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SubjectRe: [PATCH v5 2/2] zram: fix deadlock with sysfs attribute usage and module removal
On Thu, Jul 01, 2021 at 09:37:16PM -0700, Luis Chamberlain wrote:
> When sysfs attributes use a lock also used on module removal we can
> potentially deadlock. This happens when for instance a sysfs file on
> a driver is used, then at the same time we have module removal call
> trigger. The module removal call code holds a lock, and then the sysfs
> file entry waits for the same lock. While holding the lock the module
> removal tries to remove the sysfs entries, but these cannot be removed
> yet as one is waiting for a lock. This won't complete as the lock is
> already held. Likewise module removal cannot complete, and so we deadlock.
>
> To fix this we just *try* to get a refcount to the module when a shared
> lock is used, prior to mucking with a sysfs attribute. If this fails we
> just give up right away.
>
> We use a try method as a full lock means we'd then make our sysfs
> attributes busy us out from possible module removal, and so userspace
> could force denying module removal, a silly form of "DOS" against module
> removal. A try lock on the module removal ensures we give priority to
> module removal and interacting with sysfs attributes only comes second.
> Using a full lock could mean for instance that if you don't stop poking
> at sysfs files you cannot remove a module.
>
> This deadlock was first reported with the zram driver, a sketch of how
> this can happen follows:
>
> CPU A CPU B
> whatever_store()
> module_unload
> mutex_lock(foo)
> mutex_lock(foo)
> del_gendisk(zram->disk);
> device_del()
> device_remove_groups()
>
> In this situation whatever_store() is waiting for the mutex foo to
> become unlocked, but that won't happen until module removal is complete.
> But module removal won't complete until the sysfs file being poked
> completes which is waiting for a lock already held.
>
> This is a generic kernel issue with sysfs files which use any lock also
> used on module removal. Different generic solutions have been proposed.
> One approach proposed is by directly by augmenting attributes with module
> information [0]. This patch implements a solution by adding macros with
> the prefix MODULE_DEVICE_ATTR_*() which accomplish the same. Until we
> don't have a generic agreed upon solution for this shared between drivers,
> we must implement a fix for this on each driver.
>
> We make zram use the new MODULE_DEVICE_ATTR_*() helpers, and completely
> open code the solution for class attributes as there are only a few of
> those.
>
> This issue can be reproduced easily on the zram driver as follows:
>
> Loop 1 on one terminal:
>
> while true;
> do modprobe zram;
> modprobe -r zram;
> done
>
> Loop 2 on a second terminal:
> while true; do
> echo 1024 > /sys/block/zram0/disksize;
> echo 1 > /sys/block/zram0/reset;
> done
>
> Without this patch we end up in a deadlock, and the following
> stack trace is produced which hints to us what the issue was:
>
> INFO: task bash:888 blocked for more than 120 seconds.
> Tainted: G E 5.12.0-rc1-next-20210304+ #4
> "echo 0 > /proc/sys/kernel/hung_task_timeout_secs" disables this message.
> task:bash state:D stack: 0 pid: 888 ppid: 887 flags:<etc>
> Call Trace:
> __schedule+0x2e4/0x900
> schedule+0x46/0xb0
> schedule_preempt_disabled+0xa/0x10
> __mutex_lock.constprop.0+0x2c3/0x490
> ? _kstrtoull+0x35/0xd0
> reset_store+0x6c/0x160 [zram]
> kernfs_fop_write_iter+0x124/0x1b0
> new_sync_write+0x11c/0x1b0
> vfs_write+0x1c2/0x260
> ksys_write+0x5f/0xe0
> do_syscall_64+0x33/0x80
> entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x44/0xae
> RIP: 0033:0x7f34f2c3df33
> RSP: 002b:00007ffe751df6e8 EFLAGS: 00000246 ORIG_RAX: 0000000000000001
> RAX: ffffffffffffffda RBX: 0000000000000002 RCX: 00007f34f2c3df33
> RDX: 0000000000000002 RSI: 0000561ccb06ec10 RDI: 0000000000000001
> RBP: 0000561ccb06ec10 R08: 000000000000000a R09: 0000000000000001
> R10: 0000561ccb157590 R11: 0000000000000246 R12: 0000000000000002
> R13: 00007f34f2d0e6a0 R14: 0000000000000002 R15: 00007f34f2d0e8a0
> INFO: task modprobe:1104 can't die for more than 120 seconds.
> task:modprobe state:D stack: 0 pid: 1104 ppid: 916 flags:<etc>
> Call Trace:
> __schedule+0x2e4/0x900
> schedule+0x46/0xb0
> __kernfs_remove.part.0+0x228/0x2b0
> ? finish_wait+0x80/0x80
> kernfs_remove_by_name_ns+0x50/0x90
> remove_files+0x2b/0x60
> sysfs_remove_group+0x38/0x80
> sysfs_remove_groups+0x29/0x40
> device_remove_attrs+0x4a/0x80
> device_del+0x183/0x3e0
> ? mutex_lock+0xe/0x30
> del_gendisk+0x27a/0x2d0
> zram_remove+0x8a/0xb0 [zram]
> ? hot_remove_store+0xf0/0xf0 [zram]
> zram_remove_cb+0xd/0x10 [zram]
> idr_for_each+0x5e/0xd0
> destroy_devices+0x39/0x6f [zram]
> __do_sys_delete_module+0x190/0x2a0
> do_syscall_64+0x33/0x80
> entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x44/0xae
> RIP: 0033:0x7f32adf727d7
> RSP: 002b:00007ffc08bb38a8 EFLAGS: 00000206 ORIG_RAX: 00000000000000b0
> RAX: ffffffffffffffda RBX: 000055eea23cbb10 RCX: 00007f32adf727d7
> RDX: 0000000000000000 RSI: 0000000000000800 RDI: 000055eea23cbb78
> RBP: 000055eea23cbb10 R08: 0000000000000000 R09: 0000000000000000
> R10: 00007f32adfe5ac0 R11: 0000000000000206 R12: 000055eea23cbb78
> R13: 0000000000000000 R14: 0000000000000000 R15: 000055eea23cbc20
>
> [0] https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210401235925.GR4332@42.do-not-panic.com
>
> Signed-off-by: Luis Chamberlain <mcgrof@kernel.org>

Acked-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>

Much simple/clean now. Thanks for persuing the effort.

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