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Subject[PATCH v7 4/5] drm: serialize drm_file.master with a master lock
Currently, drm_file.master pointers should be protected by
drm_device.master_mutex when being dereferenced. This is because
drm_file.master is not invariant for the lifetime of drm_file. If
drm_file is not the creator of master, then drm_file.is_master is
false, and a call to drm_setmaster_ioctl will invoke
drm_new_set_master, which then allocates a new master for drm_file and
puts the old master.

Thus, without holding drm_device.master_mutex, the old value of
drm_file.master could be freed while it is being used by another
concurrent process.

However, it is not always possible to lock drm_device.master_mutex to
dereference drm_file.master. Through the fbdev emulation code, this
might occur in a deep nest of other locks. But drm_device.master_mutex
is also the outermost lock in the nesting hierarchy, so this leads to
potential deadlocks.

To address this, we introduce a new mutex at the bottom of the lock
hierarchy that only serializes drm_file.master. With this change, the
value of drm_file.master changes only when both
drm_device.master_mutex and drm_file.master_lock are held. Hence, any
process holding either of those locks can ensure that the value of
drm_file.master will not change concurrently.

Since no lock depends on the new drm_file.master_lock, when
drm_file.master is dereferenced, but drm_device.master_mutex cannot be
held, we can safely protect the master pointer with

Reported-by: Daniel Vetter <>
Signed-off-by: Desmond Cheong Zhi Xi <>

Since our lock inversions were a result of dev->master_mutex being
used to serialize many other things, perhaps a finer grained lock will
solve the lockdep issues.

drivers/gpu/drm/drm_auth.c | 10 ++++++++--
drivers/gpu/drm/drm_file.c | 1 +
include/drm/drm_file.h | 12 +++++++++---
3 files changed, 18 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_auth.c b/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_auth.c
index ab1863c5a5a0..fe5b6adc6133 100644
--- a/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_auth.c
+++ b/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_auth.c
@@ -169,11 +169,14 @@ static int drm_new_set_master(struct drm_device *dev, struct drm_file *fpriv)

old_master = fpriv->master;
+ mutex_lock(&fpriv->master_lock);
fpriv->master = drm_master_create(dev);
if (!fpriv->master) {
fpriv->master = old_master;
+ mutex_unlock(&fpriv->master_lock);
return -ENOMEM;
+ mutex_unlock(&fpriv->master_lock);

fpriv->is_master = 1;
fpriv->authenticated = 1;
@@ -332,10 +335,13 @@ int drm_master_open(struct drm_file *file_priv)
* any master object for render clients
- if (!dev->master)
+ if (!dev->master) {
ret = drm_new_set_master(dev, file_priv);
- else
+ } else {
+ mutex_lock(&file_priv->master_lock);
file_priv->master = drm_master_get(dev->master);
+ mutex_unlock(&file_priv->master_lock);
+ }

return ret;
diff --git a/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_file.c b/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_file.c
index d4f0bac6f8f8..8ccadfa1c752 100644
--- a/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_file.c
+++ b/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_file.c
@@ -176,6 +176,7 @@ struct drm_file *drm_file_alloc(struct drm_minor *minor)
file->event_space = 4096; /* set aside 4k for event buffer */

+ mutex_init(&file->master_lock);

if (drm_core_check_feature(dev, DRIVER_GEM))
diff --git a/include/drm/drm_file.h b/include/drm/drm_file.h
index b81b3bfb08c8..88539f93fc8e 100644
--- a/include/drm/drm_file.h
+++ b/include/drm/drm_file.h
@@ -226,15 +226,21 @@ struct drm_file {
* @master:
- * Master this node is currently associated with. Only relevant if
- * drm_is_primary_client() returns true. Note that this only
- * matches &drm_device.master if the master is the currently active one.
+ * Master this node is currently associated with. Protected by struct
+ * &drm_device.master_mutex, and serialized by @master_lock.
+ *
+ * Only relevant if drm_is_primary_client() returns true. Note that
+ * this only matches &drm_device.master if the master is the currently
+ * active one.
* See also @authentication and @is_master and the :ref:`section on
* primary nodes and authentication <drm_primary_node>`.
struct drm_master *master;

+ /** @master_lock: Serializes @master. */
+ struct mutex master_lock;
/** @pid: Process that opened this file. */
struct pid *pid;

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