call(kvm_x86_get_interrupt_shadow)(vcpu);
+ if (!vcpu->arch.guest_state_protected)
+ events->interrupt.shadow = static_call(kvm_x86_get_interrupt_shadow)(vcpu);

events->nmi.injected = vcpu->arch.nmi_injected;
events->nmi.pending = vcpu->arch.nmi_pending != 0;
@@ -4467,11 +4476,17 @@ static void kvm_smm_changed(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
static int kvm_vcpu_ioctl_x86_set_vcpu_events(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
struct kvm_vcpu_events *events)
{
- if (events->flags & ~(KVM_VCPUEVENT_VALID_NMI_PENDING
- | KVM_VCPUEVENT_VALID_SIPI_VECTOR
- | KVM_VCPUEVENT_VALID_SHADOW
- | KVM_VCPUEVENT_VALID_SMM
- | KVM_VCPUEVENT_VALID_PAYLOAD))
+ u32 allowed_flags = KVM_VCPUEVENT_VALID_NMI_PENDING |
+ KVM_VCPUEVENT_VALID_SIPI_VECTOR |
+ KVM_VCPUEVENT_VALID_SHADOW |
+ KVM_VCPUEVENT_VALID_SMM |
+ KVM_VCPUEVENT_VALID_PAYLOAD;
+
+ /* TODO: introduce more precise flag */
+ if (vcpu->arch.guest_state_protected)
+ allowed_flags = KVM_VCPUEVENT_VALID_NMI_PENDING;
+
+ if (events->flags & ~allowed_flags)
return -EINVAL;

if (events->flags & KVM_VCPUEVENT_VALID_PAYLOAD) {
@@ -4552,17 +4567,22 @@ static int kvm_vcpu_ioctl_x86_set_vcpu_events(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
return 0;
}

-static void kvm_vcpu_ioctl_x86_get_debugregs(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
- struct kvm_debugregs *dbgregs)
+static int kvm_vcpu_ioctl_x86_get_debugregs(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
+ struct kvm_debugregs *dbgregs)
{
unsigned long val;

+ if (vcpu->arch.guest_state_protected)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
memcpy(dbgregs->db, vcpu->arch.db, sizeof(vcpu->arch.db));
kvm_get_dr(vcpu, 6, &val);
dbgregs->dr6 = val;
dbgregs->dr7 = vcpu->arch.dr7;
dbgregs->flags = 0;
memset(&dbgregs->reserved, 0, sizeof(dbgregs->reserved));
+
+ return 0;
}

static int kvm_vcpu_ioctl_x86_set_debugregs(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
@@ -4576,6 +4596,9 @@ static int kvm_vcpu_ioctl_x86_set_debugregs(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
if (!kvm_dr7_valid(dbgregs->dr7))
return -EINVAL;

+ if (vcpu->arch.guest_state_protected)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
memcpy(vcpu->arch.db, dbgregs->db, sizeof(vcpu->arch.db));
kvm_update_dr0123(vcpu);
vcpu->arch.dr6 = dbgregs->dr6;
@@ -4671,11 +4694,14 @@ static void load_xsave(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u8 *src)
}
}

-static void kvm_vcpu_ioctl_x86_get_xsave(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
- struct kvm_xsave *guest_xsave)
+static int kvm_vcpu_ioctl_x86_get_xsave(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
+ struct kvm_xsave *guest_xsave)
{
+ if (vcpu->arch.guest_state_protected)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
if (!vcpu->arch.guest_fpu)
- return;
+ return 0;

if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_XSAVE)) {
memset(guest_xsave, 0, sizeof(struct kvm_xsave));
@@ -4687,6 +4713,8 @@ static void kvm_vcpu_ioctl_x86_get_xsave(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
*(u64 *)&guest_xsave->region[XSAVE_HDR_OFFSET / sizeof(u32)] =
XFEATURE_MASK_FPSSE;
}
+
+ return 0;
}

#define XSAVE_MXCSR_OFFSET 24
@@ -4697,6 +4725,9 @@ static int kvm_vcpu_ioctl_x86_set_xsave(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
u64 xstate_bv;
u32 mxcsr;

+ if (vcpu->arch.guest_state_protected)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
if (!vcpu->arch.guest_fpu)
return 0;

@@ -4722,18 +4753,22 @@ static int kvm_vcpu_ioctl_x86_set_xsave(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
return 0;
}

-static void kvm_vcpu_ioctl_x86_get_xcrs(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
- struct kvm_xcrs *guest_xcrs)
+static int kvm_vcpu_ioctl_x86_get_xcrs(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
+ struct kvm_xcrs *guest_xcrs)
{
+ if (vcpu->arch.guest_state_protected)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
if (!boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_XSAVE)) {
guest_xcrs->nr_xcrs = 0;
- return;
+ return 0;
}

guest_xcrs->nr_xcrs = 1;
guest_xcrs->flags = 0;
guest_xcrs->xcrs[0].xcr = XCR_XFEATURE_ENABLED_MASK;
guest_xcrs->xcrs[0].value = vcpu->arch.xcr0;
+ return 0;
}

static int kvm_vcpu_ioctl_x86_set_xcrs(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
@@ -4741,6 +4776,9 @@ static int kvm_vcpu_ioctl_x86_set_xcrs(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
{
int i, r = 0;

