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Subject[PATCH v1 0/4] Landlock filesystem caching

The goal of this patch series is to reduce the performance impact of
walking through a lot of files while being landlocked. Indeed, because
of the unprivileged nature of Landlock, each file access implies to
check access granted to each directory of the path, which slows down
open time.

Currently, openat(2) calls spend more than 22% of their time in
hook_file_open(). The performance impact for a common worth case
scenario is significantly reduced thanks to this patch series,
theoretically going from O(n) with n as the depth of a path, to O(1)
(cf. benchmarks in the caching patch).

This series adds a new security hook (resolve_path_at) and uses it to
implement access caching in Landlock. I'm planning to build on top of
that for other improvements (using task's working directory and task's
root directory) but that will require other hook changes.

This new hook is also a first step to be able to securely restrict file
descriptors used for path resolution (e.g. dirfd in openat2).

Caching may be difficult to get right especially for security checks. I
extended the current tests and I'm still working on new ones. If you
have test/attack scenarios, please share them. I would really
appreciate constructive reviews for these critical changes. This series
can be applied on top of v5.13 .


Mickaël Salaün (4):
fs,security: Add resolve_path_at() hook
landlock: Add filesystem rule caching
selftests/landlock: Work in a temporary directory
selftests/landlock: Check all possible intermediate directories

fs/namei.c | 9 +
include/linux/lsm_hook_defs.h | 2 +
include/linux/lsm_hooks.h | 8 +
include/linux/security.h | 9 +
security/landlock/cache.h | 77 +++++++
security/landlock/cred.c | 15 +-
security/landlock/cred.h | 20 +-
security/landlock/fs.c | 224 +++++++++++++++++++--
security/landlock/fs.h | 29 +++
security/landlock/setup.c | 2 +
security/security.c | 6 +
tools/testing/selftests/landlock/fs_test.c | 205 ++++++++++++++-----
12 files changed, 544 insertions(+), 62 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 security/landlock/cache.h

base-commit: 62fb9874f5da54fdb243003b386128037319b219

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