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SubjectRe: [PATCH v8 10/22] perf record: Introduce --threads=<spec> command line option
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Hi,

On 30.06.2021 21:54, Bayduraev, Alexey V wrote:
> Hi,
>
> On 30.06.2021 20:28, Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo wrote:
>> Em Wed, Jun 30, 2021 at 06:54:49PM +0300, Alexey Bayduraev escreveu:
>>> Provide --threads option in perf record command line interface.
>>> The option can have a value in the form of masks that specify
>>> cpus to be monitored with data streaming threads and its layout
>>> in system topology. The masks can be filtered using cpu mask
>>> provided via -C option.
>>
>> Perhaps make this --jobs/-j to reuse what 'make' and 'ninja' uses?
>>
>> Unfortunately:
>>
>> [acme@quaco pahole]$ perf record -h -j
>>
>> Usage: perf record [<options>] [<command>]
>> or: perf record [<options>] -- <command> [<options>]
>>
>> -j, --branch-filter <branch filter mask>
>> branch stack filter modes
>>
>> [acme@quaco pahole]$
>>
>> But we could reuse --jobs
>>
>> I thought you would start with plain:
>>
>> -j N
>>
>> And start one thread per CPU in 'perf record' existing CPU affinity
>> mask, then go on introducing more sophisticated modes.
>
> As I remember the first prototype [1] and
> [2] https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20180913125450.21342-1-jolsa@kernel.org/
>
> introduces:
>
> --thread=mode|number_of_threads
>
> where mode defines cpu masks (cpu/numa/socket/etc)
>
> Then somewhere while discussing this patchset it was decided, for unification,
> that --thread should only define CPU/affinity masks or their aliases.
> I think Alexei or Jiri could clarify this more.
>
>>
>> Have you done this way because its how VTune has evolved over the years
>> and now expects from 'perf record'?
>
> VTune uses only --thread=cpu or no threading.

However we would like to have such sophisticated cpu/affinity masks to
tune perf-record for different workloads.
For example, some HPC workloads prefer "numa" mask or most of telecom
workloads disallow to use cpus where their non-preemtable
communication threads work.

Regards,
Alexey

>
> Regards,
> Alexey
>
>>
>> - Arnaldo
>>
>>> The specification value can be user defined list of masks. Masks
>>> separated by colon define cpus to be monitored by one thread and
>>> affinity mask of that thread is separated by slash. For example:
>>> <cpus mask 1>/<affinity mask 1>:<cpu mask 2>/<affinity mask 2>
>>> specifies parallel threads layout that consists of two threads
>>> with corresponding assigned cpus to be monitored.
>>>
>>> The specification value can be a string e.g. "cpu", "core" or
>>> "socket" meaning creation of data streaming thread for every
>>> cpu or core or socket to monitor distinct cpus or cpus grouped
>>> by core or socket.
>>>
>>> The option provided with no or empty value defaults to per-cpu
>>> parallel threads layout creating data streaming thread for every
>>> cpu being monitored.
>>>
>>> Feature design and implementation are based on prototypes [1], [2].
>>>
>>> [1] git clone https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jolsa/perf.git -b perf/record_threads
>>> [2] https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20180913125450.21342-1-jolsa@kernel.org/
>>>
>>> Suggested-by: Jiri Olsa <jolsa@kernel.org>
>>> Suggested-by: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@kernel.org>
>>> Acked-by: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
>>> Acked-by: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@gmail.com>
