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SubjectRe: [PATCH v7 2/4] topology: use bin_attribute to break the size limitation of cpumap ABI
On Fri, Jul 16, 2021 at 08:49:58AM +0000, Song Bao Hua (Barry Song) wrote:
> Hi Yury,
> Not sure if I have totally got your idea. But please see if the below
> is closer to what you prefer.
>
> I haven't really tested it. But this approach can somehow solve the
> problem you mentioned(malloc/free and printing is done 1000times for
> a 1MB buffer which is read 1K each time).
>
> Bitmap provides some API to alloc and return print_buf:
>
> +ssize_t bitmap_get_print_buf(bool list, char **buf, const unsigned long *maskp,
> + int nmaskbits)
> +{
> + const char *fmt = list ? "%*pbl\n" : "%*pb\n";
> + ssize_t size;
> +
> + size = snprintf(NULL, 0, fmt, nmaskbits, maskp);
> + *buf = kmalloc_track_caller(size + 1, GFP_KERNEL);
> + scnprintf(*buf, size + 1, fmt, nmaskbits, maskp);
> +
> + return size + 1;
> +}
> +
> +static inline ssize_t
> +cpumap_get_print_buf(bool list, char **buf, const struct cpumask *mask)
> +{
> + return bitmap_get_print_buf(list, buf, cpumask_bits(mask),
> + nr_cpu_ids);
> +}
> +
> +struct bitmap_print_buf
> +{
> + char *buf;
> + ssize_t size;
> +};
> +
>
> In bin_attribute, move to get and save the buffer while sysfs entry is
> read at the first time and free it when file arrives EOF:
>
> #define define_id_show_func(name) \
> static ssize_t name##_show(struct device *dev, \
> struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf) \
> @@ -27,9 +53,27 @@ static ssize_t name##_read(struct file *file, struct kobject *kobj, \
> loff_t off, size_t count) \
> { \
> struct device *dev = kobj_to_dev(kobj); \
> - \
> - return cpumap_print_to_buf(false, buf, topology_##mask(dev->id), \
> - off, count); \
> + struct bitmap_print_buf *bmb = dev_get_drvdata(dev); \
> + if (!bmb) { \
> + bmb = devm_kzalloc(dev, sizeof(*bmb), GFP_KERNEL); \
> + if (!bmb) \
> + return -ENOMEM; \
> + dev_set_drvdata(dev, bmb); \
> + } \
> + /* for the 1st time, getting the printed buffer */ \
> + if (!bmb->buf) \
> + bmb->size = cpumap_get_print_buf(false, &bmb->buf, \
> + topology_##mask(dev->id)); \
> + /* when we arrive EOF, free the printed buffer */ \
> + if (off >= bmb->size) { \
> + kfree(bmb->buf); bmb->buf = NULL; \
> + return 0; \
> + } \
> + /* while a large printed buffer is read many times, we reuse \
> + * the buffer we get at the 1st time \
> + */ \
> + strncpy(buf, bmb->buf + off, count); \
> + return min(count, bmb->size - off); \
> } \
> \
> This means a huge change in drivers though I am not sure Greg is
> a fan of this approach. Anyway, "1000 times" is not a real case.
> Typically we will arrive EOF after one time.

Not a real case in your driver doesn't mean not a real case at all.
You're adding your code to the very basic core layer, and so you'd
consider all possible scenarios, not only your particular one.

On the other hand, if you add your function(s) at drivers/base/node.c
and explain that O(nbits**2) 'is not a real case' in _this_ driver -
I think it will be acceptable. Maybe this is your choice...

> Thanks
> Barry

> Not sure if I have totally got your idea. But please see if the below
> is closer to what you prefer.
>
> I haven't really tested it. But this approach can somehow solve the
> problem you mentioned(malloc/free and printing is done 1000times for
> a 1MB buffer which is read 1K each time).
>
> Bitmap provides some API to alloc and return print_buf:

I'm not too familar to the topology things, and in fact never exposed
anything thru the sysfs.

From general knowledge, it's better to allocate memory for the string
on file creation to avoid situation when kernel has no memory to allocate
it when user tries to read.

So from my perspective, the most straightforward solution would be:

register(cpumask)
{
size_t max_size = cpumap_max_string_size(list, cpumask)
void *buf = kmalloc(max_size, ...);
sysfs_create_file(..., buf)
}
unregister()
{
kfree(buf);
}
show()
{
snprintf(buf, max_size, "*pbl", cpumask);
}
This would require to add bitmap_max_string_size(list, bitmap, nbits),
but it's O(1), and I think, others will find it helpful.

Again, I'm not professional with sysfs, and fully admit that it might
be wrong.

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