+ if (vcpu->arch.guest_state_protected)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
if (!boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_XSAVE))
return -EINVAL;

@@ -5011,7 +5049,9 @@ long kvm_arch_vcpu_ioctl(struct file *filp,
case KVM_GET_DEBUGREGS: {
struct kvm_debugregs dbgregs;

- kvm_vcpu_ioctl_x86_get_debugregs(vcpu, &dbgregs);
+ r = kvm_vcpu_ioctl_x86_get_debugregs(vcpu, &dbgregs);
+ if (r)
+ break;

r = -EFAULT;
if (copy_to_user(argp, &dbgregs,
@@ -5037,7 +5077,9 @@ long kvm_arch_vcpu_ioctl(struct file *filp,
if (!u.xsave)
break;

- kvm_vcpu_ioctl_x86_get_xsave(vcpu, u.xsave);
+ r = kvm_vcpu_ioctl_x86_get_xsave(vcpu, u.xsave);
+ if (r)
+ break;

r = -EFAULT;
if (copy_to_user(argp, u.xsave, sizeof(struct kvm_xsave)))
@@ -5061,7 +5103,9 @@ long kvm_arch_vcpu_ioctl(struct file *filp,
if (!u.xcrs)
break;

- kvm_vcpu_ioctl_x86_get_xcrs(vcpu, u.xcrs);
+ r = kvm_vcpu_ioctl_x86_get_xcrs(vcpu, u.xcrs);
+ if (r)
+ break;

r = -EFAULT;
if (copy_to_user(argp, u.xcrs,
@@ -9735,6 +9779,12 @@ int kvm_arch_vcpu_ioctl_run(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
goto out;
}

+ if (vcpu->arch.guest_state_protected &&
+ (kvm_run->kvm_valid_regs || kvm_run->kvm_dirty_regs)) {
+ r = -EINVAL;
+ goto out;
+ }
+
if (kvm_run->kvm_dirty_regs) {
r = sync_regs(vcpu);
if (r != 0)
@@ -9765,7 +9815,7 @@ int kvm_arch_vcpu_ioctl_run(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)

out:
kvm_put_guest_fpu(vcpu);
- if (kvm_run->kvm_valid_regs)
+ if (kvm_run->kvm_valid_regs && !vcpu->arch.guest_state_protected)
store_regs(vcpu);
post_kvm_run_save(vcpu);
kvm_sigset_deactivate(vcpu);
@@ -9812,6 +9862,9 @@ static void __get_regs(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct kvm_regs *regs)

int kvm_arch_vcpu_ioctl_get_regs(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct kvm_regs *regs)
{
+ if (vcpu->arch.guest_state_protected)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
vcpu_load(vcpu);
__get_regs(vcpu, regs);
vcpu_put(vcpu);
@@ -9852,6 +9905,9 @@ static void __set_regs(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct kvm_regs *regs)

int kvm_arch_vcpu_ioctl_set_regs(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct kvm_regs *regs)
{
+ if (vcpu->arch.guest_state_protected)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
vcpu_load(vcpu);
__set_regs(vcpu, regs);
vcpu_put(vcpu);
@@ -9912,6 +9968,9 @@ static void __get_sregs(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct kvm_sregs *sregs)
int kvm_arch_vcpu_ioctl_get_sregs(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
struct kvm_sregs *sregs)
{
+ if (vcpu->arch.guest_state_protected)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
vcpu_load(vcpu);
__get_sregs(vcpu, sregs);
vcpu_put(vcpu);
@@ -10112,6 +10171,9 @@ int kvm_arch_vcpu_ioctl_set_sregs(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
{
int ret;

+ if (vcpu->arch.guest_state_protected)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
vcpu_load(vcpu);
ret = __set_sregs(vcpu, sregs);
vcpu_put(vcpu);
@@ -10205,6 +10267,9 @@ int kvm_arch_vcpu_ioctl_get_fpu(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct kvm_fpu *fpu)
{
struct fxregs_state *fxsave;

+ if (vcpu->arch.guest_state_protected)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
if (!vcpu->arch.guest_fpu)
return 0;

@@ -10228,6 +10293,9 @@ int kvm_arch_vcpu_ioctl_set_fpu(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct kvm_fpu *fpu)
{
struct fxregs_state *fxsave;

+ if (vcpu->arch.guest_state_protected)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
if (!vcpu->arch.guest_fpu)
return 0;

--
2.25.1
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