>>> Signed-off-by: Alexey Bayduraev <alexey.v.bayduraev@linux.intel.com>
>>> ---
>>> tools/perf/builtin-record.c | 355 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
>>> tools/perf/util/record.h | 1 +
>>> 2 files changed, 354 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
>>>
>>> diff --git a/tools/perf/builtin-record.c b/tools/perf/builtin-record.c
>>> index 2ade17308467..8d452797d175 100644
>>> --- a/tools/perf/builtin-record.c
>>> +++ b/tools/perf/builtin-record.c
>>> @@ -51,6 +51,7 @@
>>> #include "util/evlist-hybrid.h"
>>> #include "asm/bug.h"
>>> #include "perf.h"
>>> +#include "cputopo.h"
>>>
>>> #include <errno.h>
>>> #include <inttypes.h>
>>> @@ -122,6 +123,20 @@ static const char *thread_msg_tags[THREAD_MSG__MAX] = {
>>> "UNDEFINED", "READY"
>>> };
>>>
>>> +enum thread_spec {
>>> + THREAD_SPEC__UNDEFINED = 0,
>>> + THREAD_SPEC__CPU,
>>> + THREAD_SPEC__CORE,
>>> + THREAD_SPEC__SOCKET,
>>> + THREAD_SPEC__NUMA,
>>> + THREAD_SPEC__USER,
>>> + THREAD_SPEC__MAX,
>>> +};
>>> +
>>> +static const char *thread_spec_tags[THREAD_SPEC__MAX] = {
>>> + "undefined", "cpu", "core", "socket", "numa", "user"
>>> +};
>>> +
>>> struct record {
>>> struct perf_tool tool;
>>> struct record_opts opts;
>>> @@ -2723,6 +2738,70 @@ static void record__thread_mask_free(struct thread_mask *mask)
>>> record__mmap_cpu_mask_free(&mask->affinity);
>>> }
>>>
>>> +static int record__thread_mask_or(struct thread_mask *dest, struct thread_mask *src1,
>>> + struct thread_mask *src2)
>>> +{
>>> + if (src1->maps.nbits != src2->maps.nbits ||
>>> + dest->maps.nbits != src1->maps.nbits ||
>>> + src1->affinity.nbits != src2->affinity.nbits ||
>>> + dest->affinity.nbits != src1->affinity.nbits)
>>> + return -EINVAL;
>>> +
>>> + bitmap_or(dest->maps.bits, src1->maps.bits,
>>> + src2->maps.bits, src1->maps.nbits);
>>> + bitmap_or(dest->affinity.bits, src1->affinity.bits,
>>> + src2->affinity.bits, src1->affinity.nbits);
>>> +
>>> + return 0;
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +static int record__thread_mask_intersects(struct thread_mask *mask_1, struct thread_mask *mask_2)
>>> +{
>>> + int res1, res2;
>>> +
>>> + if (mask_1->maps.nbits != mask_2->maps.nbits ||
>>> + mask_1->affinity.nbits != mask_2->affinity.nbits)
>>> + return -EINVAL;
>>> +
>>> + res1 = bitmap_intersects(mask_1->maps.bits, mask_2->maps.bits,
>>> + mask_1->maps.nbits);
>>> + res2 = bitmap_intersects(mask_1->affinity.bits, mask_2->affinity.bits,
>>> + mask_1->affinity.nbits);
>>> + if (res1 || res2)
>>> + return 1;
>>> +
>>> + return 0;
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +static int record__parse_threads(const struct option *opt, const char *str, int unset)
>>> +{
>>> + int s;
>>> + struct record_opts *opts = opt->value;
>>> +
>>> + if (unset || !str || !strlen(str)) {
>>> + opts->threads_spec = THREAD_SPEC__CPU;
>>> + } else {
>>> + for (s = 1; s < THREAD_SPEC__MAX; s++) {
>>> + if (s == THREAD_SPEC__USER) {
>>> + opts->threads_user_spec = strdup(str);
>>> + opts->threads_spec = THREAD_SPEC__USER;
>>> + break;
>>> + }
>>> + if (!strncasecmp(str, thread_spec_tags[s], strlen(thread_spec_tags[s]))) {
>>> + opts->threads_spec = s;
>>> + break;
>>> + }
>>> + }
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> + pr_debug("threads_spec: %s", thread_spec_tags[opts->threads_spec]);
>>> + if (opts->threads_spec == THREAD_SPEC__USER)
>>> + pr_debug("=[%s]", opts->threads_user_spec);
>>> + pr_debug("\n");
>>> +
>>> + return 0;
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> static int parse_output_max_size(const struct option *opt,
>>> const char *str, int unset)
>>> {
>>> @@ -3166,6 +3245,9 @@ static struct option __record_options[] = {
>>> "\t\t\t Optionally send control command completion ('ack\\n') to ack-fd descriptor.\n"
>>> "\t\t\t Alternatively, ctl-fifo / ack-fifo will be opened and used as ctl-fd / ack-fd.",
>>> parse_control_option),
>>> + OPT_CALLBACK_OPTARG(0, "threads", &record.opts, NULL, "spec",
>>> + "write collected trace data into several data files using parallel threads",
>>> + record__parse_threads),
>>> OPT_END()
>>> };
>>>
>>> @@ -3179,6 +3261,17 @@ static void record__mmap_cpu_mask_init(struct mmap_cpu_mask *mask, struct perf_c
>>> set_bit(cpus->map[c], mask->bits);
>>> }
>>>
>>> +static void record__mmap_cpu_mask_init_spec(struct mmap_cpu_mask *mask, char *mask_spec)
>>> +{
>>> + struct perf_cpu_map *cpus;
>>> +
>>> + cpus = perf_cpu_map__new(mask_spec);
>>> + if (cpus) {
>>> + record__mmap_cpu_mask_init(mask, cpus);
>>> + perf_cpu_map__put(cpus);
>>> + }
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> static int record__alloc_thread_masks(struct record *rec, int nr_threads, int nr_bits)
>>> {
>>> int t, ret;
>>> @@ -3198,6 +3291,235 @@ static int record__alloc_thread_masks(struct record *rec, int nr_threads, int nr
>>>
>>> return 0;
>>> }
>>> +
>>> +static int record__init_thread_cpu_masks(struct record *rec, struct perf_cpu_map *cpus)
>>> +{
>>> + int t, ret, nr_cpus = perf_cpu_map__nr(cpus);
>>> +
>>> + ret = record__alloc_thread_masks(rec, nr_cpus, cpu__max_cpu());
>>> + if (ret)
>>> + return ret;
>>> +
>>> + rec->nr_threads = nr_cpus;
>>> + pr_debug("threads: nr_threads=%d\n", rec->nr_threads);
>>> +
>>> + for (t = 0; t < rec->nr_threads; t++) {
>>> + set_bit(cpus->map[t], rec->thread_masks[t].maps.bits);
>>> + pr_debug("thread_masks[%d]: maps mask [%d]\n", t, cpus->map[t]);
>>> + set_bit(cpus->map[t], rec->thread_masks[t].affinity.bits);
>>> + pr_debug("thread_masks[%d]: affinity mask [%d]\n", t, cpus->map[t]);
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> + return 0;
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +static int record__init_thread_masks_spec(struct record *rec, struct perf_cpu_map *cpus,
>>> + char **maps_spec, char **affinity_spec, u32 nr_spec)
>>> +{
>>> + u32 s;
>>> + int ret = 0, nr_threads = 0;
>>> + struct mmap_cpu_mask cpus_mask;
>>> + struct thread_mask thread_mask, full_mask, *prev_masks;
>>> +
>>> + ret = record__mmap_cpu_mask_alloc(&cpus_mask, cpu__max_cpu());
>>> + if (ret)
>>> + goto out;
>>> + record__mmap_cpu_mask_init(&cpus_mask, cpus);
>>> + ret = record__thread_mask_alloc(&thread_mask, cpu__max_cpu());
>>> + if (ret)
>>> + goto out_free_cpu_mask;
>>> + ret = record__thread_mask_alloc(&full_mask, cpu__max_cpu());
>>> + if (ret)
>>> + goto out_free_thread_mask;
>>> + record__thread_mask_clear(&full_mask);
>>> +
>>> + for (s = 0; s < nr_spec; s++) {
>>> + record__thread_mask_clear(&thread_mask);
>>> +
>>> + record__mmap_cpu_mask_init_spec(&thread_mask.maps, maps_spec[s]);
>>> + record__mmap_cpu_mask_init_spec(&thread_mask.affinity, affinity_spec[s]);
>>> +
>>> + if (!bitmap_and(thread_mask.maps.bits, thread_mask.maps.bits,
>>> + cpus_mask.bits, thread_mask.maps.nbits) ||
>>> + !bitmap_and(thread_mask.affinity.bits, thread_mask.affinity.bits,
>>> + cpus_mask.bits, thread_mask.affinity.nbits))
>>> + continue;
>>> +
>>> + ret = record__thread_mask_intersects(&thread_mask, &full_mask);
>>> + if (ret)
>>> + goto out_free_full_mask;
>>> + record__thread_mask_or(&full_mask, &full_mask, &thread_mask);
>>> +
>>> + prev_masks = rec->thread_masks;
>>> + rec->thread_masks = realloc(rec->thread_masks,
>>> + (nr_threads + 1) * sizeof(struct thread_mask));
>>> + if (!rec->thread_masks) {
>>> + pr_err("Failed to allocate thread masks\n");
>>> + rec->thread_masks = prev_masks;
>>> + ret = -ENOMEM;
>>> + goto out_free_full_mask;
>>> + }
>>> + rec->thread_masks[nr_threads] = thread_mask;
>>> + if (verbose) {
>>> + pr_debug("thread_masks[%d]: addr=", nr_threads);
>>> + mmap_cpu_mask__scnprintf(&rec->thread_masks[nr_threads].maps, "maps");
>>> + pr_debug("thread_masks[%d]: addr=", nr_threads);
>>> + mmap_cpu_mask__scnprintf(&rec->thread_masks[nr_threads].affinity,
>>> + "affinity");
>>> + }
>>> + nr_threads++;
>>> + ret = record__thread_mask_alloc(&thread_mask, cpu__max_cpu());
>>> + if (ret)
>>> + goto out_free_full_mask;
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> + rec->nr_threads = nr_threads;
>>> + pr_debug("threads: nr_threads=%d\n", rec->nr_threads);
>>> +
>>> + if (rec->nr_threads <= 0)
>>> + ret = -EINVAL;
>>> +
>>> +out_free_full_mask:
>>> + record__thread_mask_free(&full_mask);
>>> +out_free_thread_mask:
>>> + record__thread_mask_free(&thread_mask);
>>> +out_free_cpu_mask:
>>> + record__mmap_cpu_mask_free(&cpus_mask);
>>> +out:
>>> + return ret;
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +static int record__init_thread_core_masks(struct record *rec, struct perf_cpu_map *cpus)
>>> +{
>>> + int ret;
>>> + struct cpu_topology *topo;
>>> +
>>> + topo = cpu_topology__new();
>>> + if (!topo)
>>> + return -EINVAL;
>>> +
>>> + ret = record__init_thread_masks_spec(rec, cpus, topo->thread_siblings,
>>> + topo->thread_siblings, topo->thread_sib);
>>> + cpu_topology__delete(topo);
>>> +
>>> + return ret;
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +static int record__init_thread_socket_masks(struct record *rec, struct perf_cpu_map *cpus)
>>> +{
>>> + int ret;
>>> + struct cpu_topology *topo;
>>> +
>>> + topo = cpu_topology__new();
>>> + if (!topo)
>>> + return -EINVAL;
>>> +
>>> + ret = record__init_thread_masks_spec(rec, cpus, topo->core_siblings,
>>> + topo->core_siblings, topo->core_sib);
>>> + cpu_topology__delete(topo);
>>> +
>>> + return ret;
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +static int record__init_thread_numa_masks(struct record *rec, struct perf_cpu_map *cpus)
>>> +{
>>> + u32 s;
>>> + int ret;
>>> + char **spec;
>>> + struct numa_topology *topo;
>>> +
>>> + topo = numa_topology__new();
>>> + if (!topo)
>>> + return -EINVAL;
>>> + spec = zalloc(topo->nr * sizeof(char *));
>>> + if (!spec) {
>>> + ret = -ENOMEM;
>>> + goto out_delete_topo;
>>> + }
>>> + for (s = 0; s < topo->nr; s++)
>>> + spec[s] = topo->nodes[s].cpus;
>>> +
>>> + ret = record__init_thread_masks_spec(rec, cpus, spec, spec, topo->nr);
>>> +
>>> + zfree(&spec);
>>> +
>>> +out_delete_topo:
>>> + numa_topology__delete(topo);
>>> +
>>> + return ret;
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +static int record__init_thread_user_masks(struct record *rec, struct perf_cpu_map *cpus)
>>> +{
>>> + int t, ret;
>>> + u32 s, nr_spec = 0;
>>> + char **maps_spec = NULL, **affinity_spec = NULL, **prev_spec;
>>> + char *spec, *spec_ptr, *user_spec, *mask, *mask_ptr;
>>> +
>>> + for (t = 0, user_spec = (char *)rec->opts.threads_user_spec; ; t++, user_spec = NULL) {
>>> + spec = strtok_r(user_spec, ":", &spec_ptr);
>>> + if (spec == NULL)
>>> + break;
>>> + pr_debug(" spec[%d]: %s\n", t, spec);
>>> + mask = strtok_r(spec, "/", &mask_ptr);
>>> + if (mask == NULL)
>>> + break;
>>> + pr_debug(" maps mask: %s\n", mask);
>>> + prev_spec = maps_spec;
>>> + maps_spec = realloc(maps_spec, (nr_spec + 1) * sizeof(char *));
>>> + if (!maps_spec) {
>>> + pr_err("Failed to realloc maps_spec\n");
>>> + maps_spec = prev_spec;
>>> + ret = -ENOMEM;
>>> + goto out_free_all_specs;
>>> + }
>>> + maps_spec[nr_spec] = strdup(mask);
>>> + if (!maps_spec[nr_spec]) {
>>> + pr_err("Failed to alloc maps_spec[%d]\n", nr_spec);
>>> + ret = -ENOMEM;
>>> + goto out_free_all_specs;
>>> + }
>>> + mask = strtok_r(NULL, "/", &mask_ptr);
>>> + if (mask == NULL) {
>>> + free(maps_spec[nr_spec]);
>>> + ret = -EINVAL;
>>> + goto out_free_all_specs;
>>> + }
>>> + pr_debug(" affinity mask: %s\n", mask);
>>> + prev_spec = affinity_spec;
>>> + affinity_spec = realloc(affinity_spec, (nr_spec + 1) * sizeof(char *));
>>> + if (!affinity_spec) {
>>> + pr_err("Failed to realloc affinity_spec\n");
>>> + affinity_spec = prev_spec;
>>> + free(maps_spec[nr_spec]);
>>> + ret = -ENOMEM;
>>> + goto out_free_all_specs;
>>> + }
>>> + affinity_spec[nr_spec] = strdup(mask);
>>> + if (!affinity_spec[nr_spec]) {
>>> + pr_err("Failed to alloc affinity_spec[%d]\n", nr_spec);
>>> + free(maps_spec[nr_spec]);
>>> + ret = -ENOMEM;
>>> + goto out_free_all_specs;
>>> + }
>>> + nr_spec++;
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> + ret = record__init_thread_masks_spec(rec, cpus, maps_spec, affinity_spec, nr_spec);
>>> +
>>> +out_free_all_specs:
>>> + for (s = 0; s < nr_spec; s++) {
>>> + if (maps_spec)
>>> + free(maps_spec[s]);
>>> + if (affinity_spec)
>>> + free(affinity_spec[s]);
>>> + }
>>> + free(affinity_spec);
>>> + free(maps_spec);
>>> +
>>> + return ret;
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> static int record__init_thread_default_masks(struct record *rec, struct perf_cpu_map *cpus)
>>> {
>>> int ret;
>>> @@ -3215,9 +3537,33 @@ static int record__init_thread_default_masks(struct record *rec, struct perf_cpu
>>>
>>> static int record__init_thread_masks(struct record *rec)
>>> {
>>> + int ret = 0;
>>> struct perf_cpu_map *cpus = rec->evlist->core.cpus;
>>>
>>> - return record__init_thread_default_masks(rec, cpus);
>>> + if (!record__threads_enabled(rec))
>>> + return record__init_thread_default_masks(rec, cpus);
>>> +
>>> + switch (rec->opts.threads_spec) {
>>> + case THREAD_SPEC__CPU:
>>> + ret = record__init_thread_cpu_masks(rec, cpus);
>>> + break;
>>> + case THREAD_SPEC__CORE:
>>> + ret = record__init_thread_core_masks(rec, cpus);
>>> + break;
>>> + case THREAD_SPEC__SOCKET:
>>> + ret = record__init_thread_socket_masks(rec, cpus);
>>> + break;
>>> + case THREAD_SPEC__NUMA:
>>> + ret = record__init_thread_numa_masks(rec, cpus);
>>> + break;
>>> + case THREAD_SPEC__USER:
>>> + ret = record__init_thread_user_masks(rec, cpus);
>>> + break;
>>> + default:
>>> + break;
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> + return ret;
>>> }
>>>
>>> static int record__fini_thread_masks(struct record *rec)
>>> @@ -3474,7 +3820,12 @@ int cmd_record(int argc, const char **argv)
>>>
>>> err = record__init_thread_masks(rec);
>>> if (err) {
>>> - pr_err("record__init_thread_masks failed, error %d\n", err);
>>> + if (err > 0)
>>> + pr_err("ERROR: parallel data streaming masks (--threads) intersect\n");
>>> + else if (err == -EINVAL)
>>> + pr_err("ERROR: invalid parallel data streaming masks (--threads)\n");
>>> + else
>>> + pr_err("record__init_thread_masks failed, error %d\n", err);
>>> goto out;
>>> }
>>>
>>> diff --git a/tools/perf/util/record.h b/tools/perf/util/record.h
>>> index 4d68b7e27272..3da156498f47 100644
>>> --- a/tools/perf/util/record.h
>>> +++ b/tools/perf/util/record.h
>>> @@ -78,6 +78,7 @@ struct record_opts {
>>> int ctl_fd_ack;
>>> bool ctl_fd_close;
>>> int threads_spec;
>>> + const char *threads_user_spec;
>>> };
>>>
>>> extern const char * const *record_usage;
>>> --
>>> 2.19.0
>>>
>>

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